The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Eritrea

Dec. 12, 2018, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MURDER-DATA-4

According to the WHO violence and homocide statistics, the total femicide rate as of 2015 was 2.6 per 100,000 female population. For ages 15-44, the rate was calculated to be 1.73 per 100,000 female population.
Dec. 11, 2018, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MURDER-DATA-3

According to the data chart, the female homicide rate in 2015 was 3.44 per 100,000 population.
Nov. 13, 2018, 1:46 p.m.
Countries: Comoros, Cote D'Ivoire, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Iraq, Madagascar, Mauritania, Namibia, Palestine, Rwanda, Solomon Islands, Swaziland, Yemen
Variables: BR-SCALE-1

2.0
Oct. 31, 2018, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau International base, the birth rate is 29.1 per 1000 population.
Oct. 23, 2018, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MMR-SCALE-2

4.0
Oct. 23, 2018, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MMR-SCALE-1

501.0
Oct. 23, 2018, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Libya, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Mozambique, Namibia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, North Korea, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: DACH-SCALE-2

1.0more
Oct. 23, 2018, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan, Botswana, Burma/Myanmar, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, India, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Senegal, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: DACH-SCALE-1

2.0
Oct. 10, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

According to the 2018 WHO statistical report, the proportion of married or in-union women of reproductive age (15-49 years) who have their need for family planning satisified wih modern methods is 19.6 (latest available data for 2007-2017).
Oct. 10, 2018, 9:53 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to the WHO 2018 statistical report, the adoescent birth rate (per 1000 women aged 15-19 years) was 76.0 based on data from 2007-2016.
Oct. 9, 2018, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: IM-DATA-1

According to the 2018 WHO statistical report, the under-five (0-5 years) mortality rate is 44.5 per 1000 live births and the neonatal mortality rate (infants who die within 28 days of birth) is 17.7 per 1000 live births (data is from 2016).
Oct. 8, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

According to the 2018 WHO statistical report, 34 percent of births were attended by skilled health personnel (latest data available from 2007-2017).
Oct. 5, 2018, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

According to the 2018 WHO statistical report, the average life expectancy for both sexes is 65.0 years, with the average life expectancy being 62.9 years for men and 67.1 years for women (data taken from global health estimates 2000-2016).
Oct. 4, 2018, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

The table titled "Countries with highest prevlanece of FGM, 2004-2015" shows 83% of women between the ages of 15-49 years in Eritrea have undergone female genital mutilation (1).
Sept. 26, 2018, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, 34 percent of births were attended by skilled health personnel (data from 2005-2016).
Sept. 26, 2018, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, 34 percent of births were attended by skilled health personnel (data from 2006-2014).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-8

"Marriage between relatives can be challenged by any interested person or the public prosecutor at any time. And courts can invalidate such marriages at any time. These types of defects to marriage are considered incurable" (5). "Marriage between relatives by consanguinity in the direct line, as well as between brothers and sisters, uncles and nieces and aunts and nephews; and between relatives by affinity is prohibited. The NCCE has narrowed the prohibition on relatives by consanguinity in the collateral line to the above listed relatives. Relatives outside of this list can get married and this seems to be a compromise to accommodate followers of Islam, since Islam permits marriage between...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The NCCE has re-institued co-habitation with fundamental changes to the approach adopted under the Civel Code of Ethipia of 1960" (8). The primary requirement for this type of marriage is its solemnization before an officer of civil status empowered to conduct such a public function. A man and a woman should appear before a civil status officer and give their consent to conclude marriage. Additional requirement to celebrate a civil marriage is a minimum of continuous six months residence of one of the future spouses or his parents or ascendants in the commune" (9). "Art. 520. - Religious Marriage: A religious marriage shall take place when a man and a...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"In reality, the majority of marriages concluded in Eritrea are either customary, religious, or a mixture of customary and religious... Traditionally, common features of these marriages include providing a guarantor (wahs in Tigrinya), dowry (outlawed by Proclamation No. 2/1991), feast (food, drink such as: enjera and swa, and dancing), and church ceremony" (8).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"A marriage concluded by a minor is valid if the minor attains age of majority and continues to stay married. After this point age cannot be a ground for annulment" (5). "In reality child marriage in Eritrea is not uncommon. Traditionally, although not very frequent these days, arranged marriage promised by parents between unborn children was acceptable. One statistical source indicates, in 2017, prevalence of child marriage at the age of 15 in Eritrea stood at 13%, placing the country at thirteenth in the world in terms of child marriage. Another source indicates that girls are often betrothed between the ages of 8 and 14 and conclude the marriage between...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The laws in Eritrea permit three ways of concluding marriage: civil, religious or customary. Article 518 enumerates the various kinds of marriage permitted according to the NCCE. It reads: 'Art. 518. - Various Kinds of Marriages. (1) Marriages may be contracted before a civil status officer. (2) Marriages may also be contracted according to the religion of the parties or to local custom... Outside the above noted three modes of concluding marriage, any form of union between a man and a woman is not legally recognized in Eritrea'" (8). "Religious institutions are not required by law to inform public authorities on marriages they celebrate and this creates a gap on...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-1, WR-LAW-1

