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Latest items for Israel

April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively enforced rape laws" (36).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (32). "On August 15, following three years of hearings on a petition by women’s rights organizations to appoint a female director general to the rabbinical courts, the Supreme Court ruled that since the position is inherently administrative, not religious, it must be open to anyone licensed as a rabbinic pleader, including women. In June the Rabbinical Courts Administration named a female deputy director general for the first time. Although women currently serve as judges in nonreligious courts, they remain barred from serving as judges in rabbinical courts" (37).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-5

"The country lacks a civil marriage law. In order to be considered legal, civil marriages, marriages of some non-Orthodox Jews, marriages in non-Orthodox ceremonies, same-sex marriages, marriages of a Jew to a non-Jew, or marriages of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim must take place outside the country to be considered legal, because religious courts refuse to conduct these marriages" (17).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The labor ministry assisted women involved in prostitution, including providing emergency shelters, daytime centers, and therapeutic hostels" (36).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention and provides for the right of any person to challenge the lawfulness of his/her arrest or detention in court, and the government generally observed these requirements" (8). "It prohibits, however, detention in Holot [a remote semiopen facility run by the IPS] based on certain factors including age, health, gender, or other protected status" (9). "The NGO Human Rights Defenders Fund reported police detained nine lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex (LGBTI) participants in a July 20 protest (see section 6) and strip-searched seven of them at the police station" (12).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"Four members of the 15- member Supreme Court were women, and one was Arab" (33). "Although women currently serve as judges in nonreligious courts, they remain barred from serving as judges in rabbinical courts" (37). "On April 25, the government appointed Hana Khatib as the first female judge in the sharia (Islamic) courts in Israel" (38).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1, ABO-DATA-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (37).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"As of September the 23-member cabinet included four women and one Druze minister. One woman was a deputy minister; there were no Arabs" (33).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1, ADCM-LAW-1

