The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Canada

April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Committee notes the development of a national poverty reduction strategy and a national housing strategy by the State party. Nevertheless, it is concerned that women continue to experience significant levels of poverty, homelessness and hunger in the State party, especially indigenous women, Afro-Canadian women, women of immigrant origin, women with disabilities, older women and single mothers" (16).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the commitment of the State party to reviewing its drug policy with a view to shifting from a criminal to a public health and harm reduction approach. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about the excessive use of incarceration as a drug-control measure against women and the ensuing female overpopulation in prison. The Committee is also concerned about the significant legislative and administrative barriers women face in terms of access to supervised consumption services, especially in the light of the continuing nationwide opioid overdose crisis" (15-16). "Repeal the Respect for Communities Act (2015) and establish a transparent process for exemptions permitting the operation of supervised consumption services without...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about: (b) The very low number of cases of gender-based violence against women reported to the police by victims; (c) The low rates of prosecution and conviction and the lenient penalties imposed on perpetrators of gender-based violence against women; (...) (e) The lack of shelters, support services and other protective measures for women who are victims of gender-based violence, which reportedly prevents them from leaving their violent partners; (f) The lack of statistical data on gender-based violence against women, including domestic violence, in particular on investigations, prosecutions, convictions, sentences and reparation" (7).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The Committee is, nevertheless, concerned about: (b) The absence of a comprehensive national gender equality strategy, policy and action plan addressing the structural factors that cause persistent gender inequalities; (c) The fact that the indigenous women’s organizations are not included in the countrywide nation-to-nation relationship on equal footing with other indigenous people’s organizations" (6). "The Committee commends the State party on its commitment to Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) and subsequent resolutions on women and peace and security, as well as on the launch of its first national action plan on women and peace and security in 2010. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about the lack of information regarding the...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"(f) The insufficient efforts to prevent trafficking and the exploitation of women and girls in prostitution and to address its root causes (g) The potentially increased risk to the security and health of women in prostitution, in particular indigenous women, brought about by the criminalization of prostitution under certain circumstances as provided for in the new legislation" (11).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Enhance efforts to raise awareness among women about their rights under the Convention and corresponding remedies, targeting in particular women belonging to disadvantaged groups, including indigenous (First Nations, Inuit and Métis), Afro-Canadian, migrant, asylum-seeking and refugee women and women with disabilities" (2).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"The Committee commends the State party on its commitment to Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) and subsequent resolutions on women and peace and security, as well as on the launch of its first national action plan on women and peace and security in 2010. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about the lack of information regarding the development and adoption of a second national action plan, as well as measures taken to fill the gaps identified in the implementation of the first national action plan, which expired in March 2016" (10).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"It remains concerned, however, about disparities in access to such services and to affordable contraceptives" (15).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"It is also concerned about the lack of affordable high-quality childcare, the current severe housing shortage, in particular in indigenous communities, and the high cost of rent and the impact thereof on women, especially low-income women with families" (16).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"The Committee commends the State party on the appointment of a Cabinet with gender parity. It also notes with appreciation the high number of women judges on the Supreme Court of Canada and at other levels of the judiciary at the federal, provincial and territorial levels" (12).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee is, nevertheless, concerned about: (d) The closure of 12 of the 16 Status of Women Canada regional offices, which has limited women’s access to the services provided by Status of Women Canada, in particular in remote and rural areas" (6). "Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about: (a) The continued high prevalence of gender-based violence against women in the State party, in particular against indigenous women and girls" (7). "The Committee is concerned that indigenous women continue to suffer from multiple forms of discrimination, in particular with regard to their access to employment, housing, education and health care, and continue to live in poverty in the State party, as...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the slow progress made in the field of employment and, more specifically, about: (a) The persistent gender wage gap, in both the public and private sectors, which adversely affects women’s career development and pension benefits, the lack of effective legislation on the principle of equal pay for work of equal value at the federal level, even in the public sector, given that the Public Sector Equitable Compensation Act (2009) has delivered no results, and the lack of such legislation in the private sector in most provinces and territories, as repeatedly noted by ILO. (b) The continuing horizontal and vertical occupational segregation and the concentration of...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that indigenous women continue to suffer from multiple forms of discrimination, in particular with regard to their access to employment, housing, education and health care, and continue to live in poverty in the State party, as reflected by high poverty rates, poor health, inadequate housing, lack of access to safe water and low school-completion rates" (9).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Promote capacity-building programmes for judges, prosecutors and lawyers on the Convention, the Optional Protocol thereto, the Committee’s general recommendations and its views on individual communications and inquiry findings, to enable them to invoke the foregoing before the national courts and interpret national legislation accordingly" (2). "The Committee welcomes the creation, within the newly appointed federal Government, of a full-fledged Minister of Status of Women position. The Committee is, nevertheless, concerned about: (a) The lack of clear and coherent coordination and management of gender mainstreaming efforts between the federal and the provincial or territorial level, the uneven level of implementation of the Convention at the provincial or territorial level, and the...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The high and rising incarceration rates of indigenous and Afro-Canadian women in federal and provincial prisons; (b) The classification of many women in the federal prison system at a maximum-security level, thus restricting their access to work and community programmes and to aboriginal healing lodges; (c) The high rates of HIV among female inmates; (d) The many cases of administrative or disciplinary segregation, sometimes for long periods, including of detainees with mental illness, and reported cases of solitary confinement; (e) The continuing presence of male guards in female prisons, which increases the risk of sexual harassment or assault and violates the right to privacy...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its decision in 2015 to establish a national inquiry into missing and murdered indigenous women and girls, which was one of the main recommendations arising from the Committee’s inquiry conducted in 2013 (see CEDAW/C/OP.8/CAN/1). Nevertheless, it is concerned about: (a) The absence of any action plan or coordinated mechanism to oversee the implementation of the outstanding 37 recommendations issued by the Committee in 2015 (see CEDAW/C/OP.8/CAN/1, paras. 216-220); (b) The insufficient measures taken to ensure that all cases of missing and murdered indigenous women are duly investigated and prosecuted; (c) The terms of reference of the national inquiry, which do not clearly require...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"(c) That women are still concentrated in traditionally female-dominated fields of study and career paths and are underrepresented in vocational training and in certain fields of higher education, such as mathematics, information technology and science" (13).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the fact that the State party intends to review the use and application of criminal norms to certain HIV/AIDS issues. This review will include the troubling application of harsh criminal sanctions (aggravated sexual assault) to women for not disclosing their HIV status to sexual partners, even when the transmission is not intentional, when there is no transmission or when the risk of transmission is minimal" (15).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption, establishment or reinstatement of the following: (c) National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking, in 2012" (2).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that indigenous women continue to suffer from multiple forms of discrimination, in particular with regard to their access to employment, housing, education and health care, and continue to live in poverty in the State party, as reflected by high poverty rates, poor health, inadequate housing, lack of access to safe water and low school-completion rates" (9). "The Committee welcomes the measures taken to ensure that gender equality permeates all levels of education and to overcome gender-stereotyped educational and vocational choices. Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern: (a) The continuous lower educational and academic achievements of indigenous and Afro-Canadian women and girls and their high dropout rates...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption, establishment or reinstatement of the following: ... (b) Action Plan to Address Family Violence and Violent Crimes against Aboriginal Women and Girls, in 2014" (2).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking (2012-2016), the allocation of Can$ 25 million to support projects addressing trafficking in persons at the federal, provincial and territorial levels, and the Supreme Court’s judgment in Canada (AG) v. Bedford, which led to the adoption of the Protection of Communities and Exploited Persons Act. It is, however, concerned about: (a) The low rates of prosecution and conviction in cases of trafficking in women and girls; (...) (c) The lack of information regarding the development and adoption of a second national action plan, given that the first plan recently expired; (d) The lack of systematically organized...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"The low representation of women in the House of Commons (26 per cent) and the Senate (37.3 per cent), in provincial and territorial legislative assemblies (26 per cent on average) and in locally appointed positions, such as mayors (28 per cent) and councillors (18 per cent)" (12).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the measures taken to facilitate access to legal abortion services" (15).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved (…) in particular the adoption of the following legislation: c) Family Homes on Reserves and Matrimonial Interests or Rights Act, in 2013 (amended in 2014)" (2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Family Homes on Reserves and Matrimonial Interests or Rights Act. Nevertheless, it is concerned that the Act does not apply to the First Nations reserves that have enacted their own First Nations matrimonial real property laws under that Act or under the First Nations Land Management Act (1999)" (17).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about the lack of harmonization of legislation at the federal and provincial or territorial levels with regard to child-custody determination, given that the federal Divorce Act (1985) still includes the highly problematic 'maximum contact' provision and makes no mention of domestic violence. The Committee is also concerned about evidence of reduced or even cessation of child support orders that can result from shared custody orders or agreements, which in practice are not always followed and do not necessarily reflect the reality of time and cost allocation between parents" (18).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

