The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Jordan

June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-3

"Education is compulsory from ages six through 16 and free until age 18. No legislation exists to enforce the law or to punish guardians for violating it" (33).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2

"Of the 42 women killed in the country through August, local media identified eight as 'honor crimes' Activists stated, however, many such crimes went unreported" (31).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law stipulates a sentence of at least 10 years of imprisonment with hard labor for the rape of a girl or woman 15 years of age or older" (30). "The law strictly prohibits sexual harassment and does not distinguish between sexual assault and sexual harassment. Both carry a minimum prison sentence of four years at hard labor" (31). "For example, conviction for rape of a child younger than age 15 potentially carries the death penalty" (33).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"During the year’s elections for the governorate councils, four women won in free competition and 32 women won through the quota system, and the government appointed 17 additional women as required by law. At the municipal council level, women won 28 seats in free competition and 57 by quota. At the local council (neighborhood) level, women won 231 seats in free competition and 324 through the quota system. In 51 local council races, women were the top vote getters, meaning they would also be members of their area’s municipal council. No women won mayorships" (26). "In the 2016 parliamentary elections, voters elected 20 women to the lower house, five of...more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Union officials reported that sectors employing predominantly women, such as secretarial work, offered wages below the official minimum wage" (42).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-2

"Refugee households headed by women faced difficulty in certifying nationality of offspring in absence of the father, which increased the risk of statelessness among this population. Civil registry departments and sharia courts in the Za’atri and Azraq camps helped refugees register births" (24). "The government deemed some children--including children of unmarried women, orphans, or certain interfaith marriages involving a Muslim woman and converts from Islam to another religion--illegitimate and denied them standard registration" (33). "Authorities removed children born out of wedlock from their mothers and placed them in orphanages, regardless of the mother’s desire for custody" (33).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Only the father can transmit citizenship. Women do not have the legal right to transmit citizenship to their children. Children of female citizens married to noncitizen husbands receive the nationality of the father and lose the right to attend public school or seek other government services if they do not hold legal residency, for which they must apply every year, and authorities do not assure continued residency. In guidelines announced by the government in 2014, if children of Jordanian mothers and noncitizen fathers apply and meet certain criteria, they may gain access to certain services enjoyed by citizens, including access to free primary and secondary education and subsidized health care;...more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to the Department of Statistics’ first quarter survey on unemployment, unemployment among women holding a bachelor’s degree was 53.9 percent" (42).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"During the year a former head of the public tenders department of the Ministry of Public Works and Housing testified to parliament that the minister tried to fire her in 2016 for refusing to approve questionable tenders. She accused the minister of pressing her to approve tenders for certain companies with which he had ties, despite the fact these companies had not followed proper procedures. When the minister was not able to fire her, he renewed her contract for one year, then allegedly forced her into retirement" (28). "Parliament amended laws to set penalties for indecent touching and verbal harassment, but did not define or substantively strengthen protections against sexual...more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Through June the government-run shelter for victims of trafficking assisted 120 victims of trafficking, including workers from Bangladesh and the Philippines" (46).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"In August parliament amended the penal code to grant mothers permission to give consent for surgeries on their minor children without consent of their father" (32).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MURDER-DATA-6

