The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Germany

June 10, 2019, 3:56 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"36.5% of seats in the parliament of Germany are held by women" (para 4).
May 28, 2019, 9:27 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: GEW-LAW-1

On July 7, 2016 the [German] Parliament unanimously passed a reform of the penal code provisions on rape in line with the principle 'No means no.' This means that every sexual act against somebody’s will is considered a crime" (para 1).
May 28, 2019, 9:27 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"On July 7, 2016 the [German] Parliament unanimously passed a reform of the penal code provisions on rape in line with the principle 'No means no'. This means that every sexual act against somebody’s will is considered a crime" (para 1).
May 28, 2019, 9:27 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"The Deutscher Frauenrat was a vital driver of the recent 'No means no'-coalition formed by women’s rights and organisations fighting against violence against women" (para 4).
May 28, 2019, 9:27 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Women’s rights organisations consider the new [German] law a 'historical step' because the burden of the proof in case of sexual violence will no longer depend on the active resistance of the victim but solely on the behaviour of the perpetrator" (para 2). "'The big success of the legal reform is, that the right to say ‘no’ finally is protected by law. The victim will no longer need to proof that she resisted by fighting back. It is the conduct of the perpetrator what will matter,' said Mona Küppers, president of the National Council of German Women’s Organizations [Deutscher Frauenrat] after the unanimous vote of the German Bundestag" (para 3).more
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Burundi, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Mexico, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Peru, Portugal, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Trinidad/Tobago, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

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May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about: (b) The significant number of girls living in the State party, often from migrant families, who have undergone or are at risk of being subjected to female genital mutilation and other harmful practices" (7). "(d) The lack of clear legislative provisions prohibiting the performance of unnecessary medical procedures on infants and children of indeterminate sex until they reach an age at which they are able to provide their free, prior and informed consent; (e) Inadequate support and the lack of effective remedies for intersex persons who have undergone medically unnecessary surgical procedures at a very early age, often with irreversible consequences, resulting in long-term...more
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"The difficulty that undocumented migrants have in gaining access to non-emergency health care, while attempts to obtain the documentation necessary for non-emergency health services often lead to the claimant being reported to the authorities and subsequently deported" (14).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the legislative and other measures taken to address discriminatory stereotypes and notes the pilot projects relating to the portrayal of transgender persons in the media. It is nevertheless concerned that: (…) (b) Stereotyped and sexualized images of women continue to appear in the media and advertisements; (c) Stereotyped media portrayals and negative images of ethnic minority women and migrant women undermine their ability to become better integrated into society" (7).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Minimum Wage Act (2015), which benefits many women engaged in low-paying jobs" (2).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"National hotline for violence against women, in 2013" (2). "Gender-based stereotypes and myths surrounding rape within society and among legal professionals" (9).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The fact that, in certain cases, women encounter difficulties in achieving recognition of their situation of particular hardship, which, according to the Residence Act, leads to the abandonment of the requirement for cohabitation in marriage of at least three years to gain an independent right of residence, or their being forced to remain married to a violent spouse to avoid losing their derived right of residence" (9).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Committee recommends that the State party strengthen training provided by the German Judicial Academy and enable judges, prosecutors and lawyers to directly apply or invoke the Convention and the Optional Protocol thereto in the national courts" (3). "The Committee welcomes the increased budget allocation for the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth in 2017, along with the efforts made by the State party to strengthen cooperation among relevant institutional structures and mechanisms. Nevertheless, the Committee remains concerned about: (a) The lack of an overall integrated strategy for gender mainstreaming, along with the absence of sufficiently gender-disaggregated data collection or mechanisms for comprehensive monitoring and impact...more
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The disparities among federal states in the access to affordable contraceptives of women living in poverty" (14).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"Disability Inclusion Act (2016), which protects women with disabilities from discrimination" (2).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the constitutional provisions, laws, administrative norms and policies promoting gender equality and defining sex as a prohibited ground for discrimination that have been adopted since the previous periodic review. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned that the General Act on Equal Treatment (2006) remains limited in scope and fails to comprehensively protect women from gender-based discrimination in the domestic and private spheres" (4).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"National hotline for violence against women, in 2013" (2).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"It also welcomes the announcement made during the dialogue with the Committee that in 2017 the State party will ratify the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence" (8).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned that group action enabling women’s organizations and trade unions to bring cases of discrimination before the courts is currently not provided for through the Act. In addition, it is concerned that article 9 of the Act provides for questionable differential treatment on the grounds of religion or beliefs" (4). "The fact that the prevailing gender pay gap (currently 21 per cent) in both the public and the private sector continues to have a negative impact on women’s career development and pension benefits owing to insufficient effective implementation of legislation on the principle of equal pay for work of equal value" (13). "The persistence of horizontal...more
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

