The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Congo

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Bahamas, Benin, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Congo, D R Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Iceland, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, North Korea, Peru, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

0.0
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The country’s laws criminalized most forms of sex trafficking and labor trafficking. Article 60 of the 2010 Child Protection Code criminalized child trafficking, including sex trafficking and forced labor, for which Article 115 prescribed penalties of hard labor for an undefined period of time and a fine between 1 million to 10 million Central African CFA franc (CFA) ($1,660 to $16,560). Article 68 of the Child Protection Code also criminalized forced child labor and debt bondage, for which Article 122 prescribed penalties between three months and one year of imprisonment or fines of 50,000 to 500,000 CFA ($83 to $830). Article 4 of the country’s labor code criminalized forced or...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"The government facilitated the repatriation of two trafficking victims during the year, including funding one of the repatriations. The government facilitated the repatriation of one foreign trafficking victim from Egypt to the Republic of the Congo and funded the repatriation of another to the DRC, compared to zero repatriations in 2017. There were reports authorities temporarily detained child trafficking victims for unlawful acts traffickers compelled them to commit until parental identification and repatriation was completed. There were also reports that police arrested individuals in prostitution but did not report screening for indicators of sex trafficking. The government provided the same availability of care to both national and foreign victims. Foreign...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in the Republic of the Congo, and traffickers exploit victims from the Republic of the Congo abroad. Forced labor involving adults and children of both genders continues to be a primary type of trafficking within Congo. Most trafficking victims in the Congo originate from Benin and the DRC, and to a lesser extent from other neighboring countries. Traffickers subject most foreign victims to forced labor in domestic servitude and market vending. Both adults and children are victims of sex trafficking in the Congo, with most between the ages of 9 and 11. Traffickers exploited girls and...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of the Republic of the Congo does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so; therefore the Republic of the Congo was upgraded to Tier 2 Watch List. These achievements included identifying and assisting more trafficking victims than the previous reporting period; increasing training for law enforcement and diplomats; and making efforts to adopt a comprehensive anti-trafficking law. The government reinvigorated a federal-level interministerial committee, though efforts were limited. Despite these achievements, law enforcement efforts remained weak, as the government convicted fewer traffickers and deported trafficking suspects without prosecution. Previous allegations of official complicity remained uninvestigated and...more
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"UNHCR reported 20 cases of rape from January through October at a refugee camp in Betou, 16 of which involved rape of a minor. Rape and sexual abuse commonly occurred during the initial flight; many women and girls engaged in survival sex in exchange for protection, material goods, or money. Women often remained with abusive partners who offered protection during the flight and subsequently reported domestic abuse and marital rape. The vast majority of gender-based violence incidents went unreported because complaints could take three or more years before courts examined them" (16). "UNHCR’s protection officers and medical partners provided medical, psychosocial, and legal assistance to victims of gender-based violence, including...more
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"UNHCR reported 20 cases of rape from January through October at a refugee camp in Betou, 16 of which involved rape of a minor. Rape and sexual abuse commonly occurred during the initial flight; many women and girls engaged in survival sex in exchange for protection, material goods, or money. Women often remained with abusive partners who offered protection during the flight and subsequently reported domestic abuse and marital rape. The vast majority of gender-based violence incidents went unreported because complaints could take three or more years before courts examined them" (16). "UNHCR’s protection officers and medical partners provided medical, psychosocial, and legal assistance to victims of gender-based violence, including...more
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities generally maintained separate areas within facilities for minors, women, and men in Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire; however, there were times when 16- and 17-year-old male prisoners were held in the same area as women in Pointe Noire. In Brazzaville, while these areas were separate, they were sometimes easily accessible with no locked entryways" (4). "Prison conditions for women were generally better than those for men. There was less crowding in the women’s cells than in those for men" (4). "Authorities took pregnant women to hospitals to give birth, and authorities sometimes allowed them to breastfeed their infants in prison" (4).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit women’s or minorities’ political participation as voters or candidates" (21).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2014 the president signed a law requiring that women make up 30 percent of each party’s slate of candidates for local or legislative elections. The 2015 constitution granted parity for women in political positions and mandated the creation of a national advisory council for women, but it did not specify whether the promotion of parity related to pay, benefits, appointment to political positions, or other issues" (21).