The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Comoros

Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law provides for equality of persons without regard to gender, creed, belief, origin, race, or religion" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law considers unmarried persons under age 18 to be minors and prohibits their sexual exploitation, prostitution, and involvement in pornography. Anyone convicted of facilitating the sex trafficking of children is subject to a prison term of two to five years and a fine of 150,000 to one million Comorian francs ($338 to $2,250). Conviction of child pornography is punishable by fines or imprisonment. There were no official statistics regarding these matters and no reports in local media of cases, prosecutions, or convictions relating to either child sex trafficking or child pornography" (page 11).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"For example, only two of the 33 seats in the national legislature were filled by women in the 2015 election" (page 7).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Universal education is compulsory until age 12. No child under age 14 may be prevented from attending school" (page 10).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Some observers believed that traditional and cultural factors prevented women from participating in political life on an equal basis with men" (page 7).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Resources, inspections, and remediation were inadequate. Financial penalties, however, for those who violated the law served as an effective deterrent. Penalties for conviction include from one to six months in prison, a fine of from 50,000 to 200,000 Comorian francs ($113 to $450) for those who abuse their authority to compel someone to work for them or for someone else, or both imprisonment and a fine. Penalties for conviction of trafficking a minor are 10 to 20 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 30 million Comorian francs ($67,600). The government did not make tangible efforts to prosecute traffickers and protect victims" (page 13).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women, members of minorities, or both in the political process, and they did participate" (page 7).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"There were no official statistics regarding these matters and no reports in local media of cases, prosecutions, or convictions relating to either child sex trafficking or child pornography" (page 11).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal, and conviction is punishable by fines and imprisonment. It is defined in the labor code as any verbal, nonverbal, or bodily behavior of a sexual nature that has the effect of creating an intimidating, hostile, or humiliating work environment for a person. Although rarely reported due to societal pressure, such harassment was nevertheless a common problem, and authorities did not effectively enforce the law" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"In October as part of the implementation of the 2017 National Child Protection Policy Action Plan, the National Commission for Solidarity, Social Protection, and Gender Promotion, with the financial support of UNICEF, organized awarenessraising and training workshops on child marriage for religious leaders" (page 10).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for equality of persons without regard to gender, creed, belief, origin, race, or religion. Nevertheless, inheritance and property rights practices favor women. Local cultures are traditionally matrilineal, and all inheritable property is in the legal possession of women" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Courts rarely sentenced or fined convicted perpetrators. No reliable data were available on the extent of the problem. Women rarely filed official complaints. Although officials took action (usually the arrest of the spouse) when reported, domestic violence cases rarely entered the court system" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"There were no official statistics regarding these matters and no reports in local media of cases, prosecutions, or convictions relating to either child sex trafficking or child pornography" (page 11). "Trafficking in persons, specifically forced child labor, occurred, particularly in family-based agriculture (planting, weeding, harvesting), fishing, and domestic service (see section 7.c.). There were no reported cases of adult forced labor" (page 13).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Sexual harassment is illegal, and conviction is punishable by fines and imprisonment. It is defined in the labor code as any verbal, nonverbal, or bodily behavior of a sexual nature that has the effect of creating an intimidating, hostile, or humiliating work environment for a person. Although rarely reported due to societal pressure, such harassment was nevertheless a common problem, and authorities did not effectively enforce the law" (page 9). "Societal discrimination against women was most apparent in rural areas, where women were mostly limited to farming and child-rearing duties, with fewer opportunities for education and wage employment" (page 9-10).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7

"Local cultures are traditionally matrilineal, and all inheritable property is in the legal possession of women" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law treats domestic violence as an aggravating circumstance that includes crimes committed by one domestic partner against an existing or former partner. Penalties for conviction include prison sentences up to five years and fines up to two million Comorian francs ($4,500)" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law considers unmarried persons under age 18 to be minors and prohibits their sexual exploitation, prostitution, and involvement in pornography. Anyone convicted of facilitating the sex trafficking of children is subject to a prison term of two to five years and a fine of 150,000 to one million Comorian francs ($338 to $2,250). Conviction of child pornography is punishable by fines or imprisonment. There were no official statistics regarding these matters and no reports in local media of cases, prosecutions, or convictions relating to either child sex trafficking or child pornography" (page 11). "The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, with certain exceptions for military service,...more
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"Trafficking in persons, specifically forced child labor, occurred, particularly in family-based agriculture (planting, weeding, harvesting), fishing, and domestic service (see section 7.c.). There were no reported cases of adult forced labor" (page 13). "Some children worked under forced labor conditions, primarily in domestic service and family-based agriculture and fishing. Additionally, some Koranic schools arranged for indigent students to receive lessons in exchange for labor that sometimes was forced" (page 14).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"No reliable data were available on the extent of the problem. Women rarely filed official complaints" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections held by secret ballot and based on universal and equal suffrage, and citizens exercised that ability" (page 7).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape regardless of age or gender is illegal and punishable if convicted by five to 10 years’ imprisonment or up to 15 years if the victim is younger than 15" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"As of November there were 10 juvenile male inmates in the Moroni prison held with adults. That prison also held two adult female prisoners in a separate cellblock" (page 2).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18 for both boys and girls. In the sole reported case of attempted forced marriage involving a minor, the police Morals and Minors Brigade investigated and intervened to stop the marriage before it took place. For additional information, see Appendix C. In October as part of the implementation of the 2017 National Child Protection Policy Action Plan, the National Commission for Solidarity, Social Protection, and Gender Promotion, with the financial support of UNICEF, organized awarenessraising and training workshops on child marriage for religious leaders" (page 10).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: DLB-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Societal discrimination against women was most apparent in rural areas, where women were mostly limited to farming and child-rearing duties, with fewer opportunities for education and wage employment" (page 9-10).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"An approximately equal number of girls and boys attended public schools at the primary and secondary levels, but fewer girls graduated" (page 10).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: IRP-LAW-5

"The law considers unmarried persons under age 18 to be minors and prohibits their sexual exploitation, prostitution, and involvement in pornography" (page 11).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"According to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, there were no registered refugees, returning refugees, asylum seekers, or other persons of concern in the country" (page 7).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage is 18 for both boys and girls" (page 10).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Authorities prosecuted perpetrators if victims filed charges. There were reports that families or village elders settled many allegations of sexual violence informally through traditional means and without recourse to the formal court system" (page 9).