The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Iran

April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for girls is 13, but girls as young as nine years old may be married with permission from the court and their fathers" (37).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"According to media reports during the year, women gaining admission to universities nationwide outnumbered men by 13 percent" (35).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Restrictions on media, including censoring campaign materials and preventing prominent opposition figures from speaking publicly, limited the freedom and fairness of the elections" (1).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4

"Security forces harassed, arrested, and detained individuals they suspected of being gay or transgender. In some cases security forces raided houses and monitored internet sites for information on LGBTI persons. Those accused of “sodomy” often faced summary trials, and evidentiary standards were not always met. Punishment for same-sex sexual activity between men was more severe than between women (42).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Commonly reported methods of torture and abuse in prisons included threats of execution or rape, forced virginity and sodomy tests, sleep deprivation, electroshock, burnings, the use of pressure positions, and severe and repeated beatings. UNSR Jahangir highlighted reports of prisoners being subjected to blackmail, beating, and other physical abuse" (7). "Medical services for female prisoners in places like Evin Prison were reported as grossly inadequate" (7). "Prisoners practicing a religion other than Shia Islam reported experiencing discrimination while incarcerated" (8) Men and women participants in Shia Islam are discriminated against (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "According to the CHRI, authorities sentenced Faezeh Hashemi to a six-month prison term in March for 'spreading falsehoods,'...more
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for equal protection for women under the law in conformity with its interpretation of Islam" (34). "The constitution bars discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, and social status 'in conformity with Islamic criteria,' but the government did not effectively enforce these prohibitions. According to the constitution, 'everyone has the right to choose any occupation he wishes, if it is not contrary to Islam and the public interests, and does not infringe on the rights of others'" (46).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"Quotas and other restrictions nonetheless limited women’s admissions to certain fields and degree programs" (35).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"A woman has the right to divorce if her husband signs a contract granting that right; cannot provide for his family; has violated the terms of their marriage contract; or is a drug addict, insane, or impotent. A husband is not required to cite a reason for divorcing his wife. The law recognizes a divorced woman’s right to part of shared property and to alimony. These laws were not always enforced" (35).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"February media reports stated that morality police beat and detained a 14-year-old girl for wearing ripped jeans. Authorities released the girl and her friends only after they signed pledges promising to dress modestly" (36).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Despite government programs to treat and provide financial and other assistance to persons with HIV/AIDS, international news sources and organizations reported that individuals known to be infected with HIV/AIDS faced widespread societal discrimination. Individuals with HIV/AIDS, for example, continued to be denied employment as teachers" (43).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"A limited number of women held senior government positions, including that of Vice President for Legal Affairs" (29).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2, NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The ability of civil society organizations to fight for and protect women’s rights was significantly challenged by judicial harassment, intimidation, detention, and smear campaigns" (36).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"The law addresses sexual harassment in the context of physical contact between men and women and prohibits physical contact between unrelated men and women. There was no reliable data on the extent of sexual harassment, but women and human rights observers reported that sexual harassment was the norm in many workplaces. There were no known government efforts to address this problem" (34).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for girls is 13, but girls as young as nine years old may be married with permission from the court and their fathers. In 2016 UNICEF reported that 17 percent of girls in the country were married before reaching age 18. NGOs reported that many families did not register underage marriages, indicating the number may be higher" (37). "In her March 17 report, UNSR Jahangir cited statistics from the Tehran-based Association to Protect the Rights of Children, according to which 17 percent of all marriages in the country involved girls married to 'old men'" (37).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights, with some exceptions, particularly concerning migrants and women" (25). "Women often required the supervision of a male guardian or chaperone to travel and faced official and societal harassment for traveling alone" (25). "Married women were not allowed to travel outside the country without prior permission from their husbands" (25). "The government enforced gender segregation in many public spaces. Women must ride in a reserved section on public buses and enter some public buildings, universities, and airports through separate entrances" (35).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Islamic Republic of Iran is a theocratic republic with a Shia Islamic political system based on 'velayat-e faqih' ('guardianship of the jurist' or 'rule by the jurisprudent'). Shia clergy, most notably the 'Rahbar' ('supreme jurisprudent' or 'supreme leader'), and political leaders vetted by the clergy dominate key power structures" (1). "Prosecutors frequently used moharebeh as a criminal charge against political dissidents and journalists, accusing them of 'struggling against the precepts of Islam' and against the state that upholds those precepts. Authorities have expanded the scope of this to include 'working to undermine the Islamic establishment' and 'cooperating with foreign agents or entities.' The judiciary is required to review and...more
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"The government maintained controls on cinema, music, theater, and art exhibits and censored those productions deemed to transgress Islamic values. The government censored or banned films deemed to promote secularism, non-Islamic ideas about women’s rights, unethical behavior, drug abuse, violence, or alcoholism" (22). "In January, Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance Reza Salehi Amiri reportedly boasted about the banning of 10 films from the Tehran Fajr International Film Festival. Amiri was quoted saying that for the first time, films with 'feminist and inappropriate themes' had been removed" (23).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law provides for the death penalty in cases of conviction for murder, ...rape, adultery, drug possession and trafficking, recidivist alcohol use, consensual same-sex sexual conduct, and 'insults against the memory of Imam Khomeini and against the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic'" (3).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (34).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"In September, according to media and reporting from human rights groups, women were barred from attending a World Cup qualifying match in Tehran between Iran and Syria. Female Syrian fans were present, and a protest outside Azadi stadium ensued" (36).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal and subject to strict penalties, including death, but it remained a problem" (33).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DSFMF-PRACTICE-2

