The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for China

April 7, 2021, 10:31 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2020, 100% of births in China were attended by skilled health personnele" (p 43).
April 7, 2021, 10:16 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

"In 2016, the life expectancy at birth in China was 75.0 years for males and 77.9 years for females" (p 42).
April 2, 2021, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IM-DATA-1

"In 2018, the under-five mortality rate in China was 9 per 1000 live births" (p 43).
March 31, 2021, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MMR-SCALE-1

"In 2017, the maternal mortality ratio for women in China was 29 per 100,000 live births" (p 43).
March 31, 2021, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"In 2017, the maternal mortality ratio for women in China was 29 per 100,000 live births" (p 43).
March 19, 2021, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: PW-DATA-1

According to PEW research, less than 1% of the Chinese population is in polygamous marriages (CM - CODER COMMENT).
March 19, 2021, 3:57 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Chinese authorities have been trying for three years to reverse the devastating imbalances of their one-child policy and coax couples to have more children... None of this has worked... But now, an economics professor at Fudan University in Shanghai has come up with another — and, unsurprisingly, controversial — solution: Allow women to have multiple husbands, and they will have multiple babies. 'I wouldn’t suggest polyandry if the gender ratio was not so severely imbalanced,' Yew-Kwang Ng, who is Malaysian, wrote in his regular column on a Chinese business website this month. The headline asked: 'Is polyandry really a ridiculous idea?' 'I’m not advocating for polyandry, I’m just suggesting that...more
March 19, 2021, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"The adolescent birth rate from 2010-2018 in China is 9.2 per 1000 women aged 15-19 years" (p 50).
March 8, 2021, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China, Comoros, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Georgia, Ghana, Indonesia, Israel, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Suriname, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

3.0
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

“Even in China, where migration is the main contributing factor of urban growth, natural growth accounts for about 40 per cent” (pp. 7).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

“For example, while much of the large-scale rural–urban movement in China is unrecorded, making it difficult to ascertain its sex composition, there is evidence that increasing numbers of women, including young unmarried ones but also older married women in their late twenties and early thirties, are moving to urban centres to work in factories and services” (pp. 9).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Angola, China, India, Nepal
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

“Differences in female and male infant and child mortality have declined in some areas but son preference remains strong in other regions. As a result, excess female mortality, whether during childhood or adulthood, has changed little or even worsened in countries that have grown rapidly such as China, India and Angola, while it has dramatically declined in countries such as Nepal that have experienced less economic growth, showing that gender inequality is not related to income growth but rather to a complex set of deeply entrenched patriarchal relations and normative roles that discriminate against women” (pp. 10).
Feb. 13, 2021, 1:20 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-DATA-1

“For example, while much of the large-scale rural–urban movement in China is unrecorded, making it difficult to ascertain its sex composition, there is evidence that increasing numbers of women, including young unmarried ones but also older married women in their late twenties and early thirties, are moving to urban centres to work in factories and services” (pp. 9).
Feb. 13, 2021, 12:40 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

Table 1: Sex ratio and share of female population in urban and rural areas, selected countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia, latest available year (1999–2008) shows sex ratios between urban and rural areas in different countries.
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The news comes as the Chinese government is accused of carrying out 'demographic genocide' against the Uighur Muslim population by allegedly forcing birth control onto local women" (para. 3). "The state regularly subjects minority women to pregnancy checks, and forces intrauterine devices, sterilisation and even abortion on hundreds of thousands, the interviews and data show. Even while the use of IUDs and sterilisation has fallen nationwide, it is rising sharply in Xinjiang. The population control measures are backed by mass detention both as a threat and as a punishment for failure to comply. Having too many children is a major reason people are sent to detention camps, the AP found,...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-2

“On the other hand, the Chinese government is taking draconian measures to slash birth rates among Uighurs and other minorities as part of a sweeping campaign to curb its Muslim population, even as it encourages some of the country's Han majority to have more children” (para. 12). “'The intention may not be to fully eliminate the Uighur population, but it will sharply diminish their vitality, making them easier to assimilate,' said Darren Byler, an expert on Uighurs at the University of Colorado. 'It's genocide, full stop. 'It´s not immediate, shocking, mass-killing on the spot type genocide, but it´s slow, painful, creeping genocide,' said Joanne Smith Finley, who works at Newcastle...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"'Another cited as a key obstacle the religious belief that 'the fetus is a gift from God’” (para. 42).
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

