The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Egypt

Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"At the political level, with 89 female members of parliament, women in parliament represent about 15% of total parliamentarians. This level of representation has never been registered in the history of the Egyptian parliament" (para 11).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Also, the strategy document indicates that data suggests 2.5 million women were subjected to harassment in 2014" (para 9).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Egyptian member of parliament Hiyam Halawa announced Dec. 3 that she had finalized a proposal for the establishment of a Ministry for Women's Affairs" (para 1). "The NCW had launched the Women's Empowerment Strategy 2030 earlier this year with the main objective to improve all female-related indicators by 2030" (para 10).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The state ought to establish the independent commission entrusted to eliminate all forms of discrimination provided for by Article 53 of the 2014" (para 13).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"In 2014, sexual violence at the hands of their husbands affected 4.1% of Egyptian women, 25.2% experienced physical violence from their husbands and the percentage of females ages 20-29 who married before the age of 18 was 18%" (para 9).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"the employment rate among women was 24% in 2015, while 24.2% of women participated in the labor force in 2016" (para 8).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The document also notes that female employees in public office represented 5% of the total staff in 2016" (para 8).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"According to the NCW's Women's Empowerment Strategy 2030 launched in March, 26.3% of female breadwinners in Egypt lived under the poverty line" (para 8).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi declared 2017 the Year of Women" (para 10). "The NCW has been recently making remarkable efforts. It launched in June 2016 a media campaign under the slogan 'The Taa' Marbouta is your strength' — in Arabic, a language where words have grammatical gender, the taa’ marbouta is a letter at the end of a word to denote femininity. The campaign aims to encourage women to break all barriers standing in their way and not to accept society’s narrow perceptions. It was launched in partnership with the United Nations Population Fund, UN Women, the United Nations Development Program and the Swedish Embassy" (para 16-17). "During a meeting ...more
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Women also assume four portfolios in the current 33 ministries: Manpower and Migration, Investment and International Cooperation, Social Solidarity, and Planning" (para 11).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"In October, the NCW launched another campaign titled '17 Days of Activity to Empower Rural Women to Develop Their Communities'" (para 18).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"But in Egypt, the National Council for Women (NCW) is the national mechanism regulating and addressing Egyptian women's affairs. The council was established by a presidential decree in 2000 and is subordinate to the president of the republic. The NCW proposes the general policy when it comes to the development of women’s affairs, empowering women to fulfill their economic role, integrating their efforts into comprehensive development programs, submitting proposals and observations to the competent authorities, and expressing an opinion on all conventions relating to women. Halawa talked to Al-Monitor about her proposal. 'The establishment of this ministry aims to create a single entity that includes all institutions concerned with women's ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"'EIPR observed cases where veiled Syrian women were physically attacked, insulted and kicked out of public microbuses because people recognised their nationality through their distinct hijab'"(5). This statement was made by Dali Abd El-Hameed (ENB-Coder Comment). "Many people who oppose ousted president Morsi believe Syrians in Egypt, who are in the many thousands thanks to the civil war in Syria, were supporting him and opposed his toppling"(5)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SRACE-PRACTICE-1

"Sara moved to Cairo to join the English section of the linguistics faculty at Ain Shams University. She first started to feel the differences between both countries' [Egypt and Kuwait] norms on campus. 'In my early days, I once went to the university in shorts. I was playing basketball at the time and shorts were just the most practical and convenient [thing]. I was denied entry at the gate by security personnel'"(1)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"A photo of a young woman with a swollen eye and bruises on her cheek went viral on social media on Monday. She was allegedly assaulted for taking off her hijab three months ago. A Facebook account named Nehal Kamal, the girl in the photo, says the injuries were the price of taking off the veil. She did not go through details and was not available for further comment. 'The one who wants to take off [the hijab] is not as untroubled as the one who wants to put [it] on,' says Nehal, who identifies herself on Facebook as an interior designer, vocalist and actress"(4)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-PRACTICE-7

"'Getting groped or touched by sexual harassers would happen on average once a month [in Cairo],' recalls Sara, the daughter of an Egyptian mother and a Moroccan father. Sara was born and raised in Kuwait. She moved to Egypt for a year"(1)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1, ASR-PRACTICE-1, ASR-DATA-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"In Egypt, it is common to prohibit veiled women from entering night clubs and pubs. Since last year, an increasing number of veiled women were reported to have been denied entry to restaurants as well. One of the cases that created a fuss was that of Heba Arnaout, a professor of microbiology in her 50s who has been veiled for many years. Going to a restaurant and bar in Cairo's upscale district of Zamalek late in December, she says she was asked to leave with her husband and foreign friends because she was wearing the hijab. They got a table after threatening to go to the police and file a ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-2

