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Latest items for Albania

July 23, 2019, 3:34 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Irregular migrants from Asia are employed as domestic workers by wealthy families and vulnerable to domestic servitude" (72).
July 23, 2019, 3:16 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The government operated one specialized shelter and supported three specialized NGO-run shelters. The government allocated 21.6 million leks ($201,770) to NGO-run shelters to support 29 staff salaries, compared to 20.2 million leks ($188,700) to support 29 staff salaries in 2017. The government provided an additional 5.2 million leks ($48,580) for food support to NGO-run shelters, compared to 5.5 million leks ($51,380) in 2017. The government allocated 22.5 million leks ($210,180) to the government-run shelter, compared to 22.2 million leks ($207,380) in 2017. The government did not transfer resources to a fund of seized criminal assets for support services, compared to 4.7 million leks ($43,900) in 2017. Funding for NGO-run shelters...more
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits making or distributing child pornography; penalties are a prison sentence of three to 10 years. Possession of child pornography is illegal" (page 19).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Authorities often detained irregular migrants who entered the country. As of November authorities had detained approximately 744 migrants, mostly at the country’s southern border with Greece; those who did not request asylum were generally deported to Greece within 24 hours. Migrants detained further inland could spend several weeks at the Karrec closed migrant detention facility awaiting deportation. As of November the government reported four persons detained in the Karrec facility. UNHCR reported that approximately 30 percent of migrants requested asylum. Some NGOs and UNHCR maintained that some migrants who requested asylum were deported as well. UNHCR made formal complaints to the government, but authorities were generally slow to address them....more
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Although the legal minimum age for marriage is 18, authorities did not always enforce the law. Underage marriages occurred mostly in rural areas and within Romani communities. According to data released by the Albanian Institute of Statistics, the number of early marriages (under the age of 19) decreased significantly in 2016 from 2015" (page 19).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, although officials rarely enforced it. The commissioner for protection against discrimination generally handled cases of sexual harassment and may impose fines of up to 80,000 leks ($700) against individuals or 600,000 leks ($5,300) against enterprises" (page 17). "The law mandates equal pay for equal work, although many private employers did not fully implement this provision" (page 18).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, although officials rarely enforced it. The commissioner for protection against discrimination generally handled cases of sexual harassment and may impose fines of up to 80,000 leks ($700) against individuals or 600,000 leks ($5,300) against enterprises" (page 17).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"There continued to be numerous displaced and street children, particularly in the Romani community. Street children begged or did petty work. These children were at highest risk of trafficking, and some became trafficking victims. Since the law prohibits the prosecution of children under age 14 for burglary, criminal gangs at times used displaced children to burglarize homes" (page 19). "Labor inspectors investigated the formal labor sector, whereas most child labor occurred in the informal sector . . . An estimated 43,000 children worked in farms and fishing, 4,400 in the services sector, and 2,200 in hotels and restaurants. Nearly 5 percent of children were child laborers . . . There...more
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Conditions in prison and detention centers for women were generally better than those for men" (page 2).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Penalties for the commercial sexual exploitation of a child range from eight to 15 years’ imprisonment" (page 19). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, but the government did not always effectively enforce the law" (page 23).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic violence against women remained a serious problem. Police often did not have the training or capacity to deal effectively with domestic violence cases. The government operated three shelters to protect survivors of domestic violence, and NGOs operated six others" (page 17).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"School attendance is mandatory through the ninth grade or until the age of 16, whichever occurs first, but many children, particularly in rural areas, left school earlier to work with their families. Parents must purchase supplies, books, uniforms, and space heaters for some classrooms; these were prohibitively expensive for many families, particularly Roma and other minorities. Many families also cited these costs as a reason for not sending girls to school" (page 18).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS. The Albanian Association of People Living with HIV/AIDS reported that discrimination and stigmatization of persons with HIV/AIDS was widespread in the country" (page 22).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law governing the Assembly election requires that 30 percent of candidates be women and that they occupy 30 percent of appointed and elected positions" (page 15).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to data released by the Albanian Institute of Statistics, the number of early marriages (under the age of 19) decreased significantly in 2016 from 2015" (page 19).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Observers believed that child abuse was increasing, especially in schools . . . Child protection units in municipalities reported 104 cases of physical violence against children in 2016" (page 18).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not enforce the law effectively. Officials did not prosecute spousal rape. The concept of spousal rape was not well understood, and authorities often did not consider it a crime" (page 17).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"According to the government’s statistical agency, the ratio of boys to girls at birth in 2016 was 107 to 100, which indicated that gender-biased sex selection was possibly occurring. The government did not take any steps to address the imbalance" (page 18).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

"According to the government’s statistical agency, the ratio of boys to girls at birth in 2016 was 107 to 100" (page 18).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"A total of 39 child victims of trafficking and potential victims of trafficking were identified through October" (page 19). "There were instances of forced labor during the year. Children engage in gathering recyclable metals and plastic, mine work, sewing, street peddling, agriculture, and animal husbandry. Children were subjected to forced begging and criminal activity (see section 7.c.)" (page 23). "In 2013 the government’s statistical agency and the International Labor Organization estimated that 54,000 children were engaged in forced labor domestically. An estimated 43,000 children worked in farms and fishing, 4,400 in the services sector, and 2,200 in hotels and restaurants. Nearly 5 percent of children were child laborers" (page 24).more
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported that they rarely enforced laws prohibiting child pornography. The government reported that, as of July, six children had been sexually exploited, but there were no cases involving pornography" (page 19).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, but the government did not always effectively enforce the law. Lack of coordination among ministries and the sporadic nature of implementation of standard operating procedures hampered enforcement. Penalties of eight to 15 years in prison were sufficiently stringent to deter violations, but they were seldom enforced. Law enforcement organizations trained their officers to adopt a victim-centered approach to human trafficking. The government continued to identify trafficking victims but prosecuted and convicted a small number of traffickers. The Office of the National Antitrafficking Coordinator increased government efforts to prevent trafficking through awareness activities" (page 23). "The law criminalizes exploitation of children...more
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women were underrepresented in many fields at the highest levels" (page 18).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"The government reported that, as of July, six children had been sexually exploited" (page 19).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime. Penalties for rape and assault depend on the age of the victim. For rape of an adult, the prison term is three to 10 years. The law includes provisions on sexual assault and sexual harassment and makes the criminalization of spousal rape explicit" (page 17). "The country has a statutory rape law, and the minimum age for consensual sex is 14" (page 19).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"In many communities, women experienced societal discrimination based on traditional social norms depicting women as subordinate to men. There were reports of discrimination in employment" (page 18).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"School attendance is mandatory through the ninth grade or until the age of 16, whichever occurs first" (page 18).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"In September 2016 the government completed the process of receiving Iranian Mujahideen-e Khalq refugees from Iraq and continued to facilitate their local integration throughout the year" (page 14).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The government operated three shelters to protect survivors of domestic violence, and NGOs operated six others" (page 17). "Observers believed that child abuse was increasing, especially in schools. Services for victims of abuse were not readily available" (page 18).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Women were underrepresented in many fields at the highest levels . . . In many communities, women experienced societal discrimination based on traditional social norms depicting women as subordinate to men. There were reports of discrimination in employment" (page 18).