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Latest items for Argentina

May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Awareness-raising and training initiatives are run for prison staff. For example, in 2011 two training courses were organized within the Federal Prison Service in association with the National Programme for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer. A total of 100 staff working in the Federal prison system attended. The Protocol for the Comprehensive Care of Victims of Rape12 was introduced in 2011 to support implementation of the principles established in Act No. 26485. The guidelines contained in the Protocol were drawn up by the Expert Committee of the National Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation Programme, which is composed of the objectives of representatives of the Argentine Medical Association on Contraception, the...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"With regard to the removal of barriers that prevent indigenous and migrant women from accessing sexual and reproductive health services, the following activities were carried out in 2011: The Supreme Court ruled on the case of a 15-year-old girl who became pregnant after being abused by her stepfather, who was a senior police officer in Chubut. In the first instance hearing, the judge had refused to authorize a termination of pregnancy on the grounds that the life of the foetus must be protected. This ruling was upheld by the Appeal Court of Comodoro Rivadavia. Eventually, Chubut Supreme Court overturned the judgement and authorized the termination. (a) Radio shorts entitled “Checks...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"“Show abusers the red card” campaign. This campaign, which is the fruit of a collaboration between the Argentine Government, Fundación Españoles en el Mundo, Asociación Cultural Latina Urbana and Asociación Civil Enlaces Territoriales para la Equidad de Género and the journalist Liliana Hendel, is centred around radio and television spots and posters in which leading figures from different spheres of Argentine life commit themselves to fighting abuse. Government representatives and leading figures in the arts and society took part in the Argentine launch of the “Show abusers the red card” campaign, which aims to mobilize the whole of society into preventing and condemning gender-based violence. In 2012, more than 10,000...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Specific legal assistance is provided to the provincial programmes in relation to cases where the provisions of the Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation Act are not respected and to the implementation of the law on surgical methods of contraception and the current law on comprehensive protection for women. The Programme provides follow-up and legal assistance in response to reports of violations received through the 0800 hotline. In 2012, the Supreme Court handed down a judgement in which it establishes similar parameters, so confirming the pertinence of the technical guide produced by the National Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation Programme" (pg 12).
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Undoubtedly the most important advance was the adoption of Act No. 26485 on comprehensive protection as a means of preventing, punishing and eradicating violence against women within the scope of their interpersonal relations" (pg 2).
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"More than 700 victims of trafficking have been rescued so far in 2012, taking the total number of victims rescued since the adoption of Act No. 26364 in April 2008 to 3,465, according to information from the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights. In 2012, more than 300 raids were conducted in different parts of the country in which 278 people who were being exploited for labour were rescued and a further 434 persons who were being exploited sexually were freed. The statistics indicate that 627 of these people were adults and the remaining 85 were minors, and that 344 were Argentine nationals and 368 were foreign nationals" (pg 7).more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The National Women’s Council’s goal is to build social awareness of the importance of gender equality in strengthening democracy by championing gender-orientated public policies that help to eliminate the various forms of discrimination against women and promote social conditions that guarantee them effective enjoyment of their rights. In pursuit of this goal, by Resolution No. 6 of 14 July 2009 the Council, which is subordinate to the National Council for the Coordination of Social Policies, established the institutional capacity-building programme for regional and municipal women’s offices and civil society organizations. The aim of this capacity-building programme is to contribute to the development of public policies that promote equality between men...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"Also important was the repeal of article 132 of the Criminal Code, which maintained the concept of victim-initiated pardon, whereby a female victim of rape could, by marrying her attacker, absolve him from punishment for his crime. This concept was clearly an anachronism in Argentine law that reflected an unacceptable and patriarchal notion of the role of women in society, especially since the offence in question was rape, which is the crudest form of sexual violence and a clear manifestation of an unequal power relationship for which there are no excuses. Through this reform, Argentina complied with the recommendations of both the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"The National Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation Programme has a comprehensive communications and outreach strategy for promoting sexual and reproductive rights. The objectives of the strategy are as follows: (a) To raise awareness of sexual and reproductive rights among the population in general; (b) To produce outreach and professional development materials on sexual and reproductive health issues that make the key points of current content on the issues available to the actors involved; (c) To enhance the strategy for distributing National Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation Programme pamphlets and publications among health workers and other population groups; (d) To raise awareness of the sexual and reproductive health needs of the...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"In its four years of operation, the Domestic Violence Office established by the Supreme Court in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires has assisted more than 50,000 people, logging 30,000 cases and answering 20,000 requests for information. The cities of Santiago del Estero and Tucumán have since joined the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires in this initiative and opened their own Domestic Violence Offices. The Supreme Court has now succeeded in getting all 23 provinces to sign an agreement to keep statistical records" (pg 6).
