The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Kenya

Feb. 7, 2020, 6:58 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Since the enactment of the laws against FGM in 2011, the overall rates of the practice have steadily declined, from 28 percent of women girls having been subjected to FGM in 2008, compared to 21 percent in 2014 DHS study" (para 4)
Feb. 7, 2020, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM is highly unpopular in Kenya, with the 92.5 percent of women and 88.8 percent of men believing that the practice should cease, according to 28 Too Many" (para 4)
Feb. 7, 2020, 6:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM is illegal in Kenya, with a punishment of up to three years’ imprisonment and/or a fine of up to 200,000 shillings (USD $2000)...But despite having laws in place, including the Childrens Act 2001 and the Prohibition of FGM Act 2011 that stipulates against cross border FGM, medicalization. and provides harsh penalties for those found culpable for facilitating the practice, Kenya has struggled to enforce its laws" (para 4-5)
Jan. 30, 2020, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"40. Where intestate was polygamous (1) Where an intestate has married more than once under any system of law permitting polygamy, his personal and household effects and the residue of the net intestate estate shall, in the first instance, be divided among the houses according to the number of children in each house, but also adding any wife surviving him as an additional unit to the number of children. (2) The distribution of the personal and household effects and the residue of the net intestate estate within each house shall then be in accordance with the rules set out in sections 35 to 38" (21)
Jan. 30, 2020, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law of succession is not applicable to the Muslims. However it is worthy noting that there is inequality in succession among the Muslims, wherein a woman gets to inherit only a third of the property while a man gets two thirds" (48)
Jan. 30, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"The Law of Succession Act Cap 160, treats a woman married in a polygamous marriage as a wife even though her husband was previously, or later, married under a monogamous marriage. Thus, the Law of Succession appears to treat polygamous and monogamous marriages equally. It also acknowledges the conversion of a polygamous marriage into a monogamous one. It has been argued that the principle should be applied during the lifetime of a man in order to confer the rights to the woman" (47)
Jan. 30, 2020, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"In a landmark decision the Court of Appeal sitting in Eldoret, cited Article 1 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, in a decision to justify awarding daughters of a polygamous man (married under customary law) who had died intestate equal shares in his property” (7)
Jan. 30, 2020, 8:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2, IAD-LAW-1

"The Law of Succession Act (Cap. 160, Laws of Kenya) has tried to redress these imbalances and the statute provides that both girls and boys share equal rights in succession. However this law is subject to several qualifications: …Persons professing the Muslim faith are exempted from the Succession Act. They can however apply the Islamic law which does not apportion equal shares in the estate to daughters and wives. This is based on the principals in Islamic law that require a man to take care of his sister and on this basis awarding men twice the portions of property inherited from the father and widows an eighth. Widows do not...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 8:34 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Women experience a wide range of discriminatory practices, limiting their political and economic rights. The area in which most customary laws disadvantage women is in respect of property rights and inheritance. Under the customary law of most ethnic groups in Kenya, a woman cannot inherit land, and must live on the land as a guest of male relatives by blood or marriage” (5)
Jan. 30, 2020, 8:32 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Qualifications to the prohibition on discrimination on the basis of sex: The prohibition on discrimination is subject to a range of exemptions. In Kenya, laws are not discriminatory under the Constitution if they relate to the status of non-citizens, concern matters of personal law and customary law, are on the issues of adoption, burial, divorce, marriage and succession. Consequentially sections 82 (4 (b &c)) of the Constitution allow discrimination against women on matters of personal law” (5). “The Constitution of Kenya permits discrimination in matters of personal law, divorce, inheritance and adoption. Whilst the Government recognizes the impact of these constitutional provisos in sections 82(4(b & c)), these have proven...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"While Kenya recognizes both polygamous and monogamous marriages, only women in monogamous marriages have even minimal protection of their property rights in marriage and at divorce. Polygamous unions for Muslims are governed under the Mohammedan Marriage, Divorce and Succession Act and those performed under custom are handled under the individual community's customary laws" (17)
Jan. 30, 2020, 7:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"Because Kenya lacks statutory guidance on the division of matrimonial property at divorce, women often must leave marriages, including abusive or polygamous unions, with nothing but the clothes on their backs" (2)
Jan. 2, 2020, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ABO-DATA-1

"Almost half a million abortions were conducted in Kenya in 2012 - the most recent data available - with one in four women and girls suffering complications such as high fever, sepsis, shock and organ failure, according to health ministry data" (para 9).
Jan. 2, 2020, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The landmark ruling in a country where abortion is illegal in most cases was in response to a petition filed by the mother, whose daughter - known by her initials JMM to protect her identity - became pregnant after she was raped in 2014 aged 15. She had a backstreet abortion, leaving her with injuries that eventually led to her death last year... 'JMM’s case is a window into the plight of many other women and girls who have no place to turn, and no access to information or reproductive health services,' said Evelyne Opondo, senior regional director for Africa at the Center for Reproductive Rights" (para 2-3, 13).more
Jan. 2, 2020, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ABO-PRACTICE-1

