The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Burma/Myanmar

Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"About half of currently married women (51%) with cash earnings decide independently on how their earnings will be used, while 41% decide jointly with their husband" (241). Participation in household decision making is an important aspect of women’s ability to have control over their own lives. Eighty-eight percent of currently married women participate in decisions about visits to their family or relatives, including 37% who make these decisions mainly alone; 83% participate in decisions regarding their own health care, including 40% who make these decisions mainly alone; and 74% participate in decisions about major household purchases, including 19% who make these decisions mainly alone. "Overall, 65% of currently married women ...more
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MMR-SCALE-1

"The pregnancy-related mortality ratio was 227 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births for the 7 years period before the survey" (235).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"The mean ideal family size for all women age 15-49 in Myanmar is 2.5 children, and for all men in the same age group, it is 2.8 children. The mean ideal family size for currently married women, at 2.9 children, and for currently married men, at 3.0 children, is slightly higher than for all women and all men age 15-49, respectively. Among women with no living children, 35% would like to have two children, 20% would like to have three children, and 17% would like to have no children. Also notably, only 6% of women with no children want four or more children" (81).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"A relatively high proportion of women and men have some secondary education or more: 36% of women and 41% of men. There is little difference by sex in the median years of education completed (4.2 versus 4.5)" (13). "Urban residents are much more likely to have completed secondary school than rural residents: among women in urban households, 22% have completed secondary school or have higher education compared with 4% of women in rural households. Men in urban areas are also more likely than men in rural areas (19% versus 4%) to have completed secondary school" (13). "The net attendance ratio for primary school is 83%, and there is little difference ...more
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IM-DATA-1

"The infant mortality rate is 40 deaths per 1,000 live births. This means that 1 in 25 children does not reach his or her first birthday. Most of these deaths in the first year of life, more than 60%, occur within the first month" (111). "Under-5 mortality fell from 103 to 50 deaths per 1,000 live births in the decade or so preceding the survey" (111). "In Myanmar, neonatal mortality is 25 deaths per 1,000 live births, infant mortality is 40 deaths per 1,000 live births, and under-5 mortality is 50 deaths per 1,000 live births in the 5-year period preceding the survey. These rates imply that 1 in 25 ...more
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IM-DATA-2

"Male children are more likely to die in early childhood than female children. The under-5 mortality rate for male children is 78 deaths per 1,000 live births and for female children is 66 deaths per 1,000 live births" (113).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage, that is marriage before age 18, is still quite common among Myanmar women: 19% of women age 20-49 were married before age 18. Among men age 20-49, by contrast, only 7% were married before their 18th birthday. Even though marriage before 18 is common, very early marriage (before age 15) is not" (55).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Eighty-one percent of women age 15-49 who had a live birth in the 5 years preceding the survey received antenatal care from a skilled provider for their most recent birth. Three-fifths of women (59%) had four or more antenatal care visits" (121). "The 2015-16 MDHS reveals that four in five women age 15-49 (81%) received at least one ANC visit with skilled providers during the pregnancy for their most recent birth" (122). "Women are less likely to get ANC from a skilled provider for higher order births. Only 60% of women with a sixth or higher order birth received ANC from a skilled provider, compared with 89% of women giving ...more
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

"Overall, 2% of men had ever paid for sexual intercourse, and 1% reported having paid for sexual intercourse in the 12 months preceding the survey. Among those who had paid for sexual intercourse in the 12 months preceding the survey, 77% reported using a condom during their last such intercourse" (209).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: EWCMS-DATA-2

"Sixty-seven percent of women and 91% of men are currently employed" (27).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

According to Table 2.9, 7.9% of female children under age 5 did not have a birth certificate, whereas 6.4% of male children did not have a birth certificate (22).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: AOM-DATA-1

"The median age at first marriage is 22.1 for women and 24.5 for men, which means that women tend to marry 2 years earlier than men" (53).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3

"Fifty-four percent of women age 15-49 own a house and 48% own land alone or jointly with someone else. Similarly, 56% of men own a house and 49% own land alone or jointly" (241). "In Myanmar, there are no differences between women and men with respect to ownership of a house or land. More than half of women (54%) and men (56%) age 15-49 own a house alone or jointly with someone else, and almost half of women (48%) and men (49%) own land alone or jointly. However, men are more likely than women to own both a house and land alone" (243).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MABFC-DATA-1

"In Myanmar, intervals between births are generally quite long, with the median birth interval being 49 months. Thirty-two percent of births occur within 3 years of a previous birth, and only 13% occur within 24 months" (67). "The median age of a woman at her first birth is 24.7 years; only 7% of women give birth before they are 18" (67).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"In Myanmar, 13% of women have experienced physical violence only, 1% have experienced sexual violence only, and 2% have experienced both physical and sexual violence" (264).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: PW-DATA-1

