The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Japan

May 2, 2018, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: VOTE-DATA-2

"Yet in the last two national elections (2013 and 2014), women made up about 53 per cent of the voters" (para 5).
May 2, 2018, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Neither Japan nor the Philippines has a quota for female representation in national politics" (para 6).
May 2, 2018, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Neither Japan nor the Philippines has a quota for female representation in national politics, but Japan ranks lower than the Philippines, China and North Korea" (para 6).
May 2, 2018, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Japan, the wealthiest country in the region, falls far behind, with women holding only 11.5 per cent of nationally elected offices as of April 2016 and a mere 3 per cent of the senior-level positions in central government ministries and agencies as of early 2014" (para 5).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"On January 3, revised legislation allowed victims of abuse by domestic partners, spouses, and former spouses to receive protection at shelters and seek restraining orders from court" (14-15).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Prosecutors interpreted forcible to mean evidence of force and/or physical resistance by the victim is necessary to consider a sexual encounter to be rape" (14). "The penalty for statutory rape is not less than three years’ imprisonment with mandatory labor, and the law was enforced" (17).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Women held three of the 19 seats in the cabinet following the October 7 cabinet shuffle and one of the three senior posts in the ruling Liberal Democratic Party. As of October 5, there were two female governors out of 47 prefectures" (12).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1

"No law addresses the unfettered availability of sexually explicit cartoons, comics, and video games, some of which depicted scenes of violent sexual abuse and the rape of children. Experts suggested a culture that appears to accept the depiction of child sexual abuse harmed children" (17). While this statement is focused on the exploitation of children, it is probable that majority of the children experiencing abusive depictions are young girls (AA-CODER COMMENT).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"NGOs urged the government to abolish a six-month waiting period stipulated in the law for women, but not men, before re-marriage; eliminate different age minimums for marriage depending on sex; and allow married couples a choice of surnames" (15). "The law stipulates that to marry, the male partner must be age 18 or older and the female partner, 16 or older. A person under 20 may not marry without at least one parent’s approval" (16).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Women had access to contraception and maternal health services, including skilled attendance during childbirth, prenatal care, and essential obstetric and postpartum care" (15).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Women held 45 of 475 seats in parliament’s lower house and 38 of 242 seats in the upper house after the December 2014 general election" (12).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"There also continued to be cases of employers forcing pregnant women to leave their jobs. On September 4, MHLW announced the name of an employer who unfairly dismissed a female employee due to pregnancy and had repeatedly refused to follow the ministry’s corrective guidance. The ministry stated this was the first time it disclosed the name of an employer pursuant to the law. In a separate case, on November 17, the Hiroshima High Court ordered a Hiroshima hospital to pay 1.75 million yen ($16,500) in damages to a physical therapist who was demoted after seeking a lighter workload due to pregnancy" (26).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Child prostitution is illegal, with a penalty of imprisonment with labor for up to five years or a fine of up to three million yen ($28,300) for adult offenders and penalties of up to seven years’ imprisonment and fines of up to 10 million yen ($94,300) for traffickers" (17).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"Another provision of law, that a child born within 300 days of a divorce is presumed to be the divorced father’s child, resulted in the nonregistration of an unknown number of children" (16).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Although prohibited by law, domestic violence against women remained a serious problem" (14).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize sexual harassment but includes measures to identify companies that fail to prevent it, and prefectural labor offices and the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) provided these companies with advice, guidance, and recommendations" (15). "The law prohibits discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on race, sex, personal or political beliefs, national origin or citizenship, social status or origin, disability, age, and some communicable diseases, such as leprosy...In 2014 the enforcement regulation of the equal employment opportunity law was revised to cover 'indirect discrimination' for all types of workers related to recruitment, hiring, promotion, and changes of job type, but the enforcement mechanism...more
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: VOTE-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution stipulates women’s right to participate in political processes, and authorities protected these rights" (12).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Other persistent human rights problems included detention of asylum seekers; domestic violence, sexual harassment, and workplace discrimination against women" (1). "The law does not criminalize sexual harassment but includes measures to identify companies that fail to prevent it, and prefectural labor offices and the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) provided these companies with advice, guidance, and recommendations. Companies that fail to comply with government guidance may be publicly identified, but according to officials, this has never been necessary. Sexual harassment in the workplace remained widespread" (15). "Government hotlines in prefectural labor bureau equal employment departments handled consultations concerning sexual harassment and mediated disputes when possible" (25). "Sexual harassment...more
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Although not subjected to governmental discrimination, Buraku (the descendants of feudal-era outcasts) were frequently victims of entrenched societal discrimination. Buraku advocacy groups continued to report that despite socioeconomic improvements achieved by many Buraku, widespread discrimination persisted in employment, marriage, housing, and property assessment. While the Buraku label was no longer officially used to identify individuals, the family registry system could be used to identify them and facilitate discriminatory practices" (19). The Buraku are associated with lower socio-economic status and while this statement does not indicate they are concentrated in rural areas, that is the natural assumption. More research should be done particularly into the status of Buraku women (AA-CODER COMMENT).more
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The government increased child-care facilities and maternity leave, along with encouraging private companies to report gender statistics in annual financial reports" (26).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: EWCMS-DATA-2

