The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Afghanistan

July 2, 2020, 10:08 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

According to the CIA World Factbook 2020 estimates, the male/female sex ratio at birth in Afghanistan is 1.03. The estimated male/female sex ratio for childhood (0-14) is 1.03.
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"A strong sense of the importance of education, especially girls’ education, pervades the community [Bamiyan district] [ . . . ] Women in the community have access to a recently built girls’ high school—which many claimed was secured as a result of Hosseini’s efforts in the PC—as well as NGO-run adult literacy classes" (pg 24).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: VOTE-DATA-2

"However, women’s turnout has remained almost constant at around 40 percent [in the Balkh province]" (pg 20). "Turnout in the district was around 45 percent (of which 58 percent were men and 42 percent women) for the 2010 parliamentary elections" (pg 20-22). "Women’s generally low standing in the area is reflected in the low women’s turnout in Shortepa District for the 2010 parliamentary elections, where women accounted for only 36 percent of votes cast (with overall turnout at 54 percent)" (pg 22). "Significantly, women’s turnout in Kabul was also significantly lower than in the other two study provinces, though it increased marginally between elections in 2005 and 2010" (pg 25)....more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The insistence on patriarchal control arose in part from the fact that in Afghanistan women symbolize honor—of the nation and of the family. Any deviation on the part of women from honorable behavior as it is defined by any given family or group is seen to besmirch the honor of those in authority and cannot therefore be tolerated. It is this attitude which has perpetuated overly protective institutions and customs such as the veil and seclusion" (pg 3). " In addition to this effort, AWN and other national NGOs managed, with the support of UNIFEM, to secure the holding of radio and television debates in which the main presidential candidates...more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LR-DATA-1

" Informants explained that while almost all adult women in the community were illiterate, residents are increasingly sending their daughters to school" (pg 26).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7

"Women subject to this system of social control are married, often early, into households headed by their husband’s fathers; are subordinate to all men and the more senior women of the household" (pg 2).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"women [ . . . ] [in Shortepa district] are viewed as productive assets because of their carpet-weaving skills and often command high bride prices as a consequence. Coupled with this, prevailing gender norms still frown on women spending much time outside of the home and mixing of the sexes is generally prohibited" (pg 22).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"the quota for each province ended up being filled by the highest female vote-winners—even if some had beaten out enough men to win an open seat. This meant that the only women competing for open seats were those who had secured fewer votes than their counterparts in the quota, effectively turning it into a cap" (pg 9).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Perhaps more pervasive and damaging on a practical level than social conservatism was the apparently widespread scepticism of male voters toward female candidates and their campaigns. This appeared to be driven in part by a perception that because female candidates lacked resources, they would be unable to be as effective service-providers as their male counterparts, and in part by the assumption that women would make ineffective representatives in the “man’s world” of national-level politics" (pg 40).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: WAM-DATA-2

" access to a TV set was generally restricted to a few richer households. With electricity often restricted to a couple of hours a day, sets could end up being monopolised by male household members" (pg 53).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

" Without a formal census or voter list, proxy or multiple registration of (real or imaginary) female voters was a major problem, especially in the more conservative South, where election staff reportedly allowed men to register on behalf of hundreds of women . . . The concession that women would not have to show their picture on their voter registration cards, while an enabling lifeline for some, was likely a significant factor in this process. As a consequence—also a feature of the 2009-10 polls—figures on women’s voter turnout should be treated with some caution as they likely represent a degree of overstatement" (pg 12). "Another problem in this respect was...more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The community [Dehdadi district] is also home to several women’s shuras which are able to wield a degree of independent decision-making authority on matters perceived to be women’s issues" (pg 20). " A women’s NSP shura does exist [ in Shortepa district], although it has little decisionmaking authority and no access to funds. However, participation in this body has triggered a feeling among female residents that they should be able to take a more active role in the community relative to the men there" (pg 22). "The area [Bamiyan district] has good access to government and NGO-provided services, including credit and savings services, agricultural extension and vocational training, as well...more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Run by the Joint Electoral Management Body (JEMB)—a collaboration between the UN and the Afghan government—these early elections established the practice of having separate polling booths for male and female voters in recognition of prevailing gender norms discouraging mixing of the sexes" (pg 11).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Women subject to this system of social control are married, often early, into households headed by their husband’s fathers" (pg 2).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATC-DATA-1

