The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Afghanistan

Sept. 19, 2018, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 4 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Israel, Libya, Malawi, Panama, Tunisia
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 5.5 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to the WHO 2017 statistical report, the adoescent birth rate (per 1000 women aged 15-19 years) was 51.9 based on data from 2005-2014.
Sept. 15, 2018, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"11.2% [of women] experience rape" (para 18).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-3

"Subtitle states: 'After years of attempting to seek justice her father is finally in custody pending trial'" (1:34). From this statement, it appears there are laws against incest, or at least rape, but the authorities are slow to enforce them (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Subtitle states: 'Khatera is the first women in Afghanistan to bring a case of incest to trial'" (2:09).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-DATA-2

"The subtitle states: 'Kahtera is expecting a second child. Both pregnancies are the result of abuse from her father'" (0:43). "When Kahtera askes her father why he is abusing her, the subtitle states: 'He said, 'my child, I am just being kind to you, every father does this''" (1:01). It is unclear if the father actually believes, or knows, that incest is that common or if he is just justifying his own actions. The trailer indicates that incest is more common in Afghanistan than is realized (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Subtitle sates: 'For over 13 years Kathera was repeatedly raped by her father'" (1:09).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Kahtera speaking to reports according to subtitles says: 'If the court fails to carry out the sentence me and my children will be at risk, my fathers family will hunt us down'" (2:52). While it is not indicated whether this action is legal or not, it appears that the society is aware that there is danger of a women being killed for speaking out about abuse (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"Kahtera states that: 'One day I locked myself in my room and telephoned the police. They arrested him [father who repeated raped her] at 1pm but he was back home by 4pm'" (1:18). "Subtitle states: 'After years of attempting to seek justice her father is finally in custody pending trial'" (1:34). "Kahtera reports according to the subtitles that: 'The judge acused me of lying' despite the signs of pregnancy" (2:19). It appears the judge is not keen on declaring that incest has actually occured and seeks to blame the victim instead (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"An advisor counsels Kahtera and the subtitle states the following: 'We need to prove that it was rape and not consensual intercourse, otherwise they are going to charge you for illegal sex'" (1:14). It appears from this statement that there are laws against rape, but it may be difficult to prove (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"An advisor counsels Kahtera and the subtitle states the following: 'We need to prove that it was rape and not consensual intercourse, otherwise they are going to charge you for illegal sex'" (1:14). While there are laws, it appears that part of the evidence must include proof that the encounter was not concensual in order to find fault with the attacker (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"A young girl was gang-raped and brutally killed by unknown gunmen in southern Uruzgan province of Afghanistan, the local officials said Sunday. The incident took place in the vicinity of Gezab district, involving several armed men, repeated raping the 8-year-old victim and hanging her to death. The district police chief Lalai Achekzai confirmed the girl was gang-raped by a group of individuals in Dara-e-Syedan area of Gezab district" (para 1-3). "This comes as rape incidents involving armed individuals against the minor children are on the rise in the remote parts of the country amid rampant violence against the women. The Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission officials said last year that...more
July 21, 2018, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"What is certain is that Afghan women who live publicly and participate in the political and social arenas of life do not feel safe. In interviews done over the last six months by phone and online, they say they do not see local officials as allies, but often as a hurdle or threat. They are not certain that they will not be beaten, raped, tortured or killed. Yet, they say they want to continue their struggle for a more progressive Afghanistan" (para 3). "Then-President Hamid Karzai spoke to religious leaders about gender-based violence and encouraged them to speak out against it. And Kabul youth organized protests and campaigns against violence....more
July 21, 2018, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"What is certain is that Afghan women who live publicly and participate in the political and social arenas of life do not feel safe. In interviews done over the last six months by phone and online, they say they do not see local officials as allies, but often as a hurdle or threat. They are not certain that they will not be beaten, raped, tortured or killed. Yet, they say they want to continue their struggle for a more progressive Afghanistan. They are painting murals, organizing protests, singing songs about gender-based violence, lobbying for more progressive policies, running businesses, joining the armed forces, teaching and learning every day. Many of...more
July 21, 2018, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-3

" Malikzada's is only the latest in the contemporary history of assassinations of Afghan women for their work. In September 2008, Malalai Kakar was shot by two unknown gunmen on the way to her work in Kandahar, Afghanistan. Her teenage son was seriously injured. She was perhaps the most prominent female police officer, and she was known for standing up for victims of gender-based violence. After her murder, A Taliban spokesman took credit for the job with pride. Malalai Kakar, Benafsha, Hanifa Safi, Safia Ahmed-jan, Zakia Zaki and Shaima Rezayi are only a few of the dozens of women have been killed under the watch of the internationally backed government...more
July 21, 2018, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-3

