The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for India

June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Refugees reported exploitation by nongovernment actors, including assaults, gender-based violence, frauds, and labor exploitation. Also, problems of domestic violence, sexual abuse, and early and forced marriage continued. Gender-based violence and sexual abuse were common in camps for Sri Lankans" (28).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In 2015 the Supreme Court directed all private hospitals to provide medical assistance to victims of acid attacks. Implementation of the policy began in Chennai in 2016. In April the government announced that acid attack victims were to be included in the provisions of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016. In July 2016 the central government launched a revised Central Victim Compensation Fund scheme to reduce disparities in compensation for victims of crime including rape, acid attacks, crime against children, and human trafficking" (38).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"It is illegal to pay for sex with a minor, to induce a minor into prostitution or any form of 'illicit sexual intercourse,' or to sell or buy a minor for the purposes of prostitution. Violators are subjected to 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine" (43). "NGOs suggested families forced some SC girls into prostitution in temples to mitigate household financial burdens and the prospect of marriage dowries. Some states have laws to curb prostitution or sexual abuse of women and girls in temple service. Enforcement of these laws remained lax, and the problem was widespread. Some observers estimated more than 450,000 women and girls engaged in temple-related prostitution" (40).more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"So-called honor killings remained a problem, especially in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana. These states also had low female birth ratios due to gender selective abortions" (39).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Many tribal land systems, including in Bihar, deny tribal women the right to own land" (42).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"'Sumangali schemes' affected an estimated 120,000 young women. These plans, named after the Tamil word for 'happily married woman,' are a form of bonded labor in which young women or girls work to earn money for a dowry to be able to marry. The promised lump-sum compensation ranged from 80,000 to 100,000 rupees ($1,300 to $1,600), which is normally withheld until the end of three to five years of employment. Compensation, however, sometimes went partially or entirely unpaid. While in bonded labor, employers reportedly subjected women to serious workplace abuses, severe restrictions on freedom of movement and communication, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, sex trafficking, and being killed. The majority of...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons faced physical attacks, rape, and blackmail" (48).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGO Lawyers Collective noted the length of trials, lack of victim support, and inadequate protection of witnesses and victims remained major concerns. Doctors continued to carry out the invasive 'two-finger test' to speculate on sexual history, despite the Supreme Court’s holding that the test violated a victim’s right to privacy. In 2015 the government introduced new guidelines for health professionals for medical examinations of victims of sexual violence. It included provisions regarding consent of the victim during various stages of examination, which some NGOs claimed was an improvement to recording incidents" (37-38).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-3

