The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Chad

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In June 2018, the National Assembly ratified Law 006/PR/2018 on Combatting Trafficking in Persons, which criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking. Article seven of Law 006/PR/2018 prescribed penalties of four to 30 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 250,000 to 5 million Central African CFA francs ($414 to $8,280); these penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape" (146).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"The government did not have a formal policy to offer temporary or permanent residency for foreign victims of trafficking and did not report identifying any foreign victims. While there were no reports the government penalized any trafficking victims for unlawful acts their traffickers compelled them to commit, authorities may have arrested some victims due to the limited use of the referral procedures and officials’ understanding of the crime. NGOs and local officials reported negotiating settlements outside of formal courts between families and employers who may have subjected child herders to forced labor" (146).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Chad, and traffickers exploit Chadian victims abroad. The country’s trafficking problem is primarily internal and exacerbated by high levels of poverty across the country. Families frequently entrust their children to live with relatives or intermediaries to receive education, apprenticeship, goods, or money; some of those relatives or intermediaries subsequently subject the children to forced labor in domestic service or cattle herding. Traffickers exploit children in forced labor as beggars in urban areas, agricultural laborers on farms, gold mining in the north of the country, charcoal production, and as domestic workers. In the Lake Chad region,...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Chad does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Chad was upgraded to Tier 2. The government investigated and prosecuted more suspected traffickers; identified more victims through the course of law enforcement activities; established an anti-trafficking coordinating body; and ratified its 2018 anti-trafficking law. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. The government did not report referring any victims to care; provide training for officials despite a lack of trafficking knowledge being an impediment to prosecuting...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"Officials reported identifying 21 trafficking victims during the course of law enforcement activities in 2018, compared with zero victims the previous year" (146).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers in rural areas sell children in markets for use in cattle or camel herding. In some cases, military or local government officials exploit child herders in forced labor. Traffickers subject some rural Chadian girls who travel to larger towns in search of work to child sex trafficking or domestic servitude" (146).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women, but the practice remained widespread, particularly in rural areas" (page 16).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women, but the practice remained widespread, particularly in rural areas. By law FGM/C may be prosecuted as a form of assault, and charges may be brought against the parents of victims, medical practitioners, or others involved. Nevertheless, the lack of specific penalties hindered prosecution, and authorities prosecuted no cases during the year. The Ministry of Women, Early Childhood Protection, and National Solidarity is responsible for coordinating activities to combat FGM/C. The government, with assistance from the UN Population Fund, conducted public awareness campaigns to discourage FGM/C and highlight its dangers" (page 16).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically address spousal rape" (page 15).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"The law does not prohibit sexual harassment, which occurred" (page 16).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities only occasionally prosecuted perpetrators of sexual violence. The judicial system did not provide consistent and predictable recourse or legal protection, and traditional legal systems were subject to ethnic variations. To fill the void, UNHCR enlisted the support of a local NGO to support the cases of refugees through the judicial process. The DPHR was unable to provide humanitarian escorts consistently due to lack of resources but was generally effective in providing protection inside refugee camps" (page 12). "Rape is prohibited and punishable by imprisonment. Nevertheless, rape--including rape of female refugees--was a problem (see section 2.d.). The law does not specifically address spousal rape. Police often detained alleged perpetrators, but...more
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law sets the minimum age for marriage at 18. The law precludes invoking the consent of the minor spouse to justify child marriage and prescribes sentences of five to 10 years’ imprisonment and fines of 500,000 to five million CFA francs ($883 to $8,833) for persons convicted of perpetrating child marriage" (page 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1, PRN-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes the use, procuring, or offering of a child for the production of pornography, but no cases of child pornography were reported during the year" (page 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide citizens with the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage, but the government limited this right" (page 13).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3, AFE-DATA-1

