The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Bangladesh

July 25, 2019, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"International organizations allege some Bangladeshi border guard, military, and police officials facilitate trafficking of Rohingya, including accepting bribes from traffickers to gain access to camps. Rohingya girls and boys are recruited from refugee camps to work as shop hands, fishermen, rickshaw pullers, and domestic workers in Bangladesh" (98).
July 25, 2019, 3:32 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Traffickers exploit Rohingya men, women, and children from refugee camps for both sex and labor trafficking, including domestic servitude, although the scale is unknown, including in comparison to the local host community" (98).
July 25, 2019, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Bangladesh hosts more than one million undocumented Rohingya in refugee camps and host communities in Cox’s Bazar near the Burmese border and other parts of the country, approximately 700,000 of whom arrived after August 2017" (97)
July 25, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The government provided anti-trafficking training to its troops prior to their deployment as peacekeepers and provided antitrafficking training for its diplomatic personnel. During the reporting period, the UN substantiated two sex trafficking claims against two Bangladeshi peacekeepers that had taken place in 2015-2017. The UN repatriated the peacekeepers, and the Bangladeshi authorities’ investigations were pending at the end of the reporting period" (97).
July 25, 2019, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-3, IIP-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"However, the government continued to deny Rohingya access to formal schooling, prevent them from working legally, restrict their movement, and suspend birth registration for nearly one year, all of which increased vulnerability to trafficking" (97).
July 25, 2019, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Two organizations reported identifying 969 additional potential trafficking victims. Among the 969, one organization identified 99 Rohingya that traffickers removed from refugee camps and exploited in sex trafficking (nine females) and labor trafficking (90 males and females) within Bangladesh between October 2017 and October 2018" (95).
July 25, 2019, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government deployed the Rapid Action Battalion and the Bangladesh Army to bolster security around Rohingya refugee camps, including to stem human trafficking and migrant smuggling. The Bangladeshi High Court did not entertain antitrafficking cases filed by Rohingya, despite the law allowing Rohingya to file trafficking cases in Bangladeshi courts. The government did not establish clear legal reporting mechanisms within the camps, which impeded Rohingya trafficking victims' access to justice and increased impunity for offenders. In an effort to remedy these deficiencies, police and international donors established one help desk in one refugee camp to provide legal assistance to Rohingya female and child victims of crime, and an international organization...more
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The issue of discrimination, abuse and violence, concept of citizenship are vital for the ensuring and promotion of the rights of women. The key laws which may be mentioned in this regard are; (...) Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2010; Women and Children Repression Act, 2000 (Amendment 2003); Children Act, 2013; (...). As is evident, most of these have been enacted fairly recently and in response to specific need. These laws are expected to provide the basic dispositions to ensure the rights of women, free from discrimination, exploitation, abuse and violence" (10).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"However, the Christian community is possibly the only religious community in Bangladesh which practices, de facto, equality in inheritance and maintenance. The influence of the church is possibly the single most important factor in this regard. All marriages are also usually registered with the respective denominational churches" (10).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"There are serious loopholes in some policies too; the Agriculture Policy recognizes only the post-harvest role of the women which effectively means that women are not recognized as farmers and the door for them to access government agriculture support services and credit facilities remain shut" (12). "Both the National Rural Development Policy and the National Agriculture Extension Policy, respectively adopted in 2001 and 2012, talk conspicuously about issues of the women and the need for specific intervention to improve their conditions and rights as part of overall social and economic progress of the country. The recently adopted 7th Five-Year Plan, possibly the most important document for the socio-economic development of...more
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"During field level consultation in Dinajpur in 3 separate villages, no women seem to have received benefits from the widow allowance and elderly allowance programmes. Also, very few ever received VGD/VDF cards" (15).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-3, ATDW-LAW-1, CUST-LAW-1

"The Muslim Personal Law of 1961 is highly discriminating to the women giving the overall authority to the men in the areas of marriage, divorce, maintenance and custody of children" (13).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"There is still major gap in income earnings between women and men in Bangladesh. The same survey report that women, on average, are paid 20% less than men in salaried job. In the agriculture sector, this is even more pronounced. In FGDs in Dinajpur, carried out as part of consultations for this report, women reported to have been paid average 250-300 taka/day in comparison to the men who earn 350-400/taka. This is a gap of 25% or more" (15). It is referring to the Banglaesh Household Income & Expenditure Survey of 2010 published in 2012 (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IM-DATA-1

"Child mortality rate hovers around 4.6%, and in the case of under -5 child mortality this is higher, at 6%" (17).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Much of the corpus of these laws in force till date was enacted during colonial period. In recent years, a Hindu Marriage Registration Act has been passed in 2012 (Act 40 of 2012), that formalizes the marriage between a Hindu man and woman. The issue of marriage registration in the act, however, is left optional" (10).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"There is an increasing level participation of women in public governance and civic issues and Bangladesh should be legitimately proud of the fact that both the Prime Minister and the leaders of the major political parties are women" (15).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

