The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Costa Rica

March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"Women belonging to these population groups have been given various training resources, such as through the Centre for the Political Training of Women (an INAMU mechanism), which invests economic and professional resources in training women throughout the country, with both in-person and online courses" (15). "Another important State intervention strategy is the programme of the Development Fund for Women’s Productive Activities and Organization (FOMUJERES), regulation for which was approved by Executive Decree No. 37783-MP of 2013 to enforce the provision of article 4 (j) of the Law Creating the National Institute for Women’s Affairs, which provides for the creation and functioning of a non-reimbursable fund for women, administered by INAMU" ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LO-DATA-1

"In 2013, the 'Integrated model for strengthening women’s business activity and entrepreneurship in Costa Rica as a public policy mechanism' was formulated...This is a Costa Rican Government initiative that promotes the economic independence of women in marginal rural-urban areas who are in a situation of economic vulnerability and have business potential. The financial resources to fund this project come from the European Union and from the State of Costa Rica through INAMU MEIC and MAG, which signed an inter-agency cooperation agreement and maintain close articulation and coordination. Thus far, 375 women have benefited" (24). Although not a civil society group, these steps by the government to improve womens' participation in ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"Another example of successful inter-agency coordination is the establishment of local committees to provide immediate care in cases of high risk of violence against women (CLAI), set up in 10 territories with judiciary representatives (prosecution service and court with jurisdiction to order protection measures), the Ministry of Public Security (public force), and INAMU. This strategy aims to specialize and register the intervention to provide timely and effective prevention of femicide and attempted femicide, and to help reduce impunity in situations of violence against women" (12).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"In 2011, 30 per cent of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises with loans in the national financial system were run by women. In 2013, the country granted 6,492 loans to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises led by women, corresponding to 31.73 per cent of loans granted in that year, up slightly from the 2011 level" (28). "Although support provided to women by the national banking system is significant, which includes credit lines that are specific for women (for example, Banco Nacional’s Banca Mujer credit line), there is still a gender gap in access to business credits: for every loan obtained by women, 2.15 are granted to men" (29). "With the ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"...allowing same sex couples living in a free union to gain insurance through the family benefit and make hospital visits to their partners…" (18).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"...it was detected that the fact that a person lacks documents considered appropriate by the judicial authorities, is a major obstacle for migrant persons to be able to gain access to legal mechanisms to protect their basic fundamental rights. This problem is all the more serious when it involves issues as sensitive as domestic violence and alimony, where women are the main victims" (11).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"Law 9177 of 23 October 2013, reform of Criminal Code and General Law on Migration and Alien Status, to increase sanctions in cases in which children are used in pornographic material…" (10).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"These figures show that nearly half of insured women do not have access to direct insurance, which reflects a sexual division of labour that limits their participation in paid occupations, and gives them greater responsibility in the reproductive domain. This exposes women to a lack of protection if the link with the directly insured person is broken, and puts her economic future at risk by being unable to contribute to a pension fund" (25).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"...the judiciary issued a series of instructions aimed at guaranteeing access to justice for migrant people. These recommendations include alternative ways of accrediting identity, together with inter-agency coordination measures, with to overcoming obstacles that face migrants and to guarantee access to justice...Moreover, in partnership with international organizations, a radial campaign was held and posters were placed to enable migrants, particularly women, to gain knowledge of its scope and thus enhance their access to justice without fear that their undocumented or irregular migratory status would be an obstacle for protection of their rights" (11). "In the same period, the judiciary issued circular 220-14, of 23 September 2014 to guarantee effective access ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: SRACE-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2011, the Government has encouraged women’s participation in recreation and sporting activities, reflecting Costa Rica’s affiliation and signing of the Brighton Declaration (1994), which seeks to increase female participation in sports at all levels...efforts have been made to promote the establishment of cooperation agreements between public institutions and federations, organizations and sporting associations that work with women, to provide them with equipment, kit, and other types of sporting implements for the practice of sports" (29).