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Latest items for Bhutan

May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Central African Rep, China, Cote D'Ivoire, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mongolia, Niger, Pakistan, Qatar, Russia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

3.0
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the State party is formulating standard operating procedures for a multisectoral response to combat trafficking in persons and that a proposal aimed at identifying the lead agency on trafficking has been submitted to the Cabinet. Nevertheless, the Committe is concerned that: (a) The State party remains a source and destination country of trafficking in persons, in particular women and girls, mainly for purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation, and by the lack of adequate shelters for women and girls who are victims of trafficking;" (6-7).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"It is particularly concerned by: (a) The prevalence of gender-based violence against women and girls and the low rate of reporting of such cases; (b) Reports that about 74 per cent of women believe that domestic violence is justified, notwithstanding the awareness programmes and activities undertaken by the State party" (5).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Temporary special measures, including quotas, have not been introduced in order to accelerate the achievement of de facto equality between women and men" (7).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to implement the National Plan of Action for Gender in order to change stereotypical attitudes among the general public. It remains concerned, however, at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes and deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society" (5).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2009 of the State party’s seventh periodic report (CEDAW/C/BTN/7) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: (a) Domestic Violence Prevention Act, in 2013, and the Domestic Violence Prevention Rules and Regulations, in 2015" (1). "The Committee commends the State party for adopting the Domestic Violence Prevention Act in 2013 and the Domestic Violence Prevention Rules and Regulations in 2015" (5). "It is concerned by: (...) (c) The fact that section 22 of the Domestic Violence Protection Act of 2013 allows for mediation in domestic violence cases that are classified as misdemeanours" (6).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned at the operation of traditional systems of inheritance alongside the Inheritance Act of 1980, as well as the persistence of early and forced marriage, especially in the eastern region" (11).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Information that the unemployment rate is higher among women than men and that the labour force participation of women declined in 2013" (9). However, exact data or rates are not presented in the document (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party for extending maternity and paternity leave from three to six months and from 5 to 10 days, respectively, for the public sector. It notes that the State party is engaged in consultations with the private sector to establish childcare facilities and to consider extending to employees more favourable conditions of employment regarding parental benefits" (8-9).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

"It is also concerned by the incidence of suicide in the State party, which is partly attributable to substance abuse and a lack of economic opportunities" (9).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"The Committee is concerned by the lack of specialized courts on gender-based violence against women, including domestic violence" (5).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Women occupy only 8 per cent of seats in the National Assembly and 10 per cent in local governments" (7).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"(d) The limited number of shelters for women who are victims of violence and the fact that those available are wholly run and funded by civil society organizations" (6).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2009 of the State party’s seventh periodic report (CEDAW/C/BTN/7) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: (…) (c) Penal Code (Amendment) Act, in 2011, which increases penalties for the crime of rape" (1-2). "The Committee also commends the State party for adopting the Penal Code (Amendment) Act in 2011, which increases the penalties for the crime of rape, and for extending the establishment of women and child protection units or desks to more districts" (5).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that, under section 146 of the Penal Code (Amendment) Act of 2011, abortion is permissible only if it is procured in good faith for the purpose of saving the life of the mother or when the pregnancy is a result of rape or incest. The Committee is, however, concerned that the procurement of termination of pregnancy continues to be criminalized, even though it is classified as a misdemeanour that attracts a maximum penalty of three years’ imprisonment" (9).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (...) (b) National employment policy, in 2012, to enhance the enrolment of women in higher education" (2). "It notes that, through the employment skills scheme, the overseas employment scheme and the direct employment scheme, a number of women have been trained and employed" (9). "Limited information regarding the specific measures taken to address sexual harassment and the lack of data on complaints by women regarding occupational segregation and its bearing on wage gaps" (9).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"(a) The State party remains a source and destination country of trafficking in persons, in particular women and girls, mainly for purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation, and by the lack of adequate shelters for women and girls who are victims of trafficking; (b) Girls, mostly from rural areas, are frequently subjected to exploitative domestic work; (c) There is a lack of data on women in prostitution and on exploitation of prostitution in drayangs (entertainment centres)" (7).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: MABFC-DATA-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned that, notwithstanding the provision of free contraceptives, early pregnancy rates and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, among young women remain high" (9). Exact rates are not provided (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is, however, concerned that, notwithstanding the provision of free contraceptives, early pregnancy rates and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, among young women remain high" (9).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Committee commends the State party for extending maternity and paternity leave from three to six months and from 5 to 10 days, respectively, for the public sector" (8).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: PW-DATA-1

"The Committee also notes with concern the lack of data on the extent of harmful practices such as polygamy" (5).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts towards poverty eradication in rural areas, including the implementation of the rural economy advancement programme. It is concerned, however, at reports that rural women have limited access to safe water, transport and markets for their products. The Committee is also concerned that the modernization process that the State party is undergoing may increase social burdens on women in rural areas" (10).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned that, notwithstanding the provision of free contraceptives, early pregnancy rates and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, among young women remain high" (9). Exact rates are not provided (CCS-CODER COMMENT
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Information that women have limited opportunities for employment outside the agricultural and domestic sectors, where wages are low" (9).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party for its efforts to reduce maternal and infant mortality by introducing mobile clinics, which provide prenatal and postnatal services at the community level" (9).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/BTN/CO/7, paras. 33 and 34) and notes that the State party’s legislation still provides that custody of children under 9 years of age is automatically granted to the mother unless the courts decide otherwise, which reinforces gender stereotypes" (11).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) National Development Plan (2013-2018), to integrate a gender perspective into the plans and programmes within the eleventh five -year plan" (2). "The Committee welcomes the fact that the National Commission for Women and Children, which is the body responsible for coordinating the advancement of women, has been strengthened by, among other things, increasing its human resources and appointing a minister as its Chair. The Committee also notes that the Commission is currently undergoing an organizational review, following...more
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/BTN/CO/7, para. 15) and reiterates its concern that, notwithstanding the State party’s indication that it would consider drafting a law on temporary special measures, no such measures have been adopted to accelerate de facto equality between women and men in the areas covered by the Convention, in particular with regard to education and the participation of women in political and public life. The Comittee is also concerned that efforts to promote understanding of temporary special measures are hampered by gender stereotypes and prejudices that consider such measures to be incompatible with a merit-based system" (4). "It recalls its previous concluding observations (A/59/38 (Part...more
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"It is, however, concerned at the lack of information on the full range of social protection programmes in the State party, in particular those targeting disadvantaged groups of women, such as older women, women with disabilities and female-headed households" (10).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes that the main reasons for the low representation of women in political life relate to gender stereotypes, lower educational levels and lack of financial resources, which incidentally are also the main reasons for their unhappiness under the State party’s gross national happiness index. The Committee is concerned that, notwithstanding efforts to enhance functional literacy among female candidates running for local government positions, their representation remains low" (7).