The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Bahrain

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The antitrafficking law, Law No. 1 of 2008, criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking. It prescribed penalties ranging from three to 15 years’ imprisonment, plus a fine of between 2,000 and 10,000 Bahraini dinar ($5,310-$26,530) and the cost of repatriating the victim(s), which were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Additionally, Article 325 of the penal code prescribed imprisonment of two to seven years for forced prostitution and three to 10 years if the victim was a child" (91).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"There were no reports the government penalized victims for unlawful acts traffickers compelled them to commit; however, it did not universally employ its proactive identification mechanism among vulnerable groups, such as domestic workers, migrant workers who fled employers, and women in prostitution, meaning some potential victims may have remained unidentified and unprotected" (92).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit foreign victims in Bahrain. Men and women, primarily from India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Philippines, Ethiopia, Nepal, Egypt, Jordan, Yemen, Thailand, Syria, and Kenya, among other countries, migrate voluntarily to Bahrain to work as semi-skilled or unskilled laborers in the construction and service industries. In recent years, the greatest influx of workers hailed from Bangladesh, and Bangladeshis made up the majority of Bahrain’s 61,000 undocumented workers; their illegal residency status renders them vulnerable to under- and non-payment of wages, debt bondage, and other forms of labor exploitation. During the reporting period, 78 percent of the total Bahraini workforce was comprised of foreigners....more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Bahrain fully meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The government continued to demonstrate serious and sustained efforts during the reporting period; therefore Bahrain remained on Tier 1. The government demonstrated serious and sustained efforts by increasing overall trafficking convictions, sentencing two complicit officials to significant jail time, and establishing and disbursing funds from the new Victim’s Assistance Fund to 10 victims. The government also allowed more undocumented workers to sponsor themselves independent from an employer, and it digitized its victim case management system within its National Referral Mechanism (NRM) to increase efficiency of referrals from a broad array of stakeholders and enable better monitoring...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government identified twelve adult trafficking victims (11 sex trafficking victims and one victim of forced labor), among 259 potential victims it provided shelter to during the reporting period, a decrease from 31 adult trafficking victims it identified the previous year out of a total 516 assisted. The confirmed victims hailed from Bangladesh, Colombia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, India, and Thailand" (91).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Sharia courts, not civil courts, address crimes involving child abuse, including violence against children" (p. 31).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Individuals derive citizenship from their father or by decree from the king. Women do not transmit their nationality to their children, rendering stateless some children of citizen mothers and noncitizen fathers" (p. 31).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"No government policies or laws explicitly address domestic violence" (p. 29).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"In divorce cases the courts routinely granted mothers custody of daughters younger than age nine and sons younger than age seven, with fathers typically gaining custody once girls and boys reached ages nine and seven, respectively. Regardless of custody decisions, the father retains guardianship, or the right to make all legal decisions for the child until age 21. A noncitizen woman automatically loses custody of her children if she divorces their citizen father 'without just cause'" (p. 31).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"According to the BCHR, 30 percent of women had experienced some form of domestic abuse" (p. 29).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-4

"Rape is illegal, although the criminal code allows an alleged rapist to marry his victim to avoid punishment" (p. 29).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, including insulting or committing an indecent act towards a woman in public, with penalties for conviction of imprisonment and fines" (p. 30).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Schooling is compulsory for children until age 15 and is provided free of charge to citizens and legal residents through grade 12" (p. 31).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-4

"The police force has included women since 1970, and during the year two women achieved the rank of brigadier general and general director" (p. 10).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits child pornography" (p. 31).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The prime minister appointed a woman to the 26-seat cabinet" (p. 27).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"The 2014 elections selected three women to parliament’s 40-member lower elected house. Also in 2014 the royal court appointed nine women to the Shura Council, the appointed 40-member upper house" (p. 27).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 30).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not address spousal rape" (p. 29).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"The Ministry of Justice reported 3,825 cases of physical or sexual abuse as of September. Of these cases, 469 cases involved children and 46 cases resulted in conviction. Nineteen cases of rape were reported, two of which were referred to court; the proceedings for both cases were underway as of September" (p. 29).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Women may own and inherit property and represent themselves in all public and legal matters" (p. 32).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: IW-LAW-1

"In the absence of a direct male heir, Shia women may inherit all of their husband’s property, while Sunni women inherit only a portion, with the brothers or other male relatives of the deceased also receiving a share" (p. 31).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The law prohibits exploitation of a child for various crimes, including prostitution. Penalties for conviction include imprisonment of no less than three months if the accused used exploitation and force to commit the crime and up to six years if the accused exploited more than one child, as well as penalties of at least 2,000 dinars ($5,400) for individuals and at least 10,000 dinars ($27,000) for organizations" (p. 31).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Family status law varied according to Shia or Sunni interpretations of Islamic law, especially for women. On July 19, King Hamad ratified a new Unified Family Law, which for the first time included a civil code for Shia family law. According to supporters of the law, the new civil code provides for the protection of Shia, in particular Shia women, from the imposition of arbitrary decisions by unregulated clerics" (p. 13).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties for conviction of rape include life imprisonment and execution in cases where the victim is a minor younger than age 16 or when the rape leads to the victim’s death" (p. 29).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities segregated government-run schools by gender, although girls and boys used the same curricula and textbooks" (p. 31
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The government maintained the Dar al-Aman Shelter for women and children who were victims of domestic violence. Victims of domestic violence had difficulty knowing whom to contact or how to proceed when filing a complaint" (p. 29).