"HRW reported women and girls with disabilities occasionally were forced into mental hospitals against their will" (45).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"The law prohibits prenatal sex selection, but authorities rarely enforced it" (42).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"During the year Chhattisgarh became the first state to establish one-stop crisis centers for women in distress, called 'Sakhi centers,' in all its 27 districts, supported with federal funds from the Ministry of Women and Child Development. These centers provide medical, legal, counseling, and shelter services for women facing various types of violence, but primarily domestic violence related to dowry disputes and sexual violence" (38).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"The NGO Pratham’s 2016 Annual Survey of Education noted that in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Manipur, West Bengal, and Madhya Pradesh, female student attendance rates ranged between 50 to 60 percent" (42).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape in most cases, although marital rape is not illegal when the woman is over the age of 15" (37).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Religious, cultural, and traditional practices and ideas prevented women from proportional participation in political office" (33-34).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"The government has promoted female sterilization as a form of family planning for decades and, as a result, female sterilization made up 86 percent of all contraceptive use in the country. Despite recent efforts to expand the range of contraceptive choices, the government sometimes promoted permanent female sterilization to the exclusion of alternate forms of contraception" (41).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The most significant human rights issues included... lack of criminal investigations or accountability for cases related to rape, domestic violence, dowry-related deaths, honor killings, sexual harassment; and discrimination against women and girls remained serious problems" (1). "Sexual harassment remains a serious problem. Authorities required all state departments and institutions with more than 50 employees to operate committees to prevent and address sexual harassment, often referred to as 'eve teasing'" (40).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports women and girls in the 'devadasi' system of symbolic marriages to Hindu deities were victims of rape or sexual abuse at the hands of priests and temple patrons, a form of sex trafficking. NGOs suggested families forced some SC girls into prostitution in temples to mitigate household financial burdens and the prospect of marriage dowries. Some states have laws to curb prostitution or sexual abuse of women and girls in temple service. Enforcement of these laws remained lax, and the problem was widespread. Some observers estimated more than 450,000 women and girls engaged in temple-related prostitution" (40).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Almost all states also introduced 'girl child promotion' schemes, intended to counter sex selection, some of which required a certificate of sterilization for the parents to collect benefits" (41).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"The country continued to have deaths related to unsafe abortion, maternal mortality, and coercive family planning practices, including coerced or unethical sterilization and policies restricting access to entitlements for women with more than two children. Policies and guideline initiatives penalizing families with more than two children remained in place in seven states, but some authorities did not enforce them. Certain states maintained government reservations for government jobs and subsidies for adults with no more than two children and reduced subsidies and access to health care for those who have more than two. Rajasthan, one of 11 states to adopt a two-child limit for elected officials at the local level, was...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"There were continued reports that police raped female and male detainees. The government authorized the NHRC to investigate rape cases involving police officers. By law the NHRC may also request information about cases involving the army and paramilitary forces, but it has no mandate to investigate those cases. NGOs claimed the NHRC underestimated the number of rapes committed in police custody. Some rape victims were unwilling to report crimes due to social stigma and the possibility of retribution, compounded by a perception of a lack of oversight and accountability, especially if the perpetrator was a police officer or other official. There were reports police officials refused to register rape cases"...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law sets the legal age of marriage for women at 18 and men at 21, and it empowers courts to annul child marriages. It also sets penalties for persons who perform, arrange, or participate in such marriages… The law does not characterize a marriage between a girl below age 18 and a boy below age 21 as 'illegal,' but it recognizes such unions as voidable. According to international and local NGOs, procedural limitations effectively left married minors with no legal remedy in most situations" (43).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in the workplace and requires equal pay for equal work, but employers often paid women less than men for the same job, discriminated against women in employment and credit applications, and promoted women less frequently than men" (41).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"On March 12, a graduate student from Periyar University in Tamil Nadu state was apprehended by police while distributing pamphlets in support of continuing protests against government oil exploration projects at Neduvasal in Pudukottai District and Kadiramangalam in Thanjavur District. Police invoked a provision of the Goondas Act, which allows preventive detention of a habitual offender for up to one year without the possibility of bail. Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami, who also holds the home portfolio, defended the student’s detention, saying that she 'was causing disturbances to the public by taking part in various protests'" (19). "Online and mobile harassment, particularly of female journalists, was prevalent, with some female...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"'Sumangali schemes' affected an estimated 120,000 young women. These plans, named after the Tamil word for 'happily married woman,' are a form of bonded labor in which young women or girls work to earn money for a dowry to be able to marry. The promised lump-sum compensation ranged from 80,000 to 100,000 rupees ($1,300 to $1,600), which is normally withheld until the end of three to five years of employment. Compensation, however, sometimes went partially or entirely unpaid. While in bonded labor, employers reportedly subjected women to serious workplace abuses, severe restrictions on freedom of movement and communication, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, sex trafficking, and being killed. The majority of...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"Acid attacks against women caused death and permanent disfigurement" (38). "'Sumangali schemes' affected an estimated 120,000 young women. These plans, named after the Tamil word for 'happily married woman,' are a form of bonded labor in which young women or girls work to earn money for a dowry to be able to marry. The promised lump-sum compensation ranged from 80,000 to 100,000 rupees ($1,300 to $1,600), which is normally withheld until the end of three to five years of employment. Compensation, however, sometimes went partially or entirely unpaid. While in bonded labor, employers reportedly subjected women to serious workplace abuses, severe restrictions on freedom of movement and communication, sexual abuse,...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-3

"On September 11, Hindustan Times (HT) owner Shobhana Bhartia announced editor in chief Bobby Ghosh’s exit from the media outlet. Ghosh had been critical of BJP leadership, including Prime Minister Modi, and was the creator of HT’s 'Hate Tracker' regarding violence against Muslims; Dalits; women; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex individuals (LGBTI); and other discriminated groups" (20).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-3

"The government claimed, based on statements of several women formerly associated with Maoist groups, that sexual violence, including rape and other forms of abuse, was a practice in some Maoist camps" (16).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The most significant human rights issues included... lack of criminal investigations or accountability for cases related to rape, domestic violence, dowry-related deaths, honor killings, sexual harassment; and discrimination against women and girls remained serious problems" (1).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to human rights groups and media reports, between 70 and 90 percent of Dawoodi Bohras, a population of approximately one million concentrated in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Delhi, practiced FGM/C" (38).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The most significant human rights issues included... lack of criminal investigations or accountability for cases related to rape, domestic violence, dowry-related deaths, honor killings, sexual harassment; and discrimination against women and girls remained serious problems" (1). "There were continued reports that police raped female and male detainees. The government authorized the NHRC to investigate rape cases involving police officers. By law the NHRC may also request information about cases involving the army and paramilitary forces, but it has no mandate to investigate those cases. NGOs claimed the NHRC underestimated the number of rapes committed in police custody. Some rape victims were unwilling to report crimes due to social stigma and...more