The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Iraq

Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"For women’s rights activists in Iraq, the proliferation of child marriage is a consequence of the generalized impoverishment, insecurity and the absence of functioning state’s institutions. The proposed reform would just legitimate this already widespread practice" (para 13).
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Activists from different platforms, like the Iraqi Women Network, Iraqi Women Journalist’s Forum and Organization of Women’s Freedom in Iraq, have pushed for progressive reforms of the personal status code rather than its questioning along regressive lines. An international campaign — launched by academics, activists and individuals (including this author) — started a petition demanding the parliament speaker and Iraqi MPs reject these changes" (para 4).
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"If approved, the amendments will affect marriage inside the civil court that provides legal protection for women from polygamy and different forms of abuse" (para 3).
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Earlier this month, Iraq’s parliament received amendments to its constitution that — if approved — will fundamentally change Iraqi women’s legal rights. The amendments include sectarian religious laws — breaking with the current law based on Sunni and Shiite jurisprudence" (para 1). "Proposing to adopt a sectarian system breaks with the political legacy that the Iraqi personal status code is meant to represent. Originally championed by prominent feminists and the anti-imperialist, secular left, they fought for its establishment in 1959 to protect women’s rights outside of sectarian divides" (para 10). "Changing the personal status code in this way would bring Iraq’s legal environment back to the period when the country ...more
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"In such an environment of generalized sectarian violence — and marked by the dominance of sectarian and religious conservative forces — the existing personal status code is inclusive, uniting Sunnis and Shiites under one legal framework and granting women essential rights, like the right to divorce in cases of domestic violence and abuse" (para 5).
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"One of the proposed amendments could allow child marriages of girls at age nine" (para 2).
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C is an ongoing practice in Kurdistan. Although there are organisations working to abolish it, many young women are afraid to share their stories or speak out because they are afraid of what would happen to them and to their families and those involved in the ritual of FGM" (Slide 12). "The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria has ordered all girls and women between the ages of 11 and 46 in and around Iraq's northern city of Mosul to undergo female genital mutilation, the United Nations reported. 'It is a fatwa (or religious edict) of ISIS, we learnt,' said Jacqueline badcock, an U.N. official in Iraq. She estimated that ...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In Kurdistan the parliament passed a law in 2011 banning the practice of FGM" (Slide 30).
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:44 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

According to a table, in Iraqi Kurdistan 8% of women have been cut" (Slide 5). "It is estimated that 9 per cent of Iraq's women [in Kurdistan], aged between 15 and 49 have been subjected to FGM/C" (Slide 12).
Dec. 13, 2017, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-1

"Another medical professional in Kirkuk who is providing social support to women and children who have been traumatized by their experience under ISIS said that services provided by the federal government focus on pharmacological treatment, not on psychosocial therapy and counseling" (para 11). "But it has not yet been able to provide more long-term psychosocial support and other services for survivors of gender-based violence, because it is struggling to find female staff with the needed language skills, experience, and professional qualifications" (para 12). "Providing adequate mental health care and psychosocial support is a complex and long-term challenge. The KRG government, Iraqi central government, UN agencies, and others involved need to ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Experts from four international organizations, including two medical organizations, working with survivors of sexual assault in northern Iraq told Human Rights Watch it is difficult to assess the prevalence of ISIS’ gender-based violence against women who have fled territory under their control. They said that victims and their families remain silent to avoid stigmatization and harm to the woman or girl’s reputation" (para 6). "One foreign aid worker said she had seen cases mostly of forced marriage and rape, but she believed that very few of the victims in the displaced communities she works with have come forward. She said some women try to hide the incident from their own ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Too little has been done to inform men about how to support female victims of gender-based violence. She said that very often, male relatives will forbid women from getting counseling and vocational training, even if the women want the services" (para 9).
Dec. 13, 2017, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

“Little is known about sexual abuse against Sunni Arab women living under ISIS rule" (para 3). "In January 2017, Human Rights Watch interviewed four women who said they had been detained by ISIS in 2016, for periods between three days and a month. Another woman said an ISIS fighter, her cousin, forced her to marry him and then raped her" (para 4). "One woman said that in April 2016, she tried to escape Hawija with her three children and a large group of other families. ISIS fighters captured the group and held 50 of the women from the group in an abandoned house. The woman said that over the next ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Fighters from the Islamic State (also known as ISIS) are arbitrarily detaining, ill-treating, torturing, and forcibly marrying Sunni Arab women and girls in areas under their control in Iraq, Human Rights Watch said today" (para 1). "In January 2017, Human Rights Watch interviewed four women who said they had been detained by ISIS in 2016, for periods between three days and a month. Another woman said an ISIS fighter, her cousin, forced her to marry him and then raped her. A sixth woman said that ISIS fighters destroyed her home as punishment after her husband escaped ISIS and tried to forcibly marry her. Five of the six women said that ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Fighters from the Islamic State (also known as ISIS) are arbitrarily detaining, ill-treating, torturing, and forcibly marrying Sunni Arab women and girls in areas under their control in Iraq, Human Rights Watch said today" (para 1). "Although accounts of gender-based violence have emerged from areas under ISIS control, these are the first cases against Sunni Arab women in Iraq that Human Rights Watch has been able to document. Researchers interviewed six women in Kirkuk, to which they had escaped from the town of Hawija, 125 kilometers south of Mosul and still under ISIS control. Human Rights Watch and others have extensively documented similar abuses by ISIS fighters against Yezidi women" ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: PW-DATA-1

