The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Cambodia

July 23, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"In Cambodia, a lack of jobs leads some women and girls to leave their homes in rural areas to try to find work in tourist destination cities. In many cases, traffickers exploit them in sex trafficking, including in massage parlors, karaoke bars, and beer gardens" (11).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Rectangular Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency Phase III (2013) recognizes gender equity as a key component of national development, capacity building, and human resources development, and highlights the need to ‘further improve the status of women, who are the backbone of Cambodian society and economy’" (7). "The government is providing employment services at the national and sub national levels through the National Employment Agency (NEA), technical and vocational training programs, and registered private recruitment agencies. In 2016, 116,583 women (55.03% of the total) were provided jobs through the NEA while more than 1.15 million Cambodians were provided with employment services to work overseas" (25). "Teachers and Education...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The MRD has expanded a micro-credit scheme with low interest rates to enable people in rural areas, especially women, to obtain loans for small businesses and agriculture activities. In 2017, the credit scheme released capital totaling 1.31 million USD to 6,035 clients (4,989 women or 82.7 per cent) in 15 provinces" (29). "In 2015, the government introduced the Land Policy ‘White Paper’ in response to socio-economic development and land reform, serving to support people’s livelihoods. The ‘White Paper’ (Points 5 and 7) includes key guidelines and activities for achieving gender equality in the land sector and equity between men and women in the land registration process. In addition, the aim...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1

"The Constitution prohibits trading of humans, the exploitation of prostitution, and obscenity, which affects the reputation of women (Article 34). The Law on the Suppression of Trafficking and Exploitation of Prostitution and the Criminal Code specify a range of punishments targeting the abolishment of trafficking and exploitation of prostitution" (38).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"It is against the 1997 Abortion Law to force any woman to have an abortion against her will" (27).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"As a result of multiple prevention, screening, treatment and care interventions including the 100 per cent condom use for entertainment establishments, Prakas 066, the HIV prevalence rate for female entertainment workers decreased to 3.2 per cent in 2016 from 45.8 per cent in 1998" (27).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"In 2014, the labour force participation rate was 83 per cent, 78 per cent for women and 88 per cent for men. This is a slight decline from 80 per cent for women in 2009. The total unemployment rate for both women and men (0.1 per cent) is very low but this statistic does not adequately capture the issues of unemployment or underemployment in Cambodia. In 2015, employment of women in the wage sector was 42.2 per cent and employment of women in the agriculture sector was 45.7 per cent. The proportion of women employed in the industrial sector decreased to 45.5 per cent in 2015 from 73.7 per cent...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

