The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Eritrea

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Bahamas, Benin, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Congo, D R Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Iceland, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, North Korea, Peru, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

0.0
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Eritrean Penal Code of 2015 criminalized some forms of trafficking in persons. Article 315 criminalized trafficking in women and young persons for sexual exploitation, which was punishable by up to seven years’ imprisonment; these penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with punishments prescribed for other serious crimes, such as kidnapping. Article 297 criminalized enslavement and prescribed penalties of seven to 16 years’ imprisonment, which were sufficiently stringent. Article 299 criminalized forced labor and prescribed penalties from six to 12 months’ imprisonment or a fine of 20,000 to 50,000 nakfa ($1,330-$3,330). These penalties were not sufficiently stringent" (195).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic victims in Eritrea, and traffickers exploit victims from Eritrea abroad. Perennially, thousands of Eritreans who fled the country are smuggled migrants seeking to be reunited with family members already overseas; those who sought to escape human rights abuses, including arbitrary arrest and detention, lack of due process, and religious persecution; were in search of better economic opportunities; or hoped to avoid the often indefinite periods of service in the government’s mandatory National Service (...) Traffickers also subject smaller numbers of Eritrean women and children to sex trafficking in Sudan; anecdotal reports suggest traffickers sometimes force Eritrean migrants into prostitution...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Eritrea does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; therefore Eritrea remained on Tier 3. Despite the lack of significant efforts, during the reporting year the government cooperated with an international organization to host and facilitate a conference on compliance with international conventions on organized crime, particularly on trafficking, and trained some Eritrean prosecutors and law enforcement officials. However, the government continued to subject its nationals to forced labor in its compulsory national service and citizen militia by forcing them to serve for indefinite or otherwise arbitrary periods. The government did not report any...more
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Education through grade seven is compulsory and tuition free, although students’ families were responsible for providing uniforms, supplies, and transportation. Access to education was not universal. In rural areas parents enrolled fewer daughters than sons in school, but the percentage of girls in school continued to increase" (p. 19).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"Women held four of 17 ministerial positions: justice, tourism, labor, and health" (p. 16).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"Women also served as ambassador to France" (p. 16).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage for both men and women is 18, although religious entities may condone marriages at younger ages" (p. 19).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is a crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison if convicted" (p. 18). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 18" (p. 20).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"In 2015 the COI reported sexual violence against women and girls was widespread in military training camps, that the sexual violence by military personnel in camps and the army amounted to torture, and the forced domestic service of women and girls in training camps amounted to sexual slavery. In a 2015 report, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) expressed concern regarding reports of women in national service frequently subjected to sexual violence, including rape" (p. 3).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"Domestic violence is punishable as assault and battery. Authorities rarely intervened" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically criminalize spousal rape" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is a crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison if convicted" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes child prostitution and includes penalties relating to obscene or indecent publications" (p. 20).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The transitional penal code does not criminalize sexual harassment. There was no record of any person ever being charged or prosecuted for sexual harassment" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Government efforts to reduce FGM/C included public awareness campaigns at the local level targeting religious and community leaders. The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) worked with the government and other organizations, including the National Union of Eritrean Women and the National Union of Eritrean Youth and Students, on a variety of education programs to discourage the practice" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Girls in rural areas were particularly at risk for early marriage. Female ministers spoke publicly on the dangers of early marriage and collaborated with UN agencies to educate the public regarding these dangers, and many neighborhood committees actively discouraged the practice. In June 2016 the ERITREA 20 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2017 United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor government and the United Nations launched a national campaign to end child marriage in the country" (p. 19).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child derives citizenship from having at least one citizen parent, whether the person is born in the country or abroad" (p. 19).
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, East Timor, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kosovo, Laos, Lesotho, Macedonia, Maldives, Mali, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Serbia, Singapore, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, South Sudan, Taiwan, Ukraine
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

2.0
April 10, 2019, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: GP-DATA-1

According to the 2018 CIA database, 15% of ministerial positions in Eritrea (3 out of 20 total positions) are held by women. This equates to a 2 on a 0 to 4 scale and suggests mediocre representation of women in ministerial positions (CODER COMMENT - HGM).
April 4, 2019, 7:27 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Brazil, Burma/Myanmar, Chad, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Paraguay, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Ukraine, United States, Vanuatu
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-3

3.0
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

Eritrea law does not mandate equal remuneration for work of equal value. There is no legislation on mandatory retirement ages or pension benefits for men and women in Eritrea (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Eritrea can legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man (85). A woman in Eritrea can legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

There is no data provided on the percentage women make up of the total labor force in Eritrea (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (85).
March 29, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

Sons and daughters have equal inheritance rights in Eritrea (85).