The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Hungary

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Article 192 of the 2013 criminal code criminalized sex and labor trafficking, but inconsistent with the definition of trafficking under international law, it established the use of force, fraud, or coercion as an aggravating factor rather than an essential element of the crime. The law broadly defined exploitation as the abuse of power for the purpose of taking advantage of a victim. The prescribed penalties for the base offense ranged from one to five years’ imprisonment, while the penalties for trafficking crimes involving aggravated elements ranged from two to 20 years or life imprisonment. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Hungarian anti-trafficking law did not protect trafficking victims, including children, from administrative or criminal penalties for unlawful acts traffickers coerced them to commit (…) According to the law on misdemeanors, children could be detained in a correctional facility for up to 30 days or, as cumulative punishment, up to 45 days for engaging in commercial sex. Some experts said police generally did not understand that people in prostitution were vulnerable to trafficking or that the non-punishment provision for crime victims could apply to them; police rarely screened prostitution case defendants, including children, for trafficking indicators. Judges reported administrative proceedings penalizing a child only stopped if the child declared victimhood. Authorities...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Hungary, and traffickers exploit victims from Hungary abroad (…) Traffickers subject Hungarian men and women to forced labor domestically and abroad, particularly in Germany, the UK, and the Netherlands. NGOs have reported a phenomenon of selling disabled victims for sex trafficking. Hungarians, particularly Romani women and girls and those from state care institutions, are exploited in sex trafficking in large numbers in Austria by Hungarians of Roma and non-Roma origin. A large number of Hungarian child sex trafficking victims exploited within the country and abroad come from state-provided childcare institutions and correctional facilities, and traffickers...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Hungary does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included issuing new prosecutorial guidelines related to trafficking cases, launching services at four halfway houses, and adopting a national action plan. However, the government did not demonstrate increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. Government officials did not adequately screen for trafficking indicators among vulnerable populations. Services for victims remained scarce, uncoordinated, and inadequate, especially for children, for whom there were no dedicated shelters, and for foreigners. The law authorized the detention of child sex trafficking victims; law enforcement arrested and prosecuted...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government reported 30 identified victims as registered in the EU-funded digital platform for recordkeeping and case management for trafficking victims (EKAT system), the first year of its operation, compared with 33 identified victims in 2017 and 44 in 2016, not including those identified by embassies (...) The NBI trafficking unit reported identifying 26 victims and regional law enforcement reported identifying 10 victims (law enforcement did not report how many victims it identified in 2017); authorities informed victims of available services but did not refer them. NGOs reported assisting 79 trafficking victims (66 in 2017 and 143 victims in 2016)" (238-239).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

2.0
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape of men or women, including spousal rape, is illegal. Although there is no crime defined as rape, the equivalent crimes are sexual coercion and sexual violence. These crimes include the exploitation of a person who is unable to express his/her will. Penalties for sexual coercion and sexual violence range from one year in prison to 15 years in aggravated cases" (Pg 28). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 12, provided the older partner is 18 or younger. Persons older than 18 who engage in sexual relations with a minor between the ages of 12 and 14 may be punished by one to five years’ imprisonment. By law statutory...more
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, GIC-LAW-1

"Representation of women in public life, however, was very low. Women constituted 10 percent of members of parliament, and there were no female ministers. Only 13 percent of sub-cabinetlevel government state secretaries were women. In May 2016 the UN Working Group on the Issue of Discrimination against Women in Law and in Practice, in a statement following an official visit, noted 'pervasive and severe gender stereotyping of women which undoubtedly contributed to their low level of political participation.' The working group expressed concern over 'some public officials who legitimize and justify the low representation of women in politics'" (Pg 23).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2, AFE-PRACTICE-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. A Eurostat study from March (based on data from 2014) showed that male executives earned 33.7 percent more than female executives in the same level of job. Women held 41 percent of senior executive positions. In higher education the ratio of women among students was 6.3 percent higher than that of men. According to The Economist, the percentage of women on boards of directors was 11 percent" (Pg 29).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution and laws prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation and gender identity, infection with HIV or other communicable diseases, or social status. The labor code provides for the principles of equal treatment. The government failed to enforce these regulations effectively. Penalties took the form of fines but were generally inadequate to deter violations. Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to Roma, women, and persons with disabilities. According to NGOs, there was economic discrimination against women in the workplace, particularly against job seekers older than 50 and those who were pregnant or had returned from maternity leave. A government decree requires companies with...more
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

" The legal minimum age of marriage is 18. The Social and Guardianship Office may authorize marriages of persons between the ages of 16 and 18" (Pg 32).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"According to the law, harassment of a sexual nature constitutes a violation of the equal treatment principle, but is not a crime. According to the EU Fundamental Rights Agency, 42 percent of women interviewed experienced some form of sexual harassment after the age of 15" (Pg 29).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

"The criminal code includes 'violence within partnership' (domestic violence) as a separate category of offense. Regulations extend prison sentences for assault (light bodily harm) to three years, while grievous bodily harm, violation of personal freedom, or coercion may be punishable by one to five years in prison, if committed against domestic persons. By law police called to a scene of domestic violence may issue an emergency restraining order valid for three days in lieu of immediately filing charges, while courts may issue up to 60-day 'preventive restraining orders' in civil cases, without the option to extend. Women’s rights NGOs continued to criticize the law for not placing sufficient emphasis on...more
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process" (Pg 23).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Ministry of Human Capacities continued to operate a 24-hour toll-free hotline for victims of domestic violence and trafficking in persons to provide information and if necessary to coordinate the immediate placement of victims in shelters" (Pg 29).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The constitution and laws prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, gender, disability, language, sexual orientation and gender identity, infection with HIV or other communicable diseases, or social status. The labor code provides for the principles of equal treatment. The government failed to enforce these regulations effectively. Penalties took the form of fines but were generally inadequate to deter violations" (Pg 39).
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Central African Rep, China, Cote D'Ivoire, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mongolia, Niger, Pakistan, Qatar, Russia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

3.0
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: DV-LAW-1

There is legislation specifically addressing domestic violence in Hungary (95).
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Hungary can legally register a business, sign a contract, and open a bank account in the same way as a man. Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (95). Discrimination based on gender is prohibited in access to credit in Hungary, and so is discrimination based on marital status (95).
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

A woman in Hungary can legally get a job in the same way as a man. Women can work the same night hours as men. Women are able to work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are able to perform the same tasks at work as men. Women can work in the same industries as men (95). The ages at which men and women can retire with full and partial pension benefits are equal (95).
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: CL-LAW-1

The government of Hungary provides for valuation of nonmonetary contributions, such as staying at home to take care of the elderly and disabled (95).
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

A woman in Hungary can legally travel outside the country and her own home in the same way as a man (95).
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

Female and male surviving spouses have equal inheritance rights in Hungary (95).
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can legally apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Hungary can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (95).
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Women in Hungary are not legally required to obey their husbands (95). In Hungary, when determining how to legally administer marital property, both spouses must agree (95).
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

Hungary law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in employment, and the dismissal of pregnant workers in Hungary is prohibited. There is legislation on sexual harassment in employment and in education. There are no criminal penalties or civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment (95).
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Hungary can legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man (95). A woman in Hungary can legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (95).
April 7, 2019, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: GP-DATA-5

Hungary law establishes an anti-discrimination commission (95).