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"...the twentieth anniversary of the signing of the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women, Costa Rica, which was Pro Tempore President of the Inter-American Commission of Women (IACW)…" (13). This convention was entered into post-CEDAW accession and remains in force today (AA-CODER COMMENT).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In Costa Rica, the only situation of abortion that is not punishable is regulated in article 121 of the Penal Code, which refers to cases where there is danger to the mother’s life or health" (27).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"This challenge was highlighted in the design of the Third Plan of Action of the National Policy on Gender Equality and Equity (PIEG), the main public policy on the subject, which will have the fulfilment of conventions, particularly CEDAW and the Committee’s recommendations, as its central pillar and policy compass" (6). "Policies adopted by the State to enhance equality between women and men, and to prevent and eradicate violence as a manifestation of discrimination, include the National Plan for the Care and Prevention of Domestic Violence (PLANOVI), the organizational structure of which is the National System for the Care and Prevention of Violence against Women" (12).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In addition, through intersectoral articulation between the judiciary, the Costa Rican Social Security Fund (CCSS) and the Ministry of Public Security, a specialized service model was constructed for women victims of sexual violence. Its objective is to provide immediate and appropriate care to women who have suffered sexual assault...Temporary Care and Shelter Centres for Women (CEEAM) in situations of risk of death and their children, managed and financed by the State, seek alternatives to guarantee such women effective protection" (12).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The law consolidated and gave legal status to the specialized intervention body to respond to alerts of a possible case of trafficking, known as the immediate response team (ERI). This team has a mandate to hear cases and accredits victims and registers them. Although this register is a significant step forward, it does not take account of all victims, because, in addition to cases that are not detected, many of them cannot be channelled through the inter-agency platform’s services (CONATT) and for that reason are not accredited and registered" (20). " Lastly, it is worth mentioning that the Costa Rican Government has entered into partnerships with tourism firms to combat ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"In late 2014, hormonal contraceptives (implant, IUD and Mesigyna) were purchased for adolescent women in the framework of the Meso-American Project for the Prevention of Teenage Pregnancy, funded by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) for implementation in two regions of Costa Rica (Brunca and Atlántica). As at May 2015, training is being provided to health personnel in those territories, to enable them to provide advisory services and information on the use of these contraceptives to adolescents in 2015. In relation to the use of contraceptive methods, according to the National Survey of Sexual and Reproductive Health (ENSSR-2010), 82.2 per cent of women between 15 and 49 years of age living ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Despite the initial reduction in women’s parliamentary participation following the 2014 elections, the percentage has now returned to 38 per cent owing to the replacement of a male deputy who stood down in favour of a female colleague" (21).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Action was taken to ensure that subsidy programmes for women living in poverty prioritize those who are also affected by domestic violence...Temporary Care and Shelter Centres for Women (CEEAM) in situations of risk of death and their children, managed and financed by the State, seek alternatives to guarantee such women effective protection" (12).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In an effort to raise the profile of the problem of political harassment, the Municipal Coordination Platform for Gender Equity undertook a process that culminated in the Draft Law to prevent and sanction political harassment against women at the local level. This was taken up by the Inter-agency Commission consisting of the Office of the Ombudsperson of the Republic, INAMU, the TSE, which prepared the Draft Law to Prevent, sanction and Eradicate Political Violence against Women" (22).