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Latest items for Costa Rica

Feb. 14, 2019, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MURDER-DATA-4

According to calculations based off of data collected from the WHO mortality database and US Census Bureau international statistics (https://www.census.gov/data-tools/demo/idb/informationGateway.php), the femicide rate for 15-44 year olds in 2010 was 2.34 per 100,000 female (15-44 age) population. There were 10 incidents of femicide (15-44 year old victims) and female (15-44 aged) population was reported as 1,109,888 in that year.
Feb. 5, 2019, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"35.1% of seats in the lower/single house of Costa Rica (20 out of 57 total seats) are held by women"
Feb. 5, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"30.4% of ministerial positions in Costa Rica (7 out of 23 total positions) are held by women"
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) The criminalization of abortion in cases of rape, incest or severe fetal impairment and the inaccessibility of high-quality post-abortion care; (b) The delay in the adoption of technical guidelines for therapeutic abortion, leading to unsafe abortions" (10).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Amendments to the Domestic Violence Act (Act No. 7586), defining the crime of abuse, and amendments to the Criminalization of Violence against Women Act (Act No. 8589), expanding protection orders in cases of sexual abuse and assistance and legal advice for victims, in 2011" (2).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the requirement for parity on the lists of candidates for elected positions at all levels in resolution No. 3603-E8-2016, issued by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal" (7).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, it notes with concern: (a) The absence of information disaggregated by age, ethnicity and socioeconomic condition on access to education for girls, in particular their enrolment, completion and dropout rates, notably for reasons of early pregnancy at all levels, and about culturally appropriate bilingual education for indigenous women and girls; (b) The insufficient measures to reduce the school dropout rate among pregnant adolescent girls and ensure their right to return to school during pregnancy and following childbirth; (c) Sexual harassment and other forms of gender-based violence against girls in the education system; (d) The concentration of women in traditionally female-dominated fields of study; (e) The underrepresentation of women in...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concerns: (d) The lack of progress in implementing the Committee’s previous concluding observations about gender parity in executive posts (CEDAW/C/CRI/ CO/5-6, para. 25); (e) The delay in the adoption of bill No. 18719 to combat political harassment and/or political violence against women" (7-8).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (c) Third plan of action of the national policy on gender equality and equity, covering the period 2015-2018, providing for specific measures to prevent teenage pregnancy and introducing scholarships for victims of gender-based discrimination" (2). "It nevertheless remains concerned about: (d) The discretionary granting of paternity leave by employers in the absence of legislation providing for paternity leave entitlements" (9).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern: (a) That the State party is a country of origin, transit and destination for trafficking in persons for purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labour, as well as the heightened risk of sex trafficking for women and children in the Pacific coastal zones and for transgender persons and migrant women and girls" (6-7).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LR-DATA-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its achievements on education (a female adult literacy rate of 97.71 per cent and a female youth literacy rate of 99.43 per cent)" (8).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Amendments to the Domestic Violence Act (Act No. 7586), defining the crime of abuse, and amendments to the Criminalization of Violence against Women Act (Act No. 8589), expanding protection orders in cases of sexual abuse and assistance and legal advice for victims, in 2011" (2). "The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) National violence against women and domestic violence prevention policy, covering the period 2017-2032, addressing forms of gender-based violence against women, including harassment in public areas" (2).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The absence of information concerning the status of women’s non-governmental organizations and women human rights defenders in the State party" (8). "Nevertheless, it notes with concern the lack of information as to whether women’s organizations were involved in designing and implementing national strategies to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals" (11).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Act No. 9095 against trafficking in persons, which establishes the National Coalition against the Smuggling of Migrants and Trafficking in Persons, in 2013" (2). "The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (b) National policy to combat trafficking in persons and strategic workplan for the National Coalition against the Smuggling of Migrants and Trafficking in Persons, covering the period 2016-2020" (2).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, it notes with concern: (a) The persistence of various forms of gender-based violence against women in public and private spaces and the low conviction rates compared with the high number of complaints received; (…) The absence of information on gender-based violence against women with disabilities and the means of redress and remedies available to victims; (f) The prevalence of gender-based violence against lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons in the State party." (5-6).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"The Committee welcomes the fact that the Executive President of the National Institute for Women has been upgraded to the rank of Minister of the Status of Women and notes the budgetary autonomy of the Institute. It also acknowledges the progress achieved by the State party with regard to its national policy on gender equality and equity: (a) The limited role of the national gender unit network in the implementation and monitoring of public policies on gender equality, such as the national policy on gender equality and equity; (b) The lack of clear authority, mandate and expertise of the municipal offices for women’s affairs to adequately address women’s human rights...