The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Estonia

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Guyana, Iceland, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Laos, Latvia, Macedonia, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, South Sudan, Suriname, Switzerland, Tanzania, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

1.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Sections 133, 1331, and 175 of the penal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking. Section 133 (trafficking in human beings) criminalized placing a person in a situation of exploitation through force, fraud, or coercion, and prescribed penalties of between one and seven years’ imprisonment for offenses involving an adult victim, and three to 15 years for those involving a child victim. Section 1331 (support to human trafficking) separately criminalized the transportation, delivery, escorting, acceptance, concealment, or accommodation of an individual into a situation of exploitation through force, fraud, or coercion, and prescribed penalties of up to five years’ imprisonment for offenses involving an adult victim, and between two and...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"The Aliens Act enabled foreign victims to receive temporary residence permits, accommodation, and education; the government did not grant temporary residence permits to any foreign victims in 2018. Despite reports of an increased number of foreign victims of labor trafficking in Estonia, authorities did not identify any potential labor trafficking victims" (197).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Estonia, and traffickers exploit victims from Estonia abroad. Estonian women and children are subjected to sex trafficking within Estonia and in other European countries. Experts report a rise in Estonian women, primarily young Russian-speaking women, recruited for sham marriages in Western Europe. After entering these marriages willingly, traffickers confiscate the women’s passports and force them into prostitution or labor. Traffickers subject Estonian women and men to conditions of forced labor within Estonia and elsewhere in Europe, particularly in the construction, cleaning, and social welfare sectors, as well as in seasonal jobs. Traffickers force Estonian children...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Estonia fully meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The government continued to demonstrate serious and sustained efforts during the reporting period; therefore Estonia remained on Tier 1. These efforts included implementing labor act amendments prohibiting recruitment agencies from charging worker-paid recruitment fees, developing new identification and referral guidelines, and ordering restitution payments from traffickers to victims. The anti-trafficking working group, comprising 35 government agencies and NGOs, published an annual report of its activities, and the government established a national victim support hotline for all victims of violent crime, including trafficking, while providing funding to a separate NGO-run hotline. Although the government meets the minimum...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2018, authorities identified 14 victims (12 in 2017), and 14 sex trafficking victims received government-sponsored assistance, the same as in 2017" (197).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

2.0
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography… Conviction of engaging in child pornography carries punishment ranging from a fine to three years in prison" (p. 10).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18. A court may extend the legal capacity of a person at least 15 years of age for the purpose of marriage" (p. 10).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"According to the NGO Sexual Health Union, 13 percent of women have suffered sexual abuse, including rape" (p. 9).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography" (p. 10).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"More than 80 percent of the victims of domestic violence registered by the police were women" (p. 9).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"According to March 2017 Eurostat statistics, women’s average earnings were 26.9 percent lower than those of men for the same work" (p. 15).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Police officers, border guards, and social workers received training related to domestic and gender violence from NGOs, the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Ministry of the Interior, and the Ministry of Justice" (p. 9).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 9).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment... By law sexual harassment complaints may be resolved in court, before the legal chancellor, by the Labor Dispute Committee, or by the gender-equality and equal-treatment commissioner. An injured party may demand termination of the harmful activity and compensation for damages. In July the penal code was amended and sexual harassment became a misdemeanor offense, punishable by a fine of 2,000 euros ($2,400) or detention for up to 30 days" (p. 9).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and physical abuse, including domestic violence. The penalty for rape, including spousal rape, is imprisonment for up to 15 years" (p. 9). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 14" (p. 10).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and physical abuse, including domestic violence. The penalty for rape, including spousal rape, is imprisonment for up to 15 years" (p. 9).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Women constituted one-third of managers" (p. 15).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"There was a network of shelters for women, and women with children, who were victims of gender-based violence as well as hotlines for domestic violence and child abuse. Police officers, border guards, and social workers received training related to domestic and gender violence from NGOs, the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Ministry of the Interior, and the Ministry of Justice" (p. 9).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship derives primarily from the citizenship of at least one parent. Either citizen parent may pass citizenship to a child regardless of the other parent’s citizenship status. On January 1, an amendment to the law became effective which provides that children born to parents who are not citizens of Estonia or of any other country and have lived in the country for five years, acquire citizenship at birth" (p. 9).
June 10, 2019, 3:56 a.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"23.8% of seats in the parliament of Estonia are held by women" (para 4).
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Australia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Georgia, Guyana, Honduras, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Liberia, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mauritania, Moldova, Montenegro, Namibia, Panama, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tanzania, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

1.0
April 4, 2019, 7:40 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Fiji, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-2

0.0
April 4, 2019, 7:27 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Armenia, Brunei, Chile, China, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Georgia, Kuwait, Latvia, Libya, Maldives, Malta, Moldova, Morocco, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-3

2.0
March 29, 2019, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

Primary education in Estonia is free and compulsory (85).
March 29, 2019, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

There is paid maternity leave available to women in Estonia of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 100% of maternity leave benefits. There is paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (85).
March 29, 2019, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

Sons and daughters have equal inheritance rights in Estonia (85).
March 29, 2019, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

There is no legislation specifically addressing domestic violence in Estonia, but aggravated penalties for crimes committed against a spouse or family member exist (85).