The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Australia

June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"In 2013–14, of the 4,748 enquiries to the board, 2,141 were from or on behalf of a woman. In the same reporting period, complaints of sexual harassment almost equalled all other types of sex discrimination complaints with 95 complaints" (B). "The Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commission is an independent statutory body that has responsibilities under these three laws. In 2013–14, it received disputes raising 2,718 identifiable issues, including sex discrimination (or approximately six per cent of the total number of issues); sexual harassment (eight per cent); carer status (four per cent); parental status (four per cent); marital status (two per cent); pregnancy (two per cent); and breastfeeding (less...more
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"1800RESPECT––national sexual assault, family and domestic violence counselling services––is a free confidential telephone and online counselling, information and referral service to help anyone who has experienced, or is at risk of sexual assault or domestic and family violence" (M). "In February 2014 the NSW Government launched the NSW Domestic and Family Violence Framework for Reform, It Stops Here: Standing Together to End Domestic and Family Violence in NSW. It is designed to improve prevention and responses to domestic violence, including changing the way that victims receive help and are supported to recover. A key initiative is Safer Pathway, which includes risk identification, referrals and local service coordination, and gives victims...more
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 (Cth) introduced a paid parental leave scheme that since January 2011 has provided 18 weeks pay at the rate of the National Minimum Wage. Fathers and supporting partners have been entitled to two weeks’ leave since 1 January 2013" (J).
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"1800RESPECT––national sexual assault, family and domestic violence counselling services––is a free confidential telephone and online counselling, information and referral service to help anyone who has experienced, or is at risk of sexual assault or domestic and family violence" (M).
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2007, the ACT Government set a target of achieving and maintaining 50 per cent representation of women on its boards and committees. In 2012, ACT Government boards and committees achieved 47 per cent female membership" (G).
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: SAB-LAW-1

"The Anti-Discrimination Act 1977 (NSW) makes it unlawful to discriminate against a person on a number of grounds, including pregnancy and breastfeeding, disability, race, sexual harassment, age, homosexuality, carers’ responsibilities, marital or domestic status and transgender" (B). "The Tasmania Anti-Discrimination Act 1998 prohibits: discrimination on the basis of gender, pregnancy, breastfeeding, marital status, family responsibilities and parental status" (D). "The Anti-Discrimination Act 1992 (NT) protects from unfair discrimination on grounds of race, sex, sexuality, age, marital status, pregnancy, parenthood, breastfeeding, impairment, trade union or employer association activity, religious belief or activity, irrelevant criminal record, political opinion, affiliation or activity, irrelevant medical record, or association with person with an above attribute,...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Australia is ranked first in the world for the educational attainment of women, and is committed to delivering high-quality education to students, regardless of their gender, age, ethnicity, disability or geographical location" (Pg 27).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"we are preparing women for the jobs of the future by getting more women into science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM)" (Pg 2). "The Australian Government partners with the Australian Institute of Company Directors (AICD) to deliver scholarships to women aspiring to leadership and board roles. These target key groups of women, including those in rural and remote locations and male-dominated industries. The Australian Government partners with the Australian Institute of Company Directors (AICD) to deliver scholarships to women aspiring to leadership and board roles. These target key groups of women, including those in rural and remote locations and male-dominated industries. In May 2014, the Australian Government funded the Australian...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Laws relating to pregnancy termination are matters for states and territories. The Australian Government has no constitutional powers in this area" (Pg 38).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The biennial Employee Earnings and Hours (EEH) published data reports on hourly rates of pay. EEH shows a gap of 12.1 per cent between male and female full-time employees in May 2014. An alternative and widely reported measure of the gender pay gap is using Average Weekly Earnings (AWE) trend data (Cat No 6302.0), which estimates average weekly ordinary time earnings and average weekly total earnings by gender. In May 2014, the weekly gender pay gap was 17.1 per cent. The pay gap in the private sector is 22.4 per cent compared to 12.4 per cent in the public sector. Australian, state and territory governments have a range of measures...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Australian Government has taken a strong stance on child, early and forced marriage, including by introducing comprehensive offences in the Commonwealth Criminal Code Act 1995. The Australian Federal Police has specialised teams to investigate forced marriage. These work in close collaboration with state and territory police" (Pg 22).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"One of the first decisions the new government implemented was relocating the Australian Government Office for Women to the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. This move supports a whole-of-government approach, with the Office for Women working across Australian Government agencies to deliver stronger economic and social outcomes for women" (Pg 13). "State and territory governments, civil society and the business sector reinforce and embed, at the community level, strategies and frameworks driven by the Australian Government. The delivery of policy, strategy and initiatives to improve the status of women and girls relies on tri-partite relationships between all tiers of government, civil society and business. This includes strategies developed...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-2

