The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Iran

March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"On the subject of Child Brides, Iran is speaking from a position of multiple violations, including […] Failure to provide and enforce what might be called ‘authentic consent’: that is, a marriage between two persons capable of consent to an economic contract with total rights—economic, legal, social, or physical—of the male party over the female. No girl under the age of nine in Iran can possibly be considered of the age of authentic consent. [...] Failure to forbid, monitor, and redress circumstances of forced marriages for girl children," (9-12). "It is, of course, not only international laws that Iran flouts in the context of their commitment to the exploitation of ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Child brides who seek family or legal protections from sexual abuse by husbands—often much older than themselves—seldom see redress of their circumstances, and often wind up being treated harshly by the courts," (3).
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Recent legal changes in Civil Law (Article 1041, amended in 1982, and later in 2000) to allow a guardian himself to marry a female child who has not yet attained puberty is an excellent example of what Iran considers careful custodianship by a guardian," (11).
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"Women and girls were greatly benefited by the government’s literacy campaign, and by 2009, made up more than half of the students in Iranian colleges and universities. This happened in spite of the fact that women are prevented from entering certain fields of study not deemed appropriate to their gender. The educational successes of young Iranian women are all the more notable, given that discrimination against these highly qualified and educated young women means that they do not become gainfully employed. In fact, a quota system to displace top women candidates and give their spots to men was initiated in 2010, by making seventy additional fields of study forbidden to ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Iran’s view, found in its constitution, that because women have smaller brains than men, they are intellectually inferior to men and not able to benefit from education is laughable, given their own statistics. Women and girls were greatly benefited by the government’s literacy campaign, and by 2009, made up more than half of the students in Iranian colleges and universities. This happened in spite of the fact that women are prevented from entering certain fields of study not deemed appropriate to their gender. The educational successes of young Iranian women are all the more notable, given that discrimination against these highly qualified and educated young women means that they do ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of child marriage is coming to be recognized as a significant source of female suicides among juvenile brides. The trend is so serious in fact, that one Iranian epidemiologist has labelled it an ‘epidemic’ that will certainly need to be addressed in light of birth rate and other variables, though this is an area where Middle Eastern countries seldom focus public health attention," (21).
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Similarly, Islamic defenders of the practice of child marriage point out that it is, like all Muslim marriages, a two-part process: a marriage contract is first completed and accepted, and at some subsequent, unspecified time, the consummation of the marriage takes place. The implication here is that the age of the girlchild might be as young as 13 years (solar calendar) or 9 years and 8 months (lunar calendar) old, but this is not necessarily the age of consummation of the marriage: this was the format followed by the Prophet Muhammad in his marriage to 6-year old Aisha. However, there is no particular intervention or monitoring specified to make sure ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"Iran’s choice of Shari’a as its governing code, interpreted in the most restrictive way possible, sets the marriage age for girls at 9 years and 8 months (lunar years)," (9)."Failure to monitor and provide guardianship of minor girls is conducted in the interests of the girl child, rather than her family, guardian, brothers, aspiring suitors. Recent legal changes in Civil Law (Article 1041, amended in 1982, and later in 2000) to allow a guardian himself to marry a female child who has not yet attained puberty is an excellent example of what Iran considers careful custodianship by a guardian," (11).
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Similarly, Islamic defenders of the practice of child marriage point out that it is, like all Muslim marriages, a two-part process: a marriage contract is first completed and accepted, and at some subsequent—unspecified—time, the consummation of the marriage takes place. The implication here is that the age of the girlchild might be as young as 13 years (solar calendar) or 9 years and 8 months (lunar calendar) old, but this is not necessarily the age of consummation of the marriage: this was the format followed by the Prophet Muhammad in his marriage to 6-year old Aisha. However, there is no particular intervention or monitoring specified to make sure that consummation ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"Iran’s view, found in its constitution, that because women have smaller brains than men, they are intellectually inferior to men and not able to benefit from education is laughable, given their own statistics. Women and girls were greatly benefited by the government’s literacy campaign, and by 2009, made up more than half of the students in Iranian colleges and universities. This happened in spite of the fact that women are prevented from entering certain fields of study not deemed appropriate to their gender [...] In fact, a quota system to displace top women candidates and give their spots to men was initiated in 2010, by making seventy additional fields of ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Child brides are assumed to have completed all the education they will ever need for their upcoming servitude to the male-ruled family […] In fact, a quota system to displace top women candidates and give their spots to men was initiated in 2010, by making seventy additional fields of study forbidden to women," (19).
Feb. 26, 2018, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Hajar Tahriri Niksefat, the head of the women’s committee in Raisi’s election headquarters in the northern province of Gilan, told Al-Monitor she believed that educating children on gender equality was “not necessarily to the child’s benefit, but could also be oppressive.” Niksefat, who previously served as a legislator in Iran’s seventh parliament (2004-2008)" (Para 5).
Feb. 26, 2018, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"This is while the Robie H. Harris “It’s Not the Stork!” children’s book, which teaches kids about sexuality and the facts of life, was recently translated into Persian. Pictures of this book were quickly posted on Persian-language social media and described as an educational book being taught in schools. However, pro-Rouhani media outlets and social media activists were quick to respond and called the majority of campaigns against the 2030 UNESCO document a “lie” while trying to change the public mindset by providing translations and explanations. A short video, for instance, was used to show that teaching homosexuality was not mentioned anywhere in the document. They did, however, confirm that ...more
Jan. 10, 2018, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Ms. Khaleghi’s troubles began some weeks after her election victory, when she was disqualified without explanation by the powerful Guardian Council, a 12-member group that includes six clerics appointed by the country’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. That was, at the very least, surprising, because the council had screened her extensively before the vote, just as it does all candidates, and had proclaimed her fit" (para 10).
Jan. 10, 2018, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"'For the first time, 18 women M.P.'s have made their way to the Majlis, which is a record, and we are happy that the dear ladies of our country are present in all scenes and especially in politics,' he said in the post" (para 8). The Majils is another word for the Iranian Parliament (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
Jan. 10, 2018, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-LAW-1

