The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Bangladesh

Dec. 8, 2019, 5:21 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Most Islamic countries, including Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan and Bangladesh, have banned triple talaq, but the custom continued in India, which does not have a uniform set of laws on marriage and divorce that apply to every citizen" (para. 15).
Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Comoros, East Timor, Egypt, Fiji, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Moldova, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

2.0
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The 2012 Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act (PSHTA) criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of five years to life imprisonment and a fine of not less than 50,000 Bangladeshi Taka (BDT) ($595). Bonded labor was treated as a separate offense and prescribed lesser penalties of five to 12 years’ imprisonment and a fine of not less than 50,000 BDT ($595). These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape" (94).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Bangladesh, and traffickers exploit victims from Bangladesh abroad. Traffickers exploit some Bangladeshi men, women, and children who migrate willingly to work in the Middle East, Southern and East Africa, South and Southeast Asia, Europe, and the United States in forced labor. An international organization estimates more than 700,000 Bangladeshis migrate for work each year through illegal channels and are vulnerable to traffickers. (...) Women and girls who migrate for domestic work are particularly vulnerable to trafficking. Traffickers have sold some women who migrated through Bangladeshi recruitment agencies to Lebanon or Jordan for domestic work into forced...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Bangladesh does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included adopting a national action plan to combat trafficking, convicting traffickers, initiating an investigation into a police officer accused of child sex trafficking, and continuing to investigate some potential trafficking crimes against Rohingya refugees. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. The government identified significantly fewer trafficking victims and did not consistently refer victims to care, and reports of it doing so were far fewer than the number of victims it identified. Victim care remained insufficient;...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Through its 592 cases recorded under the PSHTA, the government identified 419 potential trafficking victims, including 155 adult males, 172 adult females, and 92 children. The government did not provide a breakdown of the type of trafficking or nationality of victims. This is a significant decrease from the identification of 770 potential victims in 2017" (95). "Two organizations reported identifying 969 additional potential trafficking victims. Among the 969, one organization identified 99 Rohingya that traffickers removed from refugee camps and exploited in sex trafficking (nine females) and labor trafficking (90 males and females) within Bangladesh between October 2017 and October 2018" (95).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
Aug. 28, 2019, 4:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Bangladesh's top court has ruled the word 'virgin' must be removed from Muslim marriage certificates in a landmark move after campaigners challenged the 'humiliating and discriminatory' term...'It is a landmark verdict,' Aynun Nahar Siddiqua, a lawyer for the groups which filed the case challenging the term in 2014, said on Monday. Rights groups have long criticised the term - used in certificates since they were introduced in 1961 - saying it is 'humiliating and discriminatory', and that it breaches the privacy of the woman getting married" (para 1, 5, 6).
Aug. 28, 2019, 4:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Bangladesh's top court has ruled the word 'virgin' must be removed from Muslim marriage certificates in a landmark move after campaigners challenged the 'humiliating and discriminatory' term. Under the South Asian country's Muslim marriage laws, a bride has to select one of three options on the certificate - whether she is a Kumari (virgin), a widow or divorced. In a brief verdict on Sunday, the court ordered the government to remove the term and replace it with 'unmarried', deputy attorney general Amit Talukder said" (para 1-3).
July 25, 2019, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"International organizations allege some Bangladeshi border guard, military, and police officials facilitate trafficking of Rohingya, including accepting bribes from traffickers to gain access to camps. Rohingya girls and boys are recruited from refugee camps to work as shop hands, fishermen, rickshaw pullers, and domestic workers in Bangladesh" (98).
July 25, 2019, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Traffickers exploit Rohingya men, women, and children from refugee camps for both sex and labor trafficking, including domestic servitude, although the scale is unknown, including in comparison to the local host community" (98).
July 25, 2019, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Bangladesh hosts more than one million undocumented Rohingya in refugee camps and host communities in Cox’s Bazar near the Burmese border and other parts of the country, approximately 700,000 of whom arrived after August 2017" (97)
July 25, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The government provided anti-trafficking training to its troops prior to their deployment as peacekeepers and provided antitrafficking training for its diplomatic personnel. During the reporting period, the UN substantiated two sex trafficking claims against two Bangladeshi peacekeepers that had taken place in 2015-2017. The UN repatriated the peacekeepers, and the Bangladeshi authorities’ investigations were pending at the end of the reporting period" (97).
July 25, 2019, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-3, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"However, the government continued to deny Rohingya access to formal schooling, prevent them from working legally, restrict their movement, and suspend birth registration for nearly one year, all of which increased vulnerability to trafficking" (97).
July 25, 2019, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Two organizations reported identifying 969 additional potential trafficking victims. Among the 969, one organization identified 99 Rohingya that traffickers removed from refugee camps and exploited in sex trafficking (nine females) and labor trafficking (90 males and females) within Bangladesh between October 2017 and October 2018" (95).
July 25, 2019, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government deployed the Rapid Action Battalion and the Bangladesh Army to bolster security around Rohingya refugee camps, including to stem human trafficking and migrant smuggling. The Bangladeshi High Court did not entertain antitrafficking cases filed by Rohingya, despite the law allowing Rohingya to file trafficking cases in Bangladeshi courts. The government did not establish clear legal reporting mechanisms within the camps, which impeded Rohingya trafficking victims' access to justice and increased impunity for offenders. In an effort to remedy these deficiencies, police and international donors established one help desk in one refugee camp to provide legal assistance to Rohingya female and child victims of crime, and an international organization...more
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The issue of discrimination, abuse and violence, concept of citizenship are vital for the ensuring and promotion of the rights of women. The key laws which may be mentioned in this regard are; (...) Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2010; Women and Children Repression Act, 2000 (Amendment 2003); Children Act, 2013; (...). As is evident, most of these have been enacted fairly recently and in response to specific need. These laws are expected to provide the basic dispositions to ensure the rights of women, free from discrimination, exploitation, abuse and violence" (10).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"However, the Christian community is possibly the only religious community in Bangladesh which practices, de facto, equality in inheritance and maintenance. The influence of the church is possibly the single most important factor in this regard. All marriages are also usually registered with the respective denominational churches" (10).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"There are serious loopholes in some policies too; the Agriculture Policy recognizes only the post-harvest role of the women which effectively means that women are not recognized as farmers and the door for them to access government agriculture support services and credit facilities remain shut" (12). "Both the National Rural Development Policy and the National Agriculture Extension Policy, respectively adopted in 2001 and 2012, talk conspicuously about issues of the women and the need for specific intervention to improve their conditions and rights as part of overall social and economic progress of the country. The recently adopted 7th Five-Year Plan, possibly the most important document for the socio-economic development of...more
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"During field level consultation in Dinajpur in 3 separate villages, no women seem to have received benefits from the widow allowance and elderly allowance programmes. Also, very few ever received VGD/VDF cards" (15).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