"The hijab became increasingly common among the working classes in Egypt from the 1970s"(1)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"On the other hand, girls in rundown districts after a certain age would have to wear the hijab as per communal traditions. If not, she could suffer dire consequences in school, at home, or in the street"(4)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Calls for women to take off their veils at a demonstration in Cairo initiated debate over Islamic attire for women in Egypt"(1). Included in the article is a photo that Nehal Kamal took of herself after being assaulted after taking off her veil. In the photo she seems to have a swollen eye. The photo was published on Facebook and went viral (ENB-Coder Comment)."The hijab became increasingly common among the working classes in Egypt from the 1970s. In the early 2000s, thanks to rhetoric from Islamic preacher Amr Khaled, who was massively popular at the time among the youth, many girls from upper and middle classes opted to be veiled ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Sara had visited Cairo beforehand. But when she began living there in 2001, she says, she experienced the predicament of being a woman in the huge city, both with and without the hijab.'Getting groped or touched by sexual harassers would happen on average once a month,' recalls Sara, the daughter of an Egyptian mother and a Moroccan father who was born and raised in Kuwait"(1)."The harassment Sara was subject to was not always sexual, she says, but some also came from people – mainly female colleagues – who were not happy with the fact that she was Muslim and not veiled"(1)."Sara wore the veil for five years. But the headscarf ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"Sara moved to Cairo to join the English section of the linguistics faculty at Ain Shams University. She first started to feel the differences between both countries' norms on campus. 'In my early days, I once went to the university in shorts. I was playing basketball at the time and shorts were just the most practical and convenient [thing]. I was denied entry at the gate by security personnel'"(1)."In Egypt, it is common to prohibit veiled women from entering night clubs and pubs. Since last year, an increasing number of veiled women were reported to have been denied entry to restaurants as well. One of the cases that created a ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"Writer Cherif Choubachy recently called for a demonstration in which veiled women would take off their headscarves, arguing that the hijab is the result of oppression and backwardness. His proposed protest stirred up controversy, with some voicing support and others objecting to the call. There has still been no confirmation that any such rally will actually be staged"(2-3)."Similarly, [Cherif] Choubachy has unilaterally decided to talk on behalf of veiled women and express what he thinks is best for them, Arnaout says. 'I understand that people have the right to express their opinions. A writer would produce an op-ed for instance, but you don't get to tell people what to do. ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Sara had visited Cairo beforehand. But when she began living there in 2001, she says, she experienced the predicament of being a woman in the huge city, both with and without the hijab.'Getting groped or touched by sexual harassers would happen on average once a month,' recalls Sara, the daughter of an Egyptian mother and a Moroccan father who was born and raised in Kuwait"(1)."'Sexual harassment could be the reason why a girl would wear the veil in Egypt, even today, I believe. I have visited Cairo several times in recent years and I see that sexual harassment is rampant'"(2). This statement was made by Sara who is from Kuwait ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Sara moved to Cairo to join the English section of the linguistics faculty at Ain Shams University. She first started to feel the differences between both countries' norms on campus. 'In my early days, I once went to the university in shorts. I was playing basketball at the time and shorts were just the most practical and convenient [thing]. I was denied entry at the gate by security personnel'"(1)."On the other hand, girls in rundown districts after a certain age would have to wear the hijab as per communal traditions. If not, she could suffer dire consequences in school, at home, or in the street"(4)
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

Sara's mom is from Egypt, her dad is from Morocco, and she was raised in Kuwait. She lived and worked in Egypt for a year to teach at a university and now lives in New York (ENB-Coder Comment)."Since the 1970s, women's veils started to become familiar in Egypt, 'primarily due to strong religious rhetoric, and mass migration to Gulf countries that resulted in some of their traditions being brought back home'"(5). This statement was made by Samia Kadri, a sociology professor (ENB-Coder Comment)."'EIPR observed cases where veiled Syrian women were physically attacked, insulted and kicked out of public microbuses because people recognised their nationality through their distinct hijab'"(5). This statement ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Sara had visited Cairo beforehand. But when she began living there in 2001, she says, she experienced the predicament of being a woman in the huge city, both with and without the hijab.'Getting groped or touched by sexual harassers would happen on average once a month,' recalls Sara, the daughter of an Egyptian mother and a Moroccan father who was born and raised in Kuwait.'Verbal harassment, that's all the time. Not a day would go by without hearing comments whether from people flirting with me, hurling sexual insults at me, criticising or even cursing me for the way I dress'"(1)."Sara moved to Cairo to join the English section of the ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"Veil or no veil, Egyptian women are often stigmatised, or worse. Calls for women to take off their veils at a demonstration in Cairo initiated debate over Islamic attire for women in Egypt"(1)."After spending one year living in Cairo, Muslim teenager Sara decided to adopt the Islamic veil, dressing modestly to show only her face and the palms of her hands in public as per mainstream Islamic teachings for women. She was not following her religious beliefs by wearing the hijab, but rather succumbing to social pressure and seeking to avoid recurrent harassment. Sara had visited Cairo beforehand. But when she began living there in 2001, she says, she experienced ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The hijab became increasingly common among the working classes in Egypt from the 1970s"(1)."Sara moved to Cairo to join the English section of the linguistics faculty at Ain Shams University. She first started to feel the differences between both countries' norms on campus. 'In my early days, I once went to the university in shorts. I was playing basketball at the time and shorts were just the most practical and convenient [thing]. I was denied entry at the gate by security personnel'"(1)."In Egypt, it is common to prohibit veiled women from entering night clubs and pubs. Since last year, an increasing number of veiled women were reported to have been ...more
Jan. 6, 2018, 8:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"'Many factors control how women dress in Egypt,' she [Dalia Abd El-Hameed] explains. 'Social class, workplaces, places of residence, families, among other elements affect how a woman dresses. These are layers of authority imposed on women's bodies, and that makes talking about how free women are to dress how they want relatively meaningless. In some cases, physical violence could be the price of challenging these authorities.' A photo of a young woman with a swollen eye and bruises on her cheek went viral on social media on Monday. She was allegedly assaulted for taking off her hijab three months ago. A Facebook account named Nehal Kamal, the girl in the ...more