"Training Places for Single and Teenage Parents is an Australian, state and territory government initiative that improves job readiness and workforce participation for single and teenage parents. Support includes payment towards enrolment fees, course supplies, counselling services, transport arrangements, literacy and numeracy support, and job readiness training" (Pg 28-29).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ATC-DATA-7

"As a member of the United Nations Security Council in 2013 and 2014, Australia worked with fellow UN members to: ensure relevant peacekeeping and peace-building operations address the impacts of conflict on women and girls, prevent impunity for sexual violence, pursue more comprehensive consideration and integration of these issues across the Security Council’s agenda, advocate for peacekeeping mandates developed by the Security Council to include specific gender equality language and considerations (including the appointment of women protection advisers or gender advisers, where appropriate)" (Pg 18). "Australia also works with partners in the region to address human trafficking and slavery. This includes through the Australia–Asia Program to Combat Trafficking in Persons...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"For example, SA’s Strategic Plan is targeting an increase in the percentage of women nominating to stand in local, state and federal government elections in the state" (Pg 23). SA stands for south Australia (EJ-Coder Comment).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"The Australian Government funds the Adult Migrant English Programme, which provides eligible new migrants and humanitarian entrants up to 510 hours of free English language tuition to enable social and economic participation in Australia. Each year since 2010, the programme has assisted around 55,000 people from more than 180 countries, about 65 per cent of who are women. If clients have under school-aged children, free childcare is provided so clients can attend classes" (Pg 28).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: SAB-PRACTICE-1

"The Australian National Breastfeeding Strategy 2010–2015 was endorsed by Australian Government and state and territory government health ministers in 2009. It provides a framework to address the protection, promotion, support and monitoring of breastfeeding in the community" (Pg 35). "Understanding community attitudes is important for shaping and influencing future initiatives to prevent violence against women. Vic Health has managed the National Survey on Community Attitudes Towards Violence Against Women (NCAS) which establishes a benchmark against which attitudinal changes can be closely monitored over time. A national survey was conducted in 2009 and results were compared with an equivalent national survey conducted in 1995. Data collection was completed in June 2013...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Formal schooling in Australia starts with a preparatory year followed by 12 years of primary and secondary school. In the final year of secondary school, students can study for the Senior Secondary Certificate of Education which is required for entry by most Australian universities and training institutions. It is also recognised as an entry requirement by many international universities" (Pg 27).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"In 2015 the Australian Government announced a $4.4 billion Jobs for Families Child Care package designed to make childcare––a key barrier to women’s workforce participation—simpler, more affordable, accessible and flexible" (Pg 2). "In 2013, the Australian Government announced the first Productivity Commission Inquiry into Child Care and Early Childhood Learning since the 1990s. It examined how the current system could be made more responsive to the needs of families and the economy, and it looked at the contribution quality child care makes to workforce participation and children’s learning and development" (Pg 20-21). "The Paid Parental Leave Act 2010 (Cth) provides two payments for working parents who care for a newborn...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The National Evidence-Based Antenatal Care Guidelines support Australian maternity services to provide high-quality antenatal care to healthy pregnant women...In November 2010, the Australian Government and state and territory government health ministers endorsed the National Maternity Services Plan––a national framework to guide policy and programme development across Australia for five years. It focuses on primary maternity services during the antenatal, intra-partum and postnatal periods and identifies four key priority areas: access, service delivery, workforce and infrastructure...Around one in 10 Australian women experience depression during pregnancy, and up to one in seven experience it in the year after giving birth. The National Perinatal Depression Initiative funds improved prevention and early detection of...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"The Australian Government has commenced the process to withdraw its reservation to the CEDAW relating to the exclusion of women from combat roles, including repealing the related exemption from Australian anti-discrimination legislation. This represents Australia’s deep commitment to women’s human rights and gender equality domestically, across our region and globally" (Pg 2). "Gender restrictions in ADF combat role employment were formally removed in 2011. Since 1 January 2013, all ADF employment categories have been open to women, except Special Forces, which opened on 1 January 2014. Direct entry into ADF roles from the public is expected by January 2016" (Pg 33).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"As a member of the United Nations Security Council in 2013 and 2014, Australia worked with fellow UN members to: ensure relevant peacekeeping and peace-building operations address the impacts of conflict on women and girls, prevent impunity for sexual violence, pursue more comprehensive consideration and integration of these issues across the Security Council’s agenda, advocate for peacekeeping mandates developed by the Security Council to include specific gender equality language and considerations (including the appointment of women protection advisers or gender advisers, where appropriate)" (Pg 18).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Australia is committed to breaking gender stereotyping at all levels, including in the media and through achieving better work-life balance for parents, however Australian women still do significantly more unpaid work than men" (Pg 19). "In 2012, the WA Government launched the discussion paper Women and the Media: who do they think you are? to coincide with the inaugural United Nations International Day of the Girl Child. The paper’s launch included a screening of the US documentary Missrepresentation, which explores the links between women’s stereotyped portrayals in the media and their absence from leadership roles" (Pg 20).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Data relating to violence against women and their children in Australia is generally inconsistent. Variations in data estimates across Australia are affected by differences in what is captured, counted and reported across states and territories. Australian governments have committed to develop a National Data Collection and Reporting Framework for domestic and family violence and sexual assault, which will improve information available to support research, policy development, operational decision making, education and community awareness activities into the future. The project extends over the life of the National Plan with the framework expected to be operational by 2022" (Pg 45). "Around one in three Australian women have experienced physical violence since the...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The Australian Government does not regard state and territory laws that legalise sex work in some Australian jurisdictions as breaches to obligations under Article 6 of CEDAW, as legalised sex work does not necessarily constitute exploitation of prostitution. The Australian Government considers that exploitation would arise where the circumstances in which sex workers are employed are exploited or where they do not consent to engage in sex work. Exploitation also arises in situations involving children engaged in sex work. Australia has comprehensively criminalised these forms of exploitation" (Pg 21). "State and territory governments are responsible for regulating the sex work industry in Australia. Most jurisdictions have enacted legislation relating to...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

