The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for China

Feb. 15, 2020, 11:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

The section of China's country profile titled "Selected contextual data" indicates that the percentage of women ages 15-49 who have undergone female genital mutiliation is 0.0 (2)
Feb. 15, 2020, 11:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

China's country profile on page 111 of the report indicates that the country does not have law(s) against female genital mutilation (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Jan. 31, 2020, 10:48 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3, PW-LAW-1

"Polygamy was permitted by law in Hong Kong until 1971 when it was rendered illegal under the Offenses against the Person Ordinance. Despite these developments, polygamy still occurs as a cross-border phenomenon, with many Hong Kong businessmen maintaining concubines in mainland China" (28)
Jan. 2, 2020, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATDW-DATA-1

"[South Korea] now has the highest divorce rate in East Asia and ranks 14th among Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) states for divorce, with China in 27th position and Japan at 28th" (para 3).
Dec. 31, 2019, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7, ATDW-LAW-1

"Likewise, the amended law clarifies that both male and female household members enjoy equal rights to the household’s land. In China, where it is customary for a newlywed woman to move into her husband’s village, women are often at risk of being denied their rightful share of land in their new household. The equal rights amendment guarantees women an equal share of their household land, and ensures they will retain those rights in the event of divorce" (para. 6).
Dec. 31, 2019, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"For the first time, women’s names will be registered on land certificates. Previously, only the identified head of household (typically a male) was listed on a household’s land certificate. The change will reinforce women’s rights to land within households, creating an avenue for social empowerment and a stronger voice in decision-making" (para. 5). "Likewise, the amended law clarifies that both male and female household members enjoy equal rights to the household’s land. In China, where it is customary for a newlywed woman to move into her husband’s village, women are often at risk of being denied their rightful share of land in their new household. The equal rights amendment guarantees...more
Dec. 31, 2019, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"In the most significant reforms to Chinese land laws in more than 15 years, the Chinese government adopted several new amendments to its 2002 Rural Land Contracting Law (RLCL) late last year that will help strengthen the land rights of 240 million Chinese farm households. The amended RLCL includes key provisions that protect and strengthen women’s land rights, and responds positively to shifting demographic trends as China’s farming communities undergo rapid urbanization" (para. 1-2).
Dec. 31, 2019, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"In the most significant reforms to Chinese land laws in more than 15 years, the Chinese government adopted several new amendments to its 2002 Rural Land Contracting Law (RLCL) late last year that will help strengthen the land rights of 240 million Chinese farm households. The amended RLCL includes key provisions that protect and strengthen women’s land rights, and responds positively to shifting demographic trends as China’s farming communities undergo rapid urbanization" (para. 1-2). "The new law strengthens and reaffirms the rights of rural households to use, manage, and leverage their land in four important ways. For the first time, women’s names will be registered on land certificates. Previously, only...more
Dec. 18, 2019, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, China, Comoros, Congo, Cuba, D R Congo, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, India, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Montenegro, Nicaragua, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Trinidad/Tobago, Uzbekistan, Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-SCALE-1

3.0
Dec. 16, 2019, 9:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-3

"Married Chinese Muslim women are regularly forced to share the same bed as male officials sent by government to monitor them when their husbands are being indoctrinated in internment camps, it has been revealed" (para 1). "Uighur wives from China's Xinjiang Province have been required to 'invite' inspectors into their homes under a mandatory surveillance programme when their spouses are under detention, according to reports" (para 2). "With their husbands away from home, those Muslim women must provide information about their lives and political views to the male inspectors, who call themselves their 'relatives', it is reported" (para 3). "The news came as Beijing is reportedly encouraging Han men to...more
Dec. 16, 2019, 9:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"'The 'relatives' come to visit us here every two months… they stay with their paired relatives day and night,' one Communist official from the county of Yengisar in Kashgar prefecture told Radio Free Asia" (para 6). "'Muslim families across Xinjiang are now literally eating and sleeping under the watchful eye of the state in their own homes,' said Maya Wang, senior China researcher at the New York-based pressure group. 'The latest drive adds to a whole host of pervasive - and perverse - controls on everyday life in Xinjiang'" (para 10-11).
Dec. 16, 2019, 9:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"Uighurs in particular have long been used to heavy-handed curbs on dress, religious practice and travel after a series of deadly riots in 2009 in Urumqi, according to the Financial Times" (para 36). "Certain symbols of Islam, such as beards and the veil, were also forbidden. Women with face-covering veils are sometimes not allowed on buses" (para 38).
Dec. 16, 2019, 9:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: GEW-DATA-1

