The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Indonesia

Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In January a lecturer at the State Islamic University in Aceh went into hiding due to threats from intolerant groups and the public after pictures appeared online of a class trip to a church she had arranged for students. The rector placed her on administrative leave, claiming she had failed to get permission for the trip" (para 88). "Jobs traditionally associated with women continued to be significantly undervalued and unregulated" (para 223)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Nonetheless, according to a study published by an international NGO in 2012, on average, 30 percent of women surveyed over a four-year period who wanted no more children subsequently gave birth. The study found that a number of factors influenced this statistic, including the use of short-term rather than long-term contraceptive methods. Although the government encouraged the use of family planning by subsidizing and providing access to contraception throughout the country, the cost of contraception was still prohibitive for a large portion of the population and poor medical infrastructure often limited availability. According to a 2013 survey by the Ministry of Health, 59.3 percent of married women used modern contraceptives....more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: VOTE-DATA-2

"Over 70 percent of eligible voters participated in what is the world’s largest centralized democratic election process" (para 111)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"As of August women held 7.6 percent of all mayor and regent positions. There were no female governors. As of August less than 7 percent of registered candidates for the December regional elections were women" (para 119). "President Jokowi’s cabinet reflected the ethnic and religious diversity of the country and included more women than any previous cabinet (eight of 34 cabinet appointees" (para 120)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is acquired primarily through one’s parents; however, it can be acquired through birth in national territory" (para 158)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The Pornography Law prohibits child pornography and establishes a maximum sentence of 12 years and fine of IDR six billion ($525,000) for producing or trading in child pornography" (para 167). "Fines range from IDR 250 million to seven billion ($21,800 to $612,500) and sentences from six months to 15 years with increased penalties of one-third for crimes involving minors" (para 178)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution does not explicitly prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, religion, political opinion, national origin or citizenship, social origin, disability, sexual orientation and/or gender identity, language, or HIV positive status or other communicable diseases. It provides for equal rights for all citizens, both native and naturalized" (para 143)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: PRN-LAW-2

"The law, which outlaws online crime, pornography, gambling, blackmail, lies, threats, and racism, prohibits citizens from distributing in electronic format any information that is defamatory and carries penalties of a maximum of six years in prison, a fine of rupiah (IDR) one billion ($87,500), or both" (para 80). "The Pornography Law criminalizes the production of media depicting consensual same-sex sexual activity and classifies such activity as deviant" (para 178)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution and laws provide for freedom of association, which the government generally respected. In 2013 the DPR passed the Law on Societal Organizations, which replaced a 1985 law. In December 2014 the Constitutional Court sided with an NGO coalition in striking down many articles in the law that some observers feared could be misused to limit freedom of association. To receive official registration status, the law requires foreign NGOs to have a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with a government ministry. Some organizations reported difficulties obtaining these MOUs and claimed the government was withholding MOUs to block their registration status" (para 93-94). The NGOs discussed here undoubtedly include NGOs focused...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"There are no restrictions on the role of women in politics. A law on political parties mandates that women make up at least 30 percent of the founding membership of a new political party" (para 116). "The general election law passed prior to the 2009 national elections includes a requirement for parties to nominate women for at least 30 percent of the candidate slots on their party lists" (para 117). "The 2014 Law Governing the MPR, DPR, DPD, and the Regional People’s Representative Council (DPRD) (MD3 Law) stripped a provision from a previous law that gave special consideration to the representation of women in DPR leadership positions. In September 2014...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Violence against women remained poorly documented and significantly underreported by the government" (para 145). "The government ran integrated service centers for women and children (P2TPA) in all 34 provinces and approximately 110 districts. These centers provided counseling and support services to women and children who were victims of violence. The larger provincial service centers provided more comprehensive psychosocial services, while the quality of support at the district-level centers varied. Women living in rural areas or districts where no such center was established had difficulty receiving support services. Nationwide, police operated 'special crisis rooms' or 'women’s desks' where female officers received reports from female and child victims of sexual assault and...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"While the government imprisoned perpetrators for rape and attempted rape, light sentences continued to be a problem, and many convicted rapists received the minimum sentence" (para 144)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

"During the year the National Commission for the Protection of Children estimated there were as many as 3.6 million children between the ages of 10 and 17 who were working. An unknown but significant number of these worked in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation (see section 6, children) and hazardous industries" (para 218). The worst forms of child labor are defined as prostitution or other commercial sexual exploitation, mining, pearl diving, construction, offshore fishing, scavenging, production of explosives, working on the street, domestic service, cottage industry, plantations, forestry, and industries that use hazardous chemicals (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Women faced discrimination in the workplace, both in hiring and in gaining fair compensation (see section 7.d.)" (para 157). "Women, migrant workers, and persons with disabilities commonly faced discrimination in employment, including often only being offered lower-status jobs" (222). "According to the 2014 World Economic Forum Gender Gap Index, women made 31 percent less than men did for similar work, and approximately 57 percent less overall. Some activists said that in manufacturing, employers relegated women to lower-paying, lower-level jobs" (para 223)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Under the sharia court system in Aceh, 19 district religious courts and one court of appeals, heard cases. In the past the courts heard only cases involving Muslims and used decrees formulated by the local government rather than the penal code. A new sharia criminal code (Qanun) that passed in 2014 took effect in October and appears to extend sharia law to non-Muslims in certain cases. Under the new criminal code, offenses including homosexuality, gambling, consumption of alcohol, and proximity to the opposite sex outside of marriage are punishable with caning, fines, and imprisonment (see section 6). Local authorities maintained that the new code does not apply to non-Muslims but...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IW-LAW-1

