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Latest items for Iceland

June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the signing of an agreement between the Ministry of Social Affairs and Housing and the Women’s Refuge in December 2014, providing for emergency shelter, and the recruitment of two psychologists providing assistance to women who are victims of violence. The Committee emphasizes the need for shelters in addition to the system put in place through the Exclusion Orders and Ejections Act." (para 21). "The Committee nevertheless remains concerned...That there is only one women’s shelter, in Reykjavik, which is not easily accessible by women living outside the capital and women with disabilities...That the number of services, several of which have been established and are operated by non-governmental organizations,...more
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"The persistent horizontal and vertical segregation in the labour market and women’s concentration in part-time work, mainly owing to family obligations, which adversely affects their career development and their social and pension benefits." (para 29).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"The committee is concerned...That women with disabilities have limited access to services and the shelter for women, which lacks the infrastructure for their physical access." (para 45).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the development of an equal pay management standard and on the extension of the mandate of the Action Group on Equal Pay until the end of 2016, as well as on its efforts to reduce the gender pay gap and the introduction of quotas for women’s equal representation on governmental committees and on the boards of public and private limited companies." (para 29). "The Committee nevertheless remains concerned about...The persistent gender wage gap that over the past years has remained at between 7 and 18 per cent and the limited scope of application of article 19 of the Act on Equal Status and...more
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned that some media contribute to the traditional division of roles in the family between men and women." (para 47).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the difficulties encountered by migrant women in employment and health care and about their exposure to violence. It notes that the Multicultural and Information Centre provides migrant women with various types of information, including on new forms of family and divorce procedures, and that the Icelandic Human Rights Centre provides legal counselling to migrant women. The Committee is also concerned that the Multicultural and Information Centre is located outside the capital and not easily accessible. The Committee is further concerned at the lack of disaggregated data and studies on the status of migrant women in the State party, who may encounter difficulties in gaining access...more
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned about...The disproportionately high number of migrant women working in “champagne clubs”." (para 23).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The Committee also notes that the State party intends to amend the General Penal Code, specifically to criminalize domestic violence, and to ratify and fully implement the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention)." (para 19).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ADDL-DATA-1

"The committee is concerned…That rural women have limited access to social and protection services and shelter, including those relating to domestic violence, owing to the poor road infrastructure, which is compounded by weather-related problems in the winter." (para 45). "The committee is concerned...That the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules) are not fully implemented in the State party and prison facilities lack appropriate spaces for women and family meetings." (para 45). "The committee is concerned...That there is a lack of disaggregated data and studies on the social and protection gaps and intersecting forms of discrimination faced by rural...more
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-1, MISA-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee regrets the lack of information on alcohol addiction and of any study on mental health issues and the scope and causes of suicide among women in the State party." (para 37).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee nevertheless remains concerned about the continued prevalence of stereotypical educational choices by women and girls, as well as by men and boys, resulting in the underrepresentation of women and girls in fields of study that are traditionally dominated by men." (para 27). "It is also concerned about the limited space given to women in the history books used at school, girls’ limited participation in sports education and the reportedly higher dropout rate among migrant girls." (para 27).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee calls upon the State party...To step up its efforts to prosecute and convict perpetrators of rape and sexual violence against women, and analyse and address the causes of the high number of acquittals in sexual violence cases...To adopt, without delay, a national plan against sexual and domestic violence that takes into account the specific needs and vulnerabilities of migrant women and women with disabilities, and provide adequate human and financial support to expand to all police districts the cross-cutting approach of the Reykjavik Metropolitan Police to combating domestic violence." (para 20).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee recommends that the State party establish without delay the planned independent national human rights institution, in accordance with the principles relating to the status of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights (the Paris Principles), with a broad mandate to promote and protect women’s rights and gender equality." (para 14). "The Committee urges the State party...To ensure that, in addition to the Exclusion Orders and Ejections Act (No. 85/2011), sufficient shelters with qualified personnel and adequate financial resources are available to women who are victims of violence, including migrant women, rural women and women with disabilities...To open rape crisis centres, walk-in centres and 24-hour free-of-charge...more
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee recommends that the State party enhance awareness-raising through the media and implement measures to eliminate stereotypes and structural barriers that might deter boys and girls from enrolling in non-traditional educational and occupational choices or impede women’s advancement in academic institutions, the labour market, the family and society." (para 18).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the high percentage of women in Parliament (43 per cent) and welcomes the fact that the Ministry of the Interior has taken measures to increase the representation of women in the police." (para 25).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-2

