The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for India

June 30, 2018, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Popular culture is driving change too. In parts of Dharavi the greatest hazard for a pedestrian is not the open sewer beneath your feet but the tangle of wires around your head. Many of these wires carry cable-television signals. They transmit soap operas and movies which often depict the struggle between love and tradition. Though these seem stuffy to the upper middle classes, they can be a revelation to the poor" (Para 10). `
June 30, 2018, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Nearly all Indian women marry by their late 20s, and births out of wedlock are vanishingly rare" (Para 3).
June 30, 2018, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7

"Dowry payments are widespread. About 90-95% of the time Hindus marry within their broad caste group" (Para 3). "The village bosses who enforce caste rules have less power than they did. Some north Indian village elders have chosen to relax the rules anyway, because so many single men are in search of wives—a consequence of sex-selective abortions. Caste is now less an institution than a mess of prejudices about the superiority of one’s own group" (Para 9). "Indian parents still assume they will live with their sons. That explains why they exert so much control over marriage: they are in effect choosing a cook and a future carer. Yet this...more
June 30, 2018, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-9

"Marriage is a central institution in all societies. In India it often seems more important than anything else. Witness the extravagant, days-long weddings, the lavish gifts of saris and jewellery, and the columns of spouse-wanted ads in newspapers—or just watch any Bollywood romantic comedy" (Para 2).
June 30, 2018, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-1

"Nearly a third of Indians now live in cities or towns, while villages are tied increasingly to urban economies" (Para 9).
June 30, 2018, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6

"Marriage, one woman explains, is becoming freer and easier—“less stiff-necked”, as she puts it. All have far more choice when it comes to picking a marriage partner than their parents knew: two of the women have even married men from another religion" (Para 1).
June 30, 2018, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Dowry payments are widespread. About 90-95% of the time Hindus marry within their broad caste group" (Para 3). "Although caste is still powerful in Dharavi, it is gradually giving way to the money god. Teenage boys insist that good jobs—government jobs especially—are now more important, both for snagging good partners and for asserting control over marriage decisions. One of the boys, an orphan, has a girlfriend and wants to marry her. Her parents object to his caste, but he reckons he can wear down their objections by finishing his education and getting a better job" (Para 8).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"The Indian legal system recognizes women's legal right to inheritance" (109). "The ancient schools of inheritance governing succession in India were namely Mitakshara; along with regional variations into Banaras, Mithilia, Maharashtra and Dravidian schools and Dayabhaga; observed in Bengal and Assam. Generally the succession in Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) follows strict male lineage, where male members are coparceners with right of survivorship whereas women (widowed or mothers in case of minor male heirs) usually work as caretakers of the property" (109). "The [Hindu Succession Act of 1956] also converted the limited estate provided to widowed women into absolute one" (109).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"She reported that women are socialized to accept dowry as the rightful share in ancestral property" (110). "The issue of dowry is critically enmeshed with issue of female inheritance in most Asian societies. In India dowry works as a pre mortem form of inheritance (Kishwar, Stone and Rao). and as a status provider both to bride (among in- laws) and her parents (among kinship). Numerous metaphors in Punjabi folk exhibit and stress the importance of dowry in marriage. A famous folk boli (song) goes like this 'gaddi aa gyi sandookon khaalii ni bahuteyaan bhrawa waaliye' (Translation: Oh! You, new bride, you received nothing in dowry from your wealthy brothers) Rise...more
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The inheritance laws for women in India run along the differently designed contours of religious and customary practices, each determining succession in its own peculiar way” (109).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"This development of identifying daughter as a coparcener in father’s ancestral property is phenomenal, although it contradicts Indian social structure as well as system. Patriarchy, traditional mindset of society, gendered socialization process and above all socio-cultural morality obstructs implementation of an otherwise egalitarian law" (109). "The findings state that despite a high level of awareness regarding inheritance rights, women prefer not to invoke them in the face of socio-cultural barriers" (109). "The explicit as well as implicit implementation of Hindu Succession Act 1956 (as amended in 2005) contradicts the traditional value system of Indian society that defies daughters inheritance staunchly in the wake of male agnates and cognates. Furthermore the...more
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-2

"Son is seen as the rightful heir of ancestral property; he is the one to continue the family lineage and provides support to the elderly in old age" (114). "Moreover, claim to share in ancestral property brings along the obligation to care for the aged parents. In wake of their own marriage commitments and adhering to the traditional values of society taking care of parents is considered the liability of a son, hence the share belongs exclusively to him" (115). "the patriarchal social structure attribute son's as rightful heirs to parents property as well as care takers of them during their old age" (117).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The findings state that despite a high level of awareness regarding inheritance rights, women prefer not to invoke them in the face of socio-cultural barriers" (109).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The maxim of son preference is a well established and acknowledged fact of Indian society" (114).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"The Indian legal system recognizes women's legal right to inheritance" (109). "The property rights enshrined in the Hindu Succession Act of 1956 (as amended in 2005) testimonies the liberal progressive approach of Indian political system by placing female property rights at par with their male counterparts. This development of identifying daughter as a coparcener in father’s ancestral property is phenomenal" (109). "The ancient schools of inheritance governing succession in India were namely Mitakshara; along with regional variations into Banaras, Mithilia, Maharashtra and Dravidian schools and Dayabhaga; observed in Bengal and Assam. Generally the succession in Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) follows strict male lineage, where male members are coparceners with right...more
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The property rights enshrined in the Hindu Succession Act of 1956 (as amended in 2005) testimonies the liberal progressive approach of Indian political system by placing female property rights at par with their male counterparts" (109).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7