"A civil family court or a religious court settles child custody, alimony, and property matters after the divorce, which gives preference to the father unless it can be demonstrated that a child especially 'needs' the mother" (38)
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Although it has no constitution, the parliament, the unicameral 120-member Knesset, has enacted a series of 'Basic Laws' that enumerate fundamental rights. Certain fundamental laws, orders, and regulations legally depend on the existence of a 'state of emergency,' which has been in effect since 1948" (1). "The law prohibits hate speech and content liable to incite to violence or discrimination on grounds of race, origin, religion, nationality, and gender" (19). "The law provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men. In the criminal and civil courts, women and men enjoyed the same rights, but in some matters religious courts--responsible for adjudication of family law, including...more
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process" (32). "Although senior political and social leaders often came from among veterans of the predominantly male IDF officer corps, women participated widely in politics, including in leadership positions" (32). "Women faced significant cultural barriers in political parties representing conservative religious movements and the Arab minority, although the 2015 elections resulted in two female Arab MKs from the Joint List winning seats" (32).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"Although the law prohibits discrimination based on gender in employment and wages and provides for class action antidiscrimination suits, a wage gap between men and women persisted" (38). "The Equal Employment Opportunities Law prohibits an employer from discriminating against employees, contractors, or persons seeking employment. The Equal Pay Law provides for equal pay for equal work of male and female employees" (49).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"The law provides for the right to a fair public trial, and an independent judiciary generally enforced this right. Exceptions to the right for a public trial include national security concerns, protection of the interest of a minor or an individual requiring special protection, and safeguarding the identity of an accuser or defendant in a sex-offense case" (13).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"The government stated that no marriages of children under 15 were registered with the Population Registry in 2016, but there may have been some such marriages that were not registered" (40).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"In some ultra-Orthodox neighborhoods, private organizations posted 'modesty signs' demanding women obscure themselves from public view to avoid distracting devout men" (37).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Separate religious court systems adjudicate matters such as marriage and divorce for the Jewish, Muslim, Christian, and Druze communities. The country lacks a civil marriage law. In order to be considered legal, civil marriages, marriages of some non-Orthodox Jews, marriages in non-Orthodox ceremonies, same-sex marriages, marriages of a Jew to a non-Jew, or marriages of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim must take place outside the country to be considered legal, because religious courts refuse to conduct these marriages" (17). "The majority of Jewish citizens objected to exclusive Orthodox control over aspects of their personal lives, including marriage and 'kashrut' (Jewish dietary laws), according to a survey of 800 Jewish...more
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"For the first time, an Arab citizen of Israel, Aida Touma Suliman, chaired a permanent committee in the Knesset, the Committee on the Status of Women" (33). "The government stated police had developed procedures and trained special investigators to deal with domestic violence, sex offenses, and the violation of protective orders in diverse communities, including the Arab community" (36). "The Authority for the Advancement of the Status of Women in the Prime Minister’s Office works to mainstream women’s participation in the government and private sector and to combat sexual harassment and domestic violence. The authority requires every city, local council, and government ministry to have an advisor working to advance...more
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Although senior political and social leaders often came from among veterans of the predominantly male IDF officer corps, women participated widely in politics, including in leadership positions" (32). "Women faced significant cultural barriers in political parties representing conservative religious movements and the Arab minority, although the 2015 elections resulted in two female Arab MKs from the Joint List winning seats" (32).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights for citizens" (24). "In some ultra-Orthodox neighborhoods, private organizations posted 'modesty signs' demanding women obscure themselves from public view to avoid distracting devout men" (37).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"The 2003 Law of Citizenship and Entry, which is renewed annually, prohibits non- Jewish Iranians, Iraqis, Syrians, Lebanese, and Palestinians from the West Bank or Gaza, including those who are spouses of Israeli residents or citizens, from obtaining resident status in Jerusalem or Israel unless the Ministry of the Interior makes a special determination, usually on humanitarian grounds. AI and other human rights organizations repeatedly called on the government to repeal this law and resume processing of family unification applications. The law allows the entry of spouses of Israelis on a 'staying permit' if the male spouse is age 35 or older and the female spouse is age 25 or...more
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"A May report from the state comptroller criticized the segregation of Jewish and Arab women in hospital maternity wards. The report noted that separation of patients for nonmedical reasons was incompatible with the principle of equality, even if such separation was requested by the patient or for 'cultural considerations'" (45).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a felony punishable by 16 years in prison, or up to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape under aggravated circumstances or if the perpetrator rapes or commits a sexual offense against a relative" (36). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 years old. Consensual sexual relations with a minor between the ages of 14 and 16 constitute statutory rape punishable by five years’ imprisonment" (40).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal but remained widespread. Penalties for sexual harassment depend on the severity of the act and whether the harassment involved blackmail...The law provides that victims may follow the progress on their cases through a computerized system and information call center" (36).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law provides an additional 15 percent in campaign funding to municipal party lists composed of at least one-third women" (32).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"As of September there were approximately 38,000 irregular migrants and asylum seekers in the country, of whom approximately 500 entered as unaccompanied minors and approximately 7,000 were women, according to NGOs" (25). "In June the government announced it would issue A/5 humanitarian visas to 200 Sudanese migrants from Darfur. While this represented an improvement over the 2A5 'conditional release' status, NGOs cautioned that even these 200 migrants would continue to lack the full protections of refugee status. In February the Population and Immigration Authority issued new guidelines to RSD adjudicators to increase their sensitivity to gender problems" (27).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation" (24). "The government may bar citizens from leaving the country based on security considerations, due to unpaid debts, or in cases in which a Jewish man refuses to grant his wife a Jewish legal writ of divorce" (24).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1

"Births are supposed to be registered within 10 days of the delivery. According to the law, births are registered in the country only if the parents are citizens or permanent residents. Any child born in an Israeli hospital receives an official document from the hospital that affirms the birth" (39).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a felony punishable by 16 years in prison, or up to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape under aggravated circumstances or if the perpetrator rapes or commits a sexual offense against a relative" (36).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary and secondary education is free and universal through age 17 and compulsory through grade 12" (39).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"As of September the 120-member Knesset had 33 female members and 17 members from ethnic or religious minorities (13 Muslims, three Druze, and one Christian)" (32-33).