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"These measures have given CEDAW a place in public institutions, enabling greater knowledge, empathy, interest, and commitment towards its applicability in the performance of their institutional competences, through its mainstreaming in the preparation of plans, policies, formulation and interpretation of laws; and in the construction of legal arguments, judicial sentences and rulings, which will be reflected in each article underlying the substantive issue" (7). The CEDAW and its recommendations have become an open conversation in public institutions and indicates a desire to implement its recommendations and improve the status of women (AA-CODER COMMENT). "Principle of indubio pro víctima: the principle was proposed and defended that, in cases of legal action ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"These legislative provisions and regulatory measures have been accompanied by major efforts of awareness-raising and information targeting the population at large through educational campaigns in the traditional and non-traditional mass media, covering various issues on women’s human rights and political participation (with a view to the 2016 municipal elections); sexual and workplace harassment (State universities report an increase in this type of violence, attributable both to the change in internal regulations and information campaigns); economic rights; labour rights; the right to live a violence-free life, co-responsibility and care, and gender myths and stereotypes (the “Male Chauvinist in Rehabilitation” campaign in social media)" (19). "Lastly, in a consultation held among over ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"State priority in the current PIEG is the promotion of co-responsibility in the care of children, those with disabilities and older adults. This has been seen as a need to achieve real equality within families and promote the development of all capacities of women in the public domain" (31). The fact that the state is gettting involved indicates that previously there has been problems with care being considered the main responsbility of women. Government involvement is seeking to correct this bias and make the care of children, elder, and disabled a more equtiable situation (AA-CODER COMMENT).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In terms of domestic law, Costa Rica passed laws relating to the strengthening of public institutions, gender violence, trafficking in persons, femicide, social responsibilities in raising children, special population groups, and some of an economic nature. These include: ...3) Law 9095 of 8 February 2013 the Human Trafficking Act, and establishment of the National Coalition against Migrant Smuggling and Human Trafficking (CONATT)..." (10). "In February 2013, the Human Trafficking Act and the creation of the National Coalition against Illegal Migrant Smuggling and Human Trafficking (CONATT) (Law 1995) entered into force, which prohibits all forms of human trafficking and imposes prison sentences of between 4 and 20 years..." (19-20). "Since 2013, ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Amendments to the Domestic Violence Act (Law No. 7586), provided that Mixed or Administrative Courts can issue protection orders in places where there are no specialized courts or criminal courts, or if the courts are unable to grant them. Protection was expanded for victims of domestic sexual abuse; restrictions were placed on the aggressor in approaching the home of the victim; and the duty was established to notify the judicial authority within 24 hours of the exact address of a new residence. It was also established that the duration of protection measures be maintained for one year, unless lifted or amended by court decision" (8).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Amendments were made to the Violence against Women Act (Law No. 8589), to restore two provisions that were repealed by the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court. These include a new text defining the crime of abuse, which seeks to protect women who are subject to aggression from their partner, and are currently encompassed by the offence of extremely light injury and the crime of light injury. In relation to the crime of emotional violence, the wording includes definitions of illegal conduct that encompass a larger number of situations, without neglecting the protection of emotional health" (9). "In terms of domestic law, Costa Rica passed laws relating to the strengthening ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-2

"The State recognizes that the country’s greatest challenge in this area is to break down myths and prejudices that are culturally associated with women’s active participation in recreation and sport, to achieve equity in access to resources and conditions for practising sports, together with decision-making posts in that field" (29).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"These training processes and the measures mentioned above have resulted in women rising to decision-making positions, allowing for their vocational and economic development and transforming these domains. The percentage of women holding leadership posts in the public sector rose from 44.1 per cent in 2010 to 47.6 per cent in 2013, and increased from 23.8 per cent to 31.9 per cent in the private sector over the same period (annex 1, fig. 9)" (18).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"In 2014 the agriculture sector continued to be the second largest job creator (INEC, 2014), generating employment for 228,606 people, of whom 10.9 per cent were women" (30).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-1

"As indicated in previous reports of Costa Rica, Costa Rican women enjoy the same rights as men to acquire, change or retain their nationality" (23).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"The dialogue with organizations began by recognizing that our society harbours and reproduces gender stereotypes that sustain discriminatory practices, which, despite the actions undertaken thus far, continue to obstruct progress on crucial aspects of the Convention and are justly reflected in the Committee’s recommendations...The information was systemized to design strategies to more creatively and systematically confront stereotypes that continue to undermine progress in regulatory reforms and hinder moves towards a more equitable exercise of roles between men and women" (5-6).