The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Australia

April 10, 2018, 11:10 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

According to the Institute of Inclusive Security, Austrailia launched their national action plan in 2012 and expires in 2018 (MB-Coder Comment).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Disappointingly, the animals do not seem to regard the drones as alternative sheepdogs. “They haven’t been terribly obliging – yet,” says Molesworth, who is studying for her PhD in agriculture climate science" (Para 3). Molesworth is an Australian woman getting her PhD which would imply women have the legal right to an education (EJ-Coder Comment).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DLB-DATA-1

"Off-farm income (where people earn money in parallel careers) tends to be a feature of Australian farms – it helps families ride out the peaks and troughs of inclement weather and fluctuating demand for produce. About 50% of women on farms in Australia are working off-farm to help provide for their families" (Para 6-7).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"University enrolments indicate that women are taking a bigger role in the business of farming. Female students have slightly outnumbered males in tertiary agriculture courses since 2003" (para 16).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Government research shows the proportion of women as paid workers in agriculture has increased from 15% to 32% over the past 15 years and they now make up 40% of agricultural business partners" (para 14).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"Coming from a remote area, she went to boarding school at the age of 13 and didn’t get the experience of helping her father out after school. Boys in boarding school often get the opportunity to learn mechanics and auto-electrics in the classroom, she says" (Para 32).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1

"Women have always had a key role in farming but their contribution is hard to quantify because unpaid work is often not recognised. This lack of clarity is why women in agriculture are often called the 'invisible farmers' or the 'silent partners'. Indeed a national three-year project titled The Invisible Farmer was launched this year by Museums Victoria and ABC Rural to draw attention to the contribution of Australian female farmers. Liza Dale-Hallett, the project’s lead curator says 'We know that around 49% of real farm income in Australia is contributed by women. This figure includes a whole range of activities such as on-farm work, off-farm waged work and household, ...more
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Sasse, from Morawa in Western Australia, says women have traditionally been disadvantaged because of the tradition of sons inheriting farms" (Para 24).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"In October, Australian media reported that authorities transferred a female detainee from Nauru to Sydney for medical treatment. She was reportedly one of two Somali women who alleged they were raped at the Nauru detention center" (2). "According to the 2012 ABS Personal Safety Survey (the latest available), an estimated 41 percent of women 18 years and older had experienced some form of violence after attaining 15 years, and 19 percent had experienced sexual violence after attaining 15 years. The ABS reported that during 2014 police recorded 20,677 cases of sexual assault, of which 80 percent of the victims were women" (14).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits violence against women, including domestic abuse, and the government enforced the law" (14).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (14).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is a criminal act in all states and territories of the country, and these laws apply extraterritorially to protect citizens or residents from being subjected to FGM/C overseas" (14).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The law provided for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under laws related to family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance, as well as employment, credit, pay, owning and/or managing businesses, education, and housing" (15).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CBMC-DATA-1

