The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Iran

June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Although Iran ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1994, which stipulates that marriage cannot take place before the age of 18, numerous articles and provisions in support of the Islamic Sharia Law have enabled the trend to remain" (para 5). "As it stands, girls under the age of 13 and boys under the age of 15 can be lawfully wed, providing families and husbands obtain legal permission" (para 9).
June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The outcry prompted Iran’s Welfare Organization to relocate Raha to one of its centers, who declared the marriage illegal because it had taken place without the consent of a local court" (para 7).
June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"An unprecedented number of Iranian girls have been forced into marriage in Iran over the past year, according to a report. While exact statistics are difficult to come by in the closed country, Iranian agencies reportedly documented that at least 36,000 girls below 18 wed – with the vast majority taking place in the northeastern Zanjan Province, according to Radio Farda" (para 1-2).
June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Anti-child marriage activist site GirlsNotBrides.org attributes the high prevalence of child to gender inequality because females are perceived to be less valuable than males. However, the site also cites poverty and the quest for families to trade girls for money or property, traditional customs and the importance of keeping marriage within the family unit, and the staunch Sharia-based religious system as driving factors for the ongoing epidemic of child brides" (para 4). "The issue sparked a renewed wave of outrage in February after an 11-year-old girl, identified under the pseudonym Raha, was repeatedly raped after being forced to marry a man 40 years her senior who already had a wife...more
June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"UNICEF estimates that 17 percent of girls in Iran are married before reaching the age of 18 and in roughly 20 percent of those below the age of 15 are married to men at least ten years older. However, experts assert that the number may be significantly higher because many families don’t register underage marriages, especially in border areas and poverty-stricken parts of the country" (para 3).
June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The issue sparked a renewed wave of outrage in February after an 11-year-old girl, identified under the pseudonym Raha, was repeatedly raped after being forced to marry a man 40 years her senior who already had a wife and seven children" (para 6).
June 3, 2019, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The leader of the Islamic revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, whose vision and words inspired the post-1979 Republic, has clearly written that sexual experiences, excluding intercourse, are permitted with girls of all ages. He stated: 'Anyone who has a wife less than nine years of age is not allowed to engage in sexual intercourse, whether she is his permanent or temporary wife. However, other forms of sexual pleasures are permitted, such as touching with lust, hugging, and rubbing penis between the buttocks and thighs; even if she is a nursing baby.' Three years after the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1982, the legal age for marriage was lowered from 18 to...more
June 3, 2019, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1, NGOFW-DATA-2, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Justice For Iran was established in July 2010 with the aim of addressing and eradicating the practice of impunity prevalent among Iranian state officials and their use of systematic sexual abuse of women as a method of torture in order to extract confession" (Pg 25).
June 3, 2019, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATC-DATA-1

Iran is not a party to CEDAW (Pg 49). (EJ - Coder Comment).
June 3, 2019, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The leader of the Islamic revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, whose vision and words inspired the post-1979 Republic, has clearly written that sexual experiences, excluding intercourse, are permitted with girls of all ages. He stated: 'Anyone who has a wife less than nine years of age is not allowed to engage in sexual intercourse, whether she is his permanent or temporary wife. However, other forms of sexual pleasures are permitted, such as touching with lust, hugging, and rubbing penis between the buttocks and thighs; even if she is a nursing baby.' Three years after the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1982, the legal age for marriage was lowered from 18 to...more
June 3, 2019, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The leader of the Islamic revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, whose vision and words inspired the post-1979 Republic, has clearly written that sexual experiences, excluding intercourse, are permitted with girls of all ages. He stated: 'Anyone who has a wife less than nine years of age is not allowed to engage in sexual intercourse, whether she is his permanent or temporary wife. However, other forms of sexual pleasures are permitted, such as touching with lust, hugging, and rubbing penis between the buttocks and thighs; even if she is a nursing baby.' Three years after the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1982, the legal age for marriage was lowered from 18 to...more
June 3, 2019, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"In 2012 alone, at least 1,537 girls below the age of 10 were forced to marry. During the same year, 29,827 girls between the ages of 10 and 14 faced the same fate. Experts believe Islamic Republic officials clearly do not want attention drawn to marriages involving girls younger than 13 because official statistics are not categorized according to age. This point of negligence is considered an intentional miscarriage of justice by authorities aware that marriages involving girls below the age of 13 are contingent on a judge’s permission" (Pg 26).
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas, Bahrain, Belarus, Belize, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Comoros, D R Congo, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Lithuania, Morocco, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