"Five percent of married women report that their husbands have other wives" (53). "Results show that polygyny is relatively uncommon in Myanmar. Only 5% of currently married women said their husbands have more than one wife, and 4% of currently married men said that they have more than one wife" (54). "A higher prevalence of polygyny is found among older age groups for both sexes. Six percent of married women age 45-49 say that their husband has one or more co-wives, and 8% of men age 45-49 say that they have more than one wife" (54).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"The lifetime risk of maternal death indicates that 1 in 200 women in Myanmar will die from either pregnancy or childbearing" (235).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"In Myanmar, only 13% of non-first births occurred within 24 months after the preceding birth, and 5% occurred less than 18 months after the preceding birth (Table 5.5, Figure 5.4). The median birth interval for Myanmar as a whole is more than 4 years (49 months)—54 months in urban areas and 48 months in rural areas" (69).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Overall, 52% of currently married women use a method of family planning, with 51% using a modern method and 1% using a traditional method. Among modern methods, injectables are most commonly used (28%), followed by the pill (14%), female sterilization (5%), and the IUD (3%). Overhalfofmodern contraceptive users (54%) receive their method from public sector sources—government hospitals, health centers, and clinics" (88). " Sixteen percent of currently married women have an unmet need for family planning: they want to space or limit births but are not currently using contraception" (88). "Three-quarters of the total demand for family planning is satisfied by modern methods (75%)" (88)." Knowledge about emergency contraception is ...more
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Fifteen percent of women have experienced physical violence since age 15, and 3% have ever experienced sexual violence" (261). "Three percent of women age 15-49 have ever experienced sexual violence, and 2% experienced sexual violence during the 12 months preceding the survey. Less than 1% of women first experienced sexual violence before age 18" (264).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: CIWM-PRACTICE-1

"Among women age 15-49, 6% are of short stature (below 145 cm). The mean BMI for women age 15-49 is 22.5. Sixteen percent of women are thin (BMI below 18.5), while 60% have a normal BMI (between 18.5 and 24.9); 25% are overweight or obese, and 6% are obese" (171).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"Basic vaccination coverage differs slightly by sex of the child; males are more likely to receive all basic vaccinations than females (58% and 51%, respectively)" (143). "Among children under age 5 with ARI symptoms, boys were more likely to be taken to a health facility or provider than girls (65% and 48%, respectively)" (145). "There are considerable differences in feeding practices during a diarrheal episode by sex of the child. Sixty-two percent of male children under age 5 with diarrhea were given continued feeding along with ORT and/or increased fluids, as compared with 49% of female children" (147).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"In Myanmar, 42% of women agree that wife beating is justified if a wife neglects the children, and 22% agree that it is justified if the wife goes out without telling her husband. Smaller proportions of women agree that wife beating is justified if the wife burns the food (13%), refuses to have sexual intercourse with her husband (10%), or argues with her husband (10%). Overall, 51% of women agree that wife beating is justified for at least one of the five reasons. Among men, the pattern of agreement with these five specified reasons for wife beating is similar to that observed for women. Men are also most likely to ...more
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"Only 3% of ever-married women have ever experienced spousal sexual violence" (261). Three percent reported that their husbands have committed sexual violence, and 2% reported that they experienced sexual violence in the past 12 months" (265-266).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Eleven percent of women report that their husbands insist on knowing where they are at all times. Women less commonly reported that their husbands frequently accuse them of being unfaithful (7%), do not permit them to meet their female friends (6%), or try to limit their contact with their own family" (265).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Almost all currently married men and nearly three-fourths of currently married women were employed in the 12 months preceding the survey. About 9 out of 10 women and men who worked earned cash only for their work" (241).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Myanmar committed in 2013 to the Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) global initiative. The goal is to reach more women with lifesaving family planning information and access to contraceptives by the year 2020" (89).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: SAB-DATA-1

"Almost all children (98%) are breastfed at some point in their life. Half of infants under age 6 months are exclusively breastfed (51%)" (161). "The 2009-10 MICS indicated that only 24% of children under age 6 months in Myanmar were exclusively breastfed" (165). "Newborns delivered at a health facility are more likely to be given prelacteal feeding (23%) than those delivered at home (18%)" (164).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: SAB-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Health and Sports (MoHS) encourages facility delivery and supports the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (MoHS 2015a), in which early initiation of breastfeeding and rooming-in practices to increase bonding and protect newborns from harmful external environments are promoted" (164). "Myanmar complies with the National Strategy on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) (2011-2016), which encourages mothers to breastfeed exclusively until the child is age 6 months without any water, other fluids, or food" (164).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: SMES-DATA-3

"Women head 23% of households" (11).