"The Committee nevertheless remains concerned...That there is only one women’s shelter, in Reykjavik, which is not easily accessible by women living outside the capital and women with disabilities...That the number of services, several of which have been established and are operated by non-governmental organizations, is insufficient and the service providers are inadequately funded to meet the needs of women who are victims of violence...That there is very limited support for women who are victims of violence in rural areas, in particular with regard to access to health and psychosocial services." (para 21).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2008 of the State party’s fifth and sixth periodic reports (CEDAW/C/ICE/5 and CEDAW/C/ICE/6) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following...Public Financing Act (No. 123/2015), incorporating gender-responsive budgeting...Act on Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men (No. 10/2008) and its amendments (Acts Nos. 62/2014 and 79/2015), including a new definition of direct and indirect discrimination...National Plan against Trafficking in Persons (2013-2016)." (para 4). "The Committee welcomes the fact that, in the period since the consideration of the previous report, the State party has ratified or acceded to the following international instruments...Optional Protocol to the Convention...more
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned about...The lack of a legal analysis of the high number of acquittals in sexual violence cases…The absence of a national action plan against sexual and domestic violence that would take into account the specific needs and vulnerabilities of migrant women and women with disabilities" (para 19).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-DATA-1

"The persistent gender wage gap that over the past years has remained at between 7 and 18 per cent and the limited scope of application of article 19 of the Act on Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men, which provides that the equal pay principle applies only to women and men working for “the same employer”". (para 29).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that the number of cases of violence against women is increasing." (para 19). "The Committee is, however, concerned about...The absence of legislation specifically criminalizing psychological violence and online harassment and stalking." (para 19).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes with concern, however, the delay since December 2014 in adopting the new action plan. It also notes with concern that the Centre for Gender Equality, tasked with administering the Act on Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men, lacks adequate human and financial resources and is remotely located. The Committee is also concerned that there are no full-time gender focal points working on gender mainstreaming in government institutions and that gender-responsive budgeting is not systematically implemented in all programming relevant for achieving the de facto equality of women." (para 11)
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Angola, Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Burundi, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Mexico, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Peru, Portugal, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Trinidad/Tobago, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

0.0
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits, with fines or imprisonment for up to two years, the payment, or promise to pay or render consideration of another type, for prostitution involving a child under the age of 18. The law prohibits child pornography, which is punishable by up to two years in prison. The law criminalizes statutory rape with incarceration for one to 16 years" (p. 10).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Activists continued to complain that the burden of proof in rape cases was too heavy and discouraged victims from reporting acts of rape and authorities from prosecuting them. The government did not respond formally to these concerns.. The government helped finance the Women’s Shelter, the Counseling and Information Center for Survivors of Sexual Violence, the rape crisis center of the national hospital, and other organizations that assisted victims of domestic or gender-based violence. In addition the government assisted immigrant women in abusive relationships, offering emergency accommodation, counseling, and information on legal rights" (p. 9).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not explicitly address spousal rape.. Victims of domestic violence can request police to remove perpetrators physically from the home for up to four weeks at a time. Police can also impose a 72-hour restraining order to prevent abusers from coming into proximity with the victim, and courts can extend this restraining order for up to a year. The law entitles victims of sex crimes to a lawyer to advise them of their rights and to help them pursue charges against the alleged assailants" (p. 9).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The law does not explicitly address spousal rape" (p. 9).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Two laws prohibit sexual harassment. The general penal code makes sexual harassment punishable by imprisonment for up to two years. The law on equal status defines sexual harassment more broadly as any type of unfair or offensive physical, verbal, or symbolic sexual behavior that is unwanted, affects the self-respect of the victim, and is continued despite a clear indication that the behavior is undesired. The law requires employers and organization supervisors to make specific arrangements to prevent employees, students, and clients from becoming victims of gender-based or sexual harassment. The law establishes fines for violations, but more severe penalties could be applicable under other laws" (p. 9).more
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"In May the Gender Equality Complaints Committee ruled that the Ministry of Finance violated the law on equal status when it hired a male employee over a female applicant of equal qualifications for the position of director of public finance in June 2016" (p. 10).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape carries a maximum penalty of 16 years in prison. Judges typically imposed sentences of two to three years" (p. 9).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: EWCMS-DATA-1

"According to a salary survey of its members conducted by the country’s largest labor union, the VR, and published in July, the gender-based pay gap amounted to 11.3 percent after taking into consideration age, length of employment, profession, job sector, education, number of employees supervised, number of hours worked, and shift work... The gender pay gap amounted to 11.8 and 6.0 percent among the unions’ membership, respectively, after taking into consideration age, working hours, length of employment, type of profession, education, shift differential, and type of sector" (p. 14).