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Latest items for Guatemala

Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"In December 2013, the UN General Assembly issued a resolution recognising the unique challenges that female human rights defenders face and calling on countries to ensure these women's right to carry out their activism in peaceful ways and to provide specialised protections, including legal, medical and social services" (para 44).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"On January 17, 2007, police, military and private security guards forcibly evicted the residents of Lote 8, El Estor, to clear the land for nickel mining, at that time for Canadian company Hudbay Minerals. The men of the community were in the fields, and the women at home. Eleven women, including Margarita Caal Caal, have now come forward to say they were raped during the forced eviction" (para 35-36).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In 2013, the 11 women filed a lawsuit in a Canadian court for their rape during the eviction, despite fear of repression. 'They often say that whoever files a lawsuit against these people is threatened with assassination, so that's a fear that we carried,' she said" (para 38-39).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Campaigns to criminalise these women and delegitimise their work often attack them on the basis of gender. Sexual violence against female land rights defenders and their daughters is used as an intimidation technique. When these women return home, they often lack the support of their fathers, brothers and husbands for their work, and may even suffer physical violence at the hands of their male family members. Plus, women face the added burden of carrying out their activism on top of household and childcare responsibilities" (para 13). "From a young age, Cuc Choc realised defending the land was designated for men. Her father was involved in community activism, but disapproved of...more
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"We as women are even more affected,' said Genoveva Marroquin Chavez of the National Union of Guatemalan Women (UNAMG), an organisation that supports female activists and feminist social movements, including women land rights defenders in El Estor. 'Male human rights defenders are criminalised, but they don't say he is out looking for wife, or that he is a prostitute, or so many other things. There is another form of criminalisation women face, which is more extreme, just for being a woman,' she said" (para 10-11). "In 2010, a group of women formed the Mesoamerican Initiative of Women Defenders of Human Rights, a coalition of human rights organisations that focuses specifically...more
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Campaigns to criminalise these women and delegitimise their work often attack them on the basis of gender. Sexual violence against female land rights defenders and their daughters is used as an intimidation technique. When these women return home, they often lack the support of their fathers, brothers and husbands for their work, and may even suffer physical violence at the hands of their male family members. Plus, women face the added burden of carrying out their activism on top of household and childcare responsibilities" (para 13). "From a young age, Cuc Choc realised defending the land was designated for men. Her father was involved in community activism, but disapproved of...more
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"Only 12 percent of the land rights defenders killed in 2018 were women, but female land defenders are exposed to additional violence and intimidation. Pressure to stop pursuing their work comes both from their critics and their own community" (para 9).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Cuc Choc started attending activist meetings in El Estor at age 13 with her brother Ramiro, another prominent activist, but their experiences quickly diverged. While both have been subject of threats and smear campaigns, Cuc Choc has been threatened with sexual violence, physically abused by her father and ex-husband because of her work, and received vulgar and explicit gender-related insults" (para 3). "'It's hard to find women who are well-organised in this work, because there always exists machismo behind us,' said Cuc Choc" (para 4). "Only 12 percent of the land rights defenders killed in 2018 were women, but female land defenders are exposed to additional violence and intimidation. Pressure...more
Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The anti-trafficking law of 2009 criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties from eight to 18 years’ imprisonment. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Inconsistent with the definition of trafficking under international law, the law did not consider the use of force, fraud, or coercion as an essential element of an adult trafficking offense. The law defined trafficking broadly to include labor exploitation and illegal adoption without the purpose of exploitation" (222).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Authorities repatriated four Guatemalan victims from abroad in 2018. Authorities repatriated two Honduran trafficking victims in coordination with foreign consular officials and in accordance with an established protocol. Civil society expressed concern some adult foreign victims chose to leave shelters and return to their home countries due to lengthy investigation processes" (222). "Guatemalan law provided legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims who may face hardship or retribution upon return to their home countries, but all known foreign victims opted for repatriation. Foreign victims had the same access to care as domestic trafficking victims" (223).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Guatemala, and traffickers exploit victims from Guatemala abroad. Traffickers exploit Guatemalan women, transgender persons, girls, and boys in sex trafficking within the country and in Mexico, the United States, Belize, and other foreign countries. Foreign child sex tourists, predominantly from Canada, the United States, and Western Europe, as well as Guatemalan men, patronize child sex trafficking victims for commercial sex acts. Traffickers exploit women and children from other Latin American countries and the United States in sex trafficking in Guatemala. Traffickers exploit Guatemalan men, women, and children in forced labor within the country, often in...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Guatemala does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Guatemala was upgraded to Tier 2. These efforts included investigating more traffickers, dedicating additional resources to increase judicial and prosecutorial capacity outside the capital, identifying and providing services to more victims, increasing funding for victim services, developing several new victim identification and assistance protocols, and launching several new awareness-raising campaigns, including for vulnerable populations. The Public Ministry provided social workers and psychologists to serve as liaisons between prosecutors and victims, accompany victims through...