"The law does not grant widows equal inheritance rights" (para 152)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Abortions are legal in the event of rape or when the life of the mother is threatened. Under the regulation women must apply for an abortion within 40 days of their last menstruation and, if married, have spousal agreement to undergo the procedure" (para 151)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"Reproductive Rights: The government recognized the basic right of couples and individuals to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; and manage their reproductive health, free from discrimination, coercion, and violence" (para 149)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"During 2014 the National Commission on Violence Against Women recorded 293,220 reports of violence against women. Domestic violence was the most common form of violence against women. Social pressure deterred many women from reporting domestic violence, and most NGOs working on women’s issues believed the real figure was higher than the available official statistics" (para 145). "Between January and June, the National Commission on Child Protection received 816 reports of child abuse, 441 of which related to sexual abuse" (para 163)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"In Aceh the Sharia Police, an independent provincial body, is responsible for enforcing sharia law" (para 39). "Under the sharia court system in Aceh, 19 district religious courts and one court of appeals, heard cases. In the past the courts heard only cases involving Muslims and used decrees formulated by the local government rather than the penal code. A new sharia criminal code (Qanun) that passed in 2014 took effect in October and appears to extend sharia law to non-Muslims in certain cases. Under the new criminal code, offenses including homosexuality, gambling, consumption of alcohol, and proximity to the opposite sex outside of marriage are punishable with caning, fines, and...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Social pressure deterred many women from reporting domestic violence, and most NGOs working on women’s issues believed the real figure was higher than the available official statistics" (para 145)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, although the legal definition of rape covers only forced penetration of sexual organs, and filing a case requires corroboration and a witness...Rape is punishable by four to 14 years in prison" (para 144)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1

"For instance, NGOs noted that local anti-prostitution regulations in Bantul and Tanggerang were often used to detain women walking alone at night" (para 156)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law prohibits domestic abuse and other forms of violence against women; nevertheless, domestic violence was a problem" (para 145). "Child labor and sexual abuse were serious problems. The law prohibits child abuse, but government efforts to combat it were slow and ineffective. The Child Protection Act addresses economic and sexual exploitation of children as well as adoption, guardianship, and other issues; however, some provincial governments did not enforce its provisions" (para 163)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities generally held female prisoners at separate facilities. In prisons that housed both male and female prisoners, female prisoners were held in separate cellblocks. According to NGO observers, the conditions in prisons for females tended to be significantly better than those in prisons for men. Women’s cellblocks within prisons that held prisoners of both genders, however, did not always grant female prisoners access to the same amenities, such as exercise facilities, as their male counterparts" (para 26). "On the same day, a Bandung court sentenced a woman to five months in prison for disseminating salacious material online after her husband turned over to police her private online messages to another...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"In June the government introduced a new nationwide compulsory 12-year school program, but implementation was uneven" (para 162)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Divorce is available to both men and women..The law requires a divorced woman to wait 40 days before remarrying; a man may remarry immediately" (para 153)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"Girls frequently married before reaching the age of 16, particularly in rural and impoverished areas. A 2014 UNICEF report found that approximately 25 percent of women married before they reached age 18 "(para 165). There is debate over the definition of a child in Indonesia. The legal age of marriage is 16, but the Child Protection Law sets the definition of a child as 18 and under (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In urban areas, midwives performed the majority of FGM/C, while in rural areas, traditional birth attendants were the most common practitioners of FGM/C. The National Commission on Violence Against Women reported that midwives and traditional birth attendants often included female circumcision as part of a birth service 'package' and advocated for the procedure to their clients. In 2014 the Ministry of Health revoked a 2010 decree establishing guidelines for the safe practice of FGM/C. The 2010 decree overturned the ministry’s outright ban on FGM/C, which the Indonesian Ulamas Council (MUI) and other religious groups protested. The revocation transfers authority to regulate FGM/C to a health advisory body that includes religious...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: GP-DATA-5

"According to the National Commission on Violence against Women, there were 365 local laws that were unconstitutional and discriminatory towards women. The Ministry of Home Affairs is responsible for 'harmonizing' local regulations that are not in line with national legislation, and a 2014 law reinforces this authority, but to date the ministry has never invoked this authority to overturn discriminatory local regulations" (para 156)