The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Eritrea

July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Education through grade seven is compulsory and tuition free, although students’ families were responsible for providing uniforms, supplies, and transportation. Access to education was not universal. In rural areas parents enrolled fewer daughters than sons in school, but the percentage of girls in school continued to increase" (p. 19).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"Women held four of 17 ministerial positions: justice, tourism, labor, and health" (p. 16).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"Women also served as ambassador to France" (p. 16).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage for both men and women is 18, although religious entities may condone marriages at younger ages" (p. 19).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is a crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison if convicted" (p. 18). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 18" (p. 20).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"In 2015 the COI reported sexual violence against women and girls was widespread in military training camps, that the sexual violence by military personnel in camps and the army amounted to torture, and the forced domestic service of women and girls in training camps amounted to sexual slavery. In a 2015 report, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) expressed concern regarding reports of women in national service frequently subjected to sexual violence, including rape" (p. 3).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence is punishable as assault and battery. Authorities rarely intervened" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically criminalize spousal rape" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is a crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison if convicted" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes child prostitution and includes penalties relating to obscene or indecent publications" (p. 20).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The transitional penal code does not criminalize sexual harassment. There was no record of any person ever being charged or prosecuted for sexual harassment" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Government efforts to reduce FGM/C included public awareness campaigns at the local level targeting religious and community leaders. The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) worked with the government and other organizations, including the National Union of Eritrean Women and the National Union of Eritrean Youth and Students, on a variety of education programs to discourage the practice" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Girls in rural areas were particularly at risk for early marriage. Female ministers spoke publicly on the dangers of early marriage and collaborated with UN agencies to educate the public regarding these dangers, and many neighborhood committees actively discouraged the practice. In June 2016 the ERITREA 20 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2017 United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor government and the United Nations launched a national campaign to end child marriage in the country" (p. 19).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child derives citizenship from having at least one citizen parent, whether the person is born in the country or abroad" (p. 19).
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, East Timor, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kosovo, Laos, Lesotho, Macedonia, Maldives, Mali, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Serbia, Singapore, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, South Sudan, Taiwan, Ukraine
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

2.0
April 10, 2019, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: GP-DATA-1

According to the 2018 CIA database, 15% of ministerial positions in Eritrea (3 out of 20 total positions) are held by women. This equates to a 2 on a 0 to 4 scale and suggests mediocre representation of women in ministerial positions (CODER COMMENT - HGM).
April 4, 2019, 7:27 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Brazil, Burma/Myanmar, Chad, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Paraguay, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Ukraine, United States, Vanuatu
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-3

3.0
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

Eritrea law does not mandate equal remuneration for work of equal value. There is no legislation on mandatory retirement ages or pension benefits for men and women in Eritrea (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Eritrea can legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man (85). A woman in Eritrea can legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

There is no data provided on the percentage women make up of the total labor force in Eritrea (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

Sons and daughters have equal inheritance rights in Eritrea (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1

There is legislation on sexual harassment in education in Eritrea (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is no paid maternity leave available to women in Eritrea of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 0% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government does not support or provide childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (85). Parents in Eritrea are not able to work flexibly (85). Working flexibly, such as working from home or taking partial days off to care for children, could be considered a childcare benefit (SLE-CODER COMMENT).more
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Eritrea can work the same night hours as men. Women can work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are able to perform the same tasks at work as men (85). There is no legislation on mandatory retirement ages or pension benefits for men and women (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

Eritrea law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in employment. The dismissal of pregnant workers in Eritrea is prohibited. There is legislation on sexual harassment in education and employment. There are criminal penalties but no civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

Women are able to work in the same industries as men in Eritrea (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: DV-LAW-1

There is no legislation specifically addressing domestic violence in Eritrea (85).