"Australian women’s life expectancy has dramatically improved, increasing from 59 in the early 1900s to around 84. The latest available data show that female life expectancy at birth in 2010–2012 was around four years higher than that of males (84.3 years compared to 80.1 years respectively). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women’s life expectancy at birth is on average 9.5 years less than that of non-Indigenous women. Over the last five years the gap in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous women reduced by 0.1 years and for men by 0.8 years" (Pg 33-34). "The Australian Government is committed to health equality between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians and has a...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Australia maintains its Woman at Risk visa category, which provides resettlement in Australia for women who are living outside their home country without traditional support mechanisms, such as the protection of a male relative, and who are in danger of victimisation, harassment or serious abuse. This category recognises the priority the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees gives to the protection of refugee women in particularly vulnerable situations. We are one of only a few countries with a specific programme for women at risk. The Australian Government sets aside places for the Woman at Risk visa category within its Humanitarian Programme each year. Since its establishment in 1989, the programme...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-4

"The AFP International Deployment Group deploys Australian police domestically and internationally for stability and security operations, United Nations missions and capacity development. The group increases female representation in leadership and management roles through targeted training programmes. For example, the AFP supports the Pacific Islands Chiefs of Police Women’s Advisory Network and has sponsored Pacific delegates to attend the 2013 Australasian Women and Policing Advisory Council conference in Australia. The International Deployment Group and the Pacific Police Development programme also fund female police officers from across the Pacific to attend gender specific workshops conducted by the Fiji Women’s Crisis Centre" (Pg 26).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Australian Government does not tolerate female genital mutilation (FGM). It is a criminal offence in all states and territories to perform FGM, and to remove a child from the state or territory in which they live for the purpose of performing FGM. The maximum penalties range from seven to 21 years imprisonment" (Pg 37).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"In May 2014, amendments to the Crimes (Domestic and Personal Violence) Act 2007 (NSW) commenced to authorise senior police to approve provisional apprehended domestic violence orders (ADVO) and to extend police powers to direct and detain a person for the purposes of serving provisional ADVOs and improving immediate victim safety. In June 2014, the NSW Parliament passed amendments to the Crimes (Domestic and Personal Violence) Act 2007 contained in Part 13 A to allow information sharing between government and non-government services. This will facilitate access to domestic violence support services for victims and prevent or lessen serious threats to the life, health or safety of a victim. In Victoria, the...more