The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Costa Rica

Sept. 19, 2018, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the proportion of married or in-union women of reproductive age who have their need for family planning satisified is 89.1 (latest available data for 2005-2015).
Sept. 19, 2018, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 6.9 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica, Guinea
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 7.7 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to the WHO 2017 statistical report, the adoescent birth rate (per 1000 women aged 15-19 years) was 61.2 based on data from 2005-2014.
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-2

"The State recognizes that the country’s greatest challenge in this area is to break down myths and prejudices that are culturally associated with women’s active participation in recreation and sport, to achieve equity in access to resources and conditions for practising sports, together with decision-making posts in that field" (29).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"Nonetheless, despite affirmative actions taken by this entity’s Gender Unit to promote the incorporation of women in various non-traditional technical courses, the results show that they continue to engage mainly in traditionally feminized occupations (commerce and services, textiles, health and handicrafts)" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"As the lead agency in the process, INAMU set up a discussion and analysis mechanism for representatives of women’s organizations and movements (attended by roughly 80 organizations), with the aim of discussing the main challenges facing the Costa Rican State in fulfilling the Convention, and jointly constructing strategies to address them (annex 3)" (5). "INAMU held training workshops on women’s human rights, stressing the principles of equality and non-discrimination, for 10,400 persons from public bodies, women’s groups and civil society" (7). "Women belonging to these population groups have been given various training resources, such as through the Centre for the Political Training of Women (an INAMU mechanism), which invests economic...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In terms of domestic law, Costa Rica passed laws relating to the strengthening of public institutions, gender violence, trafficking in persons, femicide, social responsibilities in raising children, special population groups, and some of an economic nature. These include: ...3) Law 9095 of 8 February 2013 the Human Trafficking Act, and establishment of the National Coalition against Migrant Smuggling and Human Trafficking (CONATT)..." (10). "In February 2013, the Human Trafficking Act and the creation of the National Coalition against Illegal Migrant Smuggling and Human Trafficking (CONATT) (Law 1995) entered into force, which prohibits all forms of human trafficking and imposes prison sentences of between 4 and 20 years..." (19-20). "Since 2013,...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"Women belonging to these population groups have been given various training resources, such as through the Centre for the Political Training of Women (an INAMU mechanism), which invests economic and professional resources in training women throughout the country, with both in-person and online courses" (15). "Another important State intervention strategy is the programme of the Development Fund for Women’s Productive Activities and Organization (FOMUJERES), regulation for which was approved by Executive Decree No. 37783-MP of 2013 to enforce the provision of article 4 (j) of the Law Creating the National Institute for Women’s Affairs, which provides for the creation and functioning of a non-reimbursable fund for women, administered by INAMU"...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Amendments to the Domestic Violence Act (Law No. 7586), provided that Mixed or Administrative Courts can issue protection orders in places where there are no specialized courts or criminal courts, or if the courts are unable to grant them. Protection was expanded for victims of domestic sexual abuse; restrictions were placed on the aggressor in approaching the home of the victim; and the duty was established to notify the judicial authority within 24 hours of the exact address of a new residence. It was also established that the duration of protection measures be maintained for one year, unless lifted or amended by court decision" (8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"This challenge was highlighted in the design of the Third Plan of Action of the National Policy on Gender Equality and Equity (PIEG), the main public policy on the subject, which will have the fulfilment of conventions, particularly CEDAW and the Committee’s recommendations, as its central pillar and policy compass" (6). "Policies adopted by the State to enhance equality between women and men, and to prevent and eradicate violence as a manifestation of discrimination, include the National Plan for the Care and Prevention of Domestic Violence (PLANOVI), the organizational structure of which is the National System for the Care and Prevention of Violence against Women" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"The dialogue with organizations began by recognizing that our society harbours and reproduces gender stereotypes that sustain discriminatory practices, which, despite the actions undertaken thus far, continue to obstruct progress on crucial aspects of the Convention and are justly reflected in the Committee’s recommendations...The information was systemized to design strategies to more creatively and systematically confront stereotypes that continue to undermine progress in regulatory reforms and hinder moves towards a more equitable exercise of roles between men and women" (5-6).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATC-DATA-1

