The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Egypt

May 1, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-8

"In Egypt, around 40% of the population marry a cousin" (para 3). "Unlike in the West, there is no social stigma; quite the opposite. A 38-year-old Egyptian woman, who has two sons with micro-syndrome (which causes cataracts, small genitalia and learning difficulties) due to her marriage to a cousin, says relatives nonetheless criticise her for allowing her 18-year-old daughter to get engaged to a 'stranger'—the fiancé is not a relation" (para 5).
May 1, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Egypt repealed its law [absolving rapists of punishment if they agreed to marry their victims] in 1999" (para 5).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"Egyptian divorced women get custody of their children until they turn 15 while fathers get limited visitation rights” (para 2).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DSFMF-LAW-1

"The penal code also discriminates against women in specific crimes concerning adultery and honor. Under the law, a man is only accused of adultery if his alleged act is committed within the marital home, while a woman can be accused of adultery regardless of the place" (para 11).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"both men and women complain of lack of public rights such as the need for a minimum wage, but women only face a gender-based wage disparity in favor of men in many jobs" (para 7).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Almost one in five women aged 20-29 were married before the age of 18" (para 16).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"Egyptian women face a patriarchal culture and are barred from certain public positions, such as judicial posts" (para 8).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"For example, qualified candidate Omnia Gadallah applied for a judicial position at Egypt's State Council. Though Article 11 of the 2014 constitution guarantees equality between men and women, her application was not accepted for consideration. On Nov. 11, 2017, the Board of Commissioners of the Second Chamber of the Supreme Administrative Court refused to hear a case brought for the appointment of women judges to the council" (para 9).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"This has resulted in an unemployment rate among women of 24% compared to only about 8% among men" (para 8).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"In 2014, 4.1% of Egyptian women have been subject to sexual violence from their husbands" (para 16).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Article 20 of the Khula Law specifies that if two spouses do not mutually agree on divorce, the wife files a claim requesting khula, which waives all of her lawful financial rights. The provision has made it legally much easier for Egyptian women to get divorced, though they still risk losing everything" (para 3).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"This has resulted in an unemployment rate among women of 24% compared to only about 8% among men" (para 8). "The Women's Empowerment Strategy 2030 drafted by the NCW and issued in March 2017 noted that in 2016, women made up 24.2% of the workforce. In 2015, the unemployment rate among women was 24%, and in 2016, the percentage of women in administrative positions was just 6%" (para 16).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The NCW was established by a presidential decree in 2000 and operates under the president's office. It proposes general policies on women’s affairs to economically empower women, organize comprehensive development programs and submit proposals and observations to the administration" (para 6). "Article 214 of the constitution stipulates, 'The law provides for independent national councils including the National Council for Human Rights, the National Council for Women, the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood, and the National Council for Persons with Disabilities. The law sets out their structures, mandates and guarantees the independence and neutrality of their members'" (para 14).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3, ATDW-DATA-1

"[An Egyptian Lawyer] explained, 'The personal status laws proved to be biased toward women, especially Law No. 1 of 2000 known as the Khula Law [permitting no-fault divorce] that completely destroyed Egyptian families, with a divorce case occurring every four minutes'" (para 2).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"In 2014, 4.1% of Egyptian women have been subject to sexual violence from their husbands, and 25.2% have suffered physical violence at the hands of their husbands" (para 16).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"Mona Ezzat, the director of the Women and Work Program at the New Woman Foundation, sees the call for a council for men as a response to women's issues having become so central to the public discourse. 'Some argue that men also have their rights trampled upon, and this is not true,' she told Al-Monitor" (para 7).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"An Egyptian lawyer has called for the establishment of a national council to advocate for men’s rights. On the TV program 'Hona al-Kahera' Feb. 14, attorney Essam Hajjaj said, 'The national council will aim to support men harmed by the personal status laws issued during the last 20 years and passed with the support of the National Council for Women'" (para 1). "Hajjaj had accused the National Council for Women (NCW) of harming men’s rights through its positions and laws it has drafted and endorsed since its establishment. 'We have not seen a similar council for men's affairs,' he said" (para 4). "Mona Ezzat, the director of the Women and...more
March 29, 2018, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: PW-DATA-1

According to a 2014 DHS survey of Egypt, the percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had no additional wives was 97.3%. The percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had one additional wife was 2.4%. The percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had two or more additional wives was 0.2%. This information was compiled by Professor Andrea Den Boer.
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"At the political level, with 89 female members of parliament, women in parliament represent about 15% of total parliamentarians. This level of representation has never been registered in the history of the Egyptian parliament" (para 11).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Also, the strategy document indicates that data suggests 2.5 million women were subjected to harassment in 2014" (para 9).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Egyptian member of parliament Hiyam Halawa announced Dec. 3 that she had finalized a proposal for the establishment of a Ministry for Women's Affairs" (para 1). "The NCW had launched the Women's Empowerment Strategy 2030 earlier this year with the main objective to improve all female-related indicators by 2030" (para 10).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The state ought to establish the independent commission entrusted to eliminate all forms of discrimination provided for by Article 53 of the 2014" (para 13).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"In 2014, sexual violence at the hands of their husbands affected 4.1% of Egyptian women, 25.2% experienced physical violence from their husbands and the percentage of females ages 20-29 who married before the age of 18 was 18%" (para 9).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"the employment rate among women was 24% in 2015, while 24.2% of women participated in the labor force in 2016" (para 8).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The document also notes that female employees in public office represented 5% of the total staff in 2016" (para 8).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"According to the NCW's Women's Empowerment Strategy 2030 launched in March, 26.3% of female breadwinners in Egypt lived under the poverty line" (para 8).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi declared 2017 the Year of Women" (para 10). "The NCW has been recently making remarkable efforts. It launched in June 2016 a media campaign under the slogan 'The Taa' Marbouta is your strength' — in Arabic, a language where words have grammatical gender, the taa’ marbouta is a letter at the end of a word to denote femininity. The campaign aims to encourage women to break all barriers standing in their way and not to accept society’s narrow perceptions. It was launched in partnership with the United Nations Population Fund, UN Women, the United Nations Development Program and the Swedish Embassy" (para 16-17). "During a meeting...more
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Women also assume four portfolios in the current 33 ministries: Manpower and Migration, Investment and International Cooperation, Social Solidarity, and Planning" (para 11).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"In October, the NCW launched another campaign titled '17 Days of Activity to Empower Rural Women to Develop Their Communities'" (para 18).
Jan. 12, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"But in Egypt, the National Council for Women (NCW) is the national mechanism regulating and addressing Egyptian women's affairs. The council was established by a presidential decree in 2000 and is subordinate to the president of the republic. The NCW proposes the general policy when it comes to the development of women’s affairs, empowering women to fulfill their economic role, integrating their efforts into comprehensive development programs, submitting proposals and observations to the competent authorities, and expressing an opinion on all conventions relating to women. Halawa talked to Al-Monitor about her proposal. 'The establishment of this ministry aims to create a single entity that includes all institutions concerned with women's...more