"...rates of sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancy among the indigenous population were higher than among the general population" (15).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The laws of individual states and territories provide the penalties for rape. Maximum penalties range from 12 years’ to life imprisonment, depending on the jurisdiction and aggravating factors" (14). "The law prohibits citizens and residents from engaging in, facilitating, or benefiting from sexual activity with children overseas who are younger than 16 years and provides for a maximum sentence of 17 years’ imprisonment for violations...Maximum penalties for violations vary across jurisdictions. Defenses include reasonable grounds for believing the alleged victim was older than the legal age of consent and situations in which the two persons are close in age" (17).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"On November 13, media reported that a jury had found a mother guilty of FGM/C of her two daughters during ceremonies in Wollongong and Sydney between 2009 and 2012. Another woman was also found guilty and a sheikh was found guilty after the fact. Sentencing was scheduled for February 5, 2016. It was the country’s first FGM/C trial. In 2013 the government held a national summit on FGM/C and subsequently announced a National Compact on Female Genital Mutilation. In 2013 the government announced it would provide A$1 million ($710,000) for 15 new projects aimed at ending FGM/C among Australians whether they lived domestically or abroad" (14-15). The report indicates that ...more
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18 for both boys and girls. A person between 16 and 18 years may apply to a judge or magistrate in a state or territory for an order authorizing marriage to a person who has attained 18 years, but the marriage of the minor still requires parental or guardian consent. Two persons younger than 18 years may not marry each other" (16).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"There are no legal impediments to voting or holding public office for women or minorities" (11).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"The main human rights problems were domestic violence against women and children, particularly in indigenous communities…" (1). "The ABS reported that during 2014 police recorded 20,677 cases of sexual assault, of which 80 percent of the victims were women. Two-thirds of sexual assaults occurred in a residential location. As of mid-September, 63 women and children died as a result of domestic violence" (14).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (14). "The legal age for consensual sex is 16 years in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, the Northern Territory, Victoria, and Western Australia and 17 years in Tasmania and South Australia. In Queensland the age of consent for anal sex is 18 years, while the age of consent for all other sexual acts is 16 years" (17).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"Women had access to contraception and skilled medical care, including essential prenatal, obstetric, and postpartum care. Indigenous persons in isolated communities had more difficulty accessing such services than the population in general. Cultural factors and language barriers also inhibited use of sexual health and family planning services by indigenous persons, and rates of sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancy among the indigenous population were higher than among the general population" (15).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"In its first major policy initiative, the new government under Prime Minister Turnbull on September 24 announced a policy package of A$100 million ($71 million) to address the threat of domestic violence, particularly against women. Federal and state governments funded programs to combat domestic violence and provide support for victims, including funding for numerous women’s shelters. Police received training in responding to domestic violence. Federal, state, and territorial governments collaborated on the National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and their Children 2010-22, the first effort to coordinate action at all levels of government to reduce violence against women" (14).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) maintained a list of 'refused classification' website content, primarily pertaining to child pornography, sexual violence, and other activities illegal in the country, compiled as a result of a consumer complaints process" (7). "All states and territories criminalize the possession, production, and distribution of child pornography. In New South Wales, however, the law prohibiting child abuse material, including child pornography applies only to children younger than 16 years, and in South Australia the law prohibiting child exploitation material, including child pornography, only applies to children younger than 17 years" (17).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Federal laws prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV positive status, or other communicable diseases" (13).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Employment discrimination against women occurred, and there was a much-publicized 'gender pay gap' (see section 7.d.). The HRC received 474 complaints under the Sex Discrimination Act from July 2013 to June 2014, including 382 from women. Of the 451 finalized complaints, 251 were resolved through conciliation, 88 were discontinued or withdrawn, 82 were terminated, and 30 were administratively closed. Of the 499 complaints received by area (some complaints had multiple areas), 80 percent related to employment and 15 percent to goods, services, and facilities" (15). "Employment discrimination against women occurred, particularly with regard to pay. According to the government’s Workplace Gender Equality Agency, the fulltime gender pay gap was 17.9 ...more
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment" (15).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Indigenous persons in isolated communities had more difficulty accessing such services than the population in general. Cultural factors and language barriers also inhibited use of sexual health and family planning services by indigenous persons, and rates of sexually transmitted diseases and teenage pregnancy among the indigenous population were higher than among the general population" (15).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The federal sex discrimination commissioner of the HRC undertakes research, formulates policy, and conducts educational work designed to eliminate gender discrimination. The Office for Women, under the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, focuses on reducing violence against women, promoting women’s economic security, and enhancing the status of women" (15-16).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In October, Australian media reported that authorities transferred a female detainee from Nauru to Sydney for medical treatment. She was reportedly one of two Somali women who alleged they were raped at the Nauru detention center. Media claimed she came to Sydney for an abortion, a procedure that is illegal in Nauru" (2-3). This is a report regarding an illegal immigrant who was detained and then sent to Sydney for medical treatment. It is implied that there are more lax abortion laws in Australia than in Nauru. Abortion laws vary from state to state within Australia (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment...Complaints of sexual harassment as well as sex discrimination may be submitted to the HRC. The HRC received 222 complaints of sexual harassment from July 2013 to June 2014; separate statistics on resolution of harassment complaints were not available." (15). "Federal and state and territory laws provide protections against employment discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, age, language, HIV-positive status, or other communicable diseases...The law requires organizations with 100 or more employees to establish a workplace program to remove barriers to women entering and advancing in their organization. The law also ...more