"What is certain is that Afghan women who live publicly and participate in the political and social arenas of life do not feel safe. In interviews done over the last six months by phone and online, they say they do not see local officials as allies, but often as a hurdle or threat. They are not certain that they will not be beaten, raped, tortured or killed. Yet, they say they want to continue their struggle for a more progressive Afghanistan (para 3)."The attempts at character assassination not only create physical dangers for women but also endangers their social status, Khorsand said. In a society where rumors spread by men...more
June 5, 2018, 9:02 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law has three chapters and 29 articles which is aimed to end women and children harassment in the country. The law was approved a year ago by parliament and was signed by President Ashraf Ghani this week. Under the law, jail terms and cash fines will be imposed on perpetrators of harassment against women and children" (Para 1-3). "In this law, verbal, physical, written and visual harassments in anywhere against women and children have been defined as a crime. According to article 24 of the law, if anyone commits harassment against women and children in public places and vehicles, will be fined 5,000 to 10,000 AFs. In another article,...more
June 5, 2018, 9:02 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"In another article, the law says that anyone who commits harassment against women and children in workplace, healthcare and educational centers will have to pay 10,000 to 20,000 AFs as fine" (Para 10).
June 5, 2018, 9:02 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"'Almost all families are affected by harassment. We hope that a mechanism should be prepared,; said Fawzia Kofi, head of the Wolesi Jirga, Lower House of Parliament, human and women’s rights commission" (Para 5). "'Harassments occur in different ways and people’s rights are violated. All these are because of peoples’ low level of awareness and misinterpretation of Islam’s teachings,' university lecturer Maryam Nasiri said. Basira, a resident of Kabul, said when women and girls get out of their homes and go to work, university or other places, they face with different types of harassment. 'When a goes out of home, she faces different types of harassment such as verbal abuse...more
June 3, 2018, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-1

"Widows are often rejected as immoral or regarded as burdens: they suffer violence, expulsion, ostracism and sometimes forced remarriage, often with a brother-in-law, as reported by the UN Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) in a rare study published in 2014," (1).
June 3, 2018, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WR-DATA-1

"It is estimated there are as many as 2.5 million widows in Afghanistan today," (1).
June 3, 2018, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"Widows are often rejected as immoral or regarded as burdens: they suffer violence, expulsion, ostracism and sometimes forced remarriage, often with a brother-in-law, as reported by the UN Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) in a rare study published in 2014," (1). Often uneducated and cloistered at home, the women have few options if their husbands die. At best, they receive $150 a year from the government if their husband was killed in fighting. They survive by doing household chores, a little sewing, or by sending their children to beg in the bazaar," (1).
June 3, 2018, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"Women are perceived as being owned by their father before becoming their husband's property," (1).
May 30, 2018, 8:31 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

Concerning Afghanistan: "Widows cannot work, like most women in traditional areas, and any inheritance or property would go to her husband’s brothers, not to his widow or children."
May 30, 2018, 8:27 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-8

This article told the story of Khadija, an Afghan woman. About her, it is noted, "Even before she was born, Khadijah was engaged to her first cousin . . . Their fathers were brothers." The article intimates the practice of cousin marriage among cousins on the patrilineal side is quite common.
May 29, 2018, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IW-PRACTICE-1

This article indicates that widows in Afghanistan are typically married to their dead husband's brothers. The woman in this story, Khadijah, was married to three of the brothers in the same family. After her first husband died, she married the next youngest brother, and after he died, she married the next brother. "Their Pashtun society considers it the duty of brothers to marry their brothers' widows--and leaves those widows with little choice but to obey, or lose their children and their homes."
May 13, 2018, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4, DSFMF-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Women in need of protection who could not find it often ended up in prison, either due to a lack of a protection center in their province or district, or based on local interpretation of “running away” as a moral crime. Adultery, fornication, and kidnapping are crimes under the law. Women often were convicted of those crimes in situations of abuse, rape, or forced marriage, or on the basis of invalid evidence, including virginity tests. Running away is not a crime under the law, and both the Supreme Court and AGO issued directives to this effect, but women and girls continued to be detained for running away from home or...more
May 13, 2018, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-3, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Women’s Affairs, as well as nongovernmental entities, sometimes arranged marriages for women who could not return to their families. Police units charged with addressing violence against women, children, and families, included female officers. Although trained to help victims of domestic violence, the officers were hindered by instructions to wait for victims to take the initiative and reach out to them" (para 36).
May 13, 2018, 7:29 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-DATA-1, UVAW-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2, MARR-DATA-1, DV-DATA-1

"The AIHRC reported 2,621 cases of violence against women from January through August, including nine killings, 79 cases of sexual violence, 34 sexual harassment cases, 733 beatings, and 44 forced engagements or marriages. Because of the security situation in the country, large numbers of violent crimes committed against women were unreported" (para 33).
May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
May 13, 2018, 6:37 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities imprisoned some women for reporting crimes perpetrated against them and detained some as proxies for a husband or male relative convicted of a crime on the assumption the suspect would turn himself in to free the family member. Authorities placed some women in protective custody to prevent violence by family members. They also employed protective custody (including placement in a detention center) for women who had experienced domestic violence, if no shelters were available to protect them from further abuse. The presidential decree on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW)--commonly referred to as the EVAW law--obliges police to arrest persons who abuse women. Implementation and awareness of the...more