"...the high number of widows in Iraq caused by two recent wars has led to a surge in the practice in recent years" (para 6). "Practice" here refers to polygamous marriages (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-3

"A member of Iraq’s parliament has put forward a proposal to legalise polygamy in the country to 'protect the dignity' of widows, divorced women, and older women who choose not to marry" (para 1). There is an underlying idea that if divorced woman need to have their dignity protected, they may be in danger of poor reputations in society otherwise (AA-CODER COMMENT). "...citing increased rates of divorce as a social problem which puts women in financially dangerous positions" (para 2).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"The law has long been criticised by Iraqi womens’ rights groups as 'backwards' and outdated…" (para 6). Womens' rights groups are present in Iraq and are a type of NGO (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"'While we express thanks to men who voluntarily celebrate International Women’s Day… We should remind [women] MPs… [not embracing polygamy] despite increasing spinsterhood and divorced women, who now exceed four million, is selfishness,' Ms Ebeidi said, urging her fellow MPs to adopt her stance" (para 3). This quote is from an MP that is publically available to the community at large and is directed specifically at other MPs, so the discussion of gender issues is occuring (AA-CODER COMMENT). "The law has long been criticised by Iraqi womens’ rights groups as 'backwards' and outdated, but the high number of widows in Iraq caused by two recent wars has led to a ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: PW-LAW-1

"Polygamy for Muslim men in Iraq is legal under a 1959 law, as long as a judge’s permission is given, a husband is found to be “financially capable,” and there are “legitimate reasons” for taking another spouse, such as a first wife who is unable to bear children" (para 5).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"We should remind [women] MPs… [not embracing polygamy] despite increasing spinsterhood and divorced women, who now exceed four million, is selfishness,” Ms Ebeidi said, urging her fellow MPs to adopt her stance" (para 3). "Opponents of the law said it violates constitution guarantees regarding the traditions of religious minorities such as Christians, and vowed to appeal the decision" (para 10). There is an open conversation between the two sides in regards to the proposed polygamy law, indicating that gender issue discussions are possible and are taken seriously (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Ms Ebeidi plans to collect signatures in support of the planned bill, which has been met with criticism by the Iraqi parliamentary women and childhood affairs committee" (para 7). A women MP is proposing new legislation regarding polygamous marriages which other women in parliament are opposing. The presence of these women indicate that there are no barriers to women serving in the legislative branch of government in Iraq, or if there are, they are not significant enough to prevent women's participation (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-1

"A member of Iraq’s parliament has put forward a proposal to legalise polygamy in the country to 'protect the dignity' of widows, divorced women, and older women who choose not to marry" (para 1). From this quote, it appears that women have a right to choose not to remarry if they do not wish to do so (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-3

"Polygamy for Muslim men in Iraq is legal under a 1959 law, as long as a judge’s permission is given, a husband is found to be 'financially capable,' and there are 'legitimate reasons' for taking another spouse, such as a first wife who is unable to bear children" (para 5).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"A member of Iraq’s parliament has put forward a proposal to legalise polygamy in the country to 'protect the dignity' of widows, divorced women, and older women who choose not to marry" (para 1). If the dignity of widows needs to be protected, this indicates that their reputation may be at risk otherwise (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: ATDW-DATA-1

"...citing increased rates of divorce as a social problem which puts women in financially dangerous positions" (para 2). "...divorced women, who now exceed four million…" (para 3).
Nov. 30, 2017, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Benin, Bhutan, Burundi, Chile, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Iraq, Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, Malta, Nicaragua, Panama, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Vietnam
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

According to AgeOfConsent's data, the legal age of consent is 18 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"In the Middle East and North Africa, seven countries or autonomous regions have legislation or regulations on domestic violence: Algeria, Bahrain, Iraqi Kurdistan, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia"(4)
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"In the Middle East and North Africa, seven countries or autonomous regions have legislation or regulations on domestic violence: Algeria, Bahrain, Iraqi Kurdistan, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia"(4)
Oct. 24, 2017, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: GEW-PRACTICE-1

"She added that the number of abducted women exceeded 4,000" (para 4).