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government identified 371 trafficking victims (308 female victims and 63 male victims) in 2018, compared with 316 in 2017, 484 in 2016, and 673 in 2015. Reported data did not specify the types of trafficking involved in those cases" (222).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3, FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"Reports of sexual violence perpetrated by medical personnel and the coercive sterilization of women with disabilities, including women who are institutionalized in the Federico Mora Mental Health Hospital" (6).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"It also notes the approval of a protocol for therapeutic abortion that seeks to guarantee the life and health of women (…) Absence of measures to implement the Committee’s previous recommendations to revise legislation criminalizing abortion and to prevent unsafe abortions (CEDAW/C/GUA/CO/7, para. 36)" (12).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee acknowledges the challenges that the State party faces in addressing the causes of persistent economic and social inequality, poverty, exclusion and lack of access to land and productive resources for women, in particular indigenous women and Garifuna and non-Garifuna women of African descent, and the pressing need for increased and more efficient revenue collection to finance social expenditure" (2). "The multiple barriers to women’s access to justice, including the limited coverage of the justice system, especially in remote locations, poverty and linguistic barriers, which act as deterrents to filing complaints, as well as the scarcity of entry points for women to access the justice system at the local...more
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee takes note of the information provided by the State party on the ongoing elaboration of the public policy for the protection of human rights defenders. Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern that women human rights defenders in the State party, including indigenous women defending land rights and environmental resources, women advocating protection from gender-based violence and women defending the human rights of lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons, are increasingly subject to attacks, sexual violence, intimidation, stigmatization, criminalization of their activities, illegal detention and defamation campaigns against them. It is also concerned that social protest is oppressed by using gender-based violence, including sexual violence, against women...more
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is also concerned about the high number of unregistered marriages" (15).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"Decree No. 18-2016 creating positions of specialized prosecutors, within the Office of the Public Prosecutor, for the crimes of trafficking in persons and of femicide" (2). "The multiple barriers to women’s access to justice, including the limited coverage of the justice system, especially in remote locations, poverty and linguistic barriers, which act as deterrents to filing complaints, as well as the scarcity of entry points for women to access the justice system at the local level, such as police stations, health centres, schools and churches (...) The insufficient capacity of law enforcement officials to investigate and prosecute cases and the resulting high level of impunity for perpetrators of gender-based violence...more
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes legal amendments to raise the minimum age of marriage to 18 years and the elimination of any exemptions from that age (Decrees Nos. 8-2015 and 13-2017). Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned that many girls are still getting married or entering into a union, with serious negative consequences for their health and education" (15).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation recent the pilot initiatives, which have received international support, on penitentiary reform, including non-custodial alternatives to the pretrial detention of women and men, such as electronic monitoring bracelets. The Committee is concerned, however, that 50 per cent of the women being held in custody are in pretrial preventive detention. It notes with concern the overcrowded and deplorable conditions in places of detention for women, as well as reported cases of gender-based violence, the depriving of lesbian and transgender women of partner visits and the use of isolation as punishment. It also notes with concern the inadequate accommodation of pregnant women and women in detention with...more
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CL-DATA-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about the disproportionate levels of poverty among women and the lack of initiatives to increase tax collection for social expenditure" (13). Specific data not provided (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Decree No. 27-2010 amending the Civil Code and the Penal Code to eliminate provisions that discriminate against women in relation to marriage, divorce and the presumption of paternity" (2).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"It is also concerned about the absence of temporary special measures to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality between women and men in political and public life, education and employment" (5). "The Committee reiterates its concern about discrimination against women in employment, the lack of social and labour protection that women are afforded, owing to the precarious nature of their work in agriculture, the maquiladora industry and the local production of food and the segregation of most women into the lowest-paid occupations, in particular in informal occupations, including domestic labour. It is also concerned about the persistence of child labour and the limited information on eradication strategies. The Committee notes...more
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Decree No. 9-2016 on the immediate conduct of searches for disappeared women and the establishment of a related mechanism" (2). "Decree No. 18-2016 creating positions of specialized prosecutors, within the Office of the Public Prosecutor, for the crimes of trafficking in persons and of femicide" (2).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"It also notes the approval of a protocol for therapeutic abortion that seeks to guarantee the life and health of women" (12).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that the right to equality is enshrined in article 4 of the Constitution and that the State party has made efforts to adopt laws and mechanisms for the advancement of women. It remains concerned, however, about the absence of a comprehensive article in the Constitution on the right to non discrimination, in line with articles 1 and 2 (b) of the Convention, as well as of legislation on the prohibition of all forms of discrimination, including sanctions for such discrimination" (3).