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Latest items for Belarus

May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"the Committee notes with concern that many women are being exploited in prostitution in the State party owing to a lack of alternative economic opportunities that would allow them to sustain themselves and their families" (pg 7). "The Committee is further concerned that women in prostitution are at high risk of experiencing gender-based violence, including abuse by the police, murder attempts, gang rape, extortion, robbery, forced sex practices and forced non-usage of condoms. The Committee is also concerned that, unless they can prove that they are victims of trafficking or related offences, women in prostitution face fines or administrative arrest, and their official employer and the school attended by their...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"It also notes that women in de facto unions and their children do not have legal protection in economic matters upon the termination of such a union" (pg 13).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

" Schools offer “life skills lessons” in which girls are taught cooking and sewing while boys learn woodworking and carpentry, which further upholds traditional gender roles in society" (pg 8). "At the vocational and university levels, women are frequently enrolled in traditionally female-dominated fields of study" (pg 8).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about discrimination against women with disabilities in the State party, in particular with regard to their access to sexual and reproductive health services and rights and their exercise of parental rights. This includes the possibility of forcing a woman with disabilities to have an abortion upon the written consent of her legal guardian, and the exertion of pressure and threats on a woman with disabilities to place her child in State custody" (pg 12).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Teachers, school textbooks and teacher training materials continue to convey discriminatory stereotypes regarding traditionally “female” and “male” roles in society, which leads to the perpetuation and reinforcement of the aforementioned stereotypes" (pg 8).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about the absence of legislation specifically prohibiting direct and indirect discrimination against women" (pg 2).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern the increase in the prevalence of genderbased violence against women, including sexual and psychological violence, and: The requirement of the written consent of a victim of domestic violence for the issuance of a restraining order evicting an abusive partner or family member from the victim’s residence, pursuant to the Crime Prevention Act of 2014" (pg 5-6).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee takes note of the high rate of female participation in the labour force. It is concerned, however, about persistent discrimination against women in employment, including the significant gender wage gap in many fields of employment, and about horizontal and vertical segregation in employment. Furthermore, it is concerned about: The failure of employers to create sufficiently safe conditions, in line with exemptions to the above-mentioned list provided for by law" (pg 9). "The Committee reiterates its previous concerns that article 170 of the Criminal Code may not provide adequate protection against sexual harassment in the workplace, given that the burden of proof is very heavy in criminal cases, and...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"Furthermore, the Committee is concerned that the registration procedure for non-governmental organizations is cumbersome, lengthy and costly and involves requirements that may constitute a basis for discriminatory and arbitrary refusal of registration and result in only a small number of women’s organizations being registered" (pg 4).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee welcomes the efforts undertaken by the State party to counter stereotypes against women. It is concerned, however, about the prevalence of discriminatory stereotypes and patriarchal attitudes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, which is reflected in, among other things, the unequal distribution of household and child-rearing responsibilities between women and men in stereotypical portrayals of women in the media, and the frequent depiction of women as sexualized commodities, notably in advertisements. The Committee also notes with concern that the prevalence of patriarchy and the subordination of women in society are root causes of violence against women" (pg 5). "...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The Committee is concerned about the persistent gender wage gap prevailing in the agricultural sector, the slight improvements notwithstanding, and the low rate of participation by women in decision-making in collective and State-owned farms" (pg 11).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Committee takes note of the high rate of female participation in the labour force. It is concerned, however, about persistent discrimination against women in employment, including the significant gender wage gap in many fields of employment, and about horizontal and vertical segregation in employment. Furthermore, it is concerned about: The conduct of job interviews during the course of which women are often asked about their marital status and their parenthood" (pg 9).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, including the adoption or establishment of the following: Expert working groups addressing the implementation of gender policies in all regions in 2012 and 2013" (pg 2). "The Committee notes with concern that the National Council on Gender Policy of the Council of Ministers meets only twice a year and that the Department of Population and Gender and Family Policy within the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection focuses in particular on family and demographical issues, violence against women and trafficking. Consequently, the Committee is concerned...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"The Committee notes with concern that, notwithstanding the commitment undertaken during its universal periodic review, the State party has not yet established an independent national human rights institution" (pg 4).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with appreciation the continuously improving health status of women. It is concerned, however, about the growing anti-abortion movement and the limited use of contraceptives, including for “moral reasons” and owing to the high cost of hormonal contraceptives" (pg 10-11).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that, even in the event of a divorce resulting from domestic violence, marital property may be sold only if both spouses agree, which may force women to continue to live with their violent partner if he refuses to agree to sell or to move out of the marital domicile" (pg 13).