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Latest items for El Salvador

March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: CBMC-DATA-1

"For 2013 the statistic on pregnant adolescents remains at 31.63 per cent in relation to total pregnancies among women age 20 and over" (31).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-3

"The LEIV Act, in Chapter II, Specific Procedural Provisions, of article 57, prescribes the procedural safeguards available to women facing acts of violence. It provides that women who are victims of trafficking shall enjoy the rights established by law and, in addition, will not be subject to punishments or impediments established in migratory laws, will be able to stay in the country in keeping with applicable law, and will have the right to legal counsel" (19-20).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"El Salvador is still facing a major challenge in enhancing its capacity to guarantee women their right of access to justice, with special emphasis on investigating and punishing violent deaths of women, given the fact that the number of cases that find their way into judicial cannels is still small: In 2012, 150 cases were brought to court (144 preliminarily categorized as homicide and 6 as femicide)" (37).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In light of the 1997 law prohibiting all forms of abortion, El Salvador recognizes the limitations this situation creates for the full enjoyment and exercise of sexual and reproductive rights by Salvadoran women" (30).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"In the framework of women’s rights to equality and non-discrimination, the Constitution of the Republic of El Salvador provides in article 3 that 'All persons are equal before the law. No restrictions on the exercise of civil rights may be established on the grounds of differences in nationality, race, sex or religion'. El Salvador has taken important legislative strides in protecting women’s rights with the adoption of the Act on Equality, Equity and Elimination of Discrimination against Women (“Ley de Igualdad, Equidad y Erradicación de la Discriminación contra las Mujeres” — LIE or Act on Equality), which has been in force since April of 2011, and the Special Comprehensive Act...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"To ensure continued provision of free services during the pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum periods, and proper nutrition during pregnancy and nursing, the Ministry of Health has formulated Technical Guidelines for Women’s Healthcare during pre-conception, childbirth, the puerperal stage and the newborn stage; Technical Operational Guidelines for the Childbirth Plan Strategy; and has built the National Women’s Hospital, a tertiary referral hospital provided with the necessary equipment and staffed with new human resources. This infrastructure replaces the Dr. Raúl Arguello Escolán National Maternity Hospital" (28). "By providing additional human resources, it has been possible to extend coverage of gynaecological-obstetric services to 24 hours/7 days a week at 20 of the 28...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LR-DATA-1

"Meanwhile, the Ministry of Education has strengthened literacy programmes, declaring some 22 municipalities free of illiteracy. The national literacy programme encourages citizen involvement and volunteerism with the establishment of literacy circles. Between 2009 and 2013, 172,479 women have been taught to read and write; of these 120,125 have reached the first level of literacy, which means 68 per cent of the total population served; and 52,354 women have reached the second and third levels of literacy (sixth grade), which represents 67 per cent of total population served at these levels. Of total number of women reaching literacy, 75 per cent live in rural areas and 25 per cent in urban...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"It is worth noting that both instruments were formulated in a participatory mode, through a process of nationwide consultation, by means of regional workshops, which made it possible to ensure validation and commitment, not only by public institutions but also by human rights non-governmental organizations made up of women and civil society movements" (17). The instruments referred to here are the National Plan for Equality and Equity for Salvadorean Women (PNIEMS) and the National Policy on Access to a Violence-Free Life for Women (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"For 2012, the rate of school attendance nationwide was 34 per cent for males and 29.5 per cent for females, which in total amounted to 1,847,763 persons attending a formal education establishment" (37).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"ISDEMU has opened a Substantive Equality Training School (EFIS) and reports that since 2013 training and awareness-raising courses have been provided to civil servants on the normative framework for equality and on women’s right to a violence-free life. The courses have been attended by 3,884 people. The Ministry of Labour and Social Security has designed a self-assessment form for compliance with labour rights, containing a catalogue of labour rights for women, aimed at prevention and at ensuring compliance with labour rights by employers and knowledge of their rights by working women and men. The Ministry has conducted trainings at the national level, training a total of 569 employees on gender...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"For women, the labour participation rate, which measures the degree of involvement of a population in the labour market, has been rising from 2008 to 2012, reaching 47.3 per cent in 2008 and 47.9 per cent in 2012" (26).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Executive Decree No. 74 created the “National Committee for implementing Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) and subsequent resolutions on women, peace and security,” geared to putting forward policies and standards that ensure compliance with said resolutions and ensuring increased representation by women at all decision-making levels in national, regional and international institutions and mechanisms for the prevention, management, and resolution of conflicts" (11). "The National Policy on Women was updated in 2010 and its measures were aligned with the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. This policy is a coherent set of relevant and viable measures that constitute added value for gender equality in the country, which require specific arrangements...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"In June of 2012, the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic adopted the Protocol for Investigating Femicide, whose purpose is to guide prosecutors, police investigators and forensic physicians in handling crime scenes involving homicides of women that may be treated as femicide. Also, Assistant prosecutors are trained at the School for Prosecutors in access to justice for women, offences that are defined in gender terms, and special investigation methods, including the Protocol mentioned above" (36-37).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Among the programmes is the Temporary Income Support Programme which has established a participation rate by women of 60 per cent, promoting training for women in non-traditional jobs" (18). "Some social programmes coordinated by the Technical Secretariat of the Office of the President in the framework of the Universal Social Protection System include strategies aimed at transforming sexist stereotypes. One of these is the Public Works Job Creation Programme, which promotes small-scale road building enterprises the majority of which are made up of women engaged in maintenance work on the highway network, which has traditionally been a male occupation" (18). "The government reports that a trend persists for women to...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ATC-DATA-1

