The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Guatemala

Feb. 15, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

The gender parity index for gross secondary school enrollment (i.e. the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at the secondary level) is 0.95331 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 14, 2020, 11:17 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The Emberá [in Colombia] are the only group in Latin American currently known to practice FGM, and its origin among them remains murky" (para 8)
Dec. 18, 2019, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chad, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kosovo, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Macedonia, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Qatar, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: TRAFF-SCALE-1

2.0
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"But instead of facing the harsher penalties meant to stop such [domestic violence and femicide] crimes in Guatemala, Gehovany received only four years in prison, a short sentence even by the country's lenient standard for minors. More than three years later, now 21, he will be released next spring, perhaps sooner" (para 7). "Violence against women in the [Central America] region is so prevalent that 18 countries have passed laws to protect them, create a class of homicide known as femicide, which adds tougher penalties and greater law enforcement attention to the issue" (para 25). "Even defense attorneys believe Gehovany should have been charged with femicide, which would have put...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"…most women are killed by lovers, family members, husbands or partners--men angered by women acting independently, enraged by jealousy, or, like Gehovany, driven by a deeply ingrained sense of control over women's lives" (para 28). "Domestic abuse is the most common crime here. Of the several dozen complaints the Jalapa authorities receive each week, about half involve violence against women. 'It's like our daily bread,' said Dora Elizabeth Monson, the prosecutor for women's issues in Jalapa. 'Women recieve it morning, afternoon and night'" (para 49-50). "Across Guatemala, complaints of domestic violence have skyrocketed as more women come forward to report abuse. Every week, it seems, a new, gruesome case emerges...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"But instead of facing the harsher penalties meant to stop such [domestic violence] crimes in Guatemala, Gehovany received only four years in prison, a short sentence even by the country's lenient standard for minors. More than three years later, now 21, he will be released next spring, perhaps sooner" (para 7). "'How can this be justice?' Lubia said before the family fled...'All I did was leave him for beating me and he took my mother from us.' 'What kind of system protects him, and not me?' she said" (para 11-12). "At the courthouse, Judge Eduardo Alfonso Campos Paz maintains a docket filled with such cases. The most striking part, he...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"Gehovany Ramirez, 17, led his brother and another accomplice to his ex-girlfriend's home…His girlfriend, Lubia Sasvin Perez, had left him a month earlier, fleeing his violent temper…Five months pregnant…she feared losing the child to his rage. Lubia and her mother...begged him to leave, she said. They could smell the sour tang of alcohol on his breath. Unmoved, he raised the blade and struck her mother in the head, killing her" (para 2-4). "For prosecutors, judges and even defense lawyers in Guatemala, the case exemplifies the national scourge of domestic violence, motivated by a deep-seated sense of ownership over women and their place in relationships" (para 6). "...the new laws have...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The turmoil has forced millions to flee the region and seek refuge in the United States, where they confront a system strained by record demand and a bitter fight over whether to accept them" (para 15). "And Central America, the region where most of those seeking asylum in the United States are fleeing, is at the heart of the crisis" (para 17). "'Despite the risk associated with migration, it is still lower than the risk of being killed at home,' said Angela Me, the chief of research and trend analysis at the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime" (para 20).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-1

"In her area, Jalapa, a region of rippled hills, rutted roads and a cowboy culture, men go around on horseback with holstered pistols, their faces shaded by wide-brimmed hats. Though relatively peaceful for Guatemala…it is very dangerous for women" (para 46). "'The woman is treated often like a child in the home. And violence against them is accepted'" (para 48). "The problem [of violence against women] is not easily erased by legislation or enforcement, he said, because of a mindset ingrained in boys early on and reinforced throughout their lives. 'When I was born, my mom or sister brought me food or drink,' the judge said. 'My sister cleaned up...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-DATA-6

"The result is more disparity. While murders in Guatemala have dropped remarkably over the last decade, there is a notable difference by gender: Homicides of men have fallen by 57 percent, while killings of women have declined more slowly, by about 39 percent, according to government data" (para 57).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"But violence against women, and domestic violence in particular, is a powerful and often overlooked factor in the migration crisis" (para 16).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"Across Latin America, a murder epidemic is underway. Most years, more than 100,000 people are killed, largely young men on the periphery of broken societies" (para 14). "Latin America and the Caribbean are home to 14 of the 25 deadliest nations in the world for women, according to available data collected by the Small Arms Survey, which tracks violence globally" (para 16). "Here in Guatemala, the homicide rate for women is more than three times the global average" (para 18). "Though [Jalapa is] relatively peaceful for Guatemala, with a lower homicide rate than most areas, it is very dangerous for women" (para 46). "But today, the countries with the highest...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"It [domestic violence against women] is an echo of the systematic rape and torture women endured during the nation's 36-year civil war, which left an indelible mark on Guatemalan society" (para 55).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"But Mr. Sasvin Dominguez remains suspended in sadness…His other daughters remain trapped [in Guatemala] and there is no money to move them. Besides, he says, the journey north, even if they could afford it, is far too dangerous for three young women and a toddler to take on their own. His only hope, he says, is asylum" (para 92-93).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"And far from being kept from the family he tore apart, under Guatemalan law Gehovany has the right to visit his son upon release, according to legal officials in Guatemala" (para 8).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"For prosecutors, judges and even defense lawyers in Guatemala, the case exemplifies the national scourge…motivated by a deep-seated sense of ownership over women and their place in relationships" (para 6). "…most women are killed by lovers, family members, husbands or partners--men angered by women acting independently, enraged by jealousy or, like Gehovany, driven by a deeply ingrained sense of control over women's lives. 'Men end up thinking they can dispose of women as they wish,' said Adriana Quinones, the United Nations Women's country representative in Guatemala" (para 28-29). "His youngest daughter...had resigned herself to voluntary confinement....In town, some residents openly blamed Lubia for what happened. Even her own aunts did"...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: CWC-DATA-4