"Across the country, suicide among teen girls and young women is on the rise, while male suicide in the same age group declines, according to data released by Statistics Canada on Thursday" (para 3). "But while men are still much more likely to kill themselves in Canada, young women are starting to catch up. Over the past decade, the suicide rate among girls has increased by 38%, while male suicide decreased by 34%. The growth has helped level out the gender-gap, with women accounting for 42% of all suicide deaths under 20 in 2013. In 2003, they accounted for just over a quarter" (para 5-6).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1

"Dr Linklater says she's been concerned about growing suicide rates among young indigenous women for some time, and limited data suggests they are more vulnerable than non-indigenous girls. Data obtained by the BBC for 2015 shows that indigenous women in Ontario are more likely to kill themselves than non-indigenous women. Women made up more than half of all indigenous suicides in 2015 in Ontario, compared with the non-aboriginal population where women made up just one quarter of all suicides. Between 2006 and 2015, the number of female suicides climbed 1.5 times faster in indigenous women than it did for non-indigenous women. Dr Linklater says we should be paying more attention...more
April 8, 2019, 10:39 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1

"1,013 women died by suicide in Canada in 2013 compared to 3,041 men (Statistics Canada, 2017). 141 women died by suicide in Alberta in 2013, compared to 394 men (Statistics Canada, 2017). Women attempt suicide two to three times more often than men (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009). Suicide attempts happen 10 times more often than suicide deaths in women (Chaudron & Caine, 2004). Teen girls have been dying by suicide more often than previously. This is attributed to an increase in the use of lethal means – principally suffocation – where a suicide attempt can more likely result in suicidal death (Skinner & McFaul, 2012). In 2010...more
April 8, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: SRACE-PRACTICE-1

"More men die by suicide than women in the U.S. and Canada on a yearly basis. But the rate of suicide is rising among women more quickly than men in both countries" (para 1-2). In 2015, suicide claimed the lives of 3,269 Canadian men and 1,136 women. In a