The Committee welcomes the wide range of legal and structural measures developed by the State party to combat trafficking. Nevertheless, it is concerned about: (a) The lack of a comprehensive anti-trafficking strategy, and the absence of available disaggregated data on victims of trafficking, or quantitative information on the extent of trafficking in the State party, in particular for purposes other than sexual exploitation; (b) The low rates of prosecution and conviction in cases of trafficking in women and girls; (c) The lack of national guidelines for the identification of victims of trafficking; (d) The lack of systematically organized and harmonized victim assistance, rehabilitation and reintegration measures across all federal states,...more
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"In accordance with section 218a (1) of the Criminal Code, the subjection of women who wish to have an abortion on request to mandatory counselling and a mandatory three-day waiting period (which the World Health Organization has declared to be medically unnecessary), and the fact that abortion in such cases is not paid for by health insurance (although in special cases, and after means testing, abortion may be covered in accordance with the Act on Pregnancies in Conflict Situations)" (14).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The prevailing negative stereotypes that mothers active in the labour market are confronted with; an income tax system for couples, depending on the combination of the tax collection categories; and social benefit provisions that may adversely affect the full professional integration in the labour market and the financial autonomy and security of women. The insufficient number of high-quality childcare facilities, notwithstanding the considerable efforts made in this regard" (13). "The Committee notes as positive the significant investment in the development of childcare facilities, which has improved the compatibility of work and family life in the State party" (15).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"Disability Inclusion Act (2016), which protects women with disabilities from discrimination" (2). "Reports suggesting that women with disabilities, in particular those living in residential institutions, are two to three times more likely to be exposed to violence than other women" (9).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CUST-PRACTICE-1

"A significant number of parents, predominantly fathers, fail to pay child maintenance, and the often limited and onerous access to maintenance advances are one reason that single-female-headed households are at considerable risk of falling into poverty" (15). "The default rule of joint parental authority, which may lead to a reduction in child maintenance orders with no mechanism to ensure that shared custody is indeed practised and that the orders reflect the reality of the time and cost allocation between parents" (17).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"Prevailing stereotypes about the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society continue to impede progress in advancing gender equality" (7).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Federal Equality Act (2015) and Act on the Equal Participation of Women and Men in Leadership Positions (2015)" (2)
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Amendment to section 177 of the German Criminal Code (2016), enshrining the principle of ‘no means no’" (2). "The Committee commends the State party on the numerous measures taken to address gender-based violence, in particular through the amendment (2016) to section 177 of the Criminal Code, criminalizing sexual assault through the use of force or the threat of force and rape" (8).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Federal Equality Act (2015) and Act on the Equal Participation of Women and Men in Leadership Positions (2015)" (2). "The Committee welcomes the measures adopted by the State party to advance the participation of women in political and public life. Nevertheless, it remains concerned that structural barriers to and discriminatory stereotypes relating to women’s engagement in political and public life continue to exclude women from decision-making positions in both elected and appointed positions in public office and within political parties, the judiciary and academia" (11).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"The provisions outlined in the legislation on the marital property regime acquired during marriage, which do not consider the often increased earning potential and human capital of men during marriage, and thus fail to provide sufficient support for women, who may be exposed to poverty owing to their unpaid care responsibilities" (17).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-1

"The income tax allowances for families, which lower the tax burden (depending on the chosen tax collection category), but widen the gap in the tax wedge between the first and the second earner, with little overall impact on the labour supply or poverty reduction, thus presenting little incentive for women in a family with children to enter the labour market" (18).