"He hoped to reach his sons in California. With luck, he could find work, support the girls back home -- and get asylum for the whole family" (para 74).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"They all work now, making tortillas in town. But they go straight home after, to avoid being spotted" (para 101).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"In December 2013, the UN General Assembly issued a resolution recognising the unique challenges that female human rights defenders face and calling on countries to ensure these women's right to carry out their activism in peaceful ways and to provide specialised protections, including legal, medical and social services" (para 44).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"On January 17, 2007, police, military and private security guards forcibly evicted the residents of Lote 8, El Estor, to clear the land for nickel mining, at that time for Canadian company Hudbay Minerals. The men of the community were in the fields, and the women at home. Eleven women, including Margarita Caal Caal, have now come forward to say they were raped during the forced eviction" (para 35-36).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In 2013, the 11 women filed a lawsuit in a Canadian court for their rape during the eviction, despite fear of repression. 'They often say that whoever files a lawsuit against these people is threatened with assassination, so that's a fear that we carried,' she said" (para 38-39).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"Campaigns to criminalise these women and delegitimise their work often attack them on the basis of gender. Sexual violence against female land rights defenders and their daughters is used as an intimidation technique. When these women return home, they often lack the support of their fathers, brothers and husbands for their work, and may even suffer physical violence at the hands of their male family members. Plus, women face the added burden of carrying out their activism on top of household and childcare responsibilities" (para 13). "From a young age, Cuc Choc realised defending the land was designated for men. Her father was involved in community activism, but disapproved of...more
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"We as women are even more affected,' said Genoveva Marroquin Chavez of the National Union of Guatemalan Women (UNAMG), an organisation that supports female activists and feminist social movements, including women land rights defenders in El Estor. 'Male human rights defenders are criminalised, but they don't say he is out looking for wife, or that he is a prostitute, or so many other things. There is another form of criminalisation women face, which is more extreme, just for being a woman,' she said" (para 10-11). "In 2010, a group of women formed the Mesoamerican Initiative of Women Defenders of Human Rights, a coalition of human rights organisations that focuses specifically...more
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Campaigns to criminalise these women and delegitimise their work often attack them on the basis of gender. Sexual violence against female land rights defenders and their daughters is used as an intimidation technique. When these women return home, they often lack the support of their fathers, brothers and husbands for their work, and may even suffer physical violence at the hands of their male family members. Plus, women face the added burden of carrying out their activism on top of household and childcare responsibilities" (para 13). "From a young age, Cuc Choc realised defending the land was designated for men. Her father was involved in community activism, but disapproved of...more
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: MURDER-DATA-1

"Only 12 percent of the land rights defenders killed in 2018 were women, but female land defenders are exposed to additional violence and intimidation. Pressure to stop pursuing their work comes both from their critics and their own community" (para 9).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Cuc Choc started attending activist meetings in El Estor at age 13 with her brother Ramiro, another prominent activist, but their experiences quickly diverged. While both have been subject of threats and smear campaigns, Cuc Choc has been threatened with sexual violence, physically abused by her father and ex-husband because of her work, and received vulgar and explicit gender-related insults" (para 3). "'It's hard to find women who are well-organised in this work, because there always exists machismo behind us,' said Cuc Choc" (para 4). "Only 12 percent of the land rights defenders killed in 2018 were women, but female land defenders are exposed to additional violence and intimidation. Pressure...more
Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The anti-trafficking law of 2009 criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties from eight to 18 years’ imprisonment. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Inconsistent with the definition of trafficking under international law, the law did not consider the use of force, fraud, or coercion as an essential element of an adult trafficking offense. The law defined trafficking broadly to include labor exploitation and illegal adoption without the purpose of exploitation" (222).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Authorities repatriated four Guatemalan victims from abroad in 2018. Authorities repatriated two Honduran trafficking victims in coordination with foreign consular officials and in accordance with an established protocol. Civil society expressed concern some adult foreign victims chose to leave shelters and return to their home countries due to lengthy investigation processes" (222). "Guatemalan law provided legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims who may face hardship or retribution upon return to their home countries, but all known foreign victims opted for repatriation. Foreign victims had the same access to care as domestic trafficking victims" (223).