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-1

"“260 men against machismo” campaign. Since the violence of various types and forms that is suffered by women is a problem attributable to gender asymmetries, stereotypes and roles, preventing and eliminating this violence requires a switch of cultural paradigm to one that guarantees equity and equality for all persons irrespective of their sex. The “260 men against machismo” campaign that has been run in 2011 and 2012 with the backing and support of the National Institute of Men against Machismo was spurred by the premise that men must be actively engaged in the fight for equal rights for both sexes. The figure of 260 alludes to the number of women...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The focus and objective of the National Action Plan is to ensure coordination between the work to combat violence and discrimination against women that is carried out by various public sector bodies and facilities spread across the length and breadth of the country. With this objective in mind, within the framework of the National Women’s Council’s work, lines of actions for the National Action Plan were duly established with the relevant ministries and secretariats in order to foster the development of appropriate support and assistance for female victims of violence. Included in the consultations were the National Health Ministry, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Social Development, Justice Ministry, National Security...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The National Women’s Council is running a series of workshops to introduce the gender equality approach in the different governmental and non-governmental organizations. This approach encourages organizations to commit to building relations of gender equality in both the public and private spheres. The workshops are structured according to the issues raised and the goals proposed. The intended beneficiaries are men and women working in civil society and governmental organizations. In accordance with the issues raised and the intended beneficiaries, workshops covering the following areas have been organized to date: women’s rights; sexual and reproductive health; humanized childbirth; new forms of masculinity; training for trainers; strategic planning days; the gender perspective;...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Another advance which has generated a very constructive debate and an increased awareness of femicide (the killing of women because they are women) was the unanimous approval of an amendment to article 80 of the Criminal Code, which defines and describes the circumstances that aggravate the offence of homicide.2 Following this amendment, the maximum penalty of life imprisonment may be served against any man who kills a woman in an act of gender-based violence. The text of the amended article establishes as an offence the killing of a woman “by a man” in an act of “gender-based violence” and includes as grounds for such killings “pleasure, cupidity, racial hatred, religious...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"With regard to medical practice, the judges ruled that doctors should not be required to seek judicial authorization before carrying out this type of procedure. They establish that, in order for a termination to proceed, the woman must complete an affidavit attesting to the fact that she was raped so that the medical professionals attending her are able to perform the procedure without bearing criminal liability. The Supreme Court also urges the authorities to introduce hospital guidelines for non-punishable abortion and calls on judges to “refrain from making access to terminations subject to court approval and to leave such procedures exclusively down to the decision of the patient and her...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"On the issue of trafficking in human beings, the work to gather and analyse crime data on trafficking offences should be mentioned. In recognition of the importance of this crime data, not only for gaining an in-depth understanding of trends and changes in trafficking in human beings but also for obtaining useful inputs for the development of qualified diagnoses that should facilitate strategic decision-making, the Security Ministry coordinated the work carried out by the specialist units of the security and police forces, with a view to improving their data gathering systems. The exercise resulted in the construction of a set of indicators for trafficking offences and the development of a...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The National Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation Programme has launched various initiatives aimed at reducing maternal mortality. These initiatives fall under the umbrella of the Plan to Reduce Maternal and Infant Mortality among Women and Teenage Girls being implemented by the Office of the Under-Secretary for Community Health. The general objectives of the Plan are to improve maternal and child health and the health of teenage girls and women, and to achieve, as a consequence, a reduction in maternal and infant mortality (neonatal and post-neonatal) and an increase in the survival rate of children, teenagers, mothers and women in general. Another aim is to prevent unplanned pregnancies and the development...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Also important was the repeal of article 132 of the Criminal Code, which maintained the concept of victim-initiated pardon, whereby a female victim of rape could, by marrying her attacker, absolve him from punishment for his crime. This concept was clearly an anachronism in Argentine law that reflected an unacceptable and patriarchal notion of the role of women in society, especially since the offence in question was rape, which is the crudest form of sexual violence and a clear manifestation of an unequal power relationship for which there are no excuses. Through this reform, Argentina complied with the recommendations of both the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication...more
