The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Kenya

Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"According to the Kenya Women Parliamentary Association, women candidates in 2012 were forced to employ private security and pressured by senior men in their parties and ethnic groups not to stand for office. The men claimed their political participation went against traditional gender roles" (4).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Kenya’s recent history in regards to women’s participation in politics is mixed. For instance, Nairobi had a female mayor in 1970 but not since. Only 16 out of 274 elected members of the lower house are women, or 5.8 percent, while the constitutional quota brings the proportion of female members up to 20.8 percent. The 2010 constitution allowed in Article 97(1) (b) for “forty seven women each elected by the registered voters of each county, each county constituting a single member constituency.” These are the reserved women’s seats, one representative from each county. But, although the 2012 elections saw a numerical increase in the number of women in parliament, no...more
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"In regards to women’s rights, crucial legislation like the Matrimonial Property Law was gutted so that women were not automatically entitled to 50 percent of the assets accrued during their marriage but only to their 'contribution,' a formula that distinctly favors men" (4).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Article 27(8) of the Kenyan constitution requires that no more than two-thirds of the legislature be made up of either gender" (2). "This is the male-dominated space that could generate two bills—both introduced by men—to defer the implementation of Article 27(8). The MP from Ainabkoi, Samuel Chepkonga, proposed a bill that would ignore the implementation deadline and defer the enactment of the two-thirds rule until 2037. Then, House majority leader Aden Duale championed a bill that he called the 'top-up approach,' which would allow parties to nominate women to parliament after the election, corresponding to the number of seats won by the party at the election. Both of these bills...more
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"When Bina Maseno was 23, she decided to run for Council Assembly in Nairobi City County and reached out to a few experienced female politicians for advice. She expected to hear suggestions for navigating party power dynamics or articulating campaign messages for a broader audience. But what she got was a primer in protecting herself from sexual assault by male politicians and putative voters. 'I was shocked,' she recalled. 'One woman told me that I had to dress in a matronly way, because voters always think that youthful looking women are sleeping their way through the party. Another woman advised that I should never go to a rally without wearing...more
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Kenya’s recent history in regards to women’s participation in politics is mixed. For instance, Nairobi had a female mayor in 1970 but not since" (3). "In 2007, Charity Ngilu, the former MP for Kitui who has also held several cabinet seats, became the first woman in Kenya to run for president. Since then, at least six women of various backgrounds and abilities have attempted it" (3).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"And yet at 20.8 percent and 13.8 percent respectively, Kenya and Somalia have the lowest proportions of women in parliament in East Africa ... Unlike their neighbors, Kenya and Somalia have failed to bring in large numbers of women into parliament. And both are at palpable risk of not only continuing to fall short but in undoing existing meager provisions that encourage women to participate in public life" (3). "Only 16 out of 274 elected members of the lower house are women, or 5.8 percent, while the constitutional quota brings the proportion of female members up to 20.8 percent. The 2010 constitution allowed in Article 97(1) (b) for 'forty seven...more
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Kenya, Somalia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"And yet at 20.8 percent and 13.8 percent respectively, Kenya and Somalia have the lowest proportions of women in parliament in East Africa" (3).
Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3

"Under the anti-trafficking act, officials may grant permission for foreign trafficking victims to remain indefinitely in Kenya if it is believed they would face hardship or retribution upon repatriation; the government did not report using this provision during the reporting period" (281).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Counter-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2010 criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of 15 years to life imprisonment, a fine of not less than 5 million Kenyan shillings ($49,120), or both. These penalties were sufficiently stringent. However, by allowing for a fine in lieu of imprisonment for sex trafficking these penalties were not commensurate with those for other serious crimes, such as rape. Sections 14 and 15 of the Sexual Offenses Act of 2006 criminalized the facilitation of child sex tourism and 'child prostitution,' and prescribed punishment of no less than 10 years’ imprisonment; these penalties were sufficiently stringent and commensurate with those prescribed for other...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Authorities reportedly penalized victims for crimes traffickers compelled them to commit, due to inadequate screening for trafficking indicators among vulnerable groups. NGOs across Kenya alleged the government charged an unspecified number of trafficking victims for contravening immigration laws as some officials continued to conflate smuggling with trafficking. Reports also alleged that some authorities treated potential victims as criminals, particularly women in prostitution. The government had formal procedures to encourage victims’ cooperation in the investigation and prosecution of trafficking crimes, but did not report how many victims utilized the government’s victim-witness protection program in 2018; it reported seven victims used the program in 2017. Under the anti-trafficking act, officials may grant...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Kenya, and traffickers exploit victims from Kenya abroad. Within the country, children are subjected to forced labor in domestic service, agriculture, fishing, cattle herding, street vending, and begging. Girls and boys are also exploited in commercial sex throughout Kenya, including in sex tourism on the coast, in Nairobi and Kisumu, particularly in informal settlements; at times, their exploitation is facilitated by family members. Children are also exploited in sex trafficking by people working in khat (a mild narcotic) cultivation areas, near gold mines in western Kenya, by truck drivers along major highways, and by fishermen...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Kenya does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Kenya remained on Tier 2. These efforts included achieving more prosecutions and convictions of traffickers, investigating allegations of official complicity in trafficking crimes, and allocating new funding for its victim assistance fund. The government also expanded its dedicated Child Protection Unit to include cyber protection against child exploitation. In addition, officials vetted 69 recruitment agencies in compliance with registration requirements and a code of conduct, and concluded one bilateral labor agreement and continued...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In conjunction with NGOs, authorities reported identifying and referring to care at least 400 trafficking victims (adults and children) during the reporting period, of which the majority were subjected to forced labor" (280)
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

