The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Central African Rep

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Belize, Benin, Botswana, Brunei, Central African Rep, Comoros, D R Congo, Gambia, Haiti, Iran, Japan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Maldives, Mali, Nigeria, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Vanuatu, Yemen
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

3.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Article 151 of the penal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment, which were sufficiently stringent and with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious offenses, such as kidnapping. If the offense involved a child victim of sex trafficking or forced labor similar to slavery, the prescribed penalties increased to five to 10 years’ imprisonment with hard labor. Articles 7 and 8 of the 2009 Labor Code criminalized forced and bonded labor and prescribed sufficiently stringent penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment" (144).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Authorities did not report providing legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims to countries where they may face hardship or retribution. The law allows victims to file civil suits against the government or their alleged traffickers for restitution; however, there were no indications this occurred during the reporting period" (144).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in CAR, and traffickers exploit victims from CAR abroad. Observers report traffickers primarily exploit CAR nationals within the country, and transport a smaller number of victims between CAR andCameroon, Chad, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, or South Sudan. Traffickers—including transient merchants, herders, and armed groups—subject children to domestic servitude, commercial sexual exploitation, as well as forced labor in agriculture, artisanal gold and diamond mines, shops, and street vending within CAR. Also within the country, some relatives subject children to forced labor in domestic work, and traffickers subject Ba’aka (pygmy) minorities...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of the Central African Republic (CAR) does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated significant efforts during the reporting period by partnering with an international organization to demobilize 913 child soldiers and provide reintegration services for 1,669 children recruited by armed groups; investigating one trafficking case; increasing its awareness raising programming; and partnering with an international organization to operate shelters for potential child trafficking victims and demobilized child soldiers. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. The government did not prosecute any traffickers, has not...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government did not report identifying trafficking victims in 2018, compared with identifying 39 child trafficking victims in 2017" (144). "International organizations reported armed groups recruited 299 children (196 boys and 103 girls) to serve as combatants, informants, messengers, porters, cooks, and sex slaves in 2018; armed groups also subjected children to forced labor in the mining sector" (145).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) has more than 13,000 peacekeeping forces and police in CAR to protect civilians, provide security, support humanitarian operations, and promote and protect human rights, among other objectives. However, observers alleged MINUSCA peacekeepers sexually abused a CAR national during the reporting period. Observers report peacekeepers have sexually exploited over 100 victims since MINUSCA’s 2014 inception" (145)
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Surges in violent conflict in recent years have resulted in chronic instability and the displacement of more than one million people, increasing the vulnerability of men, women, and children to forced labor and sex trafficking" (145).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Observers report traffickers primarily exploit CAR nationals within the country, and transport a smaller number of victims between CAR andCameroon, Chad, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, or South Sudan. Traffickers—including transient merchants, herders, and armed groups—subject children to domestic servitude, commercial sexual exploitation, as well as forced labor in agriculture, artisanal gold and diamond mines, shops, and street vending within CAR" (145).
July 24, 2019, 6:31 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon, Central African Rep, Nigeria
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Chadian children were also found in forced cattle herding in Cameroon, the CAR, and Nigeria" (page 22).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

" The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls, which is punishable by two to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of 100,000 to one million CFA francs ($176 to $1,760), depending on the severity of the case" (Pg 18).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

The law prohibits rape, although it does not specifically prohibit spousal rape. Rape is punishable by imprisonment with hard labor, but the law does not specify a minimum sentence. The government did not enforce the law effectively. In June the Rapid Reaction and Repression of Sexual Violence Mixed Unit received from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) two cars and three motorcycles to carry out its work. The unit, officially established in 2015, consisted of gendarmes, police, and medical and social service personnel whose objective is to reduce the number of incidents of sexual violence against women and children. MINUSCA, UNDP, and the Panel of Experts on the Central African...more
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law establishes 18 as the minimum age for civil marriage. The practice of early marriage was more common in the Muslim community. There were reports during the year of forced marriages of young girls to ex-Seleka and anti-Balaka members. The government did not take steps to address forced marriage. (For more data, see UNICEF website.)" (Pg 19).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but the government did not effectively enforce the law, and sexual harassment was common. The law prescribes no specific penalties for the crime" (Pg 18).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, CONST-LAW-1

