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Latest items for Bosnia-Herzegovina

April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"However, in BiH AF, the percentage of women’s participation in management positions is still very low (2.5 per cent), as is the case in security sector and police structures at all levels of government. Women are mostly represented at middle management levels, while the minimum representation is at the top management positions" (24-25). "Period of women’s waiting for the first job is significantly longer than in case of men, there are prolonged interruptions of periods of employment due to maternity leave and care for elderly or sick, and inability to find work at a mature age due to changes in needs of the labour market. In comparison to other countries...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Implementation of measures for economic empowerment of women (268 entrepreneurs received start-up funds, over 300 women were retrained and qualified for self-employment; 41 women were employed as caregivers)" (16). "Women entrepreneurs are professionally accomplished particularly in small and medium-sized enterprises, and mostly in micro-enterprises, which makes about 20-25 per cent. As owners of small and medium-sized enterprises, women often do not have the same status and credibility as men, it is more difficult for them to establish a company, and they need much more effort and time to become accepted in business circles" (29-30). "A new Law on the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises was adopted in the RS,...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Framework Law on Primary and Secondary Education and the Framework Law on Higher Education provide for the education and possibility of making a free choice, regardless of the gender. Education reform strategies, laws and various policy documents promote the principles of equal access, availability, acceptance, effectiveness and official recognition, non-discrimination and lack of segregation in education" (26). "The FBiH Government has made recommendations for the elimination of segregating and divided structures in educational institutions in FBiH. Education ministers have committed themselves to working to remove, not only these forms that are related to the phenomenon of two schools under one roof, but all forms of discrimination, segregation, assimilation, but...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"Number of women dying from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth has halved over the past 20 years and maternal mortality rate is significantly lower than the EU average" (33)
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: MARR-DATA-1, ATDW-DATA-1

"After a record low number of marriages in 2013, increase was recorded over past three years, as well as an increase in divorces" (37).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"The GCRS continuously monitors and analyses cases of femicide or gender-related killings of women, in order to define future steps to prevent this form of gender-related violence. According to the records of the RS Ministry of the Interior, 88 women, mostly victims of partner or family violence were killed in the RS between 2000 and 2015. The GCRS has developed a special analysis on actions undertaken by institutions in cases of gender-related killings occurring in the period 2014-2015. It identified inadequate records of victims’ complaints and institutional actions, and inadequate information exchange between institutions, non-recognition of gender-related violence and gender inequality as the main cause of women’s killings, and the...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Implementation of domestic violence prevention measures (1,789 pupils and 347 teachers have been introduced to the topic of domestic violence, approximately 100 professionals in the social welfare centres have been trained to work with offenders)" (16-17). "Pursuant to Article 36 of the Law on Protection against Domestic Violence, the FBiH Government adopted the Strategy for Prevention and Fight against Domestic Violence (2013-2017). Chapters 7 and 8 of the Strategy referring to implementation, monitoring and reporting, provide specific details on reporting and drafting of action plans. In connection with this, the Expert Team for developing and monitoring of implementation of this Strategy" (18). "The RS implements the Strategy for combating against...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"BiH managed to achieve gender parity in primary and secondary education, while women dominate in higher education sector. Gender structure (in school year 2015-2016): 1) In pre-school education, 47.95 per cent girls; 2) Out of the 491 children with special needs involved in pre-school education, 35 per cent are girls; 3) In elementary schools, there are 48.55 per cent of girl pupils; 4) In primary schools for children with special needs there are 33 per cent girls and 38 per cent in secondary schools; 5) 49.91 per cent female students were enrolled in secondary schools; 6) 54,20 per cent of female university students enrolled in higher education and 58,73 per...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The Law on Amendments to the Law on Salaries and Fees in the Institutions of BiH and the Law on Amendments to the Labour Law in the Institutions of BiH were adopted. The new Labour Law of RS and the Law on the Work of the FBIH were adopted. These laws are harmonized with the GEL, especially in the area of protection of motherhood and maternity, and the use of maternity / parental leave" (28-29). "On Recommendation 34 (g) UN CEDAW/C/BIH/CO/4-5, labour legislation regulates salaries, benefits, allowances for basic salary and special protection for employed women during, before and after the birth of a child, protection of mothers who are...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: IM-DATA-1

