## Latest items for Egypt

March 24, 2020, 3:48 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to the Demographic and Health Survey 'Egypt 2014,' the number of women undergoing FGM has declined. It showed that the number of mutilated females aged 15-17 dropped to 61% that year, compared with 74% in 2008. The same survey said 92% of the polled women of reproductive age (15-49), who were or had ever been married, had undergone FGM, compared with 96% in 2005. The survey showed that FGM among all women aged 15-49 decreased by 6% between 2005 and 2014 and by 13% among women aged 15-17 between the years 2008 and 2014. Yet the number of women undergoing this procedure is still alarming" (para 12-14).more

Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to the Demographic and Health Survey 'Egypt 2014,' the number of women undergoing FGM has declined. It showed that the number of mutilated females aged 15-17 dropped to 61% that year, compared with 74% in 2008. The same survey said 92% of the polled women of reproductive age (15-49), who were or had ever been married, had undergone FGM, compared with 96% in 2005. The survey showed that FGM among all women aged 15-49 decreased by 6% between 2005 and 2014 and by 13% among women aged 15-17 between the years 2008 and 2014. Yet the number of women undergoing this procedure is still alarming" (para 12-14).more

March 24, 2020, 3:48 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2008, Egypt banned FGM operations in governmental and nongovernmental hospitals and other private or public practices following the death of an Egyptian teenager, Baddour Shaker, who had undergone the procedure in June of that year" (para 3). "Mona Ezzat, head of the Women and Work Program at Egyptian human rights group New Woman Foundation, told Al-Monitor, 'FGM is associated with the prevailing customs, traditions and culture in society. It is practiced in [Egypt] because parents are still totally convinced of its viability. Thus, forcing society to relinquish this tradition should not be done through laws alone'" (para 6). "People in nonurban governorates even have traditional songs about FGM, which...more

Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2008, Egypt banned FGM operations in governmental and nongovernmental hospitals and other private or public practices following the death of an Egyptian teenager, Baddour Shaker, who had undergone the procedure in June of that year" (para 3). "Mona Ezzat, head of the Women and Work Program at Egyptian human rights group New Woman Foundation, told Al-Monitor, 'FGM is associated with the prevailing customs, traditions and culture in society. It is practiced in [Egypt] because parents are still totally convinced of its viability. Thus, forcing society to relinquish this tradition should not be done through laws alone'" (para 6). "People in nonurban governorates even have traditional songs about FGM, which...more

March 24, 2020, 3:48 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Egyptian parliament has significantly boosted criminal penalties for female genital mutilation (FGM), passing an amendment that is widely welcomed by many segments of Egyptian society" (para 1). "In 2008, Egypt banned FGM operations in governmental and nongovernmental hospitals and other private or public practices following the death of an Egyptian teenager, Baddour Shaker, who had undergone the procedure in June of that year. A few months later, an article was added to the penal code criminalizing FGM and punishing those who force it upon women with jail terms of three months to two years, in addition to a fine of 1,000-5,000 Egyptian pounds ($113 to $563). The bill defined...more

Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Egyptian parliament has significantly boosted criminal penalties for female genital mutilation (FGM), passing an amendment that is widely welcomed by many segments of Egyptian society" (para 1). "In 2008, Egypt banned FGM operations in governmental and nongovernmental hospitals and other private or public practices following the death of an Egyptian teenager, Baddour Shaker, who had undergone the procedure in June of that year. A few months later, an article was added to the penal code criminalizing FGM and punishing those who force it upon women with jail terms of three months to two years, in addition to a fine of 1,000-5,000 Egyptian pounds ($113 to $563). The bill defined...more

March 24, 2020, 3:12 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Egyptian women have been using a number of hashtags — among them #Idon’tFeelSafeOnTheStreet, #AntiHarassment and #ExposeHarasser — on social networking sites to speak up about the daily sexual harassment they experience. These campaigns are part of an effort to expose harassers and break the silence surrounding their crimes, which are haunting women in Egypt. Women have tweeted myriad incidents along with advocating the courage to expose and confront harassers. With Egyptian police quite indifferent to incidents of sexual harassment, women are taking the initiative to expose sexual harassers online" (para 1-2). "Haitham Tabi, an Egyptian journalist, called on women to tweet their concerns using the hashtag #Idon’tFeelSafeOnTheStreet, after a number...more

Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Egyptian women have been using a number of hashtags — among them #Idon’tFeelSafeOnTheStreet, #AntiHarassment and #ExposeHarasser — on social networking sites to speak up about the daily sexual harassment they experience. These campaigns are part of an effort to expose harassers and break the silence surrounding their crimes, which are haunting women in Egypt. Women have tweeted myriad incidents along with advocating the courage to expose and confront harassers. With Egyptian police quite indifferent to incidents of sexual harassment, women are taking the initiative to expose sexual harassers online" (para 1-2). "Haitham Tabi, an Egyptian journalist, called on women to tweet their concerns using the hashtag #Idon’tFeelSafeOnTheStreet, after a number...more

March 24, 2020, 3:12 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Former interim President Adly Mansour issued a decree June 6, 2014, amending some provisions of the penal code to deal with sexual harassment. Days later, on June 10, a woman suffered severe burns after she was sexually abused in Tahrir Square during the inauguration of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. The Egyptian penal code includes three articles relating to sexual harassment. They stipulate the issuance of sanctions for crimes committed by force or threat or involving obscene acts toward women. In such instances, harassers face six months to five years in prison, in addition to a fine of up to 50,000 Egyptian pounds ($6,991). No law in Egypt, however, addresses sexual...more

Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Former interim President Adly Mansour issued a decree June 6, 2014, amending some provisions of the penal code to deal with sexual harassment. Days later, on June 10, a woman suffered severe burns after she was sexually abused in Tahrir Square during the inauguration of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. The Egyptian penal code includes three articles relating to sexual harassment. They stipulate the issuance of sanctions for crimes committed by force or threat or involving obscene acts toward women. In such instances, harassers face six months to five years in prison, in addition to a fine of up to 50,000 Egyptian pounds ($6,991). No law in Egypt, however, addresses sexual...more

March 23, 2020, 2:58 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2014 is 0.176, standard deviation is 0.065, 2.5th percentile is 0.049, and 97.5th percentile is 0.300.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2014 is 0.176, standard deviation is 0.065, 2.5th percentile is 0.049, and 97.5th percentile is 0.300.

March 23, 2020, 2:53 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2013 is 0.125, standard deviation is 0.062, 2.5th percentile is 0.007, and 97.5th percentile is 0.247.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2013 is 0.125, standard deviation is 0.062, 2.5th percentile is 0.007, and 97.5th percentile is 0.247.

March 23, 2020, 2:50 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2012 is 0.194, standard deviation is 0.064, 2.5th percentile is 0.061, and 97.5th percentile is 0.319.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2012 is 0.194, standard deviation is 0.064, 2.5th percentile is 0.061, and 97.5th percentile is 0.319.

March 23, 2020, 2:47 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2011 is 0.094, standard deviation is 0.065, 2.5th percentile is -0.037, and 97.5th percentile is 0.220.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2011 is 0.094, standard deviation is 0.065, 2.5th percentile is -0.037, and 97.5th percentile is 0.220.

March 23, 2020, 2:41 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2010 is 0.099, standard deviation is 0.060, 2.5th percentile is -0.014, and 97.5th percentile is 0.222.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2010 is 0.099, standard deviation is 0.060, 2.5th percentile is -0.014, and 97.5th percentile is 0.222.

March 23, 2020, 2:38 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2009 is 0.113, standard deviation is 0.064, 2.5th percentile is -0.005, and 97.5th percentile is 0.245.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2009 is 0.113, standard deviation is 0.064, 2.5th percentile is -0.005, and 97.5th percentile is 0.245.

March 23, 2020, 2:34 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2008 is -0.372, standard deviation is 0.729, 2.5th percentile is -1.833, and 97.5th percentile is 1.052.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2008 is -0.372, standard deviation is 0.729, 2.5th percentile is -1.833, and 97.5th percentile is 1.052.

March 23, 2020, 2:27 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2007 is -0.201, standard deviation is 0.368, 2.5th percentile is -0.916, and 97.5th percentile is 0.535.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2007 is -0.201, standard deviation is 0.368, 2.5th percentile is -0.916, and 97.5th percentile is 0.535.

March 23, 2020, 2:21 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2006 is -0.259, standard deviation is 0.342, 2.5th percentile is -0.912, and 97.5th percentile is 0.410.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2006 is -0.259, standard deviation is 0.342, 2.5th percentile is -0.912, and 97.5th percentile is 0.410.

March 23, 2020, 2:15 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2005 is -0.194, standard deviation is 0.352, 2.5th percentile is -0.872, and 97.5th percentile is 0.507.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2005 is -0.194, standard deviation is 0.352, 2.5th percentile is -0.872, and 97.5th percentile is 0.507.

