The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Ethiopia

Feb. 8, 2019, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Ethiopia now requires the Attorney General to provide free legal aid services to women and others who lack the financial capacity to institute civil actions in federal court" (p. 37).
Feb. 5, 2019, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"38.8% of seats in the lower/single house of Ethiopia (212 out of 547 total seats) are held by women. 41.7% of seats in the upper house/Senate of Ethiopia (49 out of 153 total seats) are held by women"
Feb. 5, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"10.0% of ministerial positions in Ethiopia (3 out of 30 total positions) are held by women"
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"Ten percent of ever-married women have experienced one or more acts of spousal sexual violence, with 8% experiencing this type of violence in the past 12 months. The most frequently reported act of sexual violence, reported by 8% of ever-married women, was that their husband/partner used physical force to have sexual intercourse with them when they did not want to. Four percent reported that their husband/partner physically forced them to perform other sexual acts they did not want to do, and 3% reported that their husband/partner forced them with threats or in other ways to perform sexual acts they did not want to do" (294). "Forty-five percent of married women...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"The government has also put in place the requisite institutional mechanisms at federal and regional levels, including the establishment of (1) The Ministry of Women, Children and Youth Affairs Offices MOWCYA, (2) Child and Women Protection Units within the various police units, and (3) a Special Bench for violence against women cases within the federal criminal court" (289). "To strengthen accountability, the government also recently issued proclamation No. 916/2015 that requires all government institutions to address women’s issues in policies, laws, and development programs and projects (FDRE 2015)" (256). "As highlighted in the 2015-16 Health Sector Transformation Plan (HSTP), maternal and newborn health are priorities for the Government of Ethiopia...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: SMES-DATA-3

"Men head the majority of Ethiopian households (75%), with only 1 in 4 households headed by women (Table 2.9)" (13).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The most common type of circumcision involved cutting and removal of flesh, with 73% of circumcised women reporting this type of circumcision. Seven percent of circumcised women reported that their genital area had been sewn closed (infibulated) (Figure 16.1)" (317).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Twenty-five percent of women were attending school before they married. The majority of these women (75%) stopped attending school after they married. Sixty-two percent of women said that they were too busy with family to continue going to school. However, more than 1 in 5 women (23%) said they stopped going to school because their husbands did not want them to go to school (Table 14.9)" (260).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: PPWA-DATA-1

"Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding are more likely to be anaemic (29% for both groups) than those who are neither pregnant nor breastfeeding (21%)" (199). "Fifteen percent of men age 15-49 are anaemic (Table 11.11.2)" (199). Table 11.11.1, titled, PREVALENCE OF ANAEMIA IN WOMEN, shows that out of 1,088 pregnant women, 29.1 percent of those pregnant women have any anaemia, 16.5 have mild anaemia, 10.4 have moderate anaemia, and 2.2 have severe anaemia (215).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Four in 10 (42%) women and 69% of men age 15-49 are literate" (33). A lack of literacy will keep many citizens from voting (CODER COMMENT - CEM).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"With the existence of a legal and policy framework, and with a high level of political support to end FGM/C, the practice has declined, particularly among younger people, but still continues. In addition, the community-based and faith-based organizations play a key role in mobilizing communities against HTPs, including FGM/C" (316). "Awareness of FGM/C among women age 15-49 has remained about the same over the past decade (92% in 2005 to 93% in 2016)" (316). "More than 7 in 10 women (72%) and 77% of men believe that FGM/C is not required by their religion (Table 16.8). Seventy-nine percent of women and 87% of men believe that the practice should not...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: SAB-DATA-1

"Table 11.2 shows that 97% of last-born children born in the 2 years before the survey were breastfed at some point. A little less than three-quarter (73%) were breastfed within 1 hour of birth, and nearly all infants (92%) were breastfed within 1 day of birth" (191).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: SAB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2016, the Ministry of Health (MoH) established the National Nutrition Programme II (NNP II) and the National Guideline on Adolescent, Maternal, Infant, and Young Child Nutrition (AMIYCN) (FDRE 2106b) to promote optimal feeding and care practices that follow international recommendations. Mothers are encouraged to breastfeed exclusively until the child is age 6 months without adding any water, other fluids or foods, and to continue breastfeeding until the child turns age 2" (190).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: DLB-DATA-1

"More than half of rural households (53%) travel 30 minutes or longer round trip to fetch drinking water. In both rural and urban households, adult women are most likely to be responsible for fetching drinking water (17% in urban households and 68% in rural households)" (10).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"In the next 5 years, during the GTP II, Ethiopia will establish hotlines for women and children experiencing violence, set up 11 new one-stop centres and rehabilitation centres, and also strengthen existing ones. The new national Women’s Development and Change Strategy and the revised package on how to realize the strategy has put in place a clear direction on protection, prevention, and provision of services for women survivors of violence. Furthermore, the MOWCYA is committed to ending violence against women by including indicators on violence reduction in its 5-year sectoral plan (2016-2020)" (291). "The experience of physical violence was more likely among employed women, whether employed for cash or not,...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: DACH-DATA-1

"The 2016 EDHS data show that women have lower probabilities of dying than men: 100 of 1,000 women age 15 and 124 of 1,000 men age 15 would be expected to die before age 50" (251). "Overall, the level of adult mortality among men is higher (3.54 deaths per 1,000 populations) than among women (2.74 deaths per 1,000 population)" (251).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: WAM-DATA-2

"Overall, 4% of women and 12% of men age 15-49 have used the Internet in the past 12 months (Tables 3.5.1 and 3.5.2)" (36). "Men are slightly more likely than women to use the Internet on a daily basis; 36% of men report that they used the Internet nearly every day in the past month, compared with 34% of women" (36). "Twenty-seven percent of women and 55% of men owned mobile phones at the time of the survey" (228).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: SAB-DATA-3

