The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Kazakhstan

Dec. 12, 2018, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MURDER-DATA-4

According to the WHO violence and homocide statistics, the total femicide rate as of 2015 was 4.0 per 100,000 female population. For ages 15-44, the rate was calculated to be 1.88 per 100,000 female population.
Dec. 11, 2018, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MURDER-DATA-3

According to the data chart, the female homicide rate in 2015 was 2.74 per 100,000 population.
Dec. 8, 2018, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Ireland, Japan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Mauritius, Mozambique, Norway, Panama, Poland, Romania, Serbia, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan
Variables: LRW-SCALE-11

8.0
Dec. 8, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Brazil, Burundi, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Denmark, East Timor, Estonia, Finland, France, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Trinidad/Tobago, Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-SCALE-4

2.0
Nov. 13, 2018, 1:46 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Colombia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: BR-SCALE-1

1.0
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: FSCB-LAW-1

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children and had the means to do so free from discrimination, coercion, or violence" (page 29).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Legislation identifies various types of domestic violence, such as physical, psychological, sexual, and economic, and outlines the responsibilities of local and national governments and NGOs in providing support to domestic violence victims. The law also outlines mechanisms for the issuance of restraining orders and provides for the 24-hour administrative detention of abusers. The law sets the maximum sentence for spousal assault and battery at 10 years in prison, the same as for any assault. The law also permits prohibiting offenders from living with the victim if the perpetrator has somewhere else to live; allows victims of domestic violence to receive appropriate care regardless of the place of residence; and replaces...more
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"According to observers, women in rural areas faced greater discrimination than women in urban areas and suffered from . . . education and employment opportunities, limited access to information" (page 29). "Access to education, however, was a challenge for some migrant children who do not have an individual identification number, which became a requirement for school enrollment in September 2014" (page 30). "Incidents of child abuse in state-run institutions, such as . . . boarding schools . . . were “not rare,” according to government sources" (page 31).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"According to observers, women in rural areas faced greater discrimination than women in urban areas and suffered from . . . discrimination in their land and other property rights" (page 29).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18, but it may be reduced to 16 in the case of pregnancy or mutual agreement. NGOs noted several cases of marriage under 18, especially in the south. According to the NGO League of Women of Creative Initiative, 2,000-3,000 early and forced marriages occur annually. According to the NGO, there were approximately 2,200 such marriages in 2014. The majority of these were due to cultural traditions. Many couples first married in mosques and then registered officially when the bride reached the legal age. The government did not take any action to address the issue. As reported in September, the Spiritual Administration of Muslims...more
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape. The punishment for rape, including spousal rape, ranges from three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Under the law a prosecutor may not initiate a rape case absent aggravating circumstances, such as gang rape, unless the victim files a complaint. Once a complaint is filed, the criminal investigation may not be dismissed if the rape victim recants or refuses to cooperate further with the investigation" (page 27). "Sexual harassment remained a problem. The law prohibits some forms of sexual harassment, but legal and gender experts regarded the legislation as inadequate. There were reports of incidents of harassment, but in no instance was the law used to protect the...more
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

In 2014 police investigated 17 criminal cases in relation to forced sexual exploitation and coercion of minors into prostitution (page 38).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"According to Penal Reform International (PRI), although men and women were held separately and pretrial detainees were held separately from convicted prisoners, during transitions between temporary detention centers, pretrial detention, and prisons, youth often were held with same-sex adults. Conditions did not vary by inmate gender but by the age of the detention facility. Abuse occurred in police cells, pretrial detention facilities, and prisons. Observers cited the primary cause of mistreatment as the lack of professional training programs for administrators" (page 3).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"Traditional attitudes sometimes hindered women from holding high office or playing active roles in political life, although there were no legal restrictions on the participation of women or minorities in politics" (page 24).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"While the law prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, or social status, the government did not effectively enforce the law. There were reports of . . . trafficking in persons" (page 27). "In 2014 police identified 74 victims of trafficking, including 16 victims of labor exploitation. Three individuals were from Kyrgyzstan, two from Uzbekistan, and one from Tajikistan . . . Forced labor occurred. Migrant workers were considered most at risk for forced or compulsory labor. Reports varied on the number of labor migrants in the country. Estimates ranged from 300,000 to 750,000, with the majority of migrant workers coming from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan" (page 37-38). "In...more
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The constitution makes education compulsory until the completion of secondary school, which happened typically around ages 17 or 18. The law provides for free schooling until the end of secondary school. Access to education, however, was a challenge for some migrant children who do not have an individual identification number, which became a requirement for school enrollment in September 2014" (page 30).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The government cooperated with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and other humanitarian organizations to provide protection and assistance to internally displaced persons, refugees, returning refugees, asylum seekers, stateless persons, and other persons of concern" (page 18). "The government recognized 65 persons as refugees during the first six months of the year, out of 149 asylum seekers at various stages of the process . . . UNHCR also noted that the application of refugee criteria was not consistent throughout the country, and the recognition rate remained low" (page 19-20). "The law does not provide for differentiated procedures for persons with specific needs, such as separated children, and persons with...more
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DACH-DATA-2