"According to the most recent World Bank Development Indicators database, six girls attended primary school for every 10 boys. Most children did not attend secondary school" (page 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Although property and inheritance laws provide the same legal status and rights for women as for men, family law discriminates against women, and discrimination against and exploitation of women were widespread. Local leaders settled most inheritance disputes in favor of men, according to traditional practice" (page 16).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Although primary education is tuition-free, universal, and compulsory between ages six and 16, parents were required to pay for textbooks, except in some rural areas. Parents often were required to pay tuition for public secondary education. According to the most recent World Bank Development Indicators database, six girls attended primary school for every 10 boys. Most children did not attend secondary school. Human rights organizations cited the problem of the “mouhadjirin,” migrant children who attended certain Islamic schools and whose teachers forced them to beg for food and money. There was no reliable estimate of the number of mouhadjirin" (page 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-5

"The law prohibits the prostitution of children, with punishments of five to 10 years’ imprisonment and fines up to one million CFA francs ($1,766) for conviction. The law prohibits sexual relations with girls under age 14, even if married, but authorities rarely enforced the ban" (page 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"Human rights organizations cited the problem of the “mouhadjirin,” migrant children who attended certain Islamic schools and whose teachers forced them to beg for food and money. There was no reliable estimate of the number of mouhadjirin" (page 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"There were reports of rape, attempted rape, and sexual and gender-based violence in refugee camps. The perpetrators were either fellow refugees or unknown individuals living near the camps. Authorities only occasionally prosecuted perpetrators of sexual violence. The judicial system did not provide consistent and predictable recourse or legal protection, and traditional legal systems were subject to ethnic variations. To fill the void, UNHCR enlisted the support of a local NGO to support the cases of refugees through the judicial process. The DPHR was unable to provide humanitarian escorts consistently due to lack of resources but was generally effective in providing protection inside refugee camps" (page 12). "During the year the...more
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit sexual harassment, which occurred. A new criminal code, however, enacted in August, provides penalties for sexual harassment ranging from six months to three years in prison and fines from 100,000 to 2,000,000 CFA francs ($176 to $3,533)" (page 16).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is prohibited and punishable by imprisonment. Nevertheless, rape--including rape of female refugees--was a problem (see section 2.d.). The law does not specifically address spousal rape. Police often detained alleged perpetrators, but rape cases usually were not tried. Authorities fined and released most rape suspects. Communities sometimes compelled rape victims to marry their attackers" (page 15-16).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Government efforts to enforce the law were not entirely effective. Title 5 of the labor code prohibits forced and bonded labor, prescribing fines of 50,000 to 500,000 CFA francs ($88 to $883), but not imprisonment; these penalties were not sufficiently stringent to deter this form of trafficking and do not reflect the serious nature of the crimes. There are no penalties for forced prison labor, which was common, according to human rights NGOs. Resources, inspections, and remediation with regard to forced labor were inadequate. Forced labor, including forced child labor, occurred in the informal sector. Children and adults in rural areas were involved in forced agricultural labor and, in urban...more
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits some, but not all, forms of forced or compulsory labor, including by children. Laws do not specifically prohibit labor trafficking, although they prohibit many types of labor exploitation. The minimum age for military recruitment is 18, and the minimum age for conscription is 20. The law prohibits the use of child soldiers" (page 20).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Although primary education is tuition-free, universal, and compulsory between ages six and 16, parents were required to pay for textbooks, except in some rural areas. Parents often were required to pay tuition for public secondary education" (page 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides individuals with HIV/AIDS the same rights as other persons and requires the government to provide information, education, and access to tests and treatment for HIV/AIDS, but officials did not always do so. According to the Chadian Women Lawyers’ Association, women sometimes were accused of passing HIV to their husbands and were threatened by family members with judicial action or banishment" (page 19).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Forced labor, including forced child labor, occurred in the informal sector. Children and adults in rural areas were involved in forced agricultural labor and, in urban areas, forced domestic servitude" (page 21). "Child laborers were subjected to domestic servitude, forced begging, and forced labor in cattle herding, agriculture, fishing, and street vending. Chadian children were also found in forced cattle herding in Cameroon, the CAR, and Nigeria. Child herders often lived in substandard conditions without access to school or proper nutrition. Their parents and herders generally agreed on an informal contract for the child’s labor that included a small monthly salary and a goat after six months or a cow...more