"Costa Rica is a signatory to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). It ratified the Convention by Act No. 6968 of 2 October 1984, which was published in the Diario Oficial on 11 January 1985" (4).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"These training processes and the measures mentioned above have resulted in women rising to decision-making positions, allowing for their vocational and economic development and transforming these domains. The percentage of women holding leadership posts in the public sector rose from 44.1 per cent in 2010 to 47.6 per cent in 2013, and increased from 23.8 per cent to 31.9 per cent in the private sector over the same period (annex 1, fig. 9)" (18).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The 2009 reform, mentioned above, created a special charter for female domestic workers defined in the Act on Sexual Harassment at Work and in Teaching (Law 7476). This guarantees employment stability by prohibiting the dismissal of domestic worker who has lodged a complaint for sexual harassment. In addition, the worker may apply for suspension of the duration of the employment relation before the MTSS Labour Inspection Department, thereby gaining exemption from having to appear in the workplace while the investigation is being conducted. In June 2010, reforms were made to the Act on sexual harassment in employment and teaching to expand guarantees already established for the complainant and for witnesses....more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In addition, through intersectoral articulation between the judiciary, the Costa Rican Social Security Fund (CCSS) and the Ministry of Public Security, a specialized service model was constructed for women victims of sexual violence. Its objective is to provide immediate and appropriate care to women who have suffered sexual assault...Temporary Care and Shelter Centres for Women (CEEAM) in situations of risk of death and their children, managed and financed by the State, seek alternatives to guarantee such women effective protection" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"State priority in the current PIEG is the promotion of co-responsibility in the care of children, those with disabilities and older adults. This has been seen as a need to achieve real equality within families and promote the development of all capacities of women in the public domain" (31). The fact that the state is gettting involved indicates that previously there has been problems with care being considered the main responsbility of women. Government involvement is seeking to correct this bias and make the care of children, elder, and disabled a more equtiable situation (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"These measures have given CEDAW a place in public institutions, enabling greater knowledge, empathy, interest, and commitment towards its applicability in the performance of their institutional competences, through its mainstreaming in the preparation of plans, policies, formulation and interpretation of laws; and in the construction of legal arguments, judicial sentences and rulings, which will be reflected in each article underlying the substantive issue" (7). The CEDAW and its recommendations have become an open conversation in public institutions and indicates a desire to implement its recommendations and improve the status of women (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Principle of indubio pro víctima: the principle was proposed and defended that, in cases of legal action...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: SMES-DATA-3

"...over the last four years, support has been provided to 270,674 families headed by women (26 per cent of the total), through various social programmes and conditional transfers…" (16).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"In late 2014, hormonal contraceptives (implant, IUD and Mesigyna) were purchased for adolescent women in the framework of the Meso-American Project for the Prevention of Teenage Pregnancy, funded by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) for implementation in two regions of Costa Rica (Brunca and Atlántica). As at May 2015, training is being provided to health personnel in those territories, to enable them to provide advisory services and information on the use of these contraceptives to adolescents in 2015. In relation to the use of contraceptive methods, according to the National Survey of Sexual and Reproductive Health (ENSSR-2010), 82.2 per cent of women between 15 and 49 years of age living...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"...it was detected that the fact that a person lacks documents considered appropriate by the judicial authorities, is a major obstacle for migrant persons to be able to gain access to legal mechanisms to protect their basic fundamental rights. This problem is all the more serious when it involves issues as sensitive as domestic violence and alimony, where women are the main victims" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Despite the initial reduction in women’s parliamentary participation following the 2014 elections, the percentage has now returned to 38 per cent owing to the replacement of a male deputy who stood down in favour of a female colleague" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Approval of Law No. 8204, amending the Psychotropic Substances Act to reduce the penalty for women based on gender criteria, enabled 159 women to be released from the prison system in 2013...This legislation made it possible to incorporate proportionality and gender specificity..." (7-8). "The addendum to article 486 bis of Law No. 7594, the Code of Criminal Process, would allow some people to serve sentences in their homes, using electronic bracelets. This measure would benefit women who are at an advanced stage of pregnancy when entering prison, whether mothers who are heads of household with a child of up to 12 years of age, or if a child or family...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"...the twentieth anniversary of the signing of the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women, Costa Rica, which was Pro Tempore President of the Inter-American Commission of Women (IACW)…" (13). This convention was entered into post-CEDAW accession and remains in force today (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In Costa Rica, the only situation of abortion that is not punishable is regulated in article 121 of the Penal Code, which refers to cases where there is danger to the mother’s life or health" (27).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"In 2014 the agriculture sector continued to be the second largest job creator (INEC, 2014), generating employment for 228,606 people, of whom 10.9 per cent were women" (30).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"Costa Rica has encouraged the appointment of women in international organizations, including the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); representation in the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, for the period 2013 -2016, the Executive Director of the Meso-American Integration and Development Project (MIDP) for the period 2010-2014; and the Secretary General of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL) 2010-2014. Currently, Costa Rica holds the Presidency of the Inter-American Commission of Women (IACW) of the Organization of American States (OAS), for 2011-2015...At the present time, the State is promoting the candidacy of...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1

"As indicated in previous reports of Costa Rica, Costa Rican women enjoy the same rights as men to acquire, change or retain their nationality" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Action was taken to ensure that subsidy programmes for women living in poverty prioritize those who are also affected by domestic violence...Temporary Care and Shelter Centres for Women (CEEAM) in situations of risk of death and their children, managed and financed by the State, seek alternatives to guarantee such women effective protection" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"...allowing same sex couples living in a free union to gain insurance through the family benefit and make hospital visits to their partners…" (18).