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Latest items for East Timor

June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penal code makes sexual conduct by an adult with anyone below the age of 17 a crime, and increases penalties when such conduct involves victims younger than 14" (p. 15).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The age of consent is 14, according to the Penal Code. Some commercial sexual exploitation of children also occurred. The penal code makes sexual conduct by an adult with anyone below the age of 17 a crime, and increases penalties when such conduct involves victims younger than 14" (p. 15).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The PNTL’s Vulnerable Persons Units (VPUs) generally handled cases of domestic violence and sexual crimes, but does not have enough staff to provide a significant presence in all areas of the country. The Ministry of Social Solidarity is charged with providing assistance to victims of domestic violence. Due to staff shortages, the ministry had difficulty responding to all cases. To deal with this problem, the ministry worked closely with local NGOs and service providers to offer assistance to victims of violence" (p. 13).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-DATA-1, DV-DATA-1

"A 2016 Asia Foundation study found that 59 percent of girls and women between 15 and 49 years old had experienced sexual or physical violence at the hands of an intimate partner and that 14 percent of girls and women had been raped by someone other than a partner" (p. 12).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Meaningful participation by women at the national and local levels, even when elected, is sometimes constrained by traditional attitudes and stereotypes" (p. 10).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates that primary education shall be compulsory and free. The law requires nine years of compulsory education beginning at six years of age; however, there is no system to ensure that the provision of education is free" (p. 14).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Penalties for 'Mistreatment of a Spouse' include two to six years imprisonment; however, prosecutors frequently used a different article in domestic violence cases ('Simple Offenses against Physical Integrity'), which carries a sentence of up to three years in prison" (p. 12).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 13).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Women held… only six out of 37 ministerial, vice-ministerial, and secretary of state positions" (p. 10).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Women held 24 of the 65 seats in the National Parliament" (p. 10).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In February the government promulgated the Law on Preventing and Combating Human Trafficking to amend the criminal code, extending criminal liability for trafficking to “legal persons,” such as corporations. The new law prescribes fines, judicial dissolution, and asset forfeiture as penalties, and authorizes compensation of victims. The government coordinated implementation of a new national action plan through the Interagency Working Group to Combat Human Trafficking" (p. 18).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"Electoral laws require at least one-third of candidates on party lists be women" (p. 10).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children acquire citizenship through birth within the country or by having a citizen parent or grandparent. A central civil registry lists a child’s name at birth and issues birth certificates" (p. 14).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Police, prosecutors, and judges routinely ignored many parts of the law that protect victims. NGOs noted that fines were paid to the court and often came from shared family resources, further hurting the victim" (p. 13).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-1

"Some communities also continued the practice of forcing a widow to either marry one of her husband’s family members or, if she and her husband did not have children together, leave her husband’s home" (p. 14).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, PRN-LAW-1

"The penal code also makes both child prostitution and child pornography crimes. It defines a “child” for purposes of those provisions as a “minor less than 17 years of age. The penal code also criminalizes abduction of a minor" (p. 15).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The secretary of state for gender equality and social inclusion is responsible for the promotion of gender equality. More than 30 NGOs focused and collaborated on women’s issues. During the parliamentary election campaign, this advocacy network signed pacts with the leaders of seven major political parties to uphold and defend the rights of women and children in the program for the new government" (p. 14).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Cultural pressure to marry, especially if a girl or woman becomes pregnant, was strong. Underage couples cannot officially marry, but are often married de facto once they have children together. Forced marriage rarely occurred, although reports indicated that social pressure sometimes encouraged victims of rape to marry their attacker or persons to enter into an arranged marriage where a bride price was paid" (p. 15).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Although a marriage cannot be registered until the younger spouse is at least age 16, cultural, religious and civil marriages were recognized in the civil code" (p. 15).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law broadly covers all forms of domestic violence, including marital rape, and augments the Penal Code" (p. 12).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"At the local level, at least three women must serve on every village council, which generally include 10 to 20 representatives, depending on village size. In the local elections, the number of female village chiefs increased from 11 to 21" (p. 10).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution states that 'women and men shall have the same rights and duties in all areas of family life and political, economic, social, cultural life,' but it does not specifically address discrimination" (p. 13).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Several NGOs criticized the failure to issue protection orders and over-reliance on suspended sentences, even in cases involving significant bodily harm. Prosecutors routinely charged cases involving aggravated injury and use of deadly weapons as low-level simple assaults" (p. 1).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"While initial attendance rates for boys and girls were similar, girls often were forced to leave school if they became pregnant and faced difficulty in obtaining school documents or transferring schools. Lack of sanitation facilities at some schools also led some girls to drop out upon reaching puberty" (p. 14).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"Although rape, including marital rape, is a crime punishable by up to 20 years in prison, failures to investigate or prosecute cases of alleged rape and sexual abuse were common" (p. 12).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The PNTL’s Vulnerable Persons Units (VPUs) generally handled cases of domestic violence and sexual crimes, but does not have enough staff to provide a significant presence in all areas of the country" (p. 13).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to the most recent information from UNICEF (2015), an estimated 19 percent of girls married prior to the age of 18" (p. 15).
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, East Timor, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kosovo, Laos, Lesotho, Macedonia, Maldives, Mali, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Serbia, Singapore, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, South Sudan, Taiwan, Ukraine
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

2.0
May 1, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, India, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, New Zealand, Pakistan, Turkey, Vietnam
Variables: SUICIDE-SCALE-1

2.0
April 26, 2019, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: GP-DATA-5

Timor-Leste law establishes an anti-discrimination commission (143).