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Latest items for Albania

April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Amendments to the Criminal Code (Laws No. 44/2013 and No. 23/2012) criminalizing domestic violence, marital rape, sexual abuse and harassment, forced marriage and other forms of gender-based violence" (Pg 2). "The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to combat gender-based violence against women, inter alia by amending the Criminal Code to criminalize gender-based violence and marital rape and conducting public awareness campaigns" (Pg 6).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Law No. 10329 of 30 September 2010 amending Law No. 9669 on Measures against Domestic Violence to establish a coordinated network of institutions responsible for the protection, support and rehabilitation of victims" (Pg 2).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"The Committee remains concerned, however, that the provisions of the Convention have been invoked only in one court case, which indicates that there is inadequate knowledge of the Convention among legal professionals, such as judges and lawyers, within society and among women themselves" (Pg 3). "The Committee welcomes Law No. 77/2014 amending Law No. 10039 on legal aid to provide access to legal assistance for women who are victims of gender-based violence. The Committee is concerned, however, that, despite that improvement, women, especially those belonging to disadvantaged and marginalized groups, remain unaware of their right to legal aid and continue to face significant legal and practical barriers in gaining access...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the decrease in the national human and financial resources allocated to the national machinery, and that the majority of programmes aimed at gender equality and non-discrimination are funded by donors, including the United Nations. It also notes that gender budgeting was introduced in 2012, but regrets the lack of information about the impact of the first midterm budgetary programme. The Committee further notes the lack of information on overall implementation and the remaining challenges in the areas covered by the National Strategy on Gender Equality and Reduction of Gender-based Violence and Domestic Violence, 2011-2015" (Pg 4).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the legislative measures taken by the State party to promote women’s political participation, including the amendment of the Electoral Code in 2012 in relation to parliamentary elections establishing a minimum quota of 30 per cent of candidates from both sexes and the 2015 amendment establishing a 50 per cent quota for candidates for local elections. It also notes that the number of women in political and public life has increased, albeit without attaining the quota required under the Gender Equality Law, in particular for decision-making positions in both the public and private sectors. The Committee is concerned, however, that women belonging to disadvantaged or marginalized groups, such...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices by launching awareness-raising campaigns, but remains concerned that such stereotypes and practices remain prevalent. The Committee is particularly concerned about the persistence of such harmful practices as child marriage, families choosing husbands and the payment of a bride price or dowry, which remain prevalent in rural and remote areas and among minority communities. It also notes with concern the re-emergence of concepts of justice (kanun) and codes of conduct that condone killings of women and girls in the name of so-called 'honour'" (Pg 5). "The low rate of reporting of cases of gender-based violence against...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to improve girls’ access to education by adopting the National Plan for Zero Dropout Rates for 2009-2013. It remains concerned, however, that girls’ school enrolment remains lower than that of boys and that the dropout rate among girls, especially girls from minority groups, at the secondary level of education remains disproportionately high. It also notes with concern the limited access to education for Roma and Egyptian girls and girls with disabilities, as well as children living in rural and remote areas, owing to poor school infrastructure and lack of teachers. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about gender segregation and women’s concentration...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that, according to the State party, all provisions of the Convention are directly applicable and do not require implementing legislation. It also notes further legislative improvements to promote and protect gender equality and non-discrimination in the State party, in particular with regard to prohibiting gender-based violence and sexual harassment. The Committee is concerned, however, about the lack of implementation of the legislation on gender equality and non-discrimination, as well as about the lack of monitoring of implementation of such laws and policies" (Pg 3). "The Committee commends the State party on introducing temporary special measures, including quotas for the representation of both sexes in the Electoral Code...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The Committee notes with concern, however, women’s concentration in the informal labour market, especially in the textile and shoe industries, without adequate labour and social protection, and the lack of disaggregated data on the number of women in the informal economy. It is also concerned that the gender wage gap, notwithstanding reported positive developments, remains significant, in particular in the private sector, and that the minimum wage remains extremely low (approximately $180 a month), disproportionately affecting women. The Committee is further concerned about the limited access to the formal labour market for women belonging to ethnic and linguistic minorities and women with disabilities, as well as about the lack of...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices by launching awareness-raising campaigns, but remains concerned that such stereotypes and practices remain prevalent. The Committee is particularly concerned about the persistence of such harmful practices as child marriage, families choosing husbands and the payment of a bride price or dowry, which remain prevalent in rural and remote areas and among minority communities. It also notes with concern the re-emergence of concepts of justice (kanun) and codes of conduct that condone killings of women and girls in the name of so-called 'honour'" (Pg 5). "The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to combat...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices by launching awareness-raising campaigns, but remains concerned that such stereotypes and practices remain prevalent. The Committee is particularly concerned about the persistence of such harmful practices as child marriage, families choosing husbands and the payment of a bride price or dowry, which remain prevalent in rural and remote areas and among minority communities. It also notes with concern the re-emergence of concepts of justice (kanun) and codes of conduct that condone killings of women and girls in the name of so-called 'honour'" (Pg 5).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The low rate of reporting of cases of gender-based violence against women owing to women’s limited access to legal aid services, especially in rural and remote areas, as well as the absence of hotline services for women who are victims of such violence" (Pg 6). "The insufficient number of shelters for women who are victims of gender-based violence and the restrictive criteria for admission to such shelters, as well as the lack of medical and psychological rehabilitation services for women" (Pg 6).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"Amendments to the Criminal Code (Laws No. 44/2013 and No. 23/2012) criminalizing domestic violence, marital rape, sexual abuse and harassment, forced marriage and other forms of gender-based violence" (Pg 2).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices by launching awareness-raising campaigns, but remains concerned that such stereotypes and practices remain prevalent. The Committee is particularly concerned about the persistence of such harmful practices as child marriage, families choosing husbands and the payment of a bride price or dowry, which remain prevalent in rural and remote areas and among minority communities. It also notes with concern the re-emergence of concepts of justice (kanun) and codes of conduct that condone killings of women and girls in the name of so-called 'honour'" (Pg 5). "The Committee is seriously concerned about the practice of child marriage,...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1, EWCMS-LAW-4