"The formal law does not discriminate against women in inheritance and property rights, but a number of discriminatory customary laws often prevailed. Women’s statutory inheritance rights often were not respected, particularly in rural areas. Women experienced economic and social discrimination. Customary law does not consider single, divorced, or widowed women, including those with children, to be heads of households. By law men and women are entitled to family subsidies from the government, but several women’s groups complained about lack of access to these payments for women" (Pg 18).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to the Association of Women Lawyers of Central Africa (AFJC), sexual and gender-based violence in IDP camps was widespread" (Pg 14).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Inhuman treatment, akin to torture, by forces from the ex-Seleka, anti-Balaka, LRA, and other armed groups, including abuse and rape of civilians with impunity, resulted in deaths (see section 1.g.). The United Nations reported it had received 12 allegations (as of August 31) of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers deployed to the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), with seven alleged incidents occurring during the year, four in 2016, and one in 2014-15. These allegations involved peacekeepers from Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Mauritania, and the Republic of the Congo. Of the 12 allegations, three involved minors, 11 remained pending...more
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"Although the law does not specifically mention spousal abuse, it prohibits violence against any person and provides for penalties of up to 10 years in prison. Domestic violence against women was common, although there are laws and instrument prohibiting violence against women. The government took no known action to punish perpetrators" (Pg 18).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

The law prohibits rape, although it does not specifically prohibit spousal rape. Rape is punishable by imprisonment with hard labor, but the law does not specify a minimum sentence. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (Pg 17).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Officials segregated women into three large rooms with no ventilation or electric lighting. All detainees, including pregnant women, slept on thin straw mats on concrete floors" (Pg 5). "Officials segregated women into three large rooms with no ventilation or electric lighting. All detainees, including pregnant women, slept on thin straw mats on concrete floors. MINUSCA documented 492 human rights violations or abuses, or violations of international humanitarian law, between February and June, including against 103 women and 172 children. These incidents included arbitrary killings, violations of physical integrity, conflict-related sexual violence, arbitrary arrests and detentions, and abductions" (Pg 9). "The ex-Seleka and forces associated with anti-Balaka groups reportedly mistreated, beat,...more
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"It is illegal to discriminate in hiring or place of employment based on race, national or social origin, gender, opinions, or beliefs" (Pg 26).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"In June the Rapid Reaction and Repression of Sexual Violence Mixed Unit received from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) two cars and three motorcycles to carry out its work. The unit, officially established in 2015, consisted of gendarmes, police, and medical and social service personnel whose objective is to reduce the number of incidents of sexual violence against women and children. MINUSCA, UNDP, and the Panel of Experts on the Central African Republic also organized a workshop on cooperation between the unit and the Special Criminal Court" (Pg 17).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Education is compulsory from six to 15 years of age. Tuition is free, but students have to pay for items such as books and supplies and for transportation. Human Rights Watch documented the continued occupation of schools for military purposes, such as for barracks or bases. Further, it documented that abuses by fighters in and around schools threatened the safety of students and teachers, and impeded children’s ability to learn. In 2015, according to UNICEF, 38 percent of schools were attacked or looted during the crisis, and one-third of school-age children did not go to school. Girls did not have equal access to primary or secondary education. Few Ba’aka, the...more
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, VOTE-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Five of the 34 cabinet members were women, as was the senior presidential advisor for national reconciliation. There were 12 women among the 140 members of parliament. Some observers believed traditional attitudes and cultural practices limited the ability of women to participate in political life on the same basis as men. In November 2016 the National Assembly passed a gender equality law. The law outlaws gender discrimination and establishes quotas for women’s representation in elective offices, and public and private institutions. It also establishes an independent National Observatory for Male/Female Equality to...more
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Between January and October 2015, the UN Population Fund reported the genderbased violence Information Management System, established in 2014, recorded 60,208 victims who received medical or psychosocial care or both. Among those were 29,801 cases of sexual violence, including rape, gang rape, sexual slavery, sexual exploitation and abuse, and sexual aggression" (Pg 17).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape, although it does not specifically prohibit spousal rape. Rape is punishable by imprisonment with hard labor, but the law does not specify a minimum sentence. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (Pg 17).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2

"Discrimination against women in employment and occupation occurred in all sectors of the economy and in rural areas, where traditional practices that favor men remained widespread" (Pg 26).
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Central African Rep, China, Cote D'Ivoire, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mongolia, Niger, Pakistan, Qatar, Russia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

3.0