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Latest items for Cuba

Sept. 1, 2017, 9:15 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LO-SCALE-3

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Sept. 1, 2017, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LO-SCALE-2

0.0
Sept. 1, 2017, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LO-SCALE-1

1.0
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

National Association of Smallholders (Asociacion Nacional de Agricultores Pequenos, or ANAP), founded in 1961 with men and women heads of household and smallholders through the Grassroots Farmers Associations (Asociaciones Campesinas de Base). In their unions, the ANAP in 2002 had 33 percent women holding positions at the management level and, in 2004, three female directors. -Federation of Rural Women (Federacion de Mujeres Campesinas, or FMC): An NGO structured at the national, provincial and municipal, and grassroots levels, comprising 3 million women. National mechanism in charge of promoting the equality of women and the struggle for their full participation. The FMC and the ANAP organized volunteer brigades of women to provide ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

The agrarian laws and regulations present in the Codes, both Civil and Family Codes, clearly and openly establish the absolute equality of rights and responsibilities for both sexes. This situation of legal equality in theory should have guaranteed women access to land. However, women who own land or participate in the cooperatives are still few, and those who achieve leadership positions within these organisms are even fewer. According to the State Statistics Committee, in 1988, female rural Cubans comprised 21 percent of cooperatives, with those achieving leadership positions in these organisms being very few. In 1963, allotments for collectives and workers were established with the second land reform, which benefitted ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LO-LAW-1

In 1959, the Cuban agrarian reform was the result of a political, economic and cultural development of great magnitude. The agrarian laws and regulations present in the Codes, both Civil and Family Codes, clearly and openly establish the absolute equality of rights and responsibilities for both sexes. (AF: P1) Agrarian Reform Law of May 17, 1959: The land is allocated to women or men who will work it, without distinction. 1982 Act No. 36 on Agricultural Cooperatives: Article 15: Equality of men and women to membership, whether married or not. (LL: P1-2) Permanent Commission for Assistance to Women, Children and Youth: attached to the National Assembly of Popular Power, chaired ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

Article 18: The de facto union of those who have the legal capacity to acquire it, with the requirements of uniqueness (meaning that neither of the cohabiting couple is cohabiting in another union) and stability and recognized by the competent court, shall retain all the same effects of legal marriage. If the relationship is stable but not unique, because one of them had a legally valid previous marriage, the union will take full effect by acting in good faith and for the children of the union. Article 22: In any civil, criminal or administrative proceeding where the existence of marriage cannot be proven, the following shall serve as evidence of ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

1975 Law 1289: Family Code: Article 1: The strengthening of the legally formalized or legally recognized marriage based on the absolute equality of men’s and women’s rights. (WROLUCFW: P3) Article 24: Marriage is constituted on the basis of equal rights and duties of both spouses. (WROLUCFW: P6)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

Article 38: Shared marital property ends with the termination of marriage. The estate is divided equally between spouses upon separation or between the survivor and the heirs of the deceased in case of death. ( WROLUCFW: P9)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

1994 Decree-Law 154: Divorce attorney. (WROLUCFW: P2)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

1994 Decree-Law 154: Divorce attorney. (WROLUCFW: P2)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

Article 38: Shared marital property ends with the termination of marriage. The estate is divided equally between spouses upon separation or between the survivor and the heirs of the deceased in case of death. ( WROLUCFW: P9) Intestate Succession: 1987 Civil Code, Act 59, amended with Decree-Law 140 in 1993: Articles 517 to 519: The surviving spouse receives the inheritance together with the descendants or the parents of the deceased. The surviving spouse receives a portion equal to that of descendents/parents. If there are no descendents/parents, the spouse is entitled to receive the entire inheritance, and if one of them should die during the process of divorce, the survivor retains ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

Article 38: Shared marital property ends with the termination of marriage. The estate is divided equally between spouses upon separation or between the survivor and the heirs of the deceased in case of death. ( WROLUCFW: P9) Intestate Succession: 1987 Civil Code, Act 59, amended with Decree-Law 140 in 1993: Articles 517 to 519: The surviving spouse receives the inheritance together with the descendants or the parents of the deceased. The surviving spouse receives a portion equal to that of descendents/parents. ...Probate succession: Articles 492 to 493: The establishment of specially protected heirs limits to half of the inheritance the exercise of the testator’s right and precludes the imposition of ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: BR-DATA-1

The fertility rate was 1.6 percent (HDI: P3)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

Constitution of the Republic: 1976 with reforms in 1992: ...Article 36: Marriage is based upon the absolute equality of rights and duties of spouses, who must attend to the household and the integral education of their children in a common effort. Article 41: All citizens have equal rights and are subject to equal duties. Article 42: Discrimination upon the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, religious belief or any other cause harmful to human dignity is prohibited and punishable by law. Article 43: Citizens, regardless of race, color, or sex, are entitled, inter alia, access to offices and positions of the State, public administration and production and delivery of ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATC-DATA-1