"Governors used this provision widely, including to place women in “protective detention” when family members threatened to kill them to protect family honor. Although incarcerated indefinitely, these women faced no legal charges and posed no threat to public safety. Human rights advocates estimated authorities held 40 to 50 women under protective detention throughout the year" (8).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Family Protection Department continued to operate a domestic violence hotline and received inquiries and complaints via the internet and email. According to the Ministry of Social Development, the government maintained a second shelter for female victims of domestic violence in Irbid" (30).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The government provided men with more generous social security benefits than women. The government continued pension payments of deceased male civil servants to their heirs, but it discontinued payments to heirs of deceased female civil servants unless they were the sole income earner in the family" (32). "Labor organizations reported that female citizen workers were more likely to encounter labor violations, including wages below the minimum wage and harassment in the workplace. According to labor ministry statistics, the gender gap in wages in the private sector was 41 percent, and 28 percent in the public sector" (44).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"Laws and regulations governing health insurance for civil servants under the Civil Service Bureau do not permit married women to extend their health insurance coverage to dependents or spouses unless they are the sole income earner in the family, whereas men can automatically extend full insurance benefits to spouses and dependents" (32).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In August parliament abolished an article of the penal code that exonerated rapists who married their victims" (30).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"There are quotas for women in the lower house of parliament, governorate councils, municipal councils, and local councils" (26). "There is no quota for women when founding a new political party" (26).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Women may seek divorce without the consent of their husbands in limited circumstances such as abandonment, spousal abuse, or in return for waiving financial rights. The law allows retention of financial rights under specific circumstances, such as spousal abuse" (32).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"During the year the Supreme Judge Department issued new marriage regulations, including a 15-year maximum age difference between the husband and the wife, provided that the would-be husband is not married and that marriage would not prevent the girl from pursuing her education. Judges have the authority to decide if marriage of girls between 15 and 18 years old would be “in their best interest” and to adjudicate the marriage contract" (34).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the distribution of pornography involving persons under the age of 18" (34). "The law does not specifically prohibit the possession of child pornography without an intention to sell or distribute. The law penalizes those who use the internet to post or distribute child pornography" (34).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-2

"Observers noted that if a woman marries her rapist, according to customary belief, her family members do not need to kill her to 'preserve the family’s honor'" (31). "In 2015 the prosecutor general charged a Jordanian woman in Irbid with premeditated murder after she allegedly beat an Indonesian domestic worker in her employ to death. The forensic report showed that the worker died due to brain hemorrhage. The case was pending at year’s end" (45).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"In March the Court of Cassation toughened the sentences against two men convicted of killing their sister in an honor crime to 15 and 20 years imprisonment. In August parliament amended the penal code to eliminate the 'fit of fury' as a mitigating factor in sentencing for honor crimes, except in cases of adultery caught in the act. Parliament also amended the law to eliminate mitigated sentencing for honor crimes cases when the family would ordinarily drop charges" (31). "Through their administrative detention authority, governors continued to place potential victims of honor crimes in involuntary protective custody in the Women’s Correctional and Rehabilitation Center in the Jweideh and the Umm...more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5

"Women may seek divorce without the consent of their husbands in limited circumstances such as abandonment, spousal abuse, or in return for waiving financial rights" (32).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"The king appointed 10 women to the upper house. The last government reshuffle took place on June 14. The 29-member cabinet included three female ministers: the minister of information and communications technology and public sector development, the minister of tourism and antiquities, and the minister of social development" (27).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reported instances of forced marriage as an alternative to a potential honor killing during the year, although NGOs noted that many cases of forced marriage occurred shortly after an accusation of rape due to family and societal pressure before any formal trial began" (31). "With the consent of both a judge and a guardian, a child as young as 15 years old may be married" (34).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Many women also reported traditional social pressures discouraged some from pursuing professional careers, especially after marriage" (42).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government forcibly returned Syrian refugees and PRS, including women, children, war-injured persons, and persons with disabilities, to Syria" (20). "For those who entered the country irregularly (without required documentation, or using Syrian identity documents), refoulement was a constant risk, and access to basic civil services--including renewal of identity documents, the registration of marriages, deaths, and births--was highly complex. UNRWA reported that such activities could result in forced return to Syria, as well as detention and denaturalization" (21). "NGOs reported refugees from Syria and foreign migrant workers, including garment workers and domestic workers, were especially vulnerable to gender-based violence, including sexual harassment and sexual assault, in the workplace" (31).more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"Governors used this provision widely, including to place women in “protective detention” when family members threatened to kill them to protect family honor. Although incarcerated indefinitely, these women faced no legal charges and posed no threat to public safety. Human rights advocates estimated authorities held 40 to 50 women under protective detention throughout the year" (8). "In March the Court of Cassation toughened the sentences against two men convicted of killing their sister in an honor crime to 15 and 20 years imprisonment" (31).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Human rights activists, however, cited cultural bias against women as an impediment to women participating in political life on the same scale as men" (26).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"There were no reported instances of forced marriage as an alternative to a potential honor killing during the year, although NGOs noted that many cases of forced marriage occurred shortly after an accusation of rape due to family and societal pressure before any formal trial began. Observers noted that if a woman marries her rapist, according to customary belief, her family members do not need to kill her to 'preserve the family’s honor'" (31)