"The Muslim Personal Law of 1961 is highly discriminating to the women giving the overall authority to the men in the areas of marriage, divorce, maintenance and custody of children" (13).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"There is still major gap in income earnings between women and men in Bangladesh. The same survey report that women, on average, are paid 20% less than men in salaried job. In the agriculture sector, this is even more pronounced. In FGDs in Dinajpur, carried out as part of consultations for this report, women reported to have been paid average 250-300 taka/day in comparison to the men who earn 350-400/taka. This is a gap of 25% or more" (15). It is referring to the Banglaesh Household Income & Expenditure Survey of 2010 published in 2012 (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IM-DATA-1

"Child mortality rate hovers around 4.6%, and in the case of under -5 child mortality this is higher, at 6%" (17).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Much of the corpus of these laws in force till date was enacted during colonial period. In recent years, a Hindu Marriage Registration Act has been passed in 2012 (Act 40 of 2012), that formalizes the marriage between a Hindu man and woman. The issue of marriage registration in the act, however, is left optional" (10).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"There is an increasing level participation of women in public governance and civic issues and Bangladesh should be legitimately proud of the fact that both the Prime Minister and the leaders of the major political parties are women" (15).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

"Bangladesh ratified CEDAW in 1984 with reservation to the Article 2 and the Article 16(1)(c), stating the following, 'The Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh does not consider as binding upon itself the provisions of article 2, [... and ...] 16 (1) (c) as they conflict with Sharia law based on Holy Quran and Sunna'" (9). "In its formal justification, Bangladesh provided the following, 'The Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh does not consider as binding upon itself the provisions of article 2, [... and ...] 16 (1) (c) as they conflict with Sharia law based on Holy Quran and Sunna'" (18).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Article 7: Elimination of discrimination against women in the political and public life. The aforementioned case of the RPO, 1972 and as well as the enactment of the Union Parishad Act (amended), 2010 and the Upazilla (sub-district) Act (amended), 2014 demonstrate the government’s commitment in this regard. However, what could be a legitimate criticism is its actual implementation or more precisely, the way these laws are implemented. Given the current politically intolerant climate in Bangladesh which endures for the best part of the last four decades of the country’s history, the deepening of grassroots governance with more women leaders remains a very long-term goal indeed" (14).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LO-DATA-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

"It is also universally acknowledged that the various micro-credit products from the NGOs large and small and organizations like Grameen Bank have genuinely contributed in boosting rural livelihood and re-invigorating the rural economy. However, what should be forcefully said is that the successful outreach of micro-credit programmes has happened not necessarily because of the government but despite it" (16).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The issue of the rights of the women in Bangladesh, in large measure, falls in the domain of family laws. The key areas are divorce, maintenance, inheritance, adoption of children, etc. The criminal law concerns the cases of felony or serious crimes (murder, attempt to murder and as well cases of sexual abuse and violence). While the criminal law is identical in application and enforced uniformly to all the citizens of Bangladesh, the family law is not. It is based on religious traditions, and thus, separate codes of family laws are applied according to the religious denominations of the concerned groups; Islamic personal laws for the Muslims, Hindu personal laws...more