1996: Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. The Federation of Cuban Women (Federacion de Mujeres Cubanas, or FMC) contributes to the Cuban national mechanism for the advancement of women and the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. 1997: National Action Plan for Follow-up on the Fourth UN Conference on Women. (PMIM: P3-4) CEDAW: CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN (12/18/1979). SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: ARTS. 2 THROUGH 4. AND 13 THROUGH 16: Signed: 03/06/1980. Ratified: 07/17/1980. Reservation: Art. 29 on the competence of the International Court of Justice, with the government preferring dialogue as ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATC-DATA-2

1
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

Reservation: Art. 29 on the competence of the International Court of Justice, with the government preferring dialogue as a method of dispute resolution (ITC: P1)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

Life expectancy at birth in 2004 was 75.3 years for men and 79.1 years for women. (HDI: 3)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: CWC-DATA-1

The total population in 2007 was estimated to be 11,237,916 inhabitants, of which 24.5 percent were rural. Women made up 50 percent of the total population, while of the total rural population, women represented 47.2 percent (HDI: P1)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

The rural population with access to a potable water supply in the rural sector remained stable, at 78 percent between the years 1995-2004, the population with access to sanitation in the rural sector during the same period was 95 percent.(HDI: P3) -There are discriminatory social and cultural practices regarding the position of rural women as agricultural producers. This is compounded by the restriction of resources generated by the economic blockade of the country. In practice, this is manifested in their limited access to credit and training opportunities. (OFILRGP: P1)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LR-DATA-1

The illiteracy rate among the population 15 years and older in 2005 was 2.7 percent, of which women made up 2.8 percent. (HDI: P1)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

In 1980, 68.1 percent of rural women worked in the service sector while 10.4 percent of them worked in agriculture. In 1988, rural women constituted 13 percent of individual producers, 21 percent of cooperatives and 24 percent of agricultural workers. In 1989 women working in the rural sector accounted for 24 percent of the total population (EAP: P1) Despite the written law, there remain, within in the Basic Unites of Cooperative Production (Unidades Basicas de Produccion Cooperativa, or UBPCs), old structures of state enterprises that, applying customary law, prevent women from developing their own initiatives. (DGBWLCR: P1-2)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

1984 Act 49. Labour Code: Article 3, subsection (b): All citizens capable of working have the opportunity for employment, regardless of race, color, sex, religion, political opinion or national or social origin. Article 8: Preferential treatment of women in employment. (WROLUCFW: P10-11) In the workplace, working women enjoy the right of equality: -Law No. 1263 of 14 January 197(?) [ASF coder comment—the year is missing a digit in the original FAO document]: Law on the Maternity of the Worker. -Law No. 13 of December 18, 1977: Law on the Protection and Health of the Worker. -Law No. 48 of December 28, 1984: Labor Code. -Law No. 61 of December 29, ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

The Economically Active Population in 2005 was 51.4%. Women’s participation rate in economic activity was 37.2 percent, compared to men at 65.8 percent. (EAP: P1) During the nineties agriculture was decentralized upon being parceled out to large state farms. About 52 percent of land was given for free and indefinite use to corporate structures of the Ministries of Agriculture and Sugar, forming 1,480 Basic Units of Cooperative Production...The production is intended in part for self-support, another part is sold to the state, and the surplus is sold in the markets. UBPCs have represented a significant source of employment for women. 13.6 percent of people have joined the agricultural sphere of ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

The man is considered head of the household and the woman is employed only in domestic work. This situation limits the contribution of women in organizations and cooperatives, and also their presence in the levels of management and decision making. (CL: P2)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

By decision of the Central Committee of State Employees, 50 percent of staff should be women. (LAI: P1)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: GP-DATA-1

The participation of women in the leadership of the Communist Party of Cuba is 16 percent in the Central Committee, 23 percent in provincial committees, and 22 percent in municipal committees. Although the proportion of women declines with the advancing hierarchy of office, women make up 24 percent of the National Committee, and it is worth noting that 50.5 of the leaders of the unions in the Office of Cuban Workers, “Central de Trabajadores de Cuba,” are women (EAP: P1) -Ministry of the Sugar Industry: 21 percent of its members are women, of which, 9 percent occupy positions in the Ministry. (NLI: P1) -During 2006 in the sugar agro-industry, 307 ...more
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: GP-DATA-3

The Attorney-General's Office monitors compliance with The CEDAW and addresses, investigates and responds to complaints and claims made. (NLI: P3)
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: GP-DATA-5

The National Association of Smallholders (Asociacion Nacional de Agricultores Pequenos, or ANAP), organized a training center in a rural area in order to train and prepare leaders, both women and men, in new techniques and technologies. Office of Cuban Workers (Central de Trabajadores de Cuba, or CTC) organized a program to ensure appropriate working conditions for women in rural jobs, and also training courses that enable the qualification and requalification of women workers in rural areas. -About 33.4 percent of women received training in order to achieve a technical level that enables them to assume new responsibilities. -In improving the status of women, various state agencies organize training courses on ...more