4.0
Aug. 3, 2019, 7:13 p.m.
Countries: Kenya, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: POLY-LAW-1

"Kenya, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe recognize the inheritance rights of multiple wives" (10)
June 8, 2019, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-3, SRACE-PRACTICE-1

""I've had my drums torn in rehearsal spaces," she adds. "I've been publicly called out and asked why I would put a drum between my legs. I was once questioned how I could do that and, after having that conversation, this man made me feel like I was dirty to put something between my legs." (para 9). "Now unstoppable, she and her blend of Afrobeat, reggae, jazz and Kenyan beats are at the heart of the Nile Project — an initiative uniting communities along Africa's longest river. She's also been named a TED Fellow, giving talks alongside other global "inspiring visionaries."" (para 12). ""It's not about genders anymore, it's about...more
June 8, 2019, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"One major milestone for Mutua came in 2014 when she was chosen among other artists to represent her country at the annual Smithsonian Folklife Festival in Washington. That, she says, marked a shift in attitudes among Kenyans." (para 18).
June 8, 2019, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"This is a defiant act in Mutua's native Kenya, where it's taboo for women to drum." (para 4). ""There's been a ton of problems I've faced as a female percussionist," she tells CNN." (para 6). "While her ability seems effortless, growing up in part of the world where it's often forbidden for women to play such a symbolically potent musical instrument, the 29-year-old has had to work hard for recognition." (para 7). ""Drumming has been a subject of taboo to women in Africa and me rising as a percussionist and going publicly with it and making a living out of it is problematic to some people," she says." (para 8)....more
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Australia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Georgia, Guyana, Honduras, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Liberia, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mauritania, Moldova, Montenegro, Namibia, Panama, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tanzania, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

1.0
April 18, 2019, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

Kenya law mandates nondiscrimination based on gender in employment and the dismissal of pregnant workers in Kenya is prohibited. There is legislation on sexual harassment in employment and in education. There are criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment, but there are no criminal penalties (101).
April 18, 2019, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

Women in Kenya are not legally required to obey their husbands (101). In Kenya, when determining how to legally administer marital property, both spouses must agree (101).
April 18, 2019, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

Primary education in Kenya is free and compulsory (101).
April 18, 2019, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

There is no paid maternity leave available to women in Kenya of at least 14 weeks. Women receive at least 2/3 of their wages for the duration of their maternity leave. The government pays for 0% of maternity leave benefits. There is no paid parental leave. Mothers are guaranteed an equivalent position after returning to work from maternity leave. The government supports or provides childcare services. Childcare payments are not tax deductible (101). Parents in Kenya are not able to work flexibly (101). Working flexibly, such as working from home or taking partial days off to care for children, could be considered a childcare benefit (SLE-CODER COMMENT).
April 18, 2019, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

A woman in Kenya can legally apply for a passport in the same way as a man (101). A woman in Kenya can legally travel outside of the country in the same way as a man (101).
April 18, 2019, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Kenya can legally register a business, sign a contract, and open a bank account in the same way as a man (101). Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (101). Discrimination based on gender is not prohibited in access to credit in Kenya, and neither is discrimination based on marital status (101).
April 18, 2019, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-7

A woman in Kenya can legally choose where she lives in the same way as a man (101).
April 18, 2019, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

Women in Kenya can work the same night hours as men. Women can work in jobs deemed hazardous, arduous, or morally inappropriate. Women are able to perform the same tasks at work as men (101). The ages at which men and women can retire with full and partial pension benefits are equal (101).