The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for India

July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"The Childline India Foundation (CIF) is the nodal agency of the Union ministry of women and child development, acting as the parent organisation for setting up, managing and monitoring the Childline 1098 service across the country. It is a free, 24-hour emergency phone outreach service for children in need of care and protection. It has set up emergency phonelines for the purpose" (para 106).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-1

"The positive representation of their own image and experience at the training camps outside Assam is not only persuasive but also one that young women might aspire for. This inculcates an unquestioning understanding of the role of women as mothers, wives, daughters and radicalises them in the cause of a Hindu rashtra" (para 85). "The narrative of throwing out intruders to save the Hindu rashtra is integral to the ‘education’ being imparted to the young tribal girls spirited away from home. Even when they themselves, ironically, bec­ome outsiders in the process. The Bodo and adivasis girls, taken away from their homes, have now emb­raced patriarchal ideas of honour, sati and...more
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"In terse Hindi, she answers, 'Honour of a woman, honour of the motherland, praying every day and saving the animals by not killing. Even for food.' 'Save your honour from whom?' I ask. 'From invaders. Who attack Hindus. Like Bangladeshis and missionaries in Assam,' she answers" (para 132-134). CC: Honor here is connected to chastity, but also to their loyalty to Hinduism both culturally and religiously.
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"On September 1, 2010, the Supreme Court of India, dealing with the ‘Exploitation of Children in Orphanages, State of Tamil Nadu vs UoI and Others’ case, concerning large-scale transportation of children from one state to another, said: 'The State of Manipur and Assam are directed to ensure that no child below the age of 12 years or those at primary school level are sent outside for pursuing education to other states unt­il further orders'" (para 5). CC: This suggests that trafficking of school-age children is often under the guise of educational opportunities in other states in India. "This came after a probe into the trafficking of 76 children from Assam...more
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"On June 9, 2015, two days after Babita’s demand for crab curry was met, she and 30 other tribal girls—aged 3-11 years—were made to board a train by two women, Korobi Basumatary and Sandhyaben Tikde, of two Sangh parivar outfits, the Rashtra Sevika Samiti and Sewa Bharati, on the promise of education in Punjab and Gujarat. The girls were from five border districts of Assam, Kokrajhar, Goalpara, Dhubri, Chirang and Bongaigaon... government documents to expose how different Sangh outfits trafficked 31 tribal girls as young as three years from tribal areas of Assam to Punjab and Gujarat. Orders to return the children to Assam—including those from the Assam State Commission...more
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"According to the Article 9 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 'Children must not be separated from their parents unless it is in the best interests of the child (for exa­mple, in cases of abuse or neglect). A child must be given the chance to express their views when decisions about parental res­ponsibilities are being made. Every child has the right to stay in contact with both parents, unless this might harm them.' India ratified the Convention in 1992" (para 106).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"Government documents to expose how different Sangh outfits trafficked 31 tribal girls as young as three years from tribal areas of Assam to Punjab and Gujarat. Orders to return the children to Assam—including those from the Assam State Commission for the Protection of Child Rights, the Child Welfare Committee, Kokrajhar, the State Child Protection Society, and Childline, Delhi and Patiala—were violated by Sangh-run institutions with the help of the Gujarat and Punjab governments" (para 4). "This is the usual strategy for penetration used by the Sangh. First, the welfare organisations step in. They increase the mass base, identify potential trainees. Small steps like visiting the remotest village, distributing lockets, pamphlets...more
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In the meantime, we visited the home thoroughly. There are 31 girls in this home. All the girls are school-going except 11 new inmates from Assam. It was found that there were no sleep beds in the home and mattresses were kept on the floor in a big hall" (para 151).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-3