"On average, female children have a longer median duration (6.0 months) of predominant breastfeeding than male children (5.1 months)" (192). "In Ethiopia, the median duration of breastfeeding is 23.9 months for children less than age 36 months. The median duration of exclusive breastfeeding, the time by which half of children have stopped exclusive breastfeeding, is 3.1 months. The median duration of predominant breastfeeding, the period in which an infant receives only water or other non-milk liquids in addition to breast milk, is 5.5 months (Table 11.4)" (192).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IM-DATA-1

"The 2016 EDHS results show that the neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality rates for the 5 years before the survey are 29, 48, and 67 deaths per 1,000 live births, respectively. In other words, in Ethiopia 1 in every 35 children dies within the first month, 1 in every 21 children dies before celebrating the first birthday, and 1 of every 15 children dies before reaching the fifth birthday (Table 8.1)" (124). "Under-5 mortality declined from 166 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2000 to 67 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016 (Figure 8.1). This represents a 60% decrease in under-5 mortality over a period of 16 years. Infant...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"At the time of the survey, 3% of children under age 5 were registered with the civil authorities. Two in three of these children have birth certificates. The percentage of children whose birth is registered is the same among children under age 2 and those between age 2 and 4 (3% each). Boys and girls are equally likely to have their births registered (3% each). However, children in urban areas are much more likely than rural children to have their births registered (12% versus 2%)" (14).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"More than one-third of ever-married women age 15-49 (35%) reported that they made the decision to marry, while 61% say that their parents made the decision and 3% report the decision was made by other family members or relatives (Table 14.8)" (260).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"More than half of rural households (53%) travel 30 minutes or longer round trip to fetch drinking water. In both rural and urban households, adult women are most likely to be responsible for fetching drinking water (17% in urban households and 68% in rural households). In rural areas, female children under age 15 are three times more likely than male children in the same age group to fetch drinking water (13% versus 4%)" (10). "Urban residents are much more likely than rural residents to be educated. Twenty-four percent of females age 6 and older in urban areas have no education, as compared with 54% of females in rural areas. The...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Educational attainment at the household level has increased since 2000. The percentage of women with no education decreased from 77% in 2000 and 52% in 2011 to 49% in 2016, while the percentage of men with no education declined from 62% in 2000 and 38% in 2011 to 35% in 2016" (14). "The percentage of women with no education decreased from 66% in 2005 and 51% in 2011 to 48% in 2016. Among men, the percentage declined from 43% in 2005 to 28% in 2016" (33). "The percentage of women who report being in a polygynous union has declined slightly over time, from 14% in 2000 and 12% in 2005...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The government of Ethiopia is committed to eliminating the practice of FGM/C by strategic and programmatic measures. These include putting in place a national Harmful Traditional Practices (HTPs) strategy founded on the three-pillar approach: prevention, provision, and protection. This targeted approach guides the national effort and helps to galvanize the support of stakeholders to end the practice as well as mitigate the impact of FGM/C. Additionally, Ethiopia has criminalized the practice and now penalizes practitioners in the national Criminal Code, revised in 2005" (315).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Overall, only 23% of women age 15-49 who have ever experienced any type of physical or sexual violence by anyone have sought help. Notably, 66% have never sought help nor told anyone about the violence. Women who have experienced both physical and sexual violence are more likely to have sought help (27%) than women who have experienced only sexual violence (7%) or only physical violence (23%) (Table 15.17). Among women who have experienced physical or sexual violence and sought help, the most common source for help was neighbours (34%). Other common sources were the woman’s own family (31%), and her husband’s/partner’s family (14%). Only 8% of women seek help from...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-2

"In Ethiopia, anaemia prevalence among women age 15-49 declined from 27% in 2005 to 17% in 2011 but then increased to 24% in 2016; these data suggest that anaemia is a moderate public health problem (Figure 11.10). Increases were observed from 2011 to 2016 in all anaemia categories" (199).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: MARR-DATA-1

"Two in three (65%) women and 56% of men age 15-49 are currently married or living together with a partner (Table 4.1 and Figure 4.1). Overall, women are more likely than men to be separated, divorced, or widowed. Women are less likely than men to be single; one in four women (26%) and 42% of men have never been married" (65). "The proportion of women who are currently married or living together with a partner is higher than that among men (65% versus 56%). Women are less likely than men to have never been married (26% versus 42%) and more likely to be divorced or separated (6% versus 2%)" (34).more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"Ethiopia’s second Growth and Transformational Plan (GTP II 2015) has for the first time included ending violence against women as a priority. In the next 5 years, during the GTP II, Ethiopia will establish hotlines for women and children experiencing violence, set up 11 new one-stop centres and rehabilitation centres, and also strengthen existing ones. The new national Women’s Development and Change Strategy and the revised package on how to realize the strategy has put in place a clear direction on protection, prevention, and provision of services for women survivors of violence. Furthermore, the MOWCYA is committed to ending violence against women by including indicators on violence reduction in its...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"The total fertility rate (TFR) in Ethiopia is 4.6 children per woman. The age-specific fertility rate in the 15-19 age group is 80 births per 1,000 women. Fertility peaks at age 25-29 (214 births per 1,000 women) and drops thereafter, to 22 births per 1,000 women in the 45-49 age group. Age-specific fertility rates are lower in urban areas than in rural areas among women in all age groups. On average, rural women have 2.9 more children than urban women (5.2 versus 2.3 children) (Table 5.1)" (77).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: MABFC-DATA-1

"The median age at first birth among women age 25-49 is 19.2 years" (77).