"According to a study published by the UN Fund for Population, in 2014 approximately half of women used some form of contraception" (page 29).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs-led Consultative Advisory Body (CAB) for dialogue on democracy, human rights, rule of law, and legislative work continued to operate during the year. The CAB includes government ministries and prominent international and domestic NGOs, as well as international organizations as observers. The NGO community generally was positive about the work of the CAB, saying the platform enabled greater communication with the government about issues of concern. The government and NGOs, however, did not agree on recommendations on issues the government considered sensitive, and some human rights concerns were barred from discussion. NGOs reported that government bodies accepted some recommendations, although the accepted recommendations were technical rather...more
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes the production and distribution of child pornography and provides administrative penalties to cover the sale of pornographic materials to minors. The country retains administrative penalties for child pornography. Perpetrators convicted of sexual offenses against minors receive a lifetime ban on working with children" (page 31).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: IRP-DATA-1

"In 2014 police investigated 17 criminal cases in relation to forced sexual exploitation and coercion of minors into prostitution" (page 38).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"Women and men received equal treatment for sexually transmitted infections" (page 29).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"NGOs noted several cases of marriage under 18, especially in the south. According to the NGO League of Women of Creative Initiative, 2,000-3,000 early and forced marriages occur annually. According to the NGO, there were approximately 2,200 such marriages in 2014. The majority of these were due to cultural traditions" (page 30).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs noted several cases of marriage under 18, especially in the south. According to the NGO League of Women of Creative Initiative, 2,000-3,000 early and forced marriages occur annually. According to the NGO, there were approximately 2,200 such marriages in 2014. The majority of these were due to cultural traditions. Many couples first married in mosques and then registered officially when the bride reached the legal age. The government did not take any action to address the issue. As reported in September, the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Kazakhstan issued an order forbidding mosques to conduct religious marriage rites (nikah) without an official marriage certificate, but the practice continued" (page...more
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-DATA-5

"More women than men were self-employed or underemployed relative to their education level" (page 39).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment remained a problem. The law prohibits some forms of sexual harassment, but legal and gender experts regarded the legislation as inadequate. There were reports of incidents of harassment, but in no instance was the law used to protect the victim, nor were there reports of any prosecutions. No law protects women from sexual harassment, and only force or taking advantage of a victim’s physical helplessness carries criminal liability in terms of sexual assault" (page 29). "Law and regulations prohibit discrimination with respect to employment and occupation based on gender, age, disability, race, ethnicity, language, place of residence, religion, political opinion, affiliation with tribe or class, public associations, or...more
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Sexual harassment remained a problem. . . . There were reports of incidents of harassment, but in no instance was the law used to protect the victim, nor were there reports of any prosecutions" (page 29).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"The deputy prosecutor general reported 726 sex offenses against children were committed in the first seven months of the year" (page 31).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Other reported abuses included: violence and discrimination against women; abuse of children" (page 1). "According to NGOs, domestic violence remained a serious problem. Although official statistics were scarce, activists estimated more than one in four families suffered from some form of domestic violence" (page 28). "According to observers, women in rural areas faced greater discrimination than women in urban areas and suffered from a greater incidence of domestic violence" (page 29). "There were reports of child abuse. NGOs estimated more than one-half of all children younger than 14 experienced at least one incident of physical or psychological abuse by adults. Abuse was more common in rural areas . . ....more
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"According to data published by the World Health Organization, in 2014 skilled personnel attended more than 99 percent of births" (page 29).