"The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, hereinafter referred to as “CEDAW” or “the Convention”, was adopted on 1 May 1981 by Executive Decision No. 317 of the Revolutionary Government Junta, ratified on 2 June 1981 through Decree No. 705 of the Revolutionary Government Junta and deposited with the United Nations on 19 August of the same year" (5).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"In the period 2009-2013 the salary gap between women and men has shown a downward trend from 18.6 per cent to 14.3 per cent, meaning that in 2013 women would have had to increase their wages by 14.3 per cent in order to equal what men were receiving" (26).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

"The Government of El Salavador recognizes the obstacles faced due to non-ratificiation of the Optional Protocol to the Convention and the reservation on article 29 (1) of the Convention, and expresses its firm determination to pursue the process of ratification in order to ensure full application of the Convention and the attainment of equality between women and men" (12). Article 29 of the Convention discusses the administration of the Convention by state parties (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ATC-DATA-4

"Similarly, in November of 2014, ISDEMU again transmitted an official communication to the Legislative Assembly reiterating its request for the ratification of the Optional Protocol of CEDAW (Communication No. 1072-6-2001) with a view to its subsequent entry into force, as part of the normative framework fostering equality and non-discrimination for women in El Salvador. The Government of El Salvador recognizes the obstacles faced due to non-ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention and the reservation on article 29 (1) of the Convention, and expresses its firm determination to pursue the process of ratification in order to ensure full application of the Convention and the attainment of equality between women...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"The Community Health Teams operating at the Women’s City locations are exclusively for women and have specialized staff in the areas of obstetrics-gynaecology, internal medicine, paediatrics, nursing, psychology, dentistry, health education, clinical laboratory professionals, radiologists, radiology technicians, nutritionists, statisticians, and staff in other areas" (29). "Another strategy is support given to the Women’s City programme, which has been helping to foster access to health services, emphasizing sexual and reproductive health, for women in rural areas in the departments where the centres are located" (29-30).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"During the reporting period, the Act on the Financial System for Promotion of Development was approved, giving rise to the National Development Bank of El Salvador, which administers the Programme of Guarantees for businesswomen and women entrepreneurs who are attended to at the locations of Women’s City. As of 31 August 2014, it had granted a total of 563 credits for an average amount of $556.49 per credit. In October 2014, the Bank launched its Women’s Bank programme (Programa Banca Mujer) aimed at promoting economic development and financial inclusion for Salvadoran women entrepreneurs by three avenues: credit lines, guarantees for training, and technical assistance. The Solidarity Fund for Micro-enterprise Families...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ASR-DATA-1

