The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Israel

Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"Conversely, women residents of Jerusalem have for all practical purposes lost their right to retain their residence in Jerusalem or have been stripped of it because they were forced to live outside Jerusalem in order to keep their families together. Even in the latter case, a woman resident of Jerusalem loses the right to renew her identity card if she has lived outside the city for several years, if she has lost the identity card or if her appearance has changed with time or because she has either begun wearing or stopped wearing the hijab" (34).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"In sum, most women married to residents of Jerusalem are prohibited by law from obtaining permanent residence in Jerusalem, as are children who cannot be registered on their Jerusalemite father’s identity card or in the population registry if the mother is a holder of a Palestinian identity card" (34).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2007, the Israeli Parliament expanded the scope of the racist Act, denying reunification to citizens of Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran and Libya who were married to Palestinian citizens of Israel or Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem. In 2008, another amendment to the Nationality Act was made whereby citizenship could be revoked in the case of a 'breach of trust' or 'disloyalty to the State', even in the absence of a criminal conviction. That compounded the threat of discriminatory expulsion against Palestinian men and women, who are in fact the primary targets of these amendments. There is no doubt that this racist policy is designed to prevent the reunification of...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Throughout the process, [female prisoners] are subjected to all manner of torture and inhuman and degrading treatment by the occupying forces. That includes both physical and psychological violence. They are beaten, kicked, slapped in the face, verbally threatened and mentally abused. There are also flagrant sexual assaults against women, in the form of threats or rape directed against them or a female family member. Women are also subjected throughout their incarceration to illegal strip searches conducted by soldiers or members of the occupation prison authority, often as a form of punishment. Such searches involve women being stripped of most of their clothes, and in some cases of their underclothes as...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Female Palestinian workers in the settlements suffer from an additional layer of discrimination based on gender. They get paid only half the daily wages that men get, which are well below the minimum wage in Israel to begin with. The work longer hours than the male workers in the services and agricultural sectors, without the additional hours being taken into account" (49).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"In 2005, amendments were made to that Act that allowed women over the age of 25 who are married to residents of Jerusalem or Palestinian holders of Israeli citizenship to obtain a permit to stay with their husbands. The amendments also allowed men over the age of 35 who are married to residents of Jerusalem or Palestinian citizens of Israel to stay with their spouses" (33-34). "In sum, most women married to residents of Jerusalem are prohibited by law from obtaining permanent residence in Jerusalem, as are children who cannot be registered on their Jerusalemite father’s identity card or in the population registry if the mother is a holder of...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Knesset has furthered protection of human rights in some fields by specific legislation, including…a law on sexual harassment to defend human dignity, freedom and privacy and to promote equality between men and women" (14). "In January 2011, the High Court of Justice ruled that gender segregation was unlawful but at the same time the Court ruling allowed the continuation of gender separation in public buses on a strictly 'voluntary basis', on the pretext of respecting multiculturalism and the right of people to practice their religious norms as they see appropriate. Justice Elyakim Rubinstein held that long with the desire to ensure that the seating arrangements on the buses would...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"In January 1974, the Spouses (Property Relations) Law (1973) came into effect. The Law introduced arrangements for regulating the property relations of spouses holding that in the absence of a 'property agreement' to the contrary, the respective assets of the spouses are kept separate during the existence of the marriage. If the marriage comes to an end obligation arises between them or their heirs to balance equally the value of their aggregate property, excluding certain special items such as property which each possessed prior to the marriage or received by way of gift or inheritance during the marriage" (13).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"When a wife dies, the husband inherits her belongings, but when the husband dies, his wife does not inherit his belongings" (15).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2

"The establishment of patriarchy is most clearly expressed in the ultimate power of the man not to release his wife from the bonds of marriage…Divorce is not a judicial act and may be achieved only in accordance with the husband's wish" (15). "a Jewish divorce occurs only when a man issues a bill of divorce to his wife (a get). Generally speaking, a woman cannot demand a get nor can she claim her marriage is dead. The get is an exclusive right of the husband. The asymmetry and inequality are clear: A Jewish woman cannot divorce her husband. If the wife refuses her consent, the husband may be able to...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1

"We observe attempts to control women’s conduct, dress code and freedoms in ways that contravene Israel’s commitment to gender equality…Women are discriminated against in cemetaries…where signposts direct women to seek alternative paths or to adhere to a strict dress code if they wish to pass through certain neighbourhoods" (18-19).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"In March 2013, the Attorney General issued a scathing report against the phenomenon of gender segregation and the exclusion of women. Its unequivocal conclusion was that these discriminatory practices undermine the very foundations of Israeli democracy which recognizes the inherent value of every human being" (22).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1