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about: (a) The persistence of discriminatory gender stereotypes about the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society; (b) Stigmatizing and derogatory political statements and public campaigns targeting women in political and public life, including women human rights defenders; (c) The persistence of discriminatory gender stereotypes and sexist portrayals of women in the mass media and in advertisements; (d) The negative influence and advocacy of men’s and fathers’ rights groups, which undermine the recognition of women’s human rights, in particular equality in family life" (5).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the limited information about the use of temporary special measures to achieve substantive equality of indigenous women, women of African descent, migrant, refugee and asylum-seeking women, female heads of household and women with disabilities, who face intersecting forms of discrimination" (4). "The Committee notes that male and female asylum seekers are entitled to work in the State party after having been recognized as such. Nevertheless, it is concerned at: (a) Intersecting forms of discrimination against migrant women, in particular those in an irregular situation; (b) The long delays in refugee status determination procedures and the high fees and administrative barriers faced by refugee and asylum-seeking...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (c) Third plan of action of the national policy on gender equality and equity, covering the period 2015-2018, providing for specific measures to prevent teenage pregnancy and introducing scholarships for victims of gender-based discrimination" (2). "The lack of a comprehensive system to generate disaggregated data on gender-based violence against women and of information about the participation of women’s organizations, including those of women with disabilities, in the national machinery for the advancement of women, especially at...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"It nevertheless remains concerned about: (a) The persistence of occupational segregation and the concentration of women in low-paid jobs, as noted by the Committee in its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/CRI/CO/5-6, para. 28), and the significant gender wage gap;" (9). Data is not included (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) National violence against women and domestic violence prevention policy, covering the period 2017-2032, addressing forms of gender-based violence against women, including harassment in public areas" (2).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"It is also concerned about the consequences of forced evictions of indigenous women and women of African descent from lands traditionally occupied or used by them and the dispossession of such lands by private non-State actors" (12). This implies an IDP issue (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to promote the participation of rural women in rural development councils and steering committees, in addition to the sectoral plan for agricultural and rural development covering the period 2015-2018. Nevertheless, it is concerned at: (a) Barriers to access to land titles and ownership by rural women" (11). "The Committee is concerned about the lack of implementation of the principle of free, prior and informed consent and the lack of consultations with indigenous women and women of African descent in connection with development projects affecting their collective rights to land ownership" (12).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about: (a) The fact that the existing legislative mechanisms do not adequately take into account gender-based violence in the domestic sphere in determining child custody; (b) The negative effect of fathers’ rights groups’ advocacy of and public discourse about the so-called 'parental alienation syndrome'" (13).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee notes with concern the limited information about the use of temporary special measures to achieve substantive equality of indigenous women, women of African descent, migrant, refugee and asylum-seeking women, female heads of household and women with disabilities, who face intersecting forms of discrimination" (4).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The Committee notes the recognition of the right to peace in the Constitution. Nevertheless, it is concerned by the absence of a strategy to comprehensively address women and peace and security issues, considering the conflicts and lack of security in neighbouring countries and the growing influx of refugee and asylum-seeking women as a result of such conflicts, among other causes" (6).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee observes that there is a lack of measures to protect women in prostitution against gender-based violence and to ensure their access to health care and social protection. It is concerned about the absence of exit programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (7).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Act No. 9406 of 24 October 2016 strengthening the legal protection of girls and adolescent women against gender-based violence and abusive relationships, which criminalizes sexual relations with girls under 15 years of age and prohibits marriage under 18 years of age" (1). "Amendments to the Domestic Violence Act (Act No. 7586), defining the crime of abuse, and amendments to the Criminalization of Violence against Women Act (Act No. 8589), expanding protection orders in cases of sexual abuse and assistance and legal advice for victims, in 2011" (2).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (e) National programme for women who face criminal sanctions, adopted by Executive Decree No. 38139-JP, providing for the protection of women in the penitentiary system" (2).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATC-DATA-4

"The Committee welcomes the fact that, in the period since the consideration of the previous report, the State party has ratified or acceded to the following international instruments: (a) Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure, in 2014; (b) Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, in 2014; (c) International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, in 2012; (d) Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization (ILO), in 2014" (2). "The Committee calls upon the State party to use the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action in its efforts...more