The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Kazakhstan

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Guyana, Iceland, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Laos, Latvia, Macedonia, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, South Sudan, Suriname, Switzerland, Tanzania, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

1.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Articles 128, 134, 135, 308, 125(3b), and 126(3b) of the penal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking. However, inconsistent with the definition of trafficking under international law, the law did not include force, fraud, or coercion as an essential element of the crime, but rather considered them an aggravating circumstance. The law prescribed penalties of three to five years’ imprisonment for adult trafficking and five to seven years’ imprisonment for child trafficking; the penalties could be increased to up to 15 years’ imprisonment under aggravated circumstances. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Article...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Observers noted many foreign victims were reluctant to self-identify to the police due to lack of trust, perceived corruption, and fear of punishment or deportation due to their unlawful status, among other reasons. In cases where law enforcement identified foreign victims, victims often refused to cooperate. According to experts, foreign victims report to local police upon retrn to their home country, where they felt safer" (278). "In 2018, the government provided one foreign victim legal protection (compared to two foreign victims in 2017 and 15 in 2016), including suspension of deportation proceedings, and special temporary residency throughout the criminal investigation. NGOs reported foreign victims sometimes experienced problems in accessing local...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Kazakhstan, and traffickers exploit victims from Kazakhstan abroad. Domestic trafficking remains a consistent problem, as traffickers lure victims from rural areas to larger cities with mala fide offers of employment. Kazakhstani men and women are subjected to forced labor mostly in Russia, but also in Bahrain, Brazil, the Republic of Korea, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates. Kazakhstani women and girls are subjected to sex trafficking in the Middle East, Europe, East Asia, and the United States. Women and girls from neighboring Central Asian and Eastern European countries, as well as from rural areas in...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Kazakhstan does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included adopting a new anti-trafficking national action plan and establishing a victim compensation fund that will be capitalized through monetary penalties applied to convicted traffickers. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. Efforts to identify and protect foreign victims remained inadequate compared to the estimated size of the population, and foreign victims who did not participate in criminal investigations were ineligible for services and had no legal alternatives to removal. Law enforcement made limited efforts to...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government identified 83 trafficking victims, an increase from 76 in 2017. Of those, all but six were exploited in Kazakhstan; 79 were victims of sex trafficking, three of forced labor, and one of forced begging. All but two of the identified victims were from Kazakhstan; the government identified two victims from Uzbekistan, one in forced labor and one in sexual exploitation. Six of the Kazakhstani victims were victims of sex trafficking in South Korea" (278).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China, Comoros, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Georgia, Ghana, Indonesia, Israel, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Suriname, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

3.0
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law does not specify the minimum age for consensual sex, but it provides for eight to 15 years in prison as punishment for individuals who force boys or girls under age 18 to have sexual intercourse" (p. 33).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Family abuse occurred for 62 percent of children" (p. 33).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape" (p. 31).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"NGOs estimated that more than 400 women died annually as a result of violence sustained from their spouses. Prosecutors reported a significantly smaller number, stating that 36 women died in 2016 as a result of domestic violence" (p. 31).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law sets the maximum sentence for spousal assault and battery at 10 years in prison, the same as for any assault. The law also permits prohibiting offenders from living with the victim if the perpetrator has somewhere else to live, allows victims of domestic violence to receive appropriate care regardless of the place of residence, and replaces financial penalties with administrative arrest if paying fines was hurting victims as well as perpetrators" (p. 31).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Many couples first married in mosques and then registered officially when the bride reached the legal age. The government did not take any action to address the issue" (p. 33).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Perpetrators convicted of sexual offenses against minors receive a lifetime ban on working with children" (p. 33).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MURDER-DATA-2

"36 women died in 2016 as a result of domestic violence" (p. 31).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18, but it may be reduced to 16 in the case of pregnancy or mutual agreement" (p. 33).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes the production and distribution of child pornography and provides administrative penalties to cover the sale of pornographic materials to minors. The country retains administrative penalties for child pornography" (p. 33).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 32).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Police intervened in family disputes only when they believed the abuse was life threatening. Police often encouraged the two parties to reconcile" (p. 31).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship is derived both by birth within the country’s territory and from one’s parents. The government registers all births upon receipt of the proper paperwork, which can come from the parents, other interested persons, or the medical facility where the birth occurred. Children born to undocumented mothers were denied birth certificates" (p. 32).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The punishment for rape, including spousal rape, ranges from three to 15 years’ imprisonment" (p. 32).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to the NGO League of Women of Creative Initiative, 2,000-3,000 early and forced marriages occurred annually" (p. 33).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"According to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, there were 28 crisis centers in 2016. They received 20 percent of their funding from the government and 80 percent through international grants from NGOs" (p. 31).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prescribes a prison sentence of eight to 10 years for kidnapping. A person who voluntarily releases an abductee is absolved of criminal responsibility; because of this law, a typical bride kidnapper is not necessarily held criminally responsible" (p. 31).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Significant salary gaps between men and women (67 percent) remained a serious problem" (p. 32).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Legislation identifies various types of domestic violence, such as physical, psychological, sexual, and economic, and outlines the responsibilities of local and national governments and NGOs in providing support to domestic violence victims. The law also outlines mechanisms for the issuance of restraining orders and provides for the 24-hour administrative detention of abusers" (p. 31).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"No law protects women from sexual harassment, and only force or taking advantage of a victim’s physical helplessness carries criminal liability in terms of sexual assault. In no instance was the law used to protect the victim, nor were there reports of any prosecutions" (p. 32).
June 10, 2019, 3:56 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"26.2% of seats in the parliament of Kazakhstan are held by women" (para 4).
June 8, 2019, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"In September 2017, at the beginning of the new school year, schools in some Regions of Kazakhstan banned girls wearing headscarves from further attendance." (para 3). "Mirzhan Gabdullin, a legal scholar who lives in Oral (Uralsk) in West Kazakhstan Region, prepared the suit for court. "My daughter wants to wear her headscarf to go to school," he told Forum 18. "She won't take it off just to be able to go to school." He complains that none of Oral's 46 state secondary schools will take girls if they are wearing headscarves." (para 4). "In early April 2018, a Muslim resident of West Kazakhstan Region failed to overturn in court a...more