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Latest items for Bosnia-Herzegovina

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Comoros, East Timor, Egypt, Fiji, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Moldova, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

2.0
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) consisted of two entities within the state—the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation) and Republika Srpska (RS). Each entity has political, legislative, and judicial authority. The Brcko District (BD) was a selfgoverning area under the jurisdiction of the state. Entity-level authorities addressed domestic trafficking offenses internal to their territories and state-level authorities addressed cases with international aspects. Article 186 of the state-level criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking only in cases where the victim was exploited in a country in which he or she did not reside or have citizenship; it prescribed penalties of one to 10 years’ imprisonment. Articles 210a and 210b of...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"The law provided repatriation assistance to Bosnian citizens identified abroad and foreigners identified in Bosnia; no victims required repatriation assistance (one in 2017). Foreign victims were eligible for a humanitarian visa allowing them to temporarily live and work in BiH, and victims were permitted a 30-day reflection period to determine whether they wanted to request a visa" (113). "The government penalized victims for unlawful acts traffickers compelled them to commit due to inadequate identification efforts; authorities penalized victims of sex trafficking, forced begging, and forced criminality with misdemeanor charges for petty crimes. The government reported SOPs incorporated non-penalization standards but acknowledged authorities still penalized victims due to a lack of...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in BiH, and traffickers exploit victims from BiH abroad. Foreign victims in 2018 were from Afghanistan (2), Montenegro (3), North Macedonia (1), and Sri Lanka (2). In previous years, victims from Cuba, Gambia, Libya, and Serbia were subject to trafficking in BiH. Bosnian women and girls are subjected to sex trafficking within the country in private residences, motels, and gas stations. Marginalized Romani children are subjected to forced begging, sex trafficking, and domestic servitude in forced marriages. Foreign women and girls from European countries are vulnerable to sex trafficking within the country. Bosnian victims are subjected...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included the State Coordinator organizing meetings to solicit feedback on regional monitoring teams, changing the structure, and revising guidelines for the teams to increase effectiveness. The government funded NGOs to conduct awareness campaigns and made indictments in the first joint international investigation with French authorities. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. Law enforcement lacked capacity and knowledge and continued to regularly investigate trafficking under lesser offenses, while judges issued sentences that fell short...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government decreased victim protection efforts. The government identified 36 potential trafficking victims (82 in 2017). Of these, 17 were victims of sex trafficking, 19 were victims of forced labor, including 18 for forced begging (15 victims of sex trafficking, seven of forced labor, 59 of forced begging, and one whose exploitation was not reported in 2017); 21 victims were female and 15 were male (58 females and 25 males in 2017); 12 were children (47 in 2017); and eight were foreign victims (two in 2017)" (112).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

2.0
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: DV-DATA-1

Regarding child abuse, "The country’s Agency for Gender Equality estimated that one in five families experienced domestic violence" (p. 22).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Women held only 19 percent (11 of 57 delegate seats) in the House of Representatives and House of Peoples in the state-level parliament" (p. 16).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but it was a serious problem" (p. 20).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Women victims of rape did not have regular access to free social support and assistance, and continued to confront prejudice and discrimination in their communities and from representatives of public institutions" (p. 19).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18 but may be as young as 16 with parental consent" (p. 22).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The maximum penalty for rape, regardless of gender, including spousal rape, is 15 years in prison" (P. 19). "The law prohibits sexual acts with a person younger than 18" (p. 23).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"Under entity criminal codes, the abuse of a child or juvenile for pornography is a crime that carries a sentence of one to five years in prison" (p. 23).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education was free through the secondary level but compulsory only for children of the ages of six through 15" (p. 21).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"In the RS, the prime minister was a woman, and women held three out of 16 ministerial seats" (p. 17).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Women held only two of the nine ministerial positions in the Council of Ministers, while no women held deputy ministerial seats. In the Federation, women held four out of 16 ministerial seats" (p. 17 ). "In June a Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees report on the prevention and combat of domestic violence noted that more than 2,200 professionals working in administration, police agencies, health care, and social service institutions had received training on gender-based violence" (p. 20).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"In certain Romani communities, girls married between the ages of 12 and 142 (p. 22).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported that authorities often returned offenders to their family homes less than 24 hours after a violent event. In the Federation, authorities prosecuted domestic violence as a felony, while in the RS it can be reported as felony or misdemeanor. Even when domestic violence resulted in prosecution and conviction, offenders were regularly fined or given suspended sentences, even for repeat offenders" (p. 20).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 20).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"There is no official legal mechanism for the protection of women during maternity leave, and social compensation during leave is unequally regulated in different parts of the country" (p. 21).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Girls were subjected to commercial sexual exploitation, and there were reports that Romani girls as young as 12 endured early and forced marriage and domestic servitude" (p. 23).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The state-level penalty for sexual exploitation of children is imprisonment for up 20 years under certain aggravating circumstances. At the entity level, penalties range from three to 15 years’ imprisonment" (p. 23).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"By law, a child born to at least one citizen parent is a citizen regardless of the child’s place of birth. A child born on the territory of the country to parents who are unknown or stateless is entitled to citizenship" (p. 21).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

"The boy-to-girl birth ratio for the country was 107 boys per 100 girls" (p. 21).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"While laws in both entities empower authorities to remove the perpetrator from the home, officials rarely, if ever, made use of these provisions. Law enforcement officials were frequently under the mistaken impression that they needed to concern themselves with where the perpetrator would live. As a result, women in danger were compelled to go to safe houses. NGOs reported that authorities often returned offenders to their family homes less than 24 hours after a violent event" (p. 20).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law requires that at least 40 percent of a political party’s candidates be women" (p. 16).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The maximum penalty for rape, regardless of gender, including spousal rape, is 15 years in prison" (P. 19).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Federation, the RS, and the Brcko District have laws criminalizing sex trafficking, forced labor, and organized human trafficking" (p. 23).