"Women sometimes received disproportionate punishment for crimes such as adultery, including death sentences" (35).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-3

"On February 23, according to a CHRI report, authorities arrested Kurdish civil rights activist Farzaneh Jalali without a warrant. They held her at an Intelligence Ministry detention center until she was released, without charge, on March 13" (10). "According to the CHRI, authorities sentenced Faezeh Hashemi to a six-month prison term in March for 'spreading falsehoods,' 'disturbing public opinion,' and 'propaganda against the state,' although a final ruling was said to be pending appeal. Hashemi, the daughter of former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, is a women’s rights activist and former member of parliament" (14). "In May 2016 a revolutionary court in Tehran sentenced prominent human rights defender and journalist Narges...more
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"For a conviction of rape, the law requires four Muslim men or a combination of three men and two women or two men and four women, to have witnessed a rape. A woman or man found making a false accusation of rape is subject to 80 lashes" (33).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"A woman has the right to divorce if her husband signs a contract granting that right; cannot provide for his family; has violated the terms of their marriage contract; or is a drug addict, insane, or impotent. A husband is not required to cite a reason for divorcing his wife" (35).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM was reportedly most common in Hormozgan Province and also practiced in Kurdistan, Kermanshah, and West Azerbaijan provinces. According to a Radio Farda report in February, 46 percent of women in Kermanshah Province and 31 percent in West Azerbaijan Province had undergone FGM. Traditional midwives were said to perform approximately 98 percent of the mutilations" (34).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: DV-DATA-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

"An August report by the CHRI referenced a study presented at the nongovernmental Imam Ali Foundation’s May conference in Tehran on violence against women in the country, according to which 32 percent of women in urban areas and 63 percent in rural areas had been victims of domestic violence. In March a government official was quoted saying that 11,000 cases of domestic abuse had been registered by the National Welfare Organization" (33).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The law reduces punitive measures for fathers and other family members who are convicted of murder or physically harming children in domestic violence or 'honor killings.' If a man is found guilty of murdering his daughter, the punishment is between three and 10 years in prison rather than the normal death sentence or payment of 'diyeh' for homicide cases" (34).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Most rape victims likely did not report the crime because they feared retaliation or punishment for having been raped, including charges of indecency, immoral behavior, or adultery, the last of which carries the death penalty. Rape victims also feared societal reprisal or ostracism" (33).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women were said to earn 41 percent less than men for the same work" (35).