"In March 2003, the new Interim Administration acceded without reservations to the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)51—reportedly in response to substantial international pressure to show immediate and tangible results in the field of women’s rights.52 This placed Afghanistan under obligation to advance gender equality via formal legislation, as well as to modify or abolish existing laws or practices" (pg 8). discriminatory to women
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: GDI-DATA-2

"In 2011, the country was ranked 139 out of 145 in the United Nations Development Programme’s Gender Inequality Index" (pg 2).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

" A moderniser inspired by Mustafa Kemal’s contemporary reforms in Turkey, Amanullah also sought to prescribe the wearing of the veil and enforce compulsory education for girls, although these regulations were only enforced among small sections of the urban population" (pg 5).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"In 2010, Afghanistan was again among the worst performing countries in terms of the ratio of women to men with at least a secondary level of education" (pg 2).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Women subject to this system of social control have no claim on paternal inheritance rights or other assets" (pg 2).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

" In addition to this effort, AWN and other national NGOs managed, with the support of UNIFEM, to secure the holding of radio and television debates in which the main presidential candidates discussed issues related to women’s rights" (pg 14).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: SMPP-PRACTICE-1

"Women subject to this system of social control are sometimes subject to institutionalised seclusion, severe restrictions on movement and strict division of gender roles assigning the public sphere to men and the private sphere to women" (pg 2). "It is, however, important to recognise that, at least in theory, this system of control is framed as a mutual set of rights and obligations, whereby Afghan men are expected to provide for the entire family and treat women in an appropriate fashion, and there is scope for women to wield a degree of influence within the domestic sphere" (pg 2).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"women [ . . . ] [ in Shortepa district] are viewed as productive assets because of their carpet-weaving skills and often command high bride prices as a consequence. Coupled with this, prevailing gender norms still frown on women spending much time outside of the home and mixing of the sexes is generally prohibited" (pg 22). "Within their communities, women’s relatively limited social circles—normally restricted to at best their female friends and often to their immediate families—often cut them off from informal social interactions and discussions about how elections worked, which candidates were running and so on" (pg 54). "n both Balkh study communities and in Dasht-i-Barchi in Kabul, women...more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In a potentially worrying development, President Karzai unilaterally modified the Law by decree in the spring of 2010. Among his changes was a stipulation that meant that should a woman’s seat be vacated during a parliamentary or provincial term it could be filled by man if there were no female candidates available to take over. This opened up the possibility of powerful male actors intimidating women out of their seats, especially in insecure provinces or those with fewer female candidates" (pg 9). "The registration of female candidates also saw a disproportionately high dropout rate compared to men. This was likely related to the fact that candidates working in government positions...more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"It is, however, important to recognise that, at least in theory, this system of control is framed as a mutual set of rights and obligations, whereby Afghan men are expected to provide for the entire family and treat women in an appropriate fashion, and there is scope for women to wield a degree of influence within the domestic sphere" (pg 2).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Following the November release of the draft constitution, an additional group convened under MOWA and made up of members of national and international women’s groups, UNIFEM, the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, the Afghan Supreme Court and Attorney General’s Office and legal experts successfully lobbied to have the proposed size of the women’s quota for parliament doubled" (pg 8). "Ratified on 26 January 2004, the constitution guaranteed women the right to vote, and decreed that 'at least two females from each province' would occupy the Wolesi Jirga (“House of the People”; the country’s lower house of parliament)" (pg 8-9). "This [the constitutional stipulations] clarified that the 68 seats in parliament...more
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

" According to the 2007-08 Afghanistan National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA), [women] accounted for only 8 percent of the country’s entire wage labour force" (pg 2).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Bamiyan is also home to the country’s only female provincial governor, Habiba Sarabi" (pg 23).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"In the months leading up to the event, MOWA and UN agencies convened several meetings with Afghan civil society organisations (CSOs) with the aim of ensuring the new constitution would adequately reflect women’s demands" (pg 8). 'Following the November release of the draft constitution, an additional group convened under MOWA and made up of members of national and international women’s groups, UNIFEM, the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, the Afghan Supreme Court and Attorney General’s Office and legal experts successfully lobbied to have the proposed size of the women’s quota for parliament doubled" (pg 8).
June 22, 2020, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"After the 2005 elections, a number of mainly international organisations went on to provide training and support to female members of the country’s newly elected representative bodies" (pg 13).
June 18, 2020, 9:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chile, China, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czech Republic, D R Congo, Dominican Republic, East Timor, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, North Korea, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Poland, Qatar, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Korea, South Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Variables: INFIB-SCALE-3

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