"The Committee commends the State party on introducing temporary special measures, including quotas for the representation of both sexes in the Electoral Code (2012), in the State Police and in the armed forces, as well as economic support to women entrepreneurs. The Committee is concerned, however, about the lack of monitoring of the implementation, and of information on, the impact of such temporary measures on the achievement of substantive gender equality in all areas covered by the Convention" (Pg 5).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the reform of the State party’s legislation concerning the employment of women, namely, the amendment of the Labour Code defining and reversing the burden of proof in cases of sexual harassment" (Pg 8).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes Law No. 77/2014 amending Law No. 10039 on legal aid to provide access to legal assistance for women who are victims of gender-based violence. The Committee is concerned, however, that, despite that improvement, women, especially those belonging to disadvantaged and marginalized groups, remain unaware of their right to legal aid and continue to face significant legal and practical barriers in gaining access to justice, which is reflected in the low number of complaints filed. It is also concerned about the widespread problem of non-execution of court orders, including orders concerning the payment of alimony. The Committee is further concerned that the State party has still not reversed...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party, including the Action Plan for Women Entrepreneurs and the Guarantee Fund, to increase the number of women entrepreneurs who own or manage businesses. The Committee also welcomes the 2014 amendment of the Law on Social Assistance and Social Services which provides for social assistance to be paid directly to women. Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern the limited implementation of those laws and policies, in particular at the local level and as regards women and girls belonging to disadvantaged or marginalized groups. The Committee is concerned at the improper implementation of the practice of the Agency for the Legalization, Urban...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the excessive use of abortion as a method of birth control in the State party, including sex-selective abortion" (Pg 9).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1

"Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about the increasing mother-to-child transmission of HIV, notwithstanding the preventive programmes adopted by the State party" (Pg 9).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that only a small percentage of women in the State party (8 per cent) own land, that Law No. 33/2012, which provides for joint ownership by both spouses of property acquired during marriage, is not being implemented effectively and that women are frequently discriminated against in matters of inheritance" (Pg 11).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the significant efforts of the State party in combating trafficking in women and girls, including for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, by introducing amendments to the Criminal Code (LawNo. 144/2013) criminalizing the use of services provided by victims of trafficking and decriminalizing victims of trafficking. It commends the State party on its efforts to improve the referral of victims to appropriate services, and improve the protection and assistance provided, including financial assistance. The Committee notes with concern, however, that the State party remains a source and destination country for trafficking in women and girls, especially trafficking linked to tourism in coastal areas. It also regrets...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Committee notes that the Minister for Social Welfare and Youth, through the Department of Gender Equality Sector and Social Inclusion Sectors, is responsible for advancing gender equality and combating gender-based violence, together with a network of gender equality officers in ministries and in 51 municipalities, as well as the National Council on Gender Equality" (Pg 4). "The insufficient implementation of the national referral mechanism aimed at preventing and providing protection from gender-based violence, in particular at the local level, owing to the lack of coordination among responsible entities and the lack of the necessary skills and capacity among the responsible staff" (Pg 6).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the significant efforts of the State party in combating trafficking in women and girls, including for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, by introducing amendments to the Criminal Code (LawNo. 144/2013) criminalizing the use of services provided by victims of trafficking and decriminalizing victims of trafficking. It commends the State party on its efforts to improve the referral of victims to appropriate services, and improve the protection and assistance provided, including financial assistance. The Committee notes with concern, however, that the State party remains a source and destination country for trafficking in women and girls, especially trafficking linked to tourism in coastal areas. It also regrets...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"National Strategy for the Fight against Trafficking in Human Beings covering the period 2014-2017" (Pg 2). "The Committee welcomes the significant efforts of the State party in combating trafficking in women and girls, including for the purpose of sexual and labour exploitation, by introducing amendments to the Criminal Code (LawNo. 144/2013) criminalizing the use of services provided by victims of trafficking and decriminalizing victims of trafficking. It commends the State party on its efforts to improve the referral of victims to appropriate services, and improve the protection and assistance provided, including financial assistance. The Committee notes with concern, however, that the State party remains a source and destination country for...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The Committee is seriously concerned about the practice of child marriage, especially among the Roma and Egyptian communities, often authorized by court decision as an exception to the minimum age of marriage of 18 years" (Pg 11).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Amendments to the Electoral Code (Law No. 74/2012) of 19 July 2012 which require that at least 30 per cent of candidates on electoral lists of political parties and one third of the top-ranked candidates for each electoral constituency be from either gender" (Pg 2). "The Committee commends the State party on introducing temporary special measures, including quotas for the representation of both sexes in the Electoral Code (2012), in the State Police and in the armed forces, as well as economic support to women entrepreneurs. The Committee is concerned, however, about the lack of monitoring of the implementation, and of information on, the impact of such temporary measures on...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Austria, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma/Myanmar, Cape Verde, Chad, China, Colombia, D R Congo, East Timor, Ecuador, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Montenegro, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Serbia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

According to AgeOfConsent's data, the legal age of consent is 14 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 25, 2017, 8:22 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-6

9.0
Sept. 1, 2017, 9:15 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LO-SCALE-3

3.0