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal, but the government did not effectively enforce the law" (23). "The law prescribes five to 10 years in prison for violators. According to a local women’s group, however, penalties actually imposed for rape ranged from as few as several months’ imprisonment to rarely more than three years" (23). "NGOs and women’s advocacy groups reported rape, especially spousal rape, was common. Domestic violence against women, including rape and beatings, was widespread but rarely reported" (23). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 18" (25).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women experienced discrimination in divorce settlements, especially in regard to retaining property and financial assets" (24).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There was no government program focused on preventing early or forced marriage" (24).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"A lack of specificity in the child protection code was an obstacle to successful prosecution" (25).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal. Generally, the penalty is two to five years in prison. In particularly egregious cases, the penalty may equal the 10- year prison sentence maximum for rape. The government did not effectively enforce these laws" (23).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"Bantu men often impregnated indigenous girls and later denied paternity, offering no child support" (26).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"A child protection code provides penalties for crimes against children such as trafficking, pornography, neglect, and abuse...The penalty for child pornography includes a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine up to 500,000 CFA francs ($883)" (25).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Polygyny is legal, while polyandry is not" (24).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In rural areas traditional courts continued to handle many local disputes, particularly property, inheritance, and witchcraft cases, and domestic conflicts that could not be resolved within the family" (9).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prescribes five to 10 years in prison for violators. According to a local women’s group, however, penalties actually imposed for rape ranged from as few as several months’ imprisonment to rarely more than three years" (23). "The maximum penalty for sex with a minor is five years’ imprisonment and a fine of 10 million CFA francs ($17,667)" (25).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"A child protection code provides penalties for crimes against children such as trafficking, pornography, neglect, and abuse. Penalties for these crimes range from forced labor to fines of up to 10 million CFA francs ($17,667) and prison sentences of several years" (25).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"UNHCR-funded primary schooling was accessible to most refugees. During the academic year, primary schools enrolled 6,291 refugee children, including 3,152 girls. Authorities severely limited access to secondary and vocational education for refugees. Most secondary education teachers at such schools were refugees who either volunteered to teach or were paid by parents of refugee children" (18).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Underage marriage is possible with a judge’s permission and with the permission of both sets of parents; the law does not specify a minimum age in such a case" (24).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit women’s or minorities’ political participation as voters or candidates. Observers suggested cultural constraints might limit the number of women in government. Sexual harassment discouraged women’s participation in political activities" (21).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: GEW-DATA-1, EWCMS-DATA-2

"The United Nations reported that since 2015 it had received 16 allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse by Republic of the Congo (ROC) military and police personnel deployed to the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the CAR (MINUSCA)" (3).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-3

"The United Nations reported that since 2015 it had received 16 allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse by Republic of the Congo (ROC) military and police personnel deployed to the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the CAR (MINUSCA). In June the ROC military contingent withdrew from MINUSCA following a Security Council resolution 2272 review conducted by the UN Secretariat on the performance of ROC peacekeepers. The review found that the nature and extent of the allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse against the ROC military contingent pointed to systemic problems in command and control" (3).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Domestic violence against women, including rape and beatings, was widespread but rarely reported" (23).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution and law prohibit discrimination based on family background, ethnicity, social condition, age, political or philosophical beliefs, gender, religion, region of origin within the country, place of residence in the country, language, HIV-positive status, or disability. The constitution and law do not specifically prohibit discrimination against persons based on national origin or citizenship, sexual orientation or gender identity, or having communicable diseases other than HIV. The government did not effectively enforce these prohibitions. Labor law does not specifically reiterate these antidiscrimination provisions" (30). "Discrimination in employment and occupation sometimes occurred with respect to women, refugees, and indigenous people. While the law prohibits discrimination based on gender and stipulates women...more