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In a landmark judgement, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that any woman may terminate a pregnancy resulting from rape without needing to seek prior judicial authorization. The judgement also establishes that the doctor who performs the procedure may not be punished. Article 86, paragraphs 1 and 2, of the Argentine Criminal Code stipulates that abortion is not punishable in two situations: when carried out in order to avoid endangering the mother’s life or health and when the pregnancy results from “rape or indecent assault of a women with a mental disability”. The second paragraph had given rise to a landmark judicial debate, in which two interpretations are posited: a first...more
April 10, 2018, 11:10 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

According to the Institute of Inclusive Security, Argentina launched their national action plan in 2015 (MB-Coder Comment).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"National Early Childhood Programme [was] adopted by Decree No. 574/2016, providing for the establishment of childcare facilities, in 2016" (2). "The Committee is concerned about...the lack of measures in place to facilitate the conciliation of family and work life" (11).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned about…The limited access to mental health services, in particular for women living in rural areas and women with low incomes, and the regional disparities in the implementation of the Mental Health Act (Act No. 26.657), which provides for the deinstitutionalization, rehabilitation and reintegration of patients into the community" (13).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"the Committee notes with concern…(c) The lack of information on a gender-sensitive approach in the identification of victims of trafficking and forms of exploitation; (d) The reported cases of complicity of public officials in cases of sex trafficking and exploitation of prostitution" (8-9).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"the committee notes with concern...(d) The reported cases of complicity of public officials in cases of sex trafficking and exploitation of prostitution; (e) The existence of girls in prostitution, in addition to the lack of effective prevention policies and measures to investigate, prosecute and convict all perpetrators involved in the prostitution of girls" (8-9). "The Committee is further concerned about the insufficient structural measures for promoting the economic empowerment of women and girls, given that that economic empowerment could prevent their engagement in prostitution as their main income-generating activity" (9).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"The Committee takes note of the advances in the representation of women in several areas, including in the National Congress and the judiciary" (9).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern the absence of gender- based criteria and legal advice to apply provisions under the new Civil and Commercial Code (art. 440), allowing the marriage of persons under 18 years of age based on the authorization of judicial authorities, and the decisions on financial compensation for economically disadvantaged spouses during divorce proceedings" (17).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee is deeply concerned about the stagnation of the maternal mortality rate, attributable in part to unsafe abortions, the limited access to legal abortion (contrary to the legislation and the decision taken by the Supreme Court in 2012), the frequent refusal of doctors to perform an abortion based on conscientious objection and cases involving the prosecution of women who have undergone abortions" (12).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is further concerned about the...absence of exit programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (9).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"It is also concerned that the number of female entrepreneurs in the State party has decreased and that only a small percentage of women avail themselves of financial loans for making investments. The Committee is further concerned that women entrepreneurs have only limited access to microcredit" (14). "The Committee notes with concern...The lack of recognition and protection of land tenure and ownership by indigenous women, forced evictions from indigenous traditional lands in regions such as Gran Chaco and the exclusion of indigenous women from decision-making processes concerning land use" (15).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Nonetheless, the Committee is concerned about the institutional, procedural and practical barriers faced by women in gaining access to justice, such as: (a) Discriminatory stereotyping, judicial bias and limited knowledge of women’s rights among the judiciary and the police; (b) Use of mediation in cases of gender-based violence against women" (4). "The Committee takes note of the Gender Programme in the Federal Prison Service, but remains concerned about: (a) The number of women in pretrial detention; (b) Invasive body searches performed on women in prison and the absence of information about the use of electronic surveillance systems at the provincial level; (c) Limited access to education, job skills training, work...more