“Fifteen Uighurs and Kazakhs told the AP they knew people interned or jailed for having too many children. Many received years, even decades in prison” (para. 69). “Another former detainee, Tursunay Ziyawudun, said she was injected until she stopped having her period, and kicked repeatedly in the lower stomach during interrogations. She now can´t have children and often doubles over in pain, bleeding from her womb, she said. Ziyawudun and the 40 other women in her 'class' were forced to attend family planning lectures most Wednesdays, where films were screened about impoverished women struggling to feed many children. Married women were rewarded for good behavior with conjugal visits from their...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"The news comes as the Chinese government is accused of carrying out 'demographic genocide' against the Uighur Muslim population by allegedly forcing birth control onto local women" (para. 3). "On the other hand, the Chinese government is taking draconian measures to slash birth rates among Uighurs and other minorities as part of a sweeping campaign to curb its Muslim population, even as it encourages some of the country's Han majority to have more children. While individual women have spoken out before about forced birth control, the practice is far more widespread and systematic than previously known, according to an AP investigation based on government statistics, state documents and interviews with...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

“It is also aggressively promoting intermarriage between Han Chinese and Uighurs, with one couple telling the AP they were given money for housing and amenities like a washing machine, refrigerator and TV” (para. 75).
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

“On the other hand, the Chinese government is taking draconian measures to slash birth rates among Uighurs and other minorities as part of a sweeping campaign to curb its Muslim population, even as it encourages some of the country's Han majority to have more children” (para. 12). “'The intention may not be to fully eliminate the Uighur population, but it will sharply diminish their vitality, making them easier to assimilate,' said Darren Byler, an expert on Uighurs at the University of Colorado. 'It's genocide, full stop. 'It´s not immediate, shocking, mass-killing on the spot type genocide, but it´s slow, painful, creeping genocide,' said Joanne Smith Finley, who works at Newcastle...more
Feb. 6, 2021, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"The news comes as the Chinese government is accused of carrying out 'demographic genocide' against the Uighur Muslim population by allegedly forcing birth control onto local women" (para. 3). "On the other hand, the Chinese government is taking draconian measures to slash birth rates among Uighurs and other minorities as part of a sweeping campaign to curb its Muslim population, even as it encourages some of the country's Han majority to have more children. While individual women have spoken out before about forced birth control, the practice is far more widespread and systematic than previously known, according to an AP investigation based on government statistics, state documents and interviews with...more
Jan. 30, 2021, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"She and up to 50 other women were crammed into a tiny cell 'like we were just (a) piece of meat,' she said" (para 5). "But the country’s large-scale program has attracted international condemnation, accusations of brutality and torture, and a staggering finding from a recent international tribunal of a sinister organ-harvesting black market" (para 17).
Jan. 30, 2021, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-1

"She felt 'tired for about a week, lost my memories and felt depressed' after being administered a cocktail of drugs while imprisoned in 2017, she said. After several months, she was released, having been diagnosed as mentally ill, and now lives in the United States. Doctors there later told her she had been sterilized" (para 7-8).
Jan. 30, 2021, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"China is forcibly sterilizing women held in its vast network of “re-education” camps that house political and religious prisoners, survivors have claimed" (para 1). "'Therefore, the Chinese birth control policy of forced abortion and sterilization of Uighur is not a policy of ensuring the overall quality of Uighur population. On the contrary, it is to gradually exterminate them by imposing all the political, economic, and social means and restrictions'" (para 14-15).
Jan. 30, 2021, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"The Population Research Institute, which advocates for a ban on intrusive and inhumane population control programs, accused China of forced sterilization on a large scale" (para 12).
Jan. 30, 2021, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"In the past, Uighur women who were detained in camps and now live in Western nations have told of being forced to abort babies — including late in their pregnancies" (para 11).
Jan. 18, 2021, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: China, Congo, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Gabon, Honduras, Laos, Madagascar, Malta, Mauritania, Nicaragua, North Korea, Palestine, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Suriname
Variables: ABO-SCALE-1

4.0
Dec. 31, 2020, 5:52 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Our study is based on 800 households in five villages in south-western China. We examined the social behaviour of those who were labelled with a “witch” tag, and compared it with those who were not. The work, published in Nature Human Behaviour, was the basis of a long-term collaboration between scientists from University College London, the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing and Lanzhou University" (para 3).
Dec. 31, 2020, 5:52 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"A patriarchal dimension to witchcraft accusations could also explain the prevalence of women as victims both in traditional societies, and even in modern contexts that can resemble 'witch hunts', such as online bullying specifically targeting women" (para 14).