"Hazing, bullying, corporal punishment, and sexual harassment continued in the Japanese Self-Defense Forces (JSDF)" (2). The report does not indicated if this is specifically occurring against men or women, but if it is present it is a concern and most likely affects both genders (AA-CODER COMMENT).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Gender Equality Bureau in the Cabinet Office continued to examine policies and monitor developments" (15). "On August 28, the Diet passed a law that requires national and local governments, as well as private sector companies that employ at least 301 people, to analyze women’s employment in their organizations and release action plans to promote women’s participation and advancement" (26).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"On December 28, the foreign ministers of Japan and the Republic of Korea jointly announced they had reached an agreement that they said 'finally and irreversibly' addressed the treatment of World War II “comfort women” (women trafficked for sexual purposes). The announcement, which met some civil society criticism, noted the Japanese prime minister’s “most sincere apologies and remorse,” and a commitment by the Japanese government to provide 1 billion yen ($8.3 million) for a foundation to be established by the Republic of Korea to provide support for the former 'comfort women'" (15).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: WR-LAW-1

"NGOs urged the government to abolish a six-month waiting period stipulated in the law for women, but not men, before re-marriage...In December, Japan’s Supreme Court ruled the six-month waiting period was unconstitutional" (15). This law is for all women, not just widows. And while it was ruled unconstitutional, there is no indication that it was actually abolished (AA CODER COMMENT).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The law grants citizenship at birth to a child of the following: a Japanese father who either is married to the child’s mother or recognizes his paternity, a Japanese mother, or a child born in the country to parents who are both unknown or are stateless" (16).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: CUST-LAW-2

"The law requires birth entries in the family registry to specify whether a child was born in or out of wedlock, but in 2013 the Supreme Court unanimously declared unconstitutional a civil code clause that denied full inheritance rights to children born out of wedlock" (16).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"In 2014 the country criminalized the possession of child pornography, remedying a major gap in the law. Enforcement began on July 15. The commercialization of child pornography is illegal; the penalty is imprisonment with labor for not more than three years or a fine not exceeding three million yen ($28,300), and police continued to crack down on this crime. Police reported a record-high 1,828 child pornography investigations involving 746 child victims in 2014" (17).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Women continued to express concern regarding unequal treatment in the workforce. Women’s average monthly wage was approximately 70 percent of that of men" (25-26).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes all forms of rape involving force against women, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law effectively. The law defines a rapist as “a person who, through assault or intimidation, forcibly commits sexual intercourse with a female of not less than 13 years of age or commits sexual intercourse with a female under 13 years of age" (14). "Statutory rape laws criminalize sexual intercourse with a girl younger than 13, notwithstanding her consent...Additionally, national law and local ordinances comprehensively address sexual abuse of minors, including boy victims. " (17).
April 10, 2018, 11:10 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

According to the Institute of Inclusive Security, Japan launched their national action plan in 2015 (MB-Coder Comment).