4.0
May 13, 2019, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"A pop group has been banned by Iran's religious police after a female guitarist sang a 12 second solo at their concert in Tehran. Negin Parsa was playing guitar in singer Hamid Askari's well known band on January 30 at the Milad Tower concert venue. But Iranian law - which is dictated by Islamic Sharia law - only permits that women sing in front of other women and can only sing in front of men as part of a duet or chorus" (para 1-3).
May 13, 2019, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"A pop group has been banned by Iran's religious police after a female guitarist sang a 12 second solo at their concert in Tehran. Negin Parsa was playing guitar in singer Hamid Askari's well known band on January 30 at the Milad Tower concert venue. But Iranian law - which is dictated by Islamic Sharia law - only permits that women sing in front of other women and can only sing in front of men as part of a duet or chorus" (para 1-3). "She thanked him for representing her and 'all the girls in your land.' As a result of the law breaking, the Iranian authorities told them they...more
May 9, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Although Iran ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1994, which stipulates that marriage cannot take place before the age of 18, numerous articles and provisions in support of the Islamic Sharia Law have enabled the trend to remain" (para 5). "Nonetheless, the incident took place two months after Iranian officials shot down a bill aimed at outright prohibiting marriage for girls under the age of 13, with prominent members of the Islamic Republic’s Cultural and Social Council for Women defending the practice under the guise that it shields girls 'from a life of prostitution and illegal abortions'" (para 7).
May 9, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"While exact statistics are difficult to come by in the closed country, Iranian agencies reportedly documented that at least 36,000 girls below 18 wed – with the vast majority taking place in the northeastern Zanjan Province, according to Radio Farda" (para 2). "UNICEF estimates that 17 percent of girls in Iran are married before reaching the age of 18 and in roughly 20 percent of those below the age of 15 are married to men at least ten years older. However, experts assert that the number may be significantly higher because many families don’t register underage marriages, especially in border areas and poverty-stricken parts of the country" (para 3).more
May 9, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Anti-child marriage activist site GirlsNotBrides.org attributes the high prevalence of child to gender inequality because females are perceived to be less valuable than males. However, the site also cites poverty and the quest for families to trade girls for money or property, traditional customs and the importance of keeping marriage within the family unit, and the staunch Sharia-based religious system as driving factors for the ongoing epidemic of child brides" (para 4). "The issue sparked a renewed wave of outrage in February after an 11-year-old girl, identified under the pseudonym Raha, was repeatedly raped after being forced to marry a man 40 years her senior who already had a wife...more
May 9, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The issue sparked a renewed wave of outrage in February after an 11-year-old girl, identified under the pseudonym Raha, was repeatedly raped after being forced to marry a man 40 years her senior who already had a wife and seven children" (para 6).
May 9, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"An unprecedented number of Iranian girls have been forced into marriage in Iran over the past year, according to a report" (para 1).
May 1, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, India, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, New Zealand, Pakistan, Turkey, Vietnam
Variables: SUICIDE-SCALE-1

2.0
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for girls is 13, but girls as young as nine years old may be married with permission from the court and their fathers" (37).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"According to media reports during the year, women gaining admission to universities nationwide outnumbered men by 13 percent" (35).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Restrictions on media, including censoring campaign materials and preventing prominent opposition figures from speaking publicly, limited the freedom and fairness of the elections" (1).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Security forces harassed, arrested, and detained individuals they suspected of being gay or transgender. In some cases security forces raided houses and monitored internet sites for information on LGBTI persons. Those accused of “sodomy” often faced summary trials, and evidentiary standards were not always met. Punishment for same-sex sexual activity between men was more severe than between women (42).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Commonly reported methods of torture and abuse in prisons included threats of execution or rape, forced virginity and sodomy tests, sleep deprivation, electroshock, burnings, the use of pressure positions, and severe and repeated beatings. UNSR Jahangir highlighted reports of prisoners being subjected to blackmail, beating, and other physical abuse" (7). "Medical services for female prisoners in places like Evin Prison were reported as grossly inadequate" (7). "Prisoners practicing a religion other than Shia Islam reported experiencing discrimination while incarcerated" (8) Men and women participants in Shia Islam are discriminated against (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "According to the CHRI, authorities sentenced Faezeh Hashemi to a six-month prison term in March for 'spreading falsehoods,'...more
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for equal protection for women under the law in conformity with its interpretation of Islam" (34). "The constitution bars discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, and social status 'in conformity with Islamic criteria,' but the government did not effectively enforce these prohibitions. According to the constitution, 'everyone has the right to choose any occupation he wishes, if it is not contrary to Islam and the public interests, and does not infringe on the rights of others'" (46).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"Quotas and other restrictions nonetheless limited women’s admissions to certain fields and degree programs" (35).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"A woman has the right to divorce if her husband signs a contract granting that right; cannot provide for his family; has violated the terms of their marriage contract; or is a drug addict, insane, or impotent. A husband is not required to cite a reason for divorcing his wife. The law recognizes a divorced woman’s right to part of shared property and to alimony. These laws were not always enforced" (35).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"February media reports stated that morality police beat and detained a 14-year-old girl for wearing ripped jeans. Authorities released the girl and her friends only after they signed pledges promising to dress modestly" (36).