"According to the 'period of widowhood' principle a woman is not allowed to remarry unless three hundred and six days have elapsed since the dissoluion of a previous marriage by death of her husband. However, if a woman does so, such a marriage cannot be invalidated on this ground alone" (4).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-1

"With regard to family issues the NCCE [New Civil Code of Eritre] aspires to ‘provide protection, unity and harmony to the natural and basic unit of the society – the family.’ The Constitution of Eritrea of 1997, appreciating the heritage of the Eritrean peoples’ love for family in its preamble, requires the State to ‘encourage love and respect for the family’, and recognizes the family as the ‘natural and fundamental unit of society’" (1-2).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"According to the NCCE minimum age for marriage is 18 years for both sexes.18 It was 15 years for women and 18 years for men in the Ethiopian Civil Code of 1960. This was amended by Proclamation No. 2/1991 to 18 years of age for both sexes and the same age is maintained in the NCCE... There are three categories of exceptions to this rule. The first exception occurs if three cumulative factors are met. These are: if both the man and the woman attain the full age of 16; the woman is pregnant or gave birth to a child; and a doctor’s declaration about the woman’s pregnancy or birth...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The laws in Eritrea permit three ways of concluding marriage: civil, religious or customary… In reality, the majority of marriages concluded in Eritrea are either customary, religious, or a mixture of customary and religious. Civil marriages are rarely used for lack of knowledge, cultural preference, and limited access to officers of civil status. Marriages by Christians are usually a mixture of both customary and religious ceremony. Traditionally, common features of these marriages include providing a guarantor (wahs in Tigrinya), dowry (outlawed by Proclamation No. 2/1991), feast (food, drink such as: enjera and swa, and dancing), and church ceremony" (8).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Girls are often betrothed between the ages of 8 and 14 and conclude the marriage between the ages of 13 and 15" (6). "In reality, the majority of marriages concluded in Eritrea are either customary, religious, or a mixture of customary and religious... Traditionally, common features of these marriages include providing a guarantor (wahs in Tigrinya), dowry (outlawed by Proclamation No. 2/1991), feast (food, drink such as: enjera and swa, and dancing), and church ceremony" (8).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Under the new Civil Code of Eritrea bigamy is outlawed… Based on this exception bigamy (polygamy) was permitted for the followers of Islam. This approach has been abandoned and the NCCE does not contain such an exception." (7).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"[The Constitution] states: Men and women of full legal age shall have the right, upon their consent, to marry and to found a family freely, without any discrimination and they shall have equal rights and duties as to all family affairs" (4). "According to the NCCE minimum age for marriage is 18 years for both sexes.18 It was 15 years for women and 18 years for men in the Ethiopian Civil Code of 1960. This was amended by Proclamation No. 2/1991 to 18 years of age for both sexes and the same age is maintained in the NCCE" (5). "The Constitution of Eritrea is very explicit in this regard and...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

"This reality of the Eritrean society is captured by the recognition that marriage could also be proved by ‘act of notoriety’ or ‘possession of status’. To show ‘possession of status’ it is sufficient to demonstrate by four witnesses who could testify that they have a ‘direct or indirect’ knowledge that religious or customary marriage was concluded" (12-13).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Religious marriage by Muslims is now governed by the NCCE, not by Sharia law. Under the TCCE the conditions common to all forms of marriage were declared inapplicable tomarriages concluded according to Islamic religion" (3). "Based on this exception bigamy (polygamy) was permitted for the followers of Islam. This approach has been abandoned and the NCCE does not contain such an exception" (7) The exception is referring to the Proclamation No. 2/1991 after Eritrea's independence, which stated that the section of the Civil Code of Ethipia that deals with necessary conditions for marriage are not applicable to Islamic marriages (CCS-CODER COMMENT).