The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Burma/Myanmar

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"The law provided foreign trafficking victims with legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they may face hardship or retribution, subject to judicial decision; but the government did not report identifying any foreign victims who could benefit from this protection during the reporting period. The law allowed the government to grant temporary residency, but the government did not report identifying any foreign victims who could benefit from temporary residency during the reporting period" (130).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The 2005 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Law criminalized all forms of labor trafficking and some forms of sex trafficking. However, inconsistent with international law, the law required a demonstration of force, fraud, or coercion to constitute a child sex trafficking offense and therefore did not criminalize all forms of child sex trafficking. The law prescribed penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine for trafficking offenses involving male victims, and penalties of 10 years’ to life imprisonment for trafficking offenses involving female or child victims. These punishments were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Forced labor,...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Another housed repatriated trafficking victims. Prior to their reintegration, these victims had the alternative option to stay in any of four transit centers run by the Department of Rehabilitation (DoR) under the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief, and Resettlement (MSWRR); these facilities were called 'Women’s Vocational Training Centers,' and a fifth was in development at the end of the reporting period. The government did not report how many victims benefited from this provision in 2018" (126)
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

“As reported over the past five years, human traffickers subject men, women, and children to forced labor, and women and children to sex trafficking, both in Burma and abroad. There have also been limited reports of traffickers transporting foreign victims through Burma en route to other countries in Asia. Traffickers subject some Burmese men, women, and children who migrate for work abroad—particularly to Thailand and China, as well as other countries in Asia, the Middle East, and the United States—to forced labor or sex trafficking. Traffickers force men to work abroad in fishing, manufacturing, forestry, agriculture, and construction, and they subject women and girls primarily to sex trafficking or forced...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Burma does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; therefore Burma remained on Tier 3. Despite the lack of significant efforts, the government continued to prosecute and convict traffickers, raise awareness of the crime among vulnerable communities, and screen for potential victims in key border areas with high prevalence of the crime. However, there were reports that government officials were complicit in both sex- and labor trafficking, including by hindering law enforcement efforts against the perpetrators, and by subjecting incarcerated populations to unlawful prison labor. Burmese armed forces (Tatmadaw) operations in several areas of...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Police reported identifying or receiving foreign governments’ referrals for 312 trafficking victims in 2018, including 31 children (an increase from 289 in 2017); however, more than 150 of these cases involved forced marriage, and authorities did not report whether these included corollary forced labor or sex trafficking indicators. The exact number of domestic victims identified by Burmese authorities was unknown, but police reported assisting victims in 29 cases of trafficking within the country (44 cases in 2017). Authorities estimated internal trafficking constituted 18 percent of all cases identified during the year; civil society groups believed this figure to be much higher" (126). "One academic study found that 2,800 out of...more
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
Aug. 7, 2019, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

" The government operates as many as 47 prisons and 49 labor camps, which it officially dubs 'agriculture and livestock breeding career training centers' and 'manufacturing centers,' respectively. The camps house more than 20,000 inmates across the country, including Rohingya and others convicted under spurious or politically motivated charges. Eighteen of these camps feature mining operations. Authorities reportedly send prisoners whose sentences do not include 'hard labor' to these labor camps in contravention of the law. Labor camp authorities also “rent out” portions of the prison population as a labor source for private companies. Political prisoners may be at elevated risk of trafficking upon release due to laws preventing them...more
Aug. 7, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CWC-DATA-3, CLCW-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Approximately one quarter of Burma’s residents continued to lack access to citizenship or identity documents, significantly increasing their vulnerability to traffickers in Burma and in other countries. Authorities continued to offer a citizenship verification process pursuant to a 1982 law, but participation was low among Rohingya in Rakhine State amid concerns that the authorities might require these individuals to inaccurately list themselves as 'Bengali,' a term that could potentially further limit their access to certain rights. Authorities did issue citizenship to a small number of Rohingya, but most of these were naturalized—a distinction that afforded them fewer rights than full citizens. Government policies limiting freedom of movement in some jurisdictions...more
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ATFPA-LAW-1

In Myanmar, there is no legislation designating head of household status (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Myanmar cannot legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man (117). A woman in Myanmar can legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is not legislation on sexual harassment in education in Myanmar (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Myanmar can legally sign a contract, register a business, and open a bank account in the same way as a man. Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (117). Discrimination based on gender is not prohibited in access to credit in Myanmar, and neither is discrimination based on marital status (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MULV-LAW-1

The government of Myanmar does not provide for valuation of nonmonetary contributions, such as staying at home to take care of children or other dependents (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

Myanmar law does not mandate equal remuneration for work of equal value (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

Myanmar law does not mandate nondiscrimination based on gender in employment. The dismissal of pregnant workers in Myanmar is not prohibited. There is not legislation on sexual harassment in education and employment. There are not criminal penalties and civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

Female and male surviving spouses have equal inheritance rights in Myanmar (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Myanmar of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is a diference of 1 between leave reserved for women and men relative to leave reserved for women as a function of who pays. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Myanmar of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are not guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (117). Parents in Myanmar are not able to work flexibly (117). Working flexibly, such as working from home or taking partial days off to care for children, could be considered a childcare benefit (EJ-CODER COMMENT).more
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Myanmar can work the same night hours as men. Women can work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are able to perform the same tasks at work as men (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

A woman in Myanmar can legally travel outside the country and her own home in the same way as a man (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Women in Nyanmar are not legally required to obey their husbands (117). In Myanmar, another party legally administers the property in marriage (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

A woman in Myanmar can legally apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CL-LAW-1

The government of Myanmar does not provide for valuation of nonmonetary contributions, such as staying at home to take care of the elderly and disabled (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

Women make up 41% of the total labor force in Myanmar (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

A woman in Myanmar can legally get a job in the same way as a man. Women can work the same night hours as men. Women are able to work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are able to perform the same tasks at work as men. Women cannot work in the same industries as men (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7

A woman in Myanmar can legally choose where she lives in the same way as a man (117).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Myanmar can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (117).