March 23, 2020, 2:05 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2004 is -0.031, standard deviation is 0.062, 2.5th percentile is -0.151, and 97.5th percentile is 0.093.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2004 is -0.031, standard deviation is 0.062, 2.5th percentile is -0.151, and 97.5th percentile is 0.093.

March 23, 2020, 1:56 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2003 is -0.017, standard deviation is 0.060, 2.5th percentile is -0.137, and 97.5th percentile is 0.101.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2003 is -0.017, standard deviation is 0.060, 2.5th percentile is -0.137, and 97.5th percentile is 0.101.

March 23, 2020, 1:47 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2002 is 0.144, standard deviation is 0.367, 2.5th percentile is -0.556, and 97.5th percentile is 0.875.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2002 is 0.144, standard deviation is 0.367, 2.5th percentile is -0.556, and 97.5th percentile is 0.875.

March 23, 2020, 1:38 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2001 is -0.127, standard deviation is 0.063, 2.5th percentile is -0.254, and 97.5th percentile is -0.009.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2001 is -0.127, standard deviation is 0.063, 2.5th percentile is -0.254, and 97.5th percentile is -0.009.

March 23, 2020, 1:33 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2000 is 0.001, standard deviation is 0.261, 2.5th percentile is -0.517, and 97.5th percentile is 0.511.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 2000 is 0.001, standard deviation is 0.261, 2.5th percentile is -0.517, and 97.5th percentile is 0.511.

March 23, 2020, 1:20 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1999 is 0.009, standard deviation is 0.255, 2.5th percentile is -0.510, and 97.5th percentile is 0.494.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1999 is 0.009, standard deviation is 0.255, 2.5th percentile is -0.510, and 97.5th percentile is 0.494.

March 23, 2020, 1:14 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1998 is -0.301, standard deviation is 0.670, 2.5th percentile is -1.664, and 97.5th percentile is 1.035.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1998 is -0.301, standard deviation is 0.670, 2.5th percentile is -1.664, and 97.5th percentile is 1.035.

March 23, 2020, 1:09 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1997 is -0.265, standard deviation is 0.257, 2.5th percentile is -0.757, and 97.5th percentile is 0.216.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1997 is -0.265, standard deviation is 0.257, 2.5th percentile is -0.757, and 97.5th percentile is 0.216.

March 23, 2020, 1:04 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1996 is -0.541, standard deviation is 0.262, 2.5th percentile is -1.032, and 97.5th percentile is -0.025.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1996 is -0.541, standard deviation is 0.262, 2.5th percentile is -1.032, and 97.5th percentile is -0.025.

March 23, 2020, 12:59 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1995 is -0.259, standard deviation is 0.248, 2.5th percentile is -0.742, and 97.5th percentile is 0.228.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1995 is -0.259, standard deviation is 0.248, 2.5th percentile is -0.742, and 97.5th percentile is 0.228.

March 23, 2020, 12:53 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1994 is -0.425, standard deviation is 0.263, 2.5th percentile is -0.944, and 97.5th percentile is 0.081.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1994 is -0.425, standard deviation is 0.263, 2.5th percentile is -0.944, and 97.5th percentile is 0.081.

March 23, 2020, 12:49 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1993 is -0.380, standard deviation is 0.267, 2.5th percentile is -0.925, and 97.5th percentile is 0.134.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1993 is -0.380, standard deviation is 0.267, 2.5th percentile is -0.925, and 97.5th percentile is 0.134.

March 23, 2020, 12:40 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1992 is -0.345, standard deviation is 0.269, 2.5th percentile is -0.888, and 97.5th percentile is 0.167.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1992 is -0.345, standard deviation is 0.269, 2.5th percentile is -0.888, and 97.5th percentile is 0.167.

March 23, 2020, 12:36 p.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1991 is -0.794, standard deviation is 0.067, 2.5th percentile is -0.929, and 97.5th percentile is -0.668.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1991 is -0.794, standard deviation is 0.067, 2.5th percentile is -0.929, and 97.5th percentile is -0.668.

March 23, 2020, 10:16 a.m.

Countries: Egypt

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1990 is -0.883, standard deviation is 0.064, 2.5th percentile is -1.006, and 97.5th percentile is -0.756.

Variables: HILLKARIM-SCALE-1

Inclusion mean for Egypt in 1990 is -0.883, standard deviation is 0.064, 2.5th percentile is -1.006, and 97.5th percentile is -0.756.