"In recent years we witness more and more manifestations of segregation of women. Discrimination takes place in public places and in public transportation…Efforts are mande not only to segregate women but also to exclude them altogether from public spaces. Women are discriminated against in Cemeteries, in public events even when they are state-sponsored, in health clinics, and in public streets where signposts direct women to seek alternative paths or to adhere to a strict dress code if they wish to pass through certain neighbourhoods. Women are prevented to give eulogies in funeral ceremonies. Girls are banned from dancing in public gathering and female soldiers are denied singing in official ceremonies"...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1

"Pictures of women who appear on advertisements, political posters and historical photographs are vandalized and/or removed. On Meir children's Internet channel, which is popular among the national Haredi sector, girls and women do not exist…One local radio station, 'Kol Barama', prohibits the broadcasting of women voices and hiring women presenters" (19).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"the Court annulled a Jewish Agency provision in the Pension Rules differentiating between employees in accordance with their gender: the retirement age for men was 65 and for women 60" (14). "the Court endorsed the need for equal opportunity and affirmative action. In this case, the Israel Women's Network successfully brought a petition to implement the provisions of a legislative measure introducing a requirement of fair representation of both sexes in appointments to the boards of directors of government companies. Similarly, in H.C.J. 2671/98 IWN v. Minister of Labor, the petition was for fair representation of women in promotion to the level of deputy director general in the National Insurance...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IAD-PRACTICE-1

"A daughter does not inherit unless there are no sons. It is expected that a certain amount of the father's property be designated for his daughter's dowry and may be claimed from the brother's inheritance" (15).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"In inheritance, the rabbinical court authority is contingent on the consent of all parties involved. If one party objects to consideration of the case in the rabbinical courts, the case will be referred to the family courts or to the inheritance registrar" (12).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Supreme Court has ruled that the rabbinical courts must apply certain civil laws such as those guarenteeing equal property rights to women and those protecting personal privacy" (12).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The exclusion of marriage and divorce from women's constitutional right to equality has prompted many couples to prefer civil marriage over religious proceedings" (11).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The Knesset has furthered protection of human rights in some fields by specific legislation, including the Prevention of Family Violence Law 1751-1991" (14).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"In 1988, the Employment (Equal Opportunities) Law 5748-1988 was passed. The law dictates: "An employer shall not discriminate among his employees or among persons seeking employment on account of their sex, sexual tendencies, personal status or because of their age, race, religion, nationality, country of origin, views, party or duration of reserve service" (13). The Knesset has furthered protection of human rights in some fields by specific legislation, including...laws extending the prohibited grounds of discrimination in employment...[and] an ammendment law on sexual harassment" (14).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"In Shakdiel the issue related to the decision of the Minister for Religious Affairs and a Ministerial Committee set up under the Jewish Religious Services Law of 1971 to refuse to appoint Leah Shakdiel to serve as an elected member of a local religious services council, on the grounds that she was a woman. The issue in Poraz was similar: excluding women from public life only because on the basis of gender. Here the Tel Aviv Municipal Council decided not to appoint women to the electoral board for the Tel Aviv municipal rabbi. Both times an argument was made by the opposition to the appointments that under Jewish Law women...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"The Knesset has furthered protection of human rights in some fields by specific legislation, including…a law on single-parent families that grants certain benefits to such parents, who are usually women" (14).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"One local radio station, 'Kol Barama', prohibits the broadcasting of women voices and hiring women presenters" (19).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"One local radio station, 'Kol Barama', prohibits the broadcasting of women voices and hiring women presenters. The Attorney General conclusively argued that the radio station cannot eliminate women from public space" (19).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: GP-DATA-6, ASR-DATA-1

"In the courts, there are no women acting as rabbinical judges" (11).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"It is expected that a certain amount of the father's property be designated for his daughter's dowry and may be claimed from the brother's inheritance" (15).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"Muslims, Christians and Jews were all recognized as self-governing utnit (or 'millets'), and allowed to impose restrictive religious laws on their own members" (9). "As part of this agreement, the Israeli government decided to grant the rabbinical courts jurisdiction over issues pertaining to personal status...Consequently, such matters are determined in accordance with religious laws by the religious courts of different communities. The religious courts are granted exclusive jurisdiction over matters of marriage and divorce and concurrent jurisdiction with the civil courts regarding issues of maintenance and succession" (10). "The exclusion of marriage and divorce from women's constitutional right to equality has prompted many couples to prefer civil marriage over religious...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: ATC-DATA-3

"These conventions have not been incorporated into Israeli domestic law, and are not directly enforcable by the courts. Furthermore, Israel expressed reservations regarding certain articles, e.g., those concerning appointment of women as judges of religious courts, and those concerning the elimination of discrimination in marriage and family matters" (12).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: EWCMS-LAW-1

"the Court accepted a petition of a woman soldier who was refused entry to the pilot's course of the Israel Air Force on the grounds of her gender. This important precedent clarified that women have the right to fill any role in the armh inless compelling reasons are argued against. Gender in itself is not a compelling reason" (14).