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the fact that, in 2013, in the period since the consideration of the previous report, the State party ratified the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings" (pg 2). " The Committee notes with appreciation the efforts undertaken by the State party to combat trafficking and protect victims of trafficking, including the establishment of a mechanism for victim identification and referral" (pg 7).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"It also notes with concern that access to preschool education is very limited in rural areas, which has a negative effect on women in particular. The Committee is further concerned about a lack of information on the access of rural women to property, including land, and means of production, credit, employment, health, including sexual and reproductive health and rights, and social services" (pg 11).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that many women in the State party are unaware of complaints procedures to claim their rights and that the abovementioned mechanisms may not even be effective. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned that many women and the public at large, including relevant professionals, are unaware of their rights under the Convention and the Optional Protocol thereto, the Committee’s general recommendations and its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/BLR/CO/7). The Committee is also concerned about the absence of any court decisions referring to provisions of the Convention" (pg 2-3). "The Committee notes with concern the increase in the prevalence of genderbased violence against women, including sexual and psychological violence,...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that there are no gender disparities regarding access to primary and secondary education in the State party" (pg 8). "Several State institutions of higher learning, including the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, have a gendered admission policy, which, among other things, restricts the number of admitted female students and/or requires higher passing scores for women" (pg 8).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Committee takes note of the high rate of female participation in the labour force. It is concerned, however, about persistent discrimination against women in employment, including the significant gender wage gap in many fields of employment, and about horizontal and vertical segregation in employment. Furthermore, it is concerned about: The Labour Code, which includes a list of a significant number of professions prohibited to women, allegedly to protect their health, in particular their reproductive health" (pg 9). "The introduction, in 2015, of a national tax under Presidential Decree No. 3 on Preventing Social Dependency, which is payable by persons who are unemployed in order to refund government expenditure and...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the efforts undertaken by the State party to counter stereotypes against women. It is concerned, however, about the prevalence of discriminatory stereotypes and patriarchal attitudes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, which is reflected in, among other things, the unequal distribution of household and child-rearing responsibilities between women and men in stereotypical portrayals of women in the media, and the frequent depiction of women as sexualized commodities, notably in advertisements. The Committee also notes with concern that the prevalence of patriarchy and the subordination of women in society are root causes of violence against women" (pg 5).more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"It is concerned, however, that the State party remains a source, transit and destination country for victims of trafficking, in particular women and girls, that law enforcement is weak and that no traffickers were convicted between 2013 and 2015" (pg 7).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: CL-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that time spent on the care of children or relatives is not computed towards pension benefits, which has a negative effect on women in particular, given that they are disproportionately involved in the aforementioned care" (pg 11).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, including the adoption or establishment of the following: Crisis rooms, the number of which increased from 31 to 109 between 2011 and 2016, and which provide victims of domestic violence and trafficking with temporary shelter, among other things; The “Home without violence” campaign (2012-2015)" (pg 2). "The risk that women who are subjected to domestic violence will be deprived of their parental rights because their family may be perceived as “at social risk”, resulting in their children being institutionalized; The lack of adequately equipped crisis...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about reports that women human rights defenders and politically active women are frequently subjected to repression, harassment, violence, threats of sexual assault, forced institutionalization or threats of institutionalization and deprivation or threats of deprivation of their parental rights. The Committee is concerned that such alleged repressive measures may discourage the participation of women in public discourse and marginalize their voices" (pg 4).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to increase the participation of women in political and public life, including an increase in the number of women in the parliament. It is concerned, however, that women remain significantly underrepresented at the decision-making levels in the parliament and that they are concentrated in the public administration at the middle and lower levels only" (pg 8).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the increase in the prevalence of genderbased violence against women, including sexual and psychological violence, and: The absence of legislation that criminalizes gender-based violence specifically, including domestic violence and marital rape" (pg 5).
Nov. 30, 2017, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada, Cuba, Fiji, Finland, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mauritania, Moldova, Mongolia, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

According to AgeOfConsent's data, the legal age of consent is 16 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 26, 2017, 7:06 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"However, the birth rates in Belarus still lie below the death rates, with 13 deaths and 9 births for every 1000 persons. In the past year, the highest birth rates, according to Belstat, were registered only among younger women from rural areas: 256 children per 1000 women" (para 5). "Belstat data also shows that 75 per cent of the Belarusian population live in cities. In 2016, birth rates for the urban areas were considerably lower than those in the countryside, making up only 68 children per 1000 women" (para 8).