"The infant mortality rate was significantly reduced and it is lower than the average in the region. Leading causes of infant deaths in 2015 include disorders associated with shorter pregnancy and newborn’s low weight" (33).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Introduction of gender equality into plans and programmes of higher education and scientific community (36 newly promoted MA’s in gender studies attended the Postgraduate Gender Study, which was established within the Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies of the University in Sarajevo University, and at the initiative of and with support of the GEA BiH, MHRR BiH)" (17). "The percentage of representation of girls and girls in education has not significantly changed from the previous CEDAW report. The available data show that the number of women holding the title of masters and doctors of science has increased, and it is higher than that of men. For example, the percentage of women who...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"By 2015 the RS implemented the Action Plan for the Advancement of Women’s Position in Rural Areas, as a temporary special measure within the 2009-2015 Strategic Rural Development Plan" (16). "Many unemployed women in rural areas do not use the right to health insurance because of not being registered with employment bureau, while many married rural women depend on husbands to register them as employees on farming household to access health insurance" (34). "Women’s work in the rural area is not sufficiently valued and includes work in the household, family responsibilities, farm work at family land and sometimes the work outside the home. Laws, policies and priorities related to agriculture...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Harassment or sexual harassment and acts of gender-based violence are subjected to the claim before the prosecution, in accordance with the standards of criminal legislation in BiH, under which the procedure is being conducted" (5).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"In accordance with the Law on the High Judicial and Prosecutorial Council of BiH, the HJPC, when appointing at all levels of the judiciary, takes into account the equal representation of the sexes" (24).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"In accordance with Recommendation 24 (a) CEDAW/C/BIH/CO/4-5, Amendments to the Criminal Code of BiH, provided that the criminal offense of Trafficking in Human Beings, constituting elements of exploitation in the state in which the injured party (victim of trafficking) has no residence remained covered by this criminal code, while other human trafficking offenses were covered by the criminal codes of the entities and the BD. Victims of the criminal offense referred to in the Criminal Code of BiH are the persons without BiH citizenship, residence in BiH or the BiH citizens abroad. The criminal framework for certain forms of criminal offense of ‘International Trafficking in Human Beings’ under Article 186...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Following the implementation of the Strategy for the Suppression of Trafficking in Human Beings in BiH and the Action Plan (2013-2015), in 2015 the CoM BiH adopted the Action Plan for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings in BiH (2016-2019). This plan focuses on improving the system of support for fight against trafficking in human beings, effective prosecuting of cases, prevention, protection and assistance to victims. The MoS BiH, Department for Fight against Trafficking in Human Beings, has formed regional monitoring teams with the aim of achieving appropriate standards and improving functional links among the competent authorities and NGOs in BiH" (22). "In between 2011-2017, the Court of BiH pronounced one...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"Accessibility for persons with disabilities to health services is regulated through abolition of architectural barriers and the obligation of the health-care institution to provide sign language assistants, or information in the language that is understandable to person. However, in most institutions, this practice has not yet been established. One of the major problems is the lack of support for people, and this is usually a woman who cares about people with a 100-degree disability. In 2015, Recommendations for Improving the Position of Women with Disabilities in RS, was adopted by the RS Government, stressing importance of the position of this target group, including access to health services, within institutional and...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"On Recommendation 34 (g) UN CEDAW/C/BIH/CO/4-5, labour legislation regulates salaries, benefits, allowances for basic salary and special protection for employed women during, before and after the birth of a child, protection of mothers who are breastfeeding, rights of a mother to leave work once a day, for an hour, to breastfeed a child, parental leave after the birth of a child, and maternity leave maternity / parental leave benefits" (31). "Measures for reconciliation of professional and private life are envisaged in the BiH GAP (2013-2017), including improvement of provisions on paid maternity leave, paid parental leave for both parents and special measures that make it easier for employees to reconcile...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