"The narrative of throwing out intruders to save the Hindu rashtra is integral to the ‘education’ being imparted to the young tribal girls spirited away from home. Even when they themselves, ironically, bec­ome outsiders in the process. The Bodo and adivasis girls, taken away from their homes, have now emb­raced patriarchal ideas of honour, sati and jauhar instead of turning to their own brave tribal women warriors like Tengfakhri, who fought criminals in the British era instead of committing suicide like the Rani of Chhota Kashi. The ‘bravery’ being instilled in these girls is limited to the Sangh’s Hindu state-building efforts as wives, mothers, recruiters and sometimes propagandists. They return...more
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"CWCs are established by state governments, according to mandates of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 (amended in 2006). Each district-level CWC has the powers of a metropolitan magistrate or a first class judicial magistrate. It can hold people accountable for a child, transfer the case to a different CWC closer to the child’s home, reunite a child with his/her community. Children can be produced before the committee or one of its members by police, public servants, Childline, social workers or public-spirited citizens. A child may present himself/herself before it too. The probation officer for the case is required to submit regular reports on the child....more
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"On June 9, 2015, two days after Babita’s demand for crab curry was met, she and 30 other tribal girls—aged 3-11 years—were made to board a train by two women, Korobi Basumatary and Sandhyaben Tikde, of two Sangh parivar outfits, the Rashtra Sevika Samiti and Sewa Bharati, on the promise of education in Punjab and Gujarat. The girls were from five border districts of Assam, Kokrajhar, Goalpara, Dhubri, Chirang and Bongaigaon... government documents to expose how different Sangh outfits trafficked 31 tribal girls as young as three years from tribal areas of Assam to Punjab and Gujarat. Orders to return the children to Assam—including those from the Assam State Commission...more
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"This came after a probe into the trafficking of 76 children from Assam and Manipur, most of them minor girls, to 'homes' run by Christian missionaries in Tamil Nadu. In spite of this apex court order, according to a CID report from Assam, over 5,000 children have gone missing in 2012-15, and activists are convinced this roughly corresponds to the number of children trafficked on the pretext of education and employment. At least 800 of these children went missing in 2015" (para 6).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"'There is a rule in Hindu religion that one has to marry within our religion,' says Kanchai. 'Young girls talk to boys on the phone and then elope to get married. We recently struggled to get a girl to leave the Muslim man she had married. Initially, she refused because she was pregnant but after repeated guidance by us, she left him. We told her how the Muslims had killed Bodo people in the neighbouring villages. She saw reason. She has now separated from her husband and works for Sewa Bharati'" (para 84).
July 21, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"On September 1, 2010, the Supreme Court of India, dealing with the ‘Exploitation of Children in Orphanages, State of Tamil Nadu vs UoI and Others’ case, concerning large-scale transportation of children from one state to another, said: 'The State of Manipur and Assam are directed to ensure that no child below the age of 12 years or those at primary school level are sent outside for pursuing education to other states unt­il further orders'" (para 5). "On June 16, 2015, a week after the girls were taken away, the Assam State Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (ASCPCR) wrote a letter (ASCPCR 37/2015/1) to the ADGP, CID, Assam Police,...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Refugees reported exploitation by nongovernment actors, including assaults, gender-based violence, frauds, and labor exploitation. Also, problems of domestic violence, sexual abuse, and early and forced marriage continued. Gender-based violence and sexual abuse were common in camps for Sri Lankans" (28).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In 2015 the Supreme Court directed all private hospitals to provide medical assistance to victims of acid attacks. Implementation of the policy began in Chennai in 2016. In April the government announced that acid attack victims were to be included in the provisions of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016. In July 2016 the central government launched a revised Central Victim Compensation Fund scheme to reduce disparities in compensation for victims of crime including rape, acid attacks, crime against children, and human trafficking" (38).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"It is illegal to pay for sex with a minor, to induce a minor into prostitution or any form of 'illicit sexual intercourse,' or to sell or buy a minor for the purposes of prostitution. Violators are subjected to 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine" (43). "NGOs suggested families forced some SC girls into prostitution in temples to mitigate household financial burdens and the prospect of marriage dowries. Some states have laws to curb prostitution or sexual abuse of women and girls in temple service. Enforcement of these laws remained lax, and the problem was widespread. Some observers estimated more than 450,000 women and girls engaged in temple-related prostitution" (40).more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"So-called honor killings remained a problem, especially in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana. These states also had low female birth ratios due to gender selective abortions" (39).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Many tribal land systems, including in Bihar, deny tribal women the right to own land" (42).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"'Sumangali schemes' affected an estimated 120,000 young women. These plans, named after the Tamil word for 'happily married woman,' are a form of bonded labor in which young women or girls work to earn money for a dowry to be able to marry. The promised lump-sum compensation ranged from 80,000 to 100,000 rupees ($1,300 to $1,600), which is normally withheld until the end of three to five years of employment. Compensation, however, sometimes went partially or entirely unpaid. While in bonded labor, employers reportedly subjected women to serious workplace abuses, severe restrictions on freedom of movement and communication, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, sex trafficking, and being killed. The majority of...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons faced physical attacks, rape, and blackmail" (48).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGO Lawyers Collective noted the length of trials, lack of victim support, and inadequate protection of witnesses and victims remained major concerns. Doctors continued to carry out the invasive 'two-finger test' to speculate on sexual history, despite the Supreme Court’s holding that the test violated a victim’s right to privacy. In 2015 the government introduced new guidelines for health professionals for medical examinations of victims of sexual violence. It included provisions regarding consent of the victim during various stages of examination, which some NGOs claimed was an improvement to recording incidents" (37-38).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"HRW reported women and girls with disabilities occasionally were forced into mental hospitals against their will" (45).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"The law prohibits prenatal sex selection, but authorities rarely enforced it" (42).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"During the year Chhattisgarh became the first state to establish one-stop crisis centers for women in distress, called 'Sakhi centers,' in all its 27 districts, supported with federal funds from the Ministry of Women and Child Development. These centers provide medical, legal, counseling, and shelter services for women facing various types of violence, but primarily domestic violence related to dowry disputes and sexual violence" (38).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"The NGO Pratham’s 2016 Annual Survey of Education noted that in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Manipur, West Bengal, and Madhya Pradesh, female student attendance rates ranged between 50 to 60 percent" (42).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape in most cases, although marital rape is not illegal when the woman is over the age of 15" (37).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Religious, cultural, and traditional practices and ideas prevented women from proportional participation in political office" (33-34).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The government has promoted female sterilization as a form of family planning for decades and, as a result, female sterilization made up 86 percent of all contraceptive use in the country. Despite recent efforts to expand the range of contraceptive choices, the government sometimes promoted permanent female sterilization to the exclusion of alternate forms of contraception" (41).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The most significant human rights issues included... lack of criminal investigations or accountability for cases related to rape, domestic violence, dowry-related deaths, honor killings, sexual harassment; and discrimination against women and girls remained serious problems" (1). "Sexual harassment remains a serious problem. Authorities required all state departments and institutions with more than 50 employees to operate committees to prevent and address sexual harassment, often referred to as 'eve teasing'" (40).