"Sports policy is implemented through the National Institute of Sports of El Salvador. Its enhancement has gone hand in hand with increased practice of sports by the population, through execution of strategies at the community and school levels and through social inclusion. In 2012, participation in these programmes by 51,627 people was recorded, with women representing 55 per cent" (33).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The General Education Act and its 2011 amendments prohibit any kind of discrimination, denial of enrolment or expulsion of girls due to pregnancy" (8).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"With regard to women’s participation in municipal councils, a slight increase occurred during 2012-2015 in positions of councillor, which rose to 18.7 per cent; those serving as alderman 26.3 per cent and those serving as alternate aldermen rising to 31.5 per cent" (23).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Health has also created a National Network of Laboratories consisting of five regional laboratories, shortening the time required for intake and response, and reducing cost to the population, providing inter alia breast cancer and cervical cancer screenings. By providing additional human resources, it has been possible to extend coverage of gynaecological-obstetric services to 24 hours/7 days a week at 20 of the 28 maternity clinics nationwide, permitting monitoring of indicators related to childbirth and contributing to reduction of maternal mortality" (28-29). "Sixteen hostels for expectant mothers have been established, especially in geographical areas that are difficult to reach, making it possible for expectant mothers to find timely...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"With regard to political participation, on 14 February 2013 the Legislative Assembly adopted Decree No. 307, which contains amendments to articles 37 and 88 of the Political Parties Act. These articles constitute a temporary measure (2013-2027), intended while they are in force to create the necessary conditions for political parties to place on their slates at least the established percentage (30 per cent) of women candidates for popularly elected positions" (18-19).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"On 16 October 2014, the Legislative Assembly adopted the Special Act against Trafficking in Persons, which aims at detection, prevention, prosecution and punishment of the crime of trafficking, as well as care, projection and redress of the rights for victims. This enactment replaces the treatment of this offense in the Penal Code, through legislative Decree 824/2014 creating said Act" (19). "In 2012 the Ministry of Justice and Public Security (MJSP), through the National Council on Trafficking in Persons, adopted a national policy on a comprehensive and effective approach to trafficking in persons, which provides guidance for the design and implementation of public policies dealing with the approach to this offense;...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"Executive Decree No. 74 created the “National Committee for implementing Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) and subsequent resolutions on women, peace and security,” geared to putting forward policies and standards that ensure compliance with said resolutions and ensuring increased representation by women at all decision-making levels in national, regional and international institutions and mechanisms for the prevention, management, and resolution of conflicts" (11). "Women officials of the Foreign Ministry have represented the country at hearings before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in the context of cases relating to El Salvador before these fora" (24). "Moreover, it is reported that a large number...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"The LEIV provides that violence against women is any act based on their gender that causes death, injury or physical, sexual or psychological suffering, whether in the public or private sphere. Its purpose is to establish, recognize and guarantee the right of women to a life free of violence, by means of public policies geared to detection, prevention, care, protection, redress and sanctions, in order to protect their right to life, physical and moral integrity, freedom, non-discrimination, dignity, effective protection, personal security, real equality and equity" (7). The LEIV refers to the Special Comphrehensive Act on a Violence-Free Life for Women, and its passage indicates that violence against women is...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Salvadoran Government reports that in 2013 the Institute designed the System of Statistics and Monitoring for Equality (SEMI), for the purpose of fulfilling article 14 of the LIE Act. This system is made up of three modules: (1) a national statistical system and gender indicators; (2) indicators of follow-up of the PNM; and (3) indicators for the PNIEMS. Through the Institute, El Salvador has designed a proposed National System of Gender Statistics in accordance with the provisions of article 30 of the LIEV Act. This system is a management tool providing information on violence against women which makes available a shared data base about the types and modalities of...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"The Legislative Assembly, during its 2009-2012 term, created a three-pronged legislative scheme concerning gender, comprising the Commission on Women and Gender Equality, the Women’s Parliamentary Caucus (GPM), made up of legislators from different political parties, and the Gender Unit. The GPM strives to advance legislative initiatives in favour of women, pursuing a consensual agenda, and to ensure that the Gender Equality Policy and action plan are observed in the legislative domain, with the technical support of the Gender Unit. It was created by Legislative Decree No. 852 of 29 September 2011" (9). "In 2011, the Salvadoran Institute for the Advancement of Women (ISDEMU) established a working agenda jointly with the...more