"In a strict patriarchal society like Punjab, daughters are married off on the lines of village exogamy and with handsome amount of dowry (viewed as pre mortem form of inheritance); the institution of ghar jamai [a life-in son-in-law] is socially loathed and critically satire" (116).
March 29, 2018, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: PW-DATA-1

According to a 2015-16 DHS survey of India, the percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had no additional wives was 98.4%. The percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had one additional wife was 1.5%. The percentage of women who were married or in a union and whose husband had two or more additional wives was 0.1%. The percentage of men who were married and had two or more wives was 0.4%. The percentage of married or in union men aged 15-49 who had two or more wives was 0.4%. According to a 2005-6 DHS survey, the...more
March 27, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"Dowry deaths rose from about 19 per day in 2001 to 21 per day in 2016. It is indeed alarming that the rise in dowry deaths is unabated despite greater stringency of anti-dowry laws" (para 1). "Media reports abound in bestiality towards a bride, with the natal family failing to comply with hugely inflated dowry demands and subsequent extortionary demands. As if daily humiliation, wife beating, torture, threats of bodily harm, and forced sex with male relatives were not ghastly enough, often brutal killings through wife-burning, or asphyxiation, and not infrequently through hired assassins follow in quick succession. The natal family is left a silent spectator constrained by tradition, custom,...more
March 27, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"[The Dowry Prohibition Act] was an abysmal failure as dowries became a nationwide phenomenon, replacing bride price" (para 1).
March 27, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"As cases of brutal harassment and dowry deaths continued to rise, another Act was passed in 1986, relating specifically to the offence of dowry death. Such deaths were punishable with imprisonment for a period not less than seven years, but may extend to life imprisonment. The Supreme Court bench comprising Justices Altamas Kabir and H.L. Gokhale, in their judgement (Durga Prasad & Anr vs State of MP) on 14 May 2010, rejected an appeal for dowry death on the grounds that, apart from the fact that the woman had died on account of burn or bodily injury, otherwise than under normal circumstances, within seven years of her marriage, it had...more
March 27, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"In 1961, the Dowry Prohibition Act made giving and taking of dowry, its abetment or the demand for it an offence punishable with imprisonment and fine or without the latter" (para 1). "The Criminal Law Amendment Act in 1983 inserted a new section (498-A) to deal with persistent and grave instances of dowry demand and such offences were punishable with imprisonment extendable to three years" (para 1).
March 27, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"Conviction rates for dowry deaths at all-India level have hovered around a low of one-third of registered cases. In fact, the conviction rate was about 32% in 2001 and fell to about 30% in 2016, pointing to growing inefficiency of the judicial and police systems. Besides, in several states (notably Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Telangana), the conviction rates were abysmally low (10% or lower). Worse, in some of these states (notably, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh), there were sharp reductions from already low levels in 2001" (para 3).
March 27, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2

"Dowry deaths rose from about 19 per day in 2001 to 21 per day in 2016" (para 1).
March 9, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Djibouti, India, Niger, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Uganda, Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-LAW-1

“Saudi Arabia has signed a number of bilateral agreements with the countries of origin of female domestic workers. The agreements serve the interests of all parties and prevent the exploitation and violation of the rights of female domestic workers. They have been concluded with India, Niger, Uganda, Djibouti, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Sri Lanka” (32).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The link between child marriage and early widowhood could never be starker. Almost all the women who attended a meeting at the International Widows Day on Friday at L.B. Stadium, were victims of child marriage and eventually loss of partner" (Para 1).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-2

"Alcoholic husband was the reason for early widowhood of Chaganti Sammakka too from Thimmapur village of Warangal. Her husband, who was a farmhand was heavily into drinking and left her with two sons, one mentally unsound. Though cheap liquor has been controlled after the Telangana Government cracked the whip against it, that has resulted only in increased sales of ‘brand’ liquor, the women say" (Para 7-8).
Feb. 26, 2018, 11:48 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"'My in-laws brought pressure on me to leave home without my girls and get the foetus aborted. They even offered Rs. 2 lakh, but I refused and stay put in the house. Even now, my children and I have to face a lot of harassment and discrimination,' Yadamma said" (Para 3). "The women [widows] are also subjected to severe discrimination and abuse, which is so internalised by them that they are unmoved by it. 'Nobody invites us to any auspicious occasion. I cannot attend the functions of my own children,' says Yadamma, with a tinge of sadness, while B. Somakka from Brahmanakothapalli village of Mahbubabad district does not see why...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-LAW-1

"A Supreme Court bench said the amended Hindu Succession Act of 2005 stipulated that a daughter would be a 'coparcener' [one who shares equally in the inheritance of an undivided property] since birth, and have the 'same rights and liabilities' as a son. With the coming of the Hindu succession act in 2005, daughters got equal rights in their ancestral assets. Last week, the Supreme Court clarified that the law applies to all daughters, irrespective of whether they were born before or after the coming of the law" (para 1-2). "The court said that her (a daughter's) share in ancestral property could not be denied on the ground that she...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"It added that the law was amended to give daughters equal status to sons' in property matters. The bench added that: 'These changes have been sought... on the touchstone of equality, thus seeking to remove the perceived disability and prejudice to which a daughter was subjected'" (para 7-8). "The clarification came in the wake of a plea filed by two sisters of the Savadi family to claim their late father, Gurulingappa Savadi's property. Their brother refused the share, which forced them to take the case to the courts in 2002. The trial court dismissed their plea in 2007 by agreeing with the brothers' argument which said that the sisters were...more