"...all Iranian women are obliged to cover themselves in public, even when traveling abroad" (para 4).
Jan. 10, 2018, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"...18 women M.P.’s have made their way to the Majlis, which is a record" (para 8).
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-6, MARR-LAW-5

"Based on Iran’s civil code, the marriage of an Iranian woman to a foreign national is dependent upon special permission from the Foreign Ministry. In practice, this means that Iranian women need to get permission to marry non-Iranian Muslims. Iran's civil code forbids Muslim women from marrying non-Muslim men. An estimated 70,000 marriages between Iranian women and Afghan men are not registered with the National Organization for Civil Registration. Meanwhile, Iran’s Interior Ministry has declared all marriages between Iranian women and Afghan men that took place after 2001 invalid" (para 2). "In contrast, Iranian men may marry Muslim or non-Muslim women and Iranian or non-Iranian women without obtaining permission from ...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In an interview with the Iran-based news outlet Parsineh in April last year, an Iranian Baluchi woman relayed some of the perils of Iran’s current civil code. Born in poverty, she said that she was married off to an Afghan man at the age of 12" (para 1).
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In an interview with the Iran-based news outlet Parsineh in April last year, an Iranian Baluchi woman relayed some of the perils of Iran’s current civil code. Born in poverty, she said that she was married off to an Afghan man at the age of 12. After fathering seven children, her spouse returned to Afghanistan, leaving her behind with their children-all of whom lack birth certificates. Fearing deportation, she is now staying in a remote mountain home with no running water or electricity" (para1). "Under Iranian law, children born to an Iranian father — whether residing in Iran or abroad — are considered Iranian. Meanwhile, children born to Iranian mothers ...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"'Ali Younesi, the presidential adviser for religious and minority affairs, has correctly stated that Iran’s current nationality law is “strict, old-fashioned and racist.' The discriminatory law stands in stark contrast to the significant advances Iranian women have made in other spheres during the past three decades. As such, now is the time to revise this law. But as Younesi has said, 'Every time the revision of these rules are discussed, many fear and try to prevent any changes. It is important that the Interior Ministry and National Security Council find a solution to this problem'" (para 9).
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those ages 10 and older, 33.1% of those employed by agriculture were women, 29.1% of those employed by industry were women, and 37.8% of those employed by service were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those ages 10 and older, 33.1% of those employed by agriculture were women, 29.1% of those employed by industry were women, and 37.8% of those employed by service were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those ages 10 and older, 33.1% of those employed by agriculture were women, 29.1% of those employed by industry were women, and 37.8% of those employed by service were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

According to Table 2, in 2007, for those ages 10 and older, 33.1% of those employed by agriculture were women, 29.1% of those employed by industry were women, and 37.8% of those employed by service were women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 5 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-DATA-5

According to Figure 5, about 36% of economically active women are employed by the agriculture sector, about 10% by the industry sector, and about 54% by the services sector (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

According to Figure 5, about 36% of economically active women are employed by the agriculture sector, about 10% by the industry sector, and about 54% by the services sector (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"The committee, which is made up of 18 independent experts also expressed concerns about the flogging and death penalty for LGBTI children as a result of their sexuality or even perceived gender expression. And asked Iran to decriminalize same sex relations and end harassment, and bullying of LGBTI children. The CRC particularly criticised Iran for 'cruel and degrading treatment' of the LGBTI with electroshocks, hormones, strong psychoactive medications and forcible surgical treatment and urged that 'those responsible for these acts be held accountable' for their actions" (para 4-5).
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The UN body said it was concerned about child sexual exploitation and abuse committed under the Iranian law which allows for a marriage between the 'father and adopted child, paving a path for sexual abuse of children.' In its recommendations, the committee urged to ensure that those responsible for the approval of forced and child marriage, including judges, parents, guardians, religious or traditional leaders are held accountable" (para 6). "In a submission to the UN CRC, JFI [Justice for Iran] had urged the committee to take appropriate measures against the discriminatory laws and practices of child marriage and compulsory veiling of children in Iran. Many JFI recommendations were adopted by ...more
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The CRC also stated that an increasing number of 'girls at the age of 10 years or younger' are 'subjected to child and forced marriages to much older men' . . . Shadi Sadr, the executive director of the JFI concurred: 'although the Iranian State officials claimed that these marriages occur due to cultural factors; CRC has rightfully urged the State to appropriately address the plight of girls in Iran'" (para 2-3). "The UN body said it was concerned about child sexual exploitation and abuse committed under the Iranian law which allows for a marriage between the 'father and adopted child, paving a path for sexual abuse of children.' In ...more