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Latest items for Gambia

April 10, 2018, 11:10 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

According to the Institute of Inclusive Security, the Gambia launched their national action plan in 2014 (MB-Coder Comment).
March 29, 2018, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: PW-DATA-1

According to a 2013 DHS survey of Gambia, the percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had no additional wives was 60.9%. The percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had one additional wife was 28.6%. The percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had two or more additional wives was 10.1%. The percentage of men who were married and had two or more wives was 20.2%. The percentage of married or in union men aged 15-49 who had two or more wives was 17.7%. This information was compiled by Professor Andrea...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"The Committee welcomes the fact that, in the period since the consideration of the previous reports, the State party has ratified or acceded to the following instruments: (a) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Optional Protocol thereto, in 2015; (b) Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, in 2010" (page 2). "The Committee notes that the adherence of the State party to the nine major international human rights instruments would enhance the enjoyment by women of their human rights and fundamental freedoms in all aspects of life. The Committee therefore encourages the...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, IW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to improve the health status of women, but notes with concern: (a) The high rates of maternal mortality and child mortality" (page 9).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, POLY-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the adoption in 2013 of the Domestic Violence Act and the Sexual Offences Act, but is concerned that violence against women remains widespread. It is particularly concerned about: (a) The lack of criminalization of marital rape and the unclear provisions in the Domestic Violence Act relating to the definition of “aggravated” domestic violence and allowing for out-of-court settlements, which often do not take into account women’s best interests; (b) The insufficient implementation of the Domestic Violence Act and the Sexual Offences Act owing, for example, to a lack of resources and the absence of regulations, guidelines and effective reporting mechanisms; (c) The lack of support for women...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Committee commends the State party on its delegation, which was headed by the Acting Deputy Solicitor General and Curator of Intestate Estates, Isatou Alwar Graham, and included representatives of the Office of the Vice-President and the National Women’s Bureau" (page 1). "The Committee is concerned that coordination between the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, the National Women’s Council and its Bureau remains weak, that their responsibilities are not clearly defined and that they have insufficient capacity, resources, autonomy and/or authority. It is also concerned about the insufficient implementation to date of the Gender and Women’s Empowerment Policy 2010 2020. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Expeditiously review the...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, ISTD-DATA-1, ISTD-DATA-2, DSFMF-DATA-1

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to improve the health status of women, but notes with concern: . . . (d) The disproportionately high HIV prevalence among women and the prevalence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: . . . (f) Increase efforts to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS among women as well as mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and ensure the availability of antiretroviral drugs for women living with HIV" (page 9-10).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is concerned about reports that women human rights defenders, in particular those working on sexual and reproductive health and rights, face harassment, attacks, threats and intimidation. The Committee recommends that the State party create an enabling environment for the participation in public life of women human rights defenders, including those working on sexual and reproductive health and rights, in accordance with international standards, and protect them from harassment, intimidation and violence" (page 7). "The Committee commends the State party for achieving gender parity in enrolment in primary education and for setting up a trust fund for girls’ education, but remains concerned about: . . . (f) Reports of...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains deeply concerned that the practice of female genital mutilation remains widespread, affecting the vast majority of girls and women. While noting that the State party accepted a recommendation in the context of the universal periodic review in 2015 to adopt and implement effective legislation aimed at banning the practice, the Committee is concerned that the State party has adopted no time frame to implement the recommendation. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To expedite the adoption of legislation criminalizing female genital mutilation, prosecute and adequately punish those responsible, and compensate victims; (b) To raise awareness among health practitioners regarding female genital mutilation and the remedies and...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"The Committee is concerned that coordination between the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, the National Women’s Council and its Bureau remains weak, that their responsibilities are not clearly defined and that they have insufficient capacity, resources, autonomy and/or authority. It is also concerned about the insufficient implementation to date of the Gender and Women’s Empowerment Policy 2010 2020. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Expeditiously review the national machinery for the advancement of women with a view to ensuring coordination between the relevant institutions and ensuring that each institution has clearly defined responsibilities and adequate capacity, resources, autonomy and/or authority to operate effectively; (b) Conduct a midterm evaluation of...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to improve the health status of women, but notes with concern: (a) The high rates of maternal mortality and child mortality; (b) The high number of adolescent pregnancies and the insufficient measures taken to ensure access to sexual and reproductive health services and information, including modern contraceptives; (c) The fact that abortion is criminalized except when the life or health of the pregnant woman is at risk, and the impact that that has on the high maternal mortality rate; (d) The disproportionately high HIV prevalence among women and the prevalence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; (e) The fact that, in...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"The Committee is concerned that the State party has not yet established an independent national human rights institution. The Committee urges the State party to establish, within a clear time frame, an independent national human rights institution, in accordance with the principles relating to the status of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights (the Paris Principles), with a mandate on women’s issues, strong linkages with the national machinery for the advancement of women and the authority to consider and issue opinions on complaints submitted by women alleging violations of their rights" (page 4).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party for achieving gender parity in enrolment in primary education and for setting up a trust fund for girls’ education, but remains concerned about: (a) The lower completion rate of girls at the primary level compared with that of boys, their considerably lower enrolment and retention rates at the secondary and tertiary levels and in vocational education, and the insufficient use of temporary special measures in this regard; (b) Disparities between rural and urban areas in access to education, quality of education and adequacy of school infrastructure, including sanitary facilities; (c) High dropout rates among girls, especially in rural areas, as a result of child...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ATC-DATA-4