"The official added that 70 to 80 families in the township he oversaw had Han 'relatives' staying for up to six days at each family during the mandatory home doctrinal programme. Most of the relatives were said to be male" (para 8).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: CL-DATA-1

"The number of impoverished women has dropped by an enormous margin, and the severity of poverty of women has been continuously alleviated. In the 592 poorest counties which are made the main targets of national poverty alleviation and development work, the poverty rate of the female population decreased from 20.3 percent in 2005 to 9.8 percent in 2010" (para. 11).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"China is fully committed to implementing international conventions and fulfilling international obligations in the field of women. It has signed and approved relevant international conventions and documents, and met the obligations they impose. China embodies the spirit and principle of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in the making of its laws, policies and plans, makes unremitting efforts to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women, safeguard women’s rights and interests according to law, and promotes gender equality. In 2003 and 2012, China submitted reports on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women in China....more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The number of female entrepreneurs keeps growing, now accounting for one quarter of the total number of entrepreneurs in China. The government has initiated an action plan to promote entrepreneurship and innovation among women, encouraging women to seek employment in emerging industries. About 55 percent of new Internet businesses are being founded by women" (para. 14).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"China values the role of women in people’s congresses by improving their representation in the ranks of deputies to people’s congresses at various levels. The ratio of women deputies to the first session of the 12th National People’s Congress in 2013 was 23.4 percent, 2.4 percentage points higher than 20 years ago; ethnic minority women deputies made up 41.3 percent of the total number of ethnic minority deputies. China sets store on improving women’s participation in socialist consultative democracy and the role of representatives of women’s federations and women delegates to the Chinese People’ s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC). The proportion of women members at the first session of the...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The state implements the Compulsory Education Law of the People’s Republic of China and other relevant laws, regulations and policies, and takes practical measures to improve women’s education. It has implemented a special policy to ensure school-age girls enjoy equal access to compulsory education" (para. 18).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LR-DATA-1

"The state has set up special funds to reduce the number of illiterate women. In 2013, the illiteracy rate for females at and over the age of 15 was 6.7 percent, 17.4 percentage points lower than in 1995; and the population of illiterate women fell by more than 70 million as compared with 1995" (para. 19).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"In 2014, the net primary school enrolment rates of boys and girls were both 99.8 percent, meaning that China has achieved the United Nations Millennium Development Goals ahead of time. Women now enjoy greater opportunities in junior high school education and above, particularly further education. In 2014, the proportion of female students in junior high schools was 46.7 percent and that in high schools was 50 percent; in institutions of higher learning women accounted for 52.1 percent of undergraduate students, 51.6 percent of postgraduate students, and 36.9 percent of students studying for Ph.D. degrees" (para. 18). "In 2014, the number of women receiving secondary vocational education was 8.05 million, accounting...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Reproductive health services for women have been further strengthened. The state guarantees that women enjoy good reproductive health services throughout the life cycle, such as conducting general surveillance and treatment of gynecological diseases, and providing adolescent and old-age healthcare. It has implemented the policy of free technical services for family planning, promoted informed choice of contraceptive methods and reduced unintentional pregnancies. It has kept investigating and preventing fetal sex identification for non-medical needs and sex-selective pregnancy termination. It has provided health education, vaccination, maternal health care and other basic public health services for women in the floating population, and has launched pilot programs to ensure equal access to family planning...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