"Bangladesh ratified CEDAW in 1984 with reservation to the Article 2 and the Article 16(1)(c), stating the following, 'The Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh does not consider as binding upon itself the provisions of article 2, [... and ...] 16 (1) (c) as they conflict with Sharia law based on Holy Quran and Sunna'" (9). "In its formal justification, Bangladesh provided the following, 'The Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh does not consider as binding upon itself the provisions of article 2, [... and ...] 16 (1) (c) as they conflict with Sharia law based on Holy Quran and Sunna'" (18).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Article 7: Elimination of discrimination against women in the political and public life. The aforementioned case of the RPO, 1972 and as well as the enactment of the Union Parishad Act (amended), 2010 and the Upazilla (sub-district) Act (amended), 2014 demonstrate the government’s commitment in this regard. However, what could be a legitimate criticism is its actual implementation or more precisely, the way these laws are implemented. Given the current politically intolerant climate in Bangladesh which endures for the best part of the last four decades of the country’s history, the deepening of grassroots governance with more women leaders remains a very long-term goal indeed" (14).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LO-DATA-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

"It is also universally acknowledged that the various micro-credit products from the NGOs large and small and organizations like Grameen Bank have genuinely contributed in boosting rural livelihood and re-invigorating the rural economy. However, what should be forcefully said is that the successful outreach of micro-credit programmes has happened not necessarily because of the government but despite it" (16).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The issue of the rights of the women in Bangladesh, in large measure, falls in the domain of family laws. The key areas are divorce, maintenance, inheritance, adoption of children, etc. The criminal law concerns the cases of felony or serious crimes (murder, attempt to murder and as well cases of sexual abuse and violence). While the criminal law is identical in application and enforced uniformly to all the citizens of Bangladesh, the family law is not. It is based on religious traditions, and thus, separate codes of family laws are applied according to the religious denominations of the concerned groups; Islamic personal laws for the Muslims, Hindu personal laws...more
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"On the domain of political rights, the Representation of the People Order, 1972 (RPO) may appear somewhat ‘justifiable’ in the context of Bangladesh but its practice and translation in reality is altogether a different matter. There are few elected women representatives in the national parliament, the 50 reserved seats for the women in it may barely amount to more than tokenism. Successive elections of the parliament remain the testimony in this regard. The so-called ‘strides’ of women’s representation in the lower tier of the local governments (i.e. Union Parishad and Upazilla Parishad) with special reservation for women, have indeed increased the number of the women elected representatives over the recent...more
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"The prevalence of acid violence may be an extreme expression of social behavior vis-a-vis the women but in Bangladesh this is nonetheless revealing of a certain attitude. While the overall number of cases of acid throwing has been decreasing over the years and the government has enacted 2 important laws to curb the related crimes, there are still reported cases of such heinous crimes. What is more abysmal is the low rate of conviction - less than 50% of the acid related crimes result with conviction in the court of law – as found in a study10 by Acid Survivors Foundation, the principal civil society organization in Bangladesh fighting against...more
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The current government laws and policies do not recognize women as farmers, other than that they could be considered only as agriculture labours. So, de facto, their access to agricultural credit is blocked, and for the women-headed households this is a formidable impediment. The availability of micro-credit provides an alternative to this situation; however, one has to remember the high interest rate of micro-credit and relatively short cycle of loan repayment with which most of the poor households struggle with. This is besides the total loan amount which is usually small and often insufficient to meet the expenses for necessary agricultural investments" (17).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The issue of discrimination, abuse and violence, concept of citizenship are vital for the ensuring and promotion of the rights of women. The key laws which may be mentioned in this regard are; Prevention of Cruelty to Women and Children Act, 2012; Acid Control Act, 2002; Dowry Prohibition Act, 1980; Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act, 2012; Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2010; Women and Children Repression Act, 2000 (Amendment 2003); Children Act, 2013; Child Marriage Restraint Act, 2014; Citizenship Act of 1951 (as amended in 2009); and, the Representation of the People Order (RPO), 1972. As is evident, most of these have been enacted fairly recently and...more
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: DACH-DATA-2, BR-DATA-1

"Alarmingly access to contraceptive is only 61% among the population percentile of reproductive age, with the total fertility rate per women at 2.6 children (all figures are from UNICEF MICS, 2012-2013)" (17).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-4

"Subsequently, the UN also adopted an Optional Protocol to CEDAW in 2000 which Bangladesh ratified it in the same year. Bangladesh, in the ratification, made certain reservations that read, 'the Government of Bangladesh of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh declares in accordance with Article 10(1) thereof, that it would not undertake the obligations arising out of Articles 8 and 9 of the said Optional Protocol'" (9). "The government’s excuse for not ratifying these 2 articles is not known unlike in the case of CEDAW but the measures of investigation and recommendations by the CEDAW Committee of Experts to the Government of Bangladesh should only strengthen the state of women’s rights...more
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The issue of discrimination, abuse and violence, concept of citizenship are vital for the ensuring and promotion of the rights of women. The key laws which may be mentioned in this regard are; (...) Child Marriage Restraint Act (...) As is evident, most of these have been enacted fairly recently and in response to specific need. These laws are expected to provide the basic dispositions to ensure the rights of women, free from discrimination, exploitation, abuse and violence" (10).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ATC-DATA-1, ATC-DATA-2

"Bangladesh ratified CEDAW in 1984 with reservation to the Article 2 and the Article 16(1)" (9).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LO-DATA-3

"More significantly, percentage of land ownership of rural women remains a meager 4%" (8).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

"With an estimated population of 160 million (current estimate) in a territory comprising 155,000 kilometres, Bangladeshis one of the most densely populated countries in the world with per km2/inhabitants of roughly 1,200. Sex distribution in the population is largely even at 50% - 50% with the ratio slightly tilted in favour of men" (7).