"The landmark ruling in a country where abortion is illegal in most cases was in response to a petition filed by the mother, whose daughter - known by her initials JMM to protect her identity - became pregnant after she was raped in 2014 aged 15. She had a backstreet abortion, leaving her with injuries that eventually led to her death last year. JMM’s mother, along with the Federation of Women Lawyers, filed a petition in 2015 claiming authorities failed to provide her daughter with proper post-abortion care, and called on the government to implement measures for access to safe abortions. The court awarded her damages of 3 million Kenyan...more
Jan. 2, 2020, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"Kenya’s High Court ruled that rape survivors had the right to an abortion on Wednesday, as it ordered authorities to pay almost $30,000 in damages to the mother of a teenage victim who died after a botched abortion" (para 1). "'Pregnancy resulting from rape or defilement, if in the opinion of a trained medical profession poses a danger to life or the health - that is physical, mental and social well-being of the mother - maybe terminated under ... sections of the constitution,' said Justice Aggrey Muchelule. Abortion is permitted under the East African nation’s constitution only when a woman’s life or health is in danger and emergency treatment is...more
Dec. 18, 2019, 5:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, China, Comoros, Congo, Cuba, D R Congo, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, India, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Montenegro, Nicaragua, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Trinidad/Tobago, Uzbekistan, Vietnam
Variables: TRAFF-SCALE-1

3.0
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"According to the Kenya Women Parliamentary Association, women candidates in 2012 were forced to employ private security and pressured by senior men in their parties and ethnic groups not to stand for office. The men claimed their political participation went against traditional gender roles" (4).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Kenya’s recent history in regards to women’s participation in politics is mixed. For instance, Nairobi had a female mayor in 1970 but not since. Only 16 out of 274 elected members of the lower house are women, or 5.8 percent, while the constitutional quota brings the proportion of female members up to 20.8 percent. The 2010 constitution allowed in Article 97(1) (b) for “forty seven women each elected by the registered voters of each county, each county constituting a single member constituency.” These are the reserved women’s seats, one representative from each county. But, although the 2012 elections saw a numerical increase in the number of women in parliament, no...more
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"In regards to women’s rights, crucial legislation like the Matrimonial Property Law was gutted so that women were not automatically entitled to 50 percent of the assets accrued during their marriage but only to their 'contribution,' a formula that distinctly favors men" (4).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Article 27(8) of the Kenyan constitution requires that no more than two-thirds of the legislature be made up of either gender" (2). "This is the male-dominated space that could generate two bills—both introduced by men—to defer the implementation of Article 27(8). The MP from Ainabkoi, Samuel Chepkonga, proposed a bill that would ignore the implementation deadline and defer the enactment of the two-thirds rule until 2037. Then, House majority leader Aden Duale championed a bill that he called the 'top-up approach,' which would allow parties to nominate women to parliament after the election, corresponding to the number of seats won by the party at the election. Both of these bills...more
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"When Bina Maseno was 23, she decided to run for Council Assembly in Nairobi City County and reached out to a few experienced female politicians for advice. She expected to hear suggestions for navigating party power dynamics or articulating campaign messages for a broader audience. But what she got was a primer in protecting herself from sexual assault by male politicians and putative voters. 'I was shocked,' she recalled. 'One woman told me that I had to dress in a matronly way, because voters always think that youthful looking women are sleeping their way through the party. Another woman advised that I should never go to a rally without wearing...more
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Kenya’s recent history in regards to women’s participation in politics is mixed. For instance, Nairobi had a female mayor in 1970 but not since" (3). "In 2007, Charity Ngilu, the former MP for Kitui who has also held several cabinet seats, became the first woman in Kenya to run for president. Since then, at least six women of various backgrounds and abilities have attempted it" (3).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"And yet at 20.8 percent and 13.8 percent respectively, Kenya and Somalia have the lowest proportions of women in parliament in East Africa ... Unlike their neighbors, Kenya and Somalia have failed to bring in large numbers of women into parliament. And both are at palpable risk of not only continuing to fall short but in undoing existing meager provisions that encourage women to participate in public life" (3). "Only 16 out of 274 elected members of the lower house are women, or 5.8 percent, while the constitutional quota brings the proportion of female members up to 20.8 percent. The 2010 constitution allowed in Article 97(1) (b) for 'forty seven...more
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Kenya, Somalia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"And yet at 20.8 percent and 13.8 percent respectively, Kenya and Somalia have the lowest proportions of women in parliament in East Africa" (3).
Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Under the anti-trafficking act, officials may grant permission for foreign trafficking victims to remain indefinitely in Kenya if it is believed they would face hardship or retribution upon repatriation; the government did not report using this provision during the reporting period" (281).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Counter-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2010 criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of 15 years to life imprisonment, a fine of not less than 5 million Kenyan shillings ($49,120), or both. These penalties were sufficiently stringent. However, by allowing for a fine in lieu of imprisonment for sex trafficking these penalties were not commensurate with those for other serious crimes, such as rape. Sections 14 and 15 of the Sexual Offenses Act of 2006 criminalized the facilitation of child sex tourism and 'child prostitution,' and prescribed punishment of no less than 10 years’ imprisonment; these penalties were sufficiently stringent and commensurate with those prescribed for other...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Authorities reportedly penalized victims for crimes traffickers compelled them to commit, due to inadequate screening for trafficking indicators among vulnerable groups. NGOs across Kenya alleged the government charged an unspecified number of trafficking victims for contravening immigration laws as some officials continued to conflate smuggling with trafficking. Reports also alleged that some authorities treated potential victims as criminals, particularly women in prostitution. The government had formal procedures to encourage victims’ cooperation in the investigation and prosecution of trafficking crimes, but did not report how many victims utilized the government’s victim-witness protection program in 2018; it reported seven victims used the program in 2017. Under the anti-trafficking act, officials may grant...more