"In 2015, 21,541 safe abortions and 9,081 spontaneous abortions with post-abortion care were conducted. The MoH will continue to train health care service providers on safe abortion skills at health centers and raise awareness on safe abortion services to ensure women, especially in rural areas, have increased access to safe abortion services" (26).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications set up a technical working group to regularly monitor the spread of pornography and negative information and images of women on the Internet" (14).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"The number of women in leadership positions has increased through incentives and appointments. In 2015, there was one female Deputy Prime Minister (10 per cent), three female Ministers (10.7 per cent), 38 female Secretaries of State (20.5 per cent) and 48 Under-Secretaries of State or holders of equivalent ranks (17.6 per cent)" (38). "The proportion of female members of Commune/Sangkat councils decreased slightly to 16.8 per cent in 2017, below the 2015 NSDP target of 25 per cent. The number of female Chiefs and first Deputy Chiefs of Communes/Sangkats elected in 2017 increased to 128 (7.8 per cent) and 234 (14.2 per cent), up from 5.8 per cent and 11.6...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"Neary Rattanak IV includes a core program for institutional strengthening and capacity development towards gender equality through gender mainstreaming and women’s empowerment in the context of economic growth, social protection and services and cross cutting areas. These thematic areas are within the 12 critical areas in the Beijing Platform for Action" (34).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The Second National Action Plan to Prevent Violence Against Women 2014 2018 (NAPVAW II) is the key policy framework to end violence against women and girls. NAPVAW II identifies three priorities: a) domestic violence, b) rape and sexual violence, and c) violence against women with increased risk and includes five strategies: primary prevention, legal protection and multi-sectoral services, policies and laws, capacity building, and monitoring and evaluation (M&E). NAPVAW II includes a focus on women, peace, and security, as compliance to the internationally committed promises to implement the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR). One output deals with both CEDAW and UNSCR 1325, “Compliance to the internationally agreed upon commitments...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The MoH has implemented the National Strategic Plan for Prevention of HIV from Mother to Child 2008–2015, which provides care to all pregnant women including blood tests for anemia, HIV/AIDS and STIs. In 2015, 1,216 health facilities provided these services. In 2015, 80 per cent of pregnant women were voluntarily tested for HIV, up from only 15 per cent in 2008" (26). "The Fast Track Initiative Roadmap (FTIRM) for Reducing Maternal and Newborn Mortality 2016–2020 is an extension of the first FTIRM 2010–2015 and outlines the priorities for reducing maternal and child mortality in line with the targets established for the SDGs" (27). "Cambodia is one of only ten countries...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Ministry of Rural Development (MRD) established the National Action Plan and Provincial Action Plan for the Rural Development Sector (2014–2018), which incorporates key elements in the MRD GMAP 2012–2016. The plan aims to eliminate gender inequality, reduce poverty and improve the living conditions and livelihoods of women in rural areas. The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery (MAFF) developed the Gender Mainstreaming Policy and Strategic Framework in Agriculture 2016–2020, which strengthens gender mainstreaming of the Cambodian Agriculture Sector Strategic Development Plan 2014–2018. It includes three main strategies to promote women’s economic empowerment through women’s access to goods, mainstreaming gender into the agriculture sector, and increasing the equal participation of...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Constitution (Article 46) recognizes maternity as a social function and guarantees women’s rights to leave and benefits, as outlined by measures to protect women’s maternity rights defined in the 1997 Labour Law. These rights include leave entitlements (90 days), wages (half pay) and perquisites, additional one hour per day for breastfeeding, and restrictions on heavy labor following return to work. Female public service officials are entitled to three-month maternity leave with full pay, and those with children under 1 year of age are entitled to leave work one hour early with full pay" (36):
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"According to the Constitution and the Law on Nationality (Chapter 1, Article 1 and Chapter 2, Article 4), all women, regardless of nationality, living legally in Cambodia have the right to register the birth of their child and apply for citizenship for their newborn. All births are to be registered with the commune/sangkat office within 30 days of being born. Children not registered within 30 days of being born can receive a birth certification under national guidelines, which affords children the same rights as a birth registration. The Birth Registration Guidelines and Birth Certification procedures stipulate the processes to be followed, the necessary requirements and the proper documentation needed" (22).more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Constitution ensures the equal rights of women and men to participate in the political, economic, social and cultural life of the nation (Article 35 (...) The government continues to implement affirmative actions that designate at least one woman in a leadership position at (i) the municipal, provincial, city, district and khan level, (ii) the Committee for Women and Children at the commune/sangkat level, and (iii) the village level" (38). "The number of women in leadership positions has increased through incentives and appointments. In 2015, there was one female Deputy Prime Minister (10 per cent), three female Ministers (10.7 per cent), 38 female Secretaries of State (20.5 per cent) and...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: EWCMS-DATA-1

"Overall, there are 3,200 female police officers (5.75 per cent) out of 55,597 police at the national and sub-national levels. In 2016, the number of women in management positions in the police force was 1,313, with 533 and 780 women police at the national and sub-national levels respectively. In 2016, women in the military account for five per cent" (39).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: PPWA-DATA-1