"In order to implement Recommendation 10 (b) CEDAW/C/BIH/CO/4-5, amendments to the Criminal Code of BiH have been adopted, defining sexual violence as a war crime and a crime against humanity. Amendments superseded earlier condition for the use of force, i.e. a request to prove that the sexual intercourse came without consent only in circumstances that imply direct use of force or a threat to use force. This law applies in all war crime cases, regardless of which judicial authority handles the proceedings" (10). "Related to the Recommendation 10 (c) CEDAW/C/BIH/CO/4-5 MHRR BiH drafted Proposal of Programme for Victims of Wartime Rape, Sexual Abuse and Torture, and their Families in BiH...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Currently there are two women ministers in the CoM of BIH, a significant increase (25 per cent female ministers) has taken place in the Government of the FBiH, there has been a decrease in representation of women in ministerial positions in the cantons. There are 25 per cent of women in the RS government, including a prime minister (now in the second term). In the Local Elections in 2016 there was a slight increase in the number of elected women. Six women (4.3 per cent) were elected mayors, in comparison with 3.6 per cent in 2012. The share of women in the composition of the councils/assemblies is 18.34 per cent,...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: DACH-DATA-2

"According to Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey for BiH (MICS) in 2012, contraception (any method) is used by 43.3 per cent of women who are married or in some form of unity, giving preference to traditional methods (33.3 per cent) compared to 10 per cent of women using modern methods. No significant progress was made in relation to the previous reporting period. The percentage of women using, or whose partners use, some form of contraception, is estimated at 49 per cent" (33). "The family planning approach and sharing responsibilities of men and women for family planning are not at the satisfactory level and, only a small number of women visits family...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1

"Since the first diagnosed case of HIV infection in BiH, in 1986 until the end of November 2016, a total of 314 cases of HIV infection have been registered in BiH. During the year 2016, there were 24 new cases of HIV infection registered (13 FBiH and 11 RS), out of which 22 cases were male" (34)
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"In FBIH the most pronounced measures imposed for acts of domestic violence were in 2014 prohibition of harassment or stalking on a victim of violence (144), in 2015 restraining order concerning the victim of violence (62) and in 2016 prohibition of harassment and stalking on the victim of violence (265), and 18 protective measures of temporary deprivation of liberty and retention. In the RS, from 2014 to 2016, there were total of 3,421 cases of domestic violence, social welfare centres registered total 3,736 cases, health institutions received total 1,047 reports, basic courts received total 2,149 and educational institutions received total 175 reports of domestic violence" (19-20). "In 2013, in cooperation...more
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ERBG-DATA-6

"The percentage of firms whose owners are women is 27.3 per cent, which is below the average of the ECA region countries of 33 per cent, with small differences in company size. There are 24.2 per cent companies in which women are the top managers (that’s slightly above the ECA average of 21.3 per cent) and these are mainly medium-sized enterprises. Women entrepreneurs are professionally accomplished particularly in small and medium-sized enterprises, and mostly in micro-enterprises, which makes about 20-25 per cent" (29-30).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The Policy for Promotion of Sexual and Reproductive Health in the RS (2012-2017) was revised in order to improve rights and health services in this area" (33).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Criminal Codes of the FBiH RS and BD are in line with the BiH Criminal Code. The aforementioned amendments also intensified penalties for criminal offenses, envisaging a sentence of at least 5 years in prison for the basic offense, whereas for the trafficking of minors, as well as for the commission of the criminal offense by an official person while on duty, the law envisaged the sentence of minimum 10 years of imprisonment" (22).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ASR-DATA-1

"Women represent the majority in health care (pharmacy, dentistry, medicine) and language studies, while there are only 10 per cent of women educated in mechanical and electrical engineering. In law, economic sciences, architecture and biotechnology there is approximately the same number of men and women. Such differences in occupational profiling directly affect the labour market situation from gender perspective" (27).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"There is a gradual decline in fertility in the last 20 years. The average age of the parturient woman exceeds the optimal age limit of 25 years" (33).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

"At the BiH level, there is neither reliable statistics, nor systematic and consolidated way of collecting data on interruptions of pregnancy / abortions" (33).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3

"Furthermore, the definition of a single parent was introduced, and defined as a parent who independently exercises parental rights over a child whose other parent has either died or is unknown" (37). This is referring to the Family Law of the Federation BiH and the Family Law RS that were amended in 2014 (CCS-CODER COMMENT).