The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Brunei

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Belize, Benin, Botswana, Brunei, Central African Rep, Comoros, D R Congo, Gambia, Haiti, Iran, Japan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Maldives, Mali, Nigeria, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Vanuatu, Yemen
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

3.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The 2004 law established a fund to compensate victims and cover repatriation costs" (119).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The 2004 Trafficking and Smuggling of Persons Order criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of four to 30 years’ imprisonment and fines of up to 1 million Brunei dollars ($734,750), which were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious offenses, such as rape. The penal code criminalized travel outside the country for commercial sex with children, prescribing a punishment of up to 10 years’ imprisonment. During the reporting period, the sultan did not approve previously drafted legislation from 2017 that would create separate laws criminalizing trafficking and migrant smuggling and allow the government to comply with and enable ratification...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Officials apprehended foreign women and children during brothel raids, and detained and deported many for labor or immigration violations. According to one NGO, this practice perpetuated victims’ fear of communicating with law enforcement officers, culminating in significant identification and service provision gaps" (119).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit foreign victims in Brunei. There are approximately 100,000 foreign migrant workers in Brunei from regional countries, including approximately 10,000 workers, most of whom are from mainland China, constructing a Chinese-funded petrochemical plant on an island in Brunei Bay with limited freedom of movement. Men and women migrate to Brunei primarily for domestic and construction work. Upon arrival, traffickers exploit some migrant workers through involuntary servitude, debt-based coercion, contract switching, non-payment of wages, passport confiscation, physical abuse, or confinement. Although it is illegal for employers to withhold the wages of their employees for more than seven days, some employers withhold wages...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Brunei does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included training police, labor, and immigration officers on trafficking and victim identification and continuing awareness-raising campaigns for employers of foreign workers. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. The government did not prosecute or convict any traffickers for the second consecutive year. While the government identified a similar number of potential trafficking victims during the reporting period compared with the previous year, the number was significantly lower than the number of migrant workers who exhibit multiple...more
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"By law, sexual intercourse with a girl younger than 14 years constitutes rape" (p. 16).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"By law, sexual intercourse with a girl younger than 14 years constitutes rape and is punishable by imprisonment for a minimum of eight years and a maximum of 30 years and a minimum of 12 strokes of the cane" (p. 16).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for both boys and girls is 14 years with parental and participant consent, unless otherwise stipulated by religion or custom under the law, which generally set a higher minimum age. The Islamic Family Act sets the minimum marriageable age at 16 years for Muslim girls and 18 years for Muslim men and makes it an offense to use force, threat, or deception to compel a person to marry against his or her own will" (p. 16 - 17).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Department of Community Development in the Ministry of Culture, Youth, and Sports provided counseling for women and their spouses. Some female and minor victims were placed in protective custody at a government-sponsored shelter while waiting for their cases to be scheduled in court. Islamic courts staffed by male and female officials offered counseling to married couples in domestic violence cases" (p. 15).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The Ministry of Religious Affairs declared circumcision for Muslim girls (sunat) a religious rite obligatory under Islam and described it as the removal of the hood of the clitoris" (p. 15).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The criminal penalty for a minor domestic assault is one to two weeks in jail and a fine. An assault resulting in serious injury is punishable by caning and a longer prison sentence" (p. 15).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law stipulates maximum imprisonment of 30 years and caning with a minimum of 12 strokes for rape. In July Chapter 22 of the Penal Code Order was amended to increase the minimum sentence for rape from eight years to 10-20 years" (p. 14).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Islamic courts recognized assault as grounds for divorce" (p. 15).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates that whoever assaults or uses criminal force, intending thereby to outrage, or knowing the act is likely to outrage the modesty of a person, shall be punished by caning and a maximum imprisonment of five years" (p. 16).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Secular civil law permits female citizens to own property and other assets, including business properties" (p. 16).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law stipulates maximum imprisonment of 30 years and caning with a minimum of 12 strokes for rape" (p. 14).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Women are subject to an earlier mandatory retirement age than men (55 versus 60 years)" (p. 13).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Although citizenship is automatically inherited from citizen fathers, citizen mothers may pass their nationality to their children only through an application process in which children are first issued a COI (and considered stateless)" p. 16).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize spousal rape and explicitly states that sexual intercourse by a man with his wife is not rape, as long as she is not younger than 14 years (15 years if she is ethnic Chinese)" (p. 15).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Religious Affairs declared circumcision for Muslim girls (sunat) a religious rite obligatory under Islam and described it as the removal of the hood of the clitoris (Type I per World Health Organization (WHO) classification). The government does not consider this practice to be FGM/C and expressed support for WHO’s call for the elimination of FGM and the call for member countries to enact and enforce legislation to protect girls and women from all forms of violence, including FGM/C" (p. 15).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No law criminalizes FGM/C" (p. 15).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Women do not need the consent of a husband or other male to travel"(p. 11).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"The law provides for protection of women, girls, and boys from exploitation through prostitution and 'other immoral purposes,' including pornography" (p. 17).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"Noncitizen husbands of citizens may not apply for permanent resident status until they reside in the country for a minimum of seven years, whereas noncitizen wives may do so after two years of marriage" (p. 16).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"There is no specific domestic violence law, but authorities arrested individuals in domestic violence cases under the law related to protection of women and girls" (p. 15).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 16).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for both boys and girls is 14 years with parental and participant consent, unless otherwise stipulated by religion or custom under the law, which generally set a higher minimum age. The Islamic Family Act sets the minimum marriageable age at 16 years for Muslim girls and 18 years for Muslim men and makes it an offense to use force, threat, or deception to compel a person to marry against his or her own will. Ethnic Chinese must be 15 years or older to marry, according to the Chinese Marriage Act, which also stipulates sexual intercourse with an ethnic Chinese girl younger than 15 years...more