"The overall prevalence of anemia in women of reproductive age has remained almost the same from 2005 (47 per cent) to 2014 (45 per cent). The prevalence is higher among rural women (47 per cent), women with primary education or less (47 per cent), pregnant women (53 per cent) and those who live in poorer households (53 per cent)" (43).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Primary prevention is one of the main pillars of NAPVAW II and targets the promotion of gender equality and non-violent relationships, and addresses harmful norms against women and girls. NAPVAW II includes specific interventions to 1) enhance knowledge and skills of children, youth and adolescents to promote and build gender-equitable, non-violent relationships, and to improve their attitudes, behaviors, and practices on human rights (including sexual rights, gender equality and sexuality), 2) enhance positive parenting knowledge, understanding and skills among parents and couples to build safe, gender equitable and non-violent families and environments, 3) change social environments and norms by strengthening gender equality in the community and workplace to promote cooperation...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The percentage of women who are self-employed or work for themselves without wages was 54 per cent in 2014, a slight increase from 52 per cent in 2009, and higher than men (45 per cent)" (42).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Neary Rattanak IV includes a number of key activities to address discrimination against marginalized women and girls, including those engaged in prostitution. These include coordinating the revision of regulations, formulating guidelines and building the capacity of relevant actors to provide legal protection for women engaged in prostitution and women working in the men’s entertainment sector. MoWA, in collaboration with other agencies, is committed to undertaking studies to identify the root causes of women working in prostitution in order to design effective interventions and programs for women seeking new employment opportunities outside the sex industry. This includes identifying solutions and discussions on punishing purchasers of sex services" (20-21).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"From 2012–2017, women represented about 14 per cent of judges. Raising the number of women in the judiciary is challenging due to the academic and technical requirements. The number of female prosecutors increased from 15 in 2013 to 23 in 2017. The number of female lawyers increased from 158 in 2013 to 206 in 2017, representing about 20 per cent of the total number of lawyers registered with the BAKC" (39).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Ensure the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) takes into account the needs of victims of sexual and GBV outside forced marriage: Due to the multitude and complexity of the crimes committed during the Khmer Rouge regime and the advanced age of victims and the accused, the ECCC selected crimes that were most representative of all other crimes. With regard to GBV crimes, the ECCC limited their investigation and hearings to forced marriage and rape, and only victims whose crimes fell under these categories were admitted to participate in judicial proceedings and were entitled to claim reparation. The Co-Investigating Judges did not investigate into rape outside the context...more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications set up a technical working group to regularly monitor the spread of pornography and negative information and images of women on the Internet. The group has requested Internet users and website owners to close the accounts and remove pornographic content from social media and other communication technologies" (14).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The percentage of pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS on anti-retroviral treatment (ART/V) increased from only 27 per cent in 2008 to 67.7 per cent in 2013 to 83.3 per cent in 2015. The mother-to-child transmission rate of HIV infection declined from 13 per cent in 2013 to 6.2 per cent in 2015. The percentage of pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS decreased to 0.28 per cent in 2014 from 2.9 per cent in 1998" (26-27).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MULV-DATA-1

"The share of women as unpaid family workers decreased to 6 per cent in 2014 from 24.5 per cent in 2009 at similar rates as men (5 per cent and 22 per cent respectively)" (42).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRW-DATA-1, DV-DATA-1

"Women who experienced intimate partner violence in the last 12 months, as a proportion of those who had ever experienced intimate partner violence, has reduced from 89 per cent in 2000 to 60 per cent 2014 (…) Violence against women remains prevalent as one in five ever-partnered women aged 15–64 has experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime, with eight per cent experiencing violence in the last 12 months" (37).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"The MoSVY Strategic Plan 2014–2018 includes objectives, activities and indicators relating to ensuring the rights of women with disabilities in line with national policies, the CEDAW Convention, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Other government ministries and institutions, development partners and NGOs/CSOs are also in coordination with the plan" (29). "MoWA set up a working group on disability in 2015 to promote and empower women and girls with disabilities. The goal is to mainstream disability issues into laws, policies and GMAPs of all ministries in line with CEDAW, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the National Disability Strategic Plan 2014–2018" (36).more
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"In 2016, the Royal School of Administration, in collaboration with the MCS, MoI and MoWA, provided a special 100-hour training course for 80 female leaders (Secretary and Under Secretary of States) on three reform areas of Public Administration, Decentralization and De-concentration, Public Finance and related policies of the government" (21). "Gender has been mainstreamed in the National Program for Sub-National Democratic Development 2010–2019 and the three-year Implementation Plans (IP3) by emphasizing gender equality and women’s empowerment in local governance through equal participation and access for women and men in leadership and decision-making positions. Through the NCDD’s Social Accountability Framework, which aims to strengthen the demand for good governance at the...more