"The Committee encourages the State party to ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention and to accept, as soon as possible, the amendment to article 20 (1) of the Convention concerning the meeting time of the Committee" (page 13).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2005 of the State party’s combined initial, second and third periodic reports (CEDAW/C/GMB/1-3) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: (a) Domestic Violence Act, in 2013; (b) Sexual Offences Act, in 2013; (c) Women’s Act, in 2010; (d) Legal Aid Act, in 2008; (e) Trafficking in Persons Act, in 2007" (page 1-2) (Coder comment: the 2010 Women's act includes provisions for equality in employment, access to education, and property ownership - ARR). "The Committee welcomes the initiatives taken by the State party to promote the economic empowerment of women, such as the provision of microcredits,...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) Maternal and Child Nutrition and Health Results Project, 2014-2019; (b) National Plan of Action on Gender-based Violence, 2013-2017; (c) Gender and Women’s Empowerment Policy, 2010-2020; (d) National Education Policy, 2004-2015" (page 2). "The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to improve the health status of women, but notes with concern: (a) The high rates of maternal mortality and child mortality; (b) The high number of adolescent pregnancies and the insufficient measures taken...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"In line with article 16 (2) of the Convention, the Committee’s general recommendation No. 21 on equality in marriage and family relations and joint general recommendation No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women/general comment No. 18 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on harmful practices, the Committee recommends that the State party: . . . (d) Ensure that the minimum age of marriage is set at 18 years for both girls and boys, that child marriage is criminalized and adequately sanctioned and that polygamous marriages and levirate are prohibited, without exception" (page 12-13).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The Committee remains deeply concerned that the practice of female genital mutilation remains widespread, affecting the vast majority of girls and women. While noting that the State party accepted a recommendation in the context of the universal periodic review in 2015 to adopt and implement effective legislation aimed at banning the practice, the Committee is concerned that the State party has adopted no time frame to implement the recommendation. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To expedite the adoption of legislation criminalizing female genital mutilation, prosecute and adequately punish those responsible, and compensate victims; (b) To raise awareness among health practitioners regarding female genital mutilation and the remedies and...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about reports that women human rights defenders, in particular those working on sexual and reproductive health and rights, face harassment, attacks, threats and intimidation. The Committee recommends that the State party create an enabling environment for the participation in public life of women human rights defenders, including those working on sexual and reproductive health and rights, in accordance with international standards, and protect them from harassment, intimidation and violence" (page 7).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-LAW-1, ISSA-DATA-1

"The Committee is concerned that women in detention live in deplorable conditions and are subjected to violence, including rape, by guards and/or male detainees, and that such cases are not adequately investigated and prosecuted. The Committee also is concerned that most women in detention have been convicted of infanticide. The Committee urges the State party to ensure that living conditions in detention centres are compliant with the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules); that women are under the supervision of female guards and that gender-sensitive complaint mechanisms are available to them; and that all cases of violence against...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee commends the State party for achieving gender parity in enrolment in primary education and for setting up a trust fund for girls’ education, but remains concerned about: (a) The lower completion rate of girls at the primary level compared with that of boys, their considerably lower enrolment and retention rates at the secondary and tertiary levels and in vocational education, and the insufficient use of temporary special measures in this regard" (page 8).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, GP-DATA-1

"While noting the measures taken by the State party to promote the participation of women in political life, such as the appointment of a female Vice-President, the Committee is concerned that the participation of women in political and public life remains very low. It is particularly concerned: (a) That women’s representation in the National Assembly remains very low and has even decreased from 13.2 per cent in 2002 to 9.4 per cent in 2015; (b) That women are underrepresented in local councils; (c) That only 4 of 19 ministries are headed by women and there are no women governors or mayors. In line with its general recommendation No. 23 on...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

The Committee is concerned about reports that a high number of children are not immediately registered at birth and that cumbersome procedures are in place for the registration of children above 5 years of age. It notes with concern reports of obstacles to the registration of the birth of children born out of wedlock, often resulting from the stigmatization faced by single mothers. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that all children born in the State party, including those born out of wedlock or in rural areas, are immediately registered at birth to enable them to gain access to citizenship, education and health, and that it take steps...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCC-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-3, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about reports that a high number of children are not immediately registered at birth and that cumbersome procedures are in place for the registration of children above 5 years of age. It notes with concern reports of obstacles to the registration of the birth of children born out of wedlock, often resulting from the stigmatization faced by single mothers. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that all children born in the State party, including those born out of wedlock or in rural areas, are immediately registered at birth to enable them to gain access to citizenship, education and health, and that it take steps...more