"The number of female entrepreneurs keeps growing, now accounting for one quarter of the total number of entrepreneurs in China. The government has initiated an action plan to promote entrepreneurship and innovation among women, encouraging women to seek employment in emerging industries. About 55 percent of new Internet businesses are being founded by women" (para. 14). "The state protects the rights and interests of rural women in relation to land. China is a large agricultural country, and women living in rural areas account for about 70 percent of the total agricultural labor force. While forging ahead with deeper all-round reform and promoting village-level self-government in rural areas, the state has...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"It supports female college graduates in seeking employment and starting businesses, providing training in employment, guidance in starting businesses and internship opportunities, and it has implemented the Sunshine Project, improving the quality and skills of the rural female workforce and creating conditions to promote the transfer of rural female workforce to non-agricultural sectors and urban areas. There are now more than 200,000 training schools for women nationwide, providing training sessions to a total of nearly 200 million women in new agricultural technologies and new crop species. A total of 1.5 million women have obtained titles and qualifications as agricultural technicians, and 53,000 women’s professional cooperatives have been founded" (para. 13)....more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The state supports the women’s federation organizations in representing and safeguarding women’s rights and promoting gender equality. As the organizational system of women’s federations is better established, it has been playing an increasingly prominent role in conducting theoretical studies and carrying out publicity, education and training programs in relation to gender equality" (para. 8). "Principles and concepts of gender equality are gradually extending into teaching and scientific research. More and more schools have begun to introduce the idea of gender equality in educational content and teaching methods, and some primary and high schools are now offering courses in gender equality, directing younger students to relate to the idea of gender...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-DATA-1

"The state has enhanced guidance and management of the media and has trained media workers to enhance their awareness of gender equality. China has improved supervision to ensure news media and advertising agents exercise strict self-discipline and avoid any discrimination against women in the media by depreciating or denying their independent personality. China has vigorously publicized the positive contribution made by women to economic and social development. Women are playing an important role in the media. By the end of 2014, female journalists and editors had made up 44.1 percent of qualified staff in this area" (para. 36).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"It supports female college graduates in seeking employment and starting businesses, providing training in employment, guidance in starting businesses and internship opportunities, and it has implemented the Sunshine Project, improving the quality and skills of the rural female workforce and creating conditions to promote the transfer of rural female workforce to non-agricultural sectors and urban areas. There are now more than 200,000 training schools for women nationwide, providing training sessions to a total of nearly 200 million women in new agricultural technologies and new crop species. A total of 1.5 million women have obtained titles and qualifications as agricultural technicians, and 53,000 women’s professional cooperatives have been founded" (para. 13)....more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"Following the launch of an employment promotion project for the disabled in urban areas in 2011, about 100,000 disabled women have joined the workforce each year" (para. 13). "China also attaches importance to special education, increasing disabled women’s access to educational resources of various types and at all levels; as a result, disabled women have improved access to education" (para. 21).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ADDL-DATA-1

"China sets store by highlighting the role of women in building a conservation culture. More and more women are involved in environmental protection, making their contribution to protecting the ecological environment, addressing climate change and maintaining energy and resource security. The number of female members in the NPC Environment Protection and Resources Conservation Committee, female mayors in charge of environmental protection and female heads of environmental protection bureaus has kept increasing. By the end of 2014, female officials working at the Ministry of Environmental Protection accounted for 31.2 percent of the total. Women are encouraged to participate in energy conservation and emission reduction efforts, and to adopt low-carbon lifestyle. Women...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"The state has developed and implemented national plans and programs for promoting women’ s development. Women’s development was included in China’s 10th, 11th and 12th five-year plans for economic and social development, each time with greater emphasis, clearer goals, and more effective measures for promoting coordinated development between Chinese women and China’ s economy and society. The State Council has issued three programs covering different periods for the development of Chinese women, clearly defining the overall goals, key areas and policies and measures to be adopted for women’s development at different stages. People’s governments at and above the county level in the 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities have worked...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The state ensures equal employment right for women. Employment has a vital bearing on people’s quality of life. The state has promulgated and improved laws and regulations to promote fair employment and eliminate gender discrimination in employment. The Employment Promotion Law of the People’s Republic of China has a chapter specially dealing with fair employment, emphasizing gender equality in employment right. The Labor Contract Law of the People’s Republic of China has clear provisions under which businesses are required to create collective contracts for protecting female workers’ rights and interests, providing a legal basis for protecting the legitimate rights and interests of female workers. To create favorable conditions for women’...more