The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Kosovo

Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Article 171 of the criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed punishments of five to 12 years’ imprisonment and a fine for offenses involving adult victims and five to 15 years’ imprisonment and a fine for offenses involving child victims. These punishments were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape" (286).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

" The law entitled foreign victims to a 30- to 90-day reflection period in which victims can recover before deciding whether to cooperate with law enforcement. The law entitled foreign victims to a temporary residence permit for at least six months; no foreign victims requested a permit (one in 2017). The government repatriated three victims (11 in 2017). All 15 victims participated in investigations and court proceedings (32 in 2017). The government reported suspected traffickers were not present when victims provided statements and foreign victims could return to their countries of origin after testifying without waiting for the conclusion of the trial" (287),
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Kosovo, and traffickers exploit victims from Kosovo abroad. Most victims are internally subjected to trafficking for sexual exploitation. Many sex trafficking victims in Kosovo are girls, although Kosovo criminal groups also force women from Albania, Moldova, Romania, Serbia, and other European countries into sex trafficking. Women and girls are subjected to sex trafficking in private homes and apartments, nightclubs, and massage parlors. Children from Kosovo, Albania, and other neighboring countries are forced to beg within the country. Traffickers subject Kosovo citizens to sex trafficking and forced labor throughout Europe. Marginalized Roma, Ashkali, and Egyptian communities...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Kosovo does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Kosovo remained on Tier 2. These efforts included revising the criminal code to reclassify all forced prostitution offenses as trafficking; appointing a regional prosecution coordinator for trafficking in western Kosovo; and conducting robust joint investigations and inspections. The judiciary reduced its overall case backlog and the Supreme Court adopted new sentencing guidelines in an effort to ensure that judges apply aggravating or mitigating factors correctly and equitably, including for trafficking cases. However, the...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government identified 15 trafficking victims (32 in 2017). Of these, 11 were subjected to sex trafficking, two to forced labor, one to 'slavery and servitude,' and one to domestic servitude through forced marriage (in 2017, 18 were subjected to sex trafficking, seven to forced labor, three to forced begging, and four to 'slavery and servitude'). Twelve were children (19 in 2017); 14 were female and one male (29 were female and three were male in 2017); and 12 were from Kosovo, two from Albania, and one from the Czech Republic" (286).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China, Comoros, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Georgia, Ghana, Indonesia, Israel, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Suriname, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

3.0
June 24, 2019, 5:26 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Statutory rape is a criminal offense punishable by five to 20 years in prison" (p. 26).
June 24, 2019, 5:26 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The minimum age of consensual sex is 16" (p. 26).
June 24, 2019, 5:26 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"In 2015 UNICEF found that 30 percent of children in the country and 40 percent of ethnic Romani, Ashkali, and Egyptian children were victims of abuse" (p. 25).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law treats domestic violence as a civil matter unless the victim suffers bodily harm. Failure to comply with a civil court’s judgment relating to a domestic violence case is a criminal and prosecutable offense, although prosecutions for this offense were rare" (p. 23).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"According to a separate MICS report that focused on these communities, approximately 12 percent of children, mostly girls, married before the age of 15" (p. 25).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"In civil proceedings, the law defines sexual harassment. While the criminal code includes the offense of sexual harassment, it does not contain a specific standard or definition. The code stipulates enhanced penalties for sexual harassment against vulnerable victims, including victims of sexual abuse. Varying internal procedures and regulations for reporting sexual harassment hampered implementation of these laws" (p. 24).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children acquire citizenship from their parents or by virtue of birth in the country for children born to parents from certain minority communities whose citizenship was not documented" (p. 25).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"A section of the Office of the Chief State Prosecutor helped to provide access to justice for victims of all crimes, with a special focus on victims of domestic violence, trafficking in persons, child abuse, and rape" (p. 23). "There were 10 shelters for victims of domestic violence" (p. 24).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Child marriage was rare but continued in certain ethnic communities, including among Roma, Ashkalis, Egyptians, and Gorani" (p. 25).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"The law stipulates that the partners in marriage and civil unions have equal rights to own and inherit property, but men commonly inherited family property" (p. 25).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape but does not specifically address spousal rape. By law rape is punishable by two to 15 years in prison" (p. 23).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law treats domestic violence as a civil matter unless the victim suffers bodily harm. Failure to comply with a civil court’s judgment relating to a domestic violence case is a criminal and prosecutable offense, although prosecutions for this offense were rare... Sentences were frequently lenient, ranging from judicial reprimands to imprisonment of six months to five years." (p. 23).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape but does not specifically address spousal rape. By law rape is punishable by two to 15 years in prison. EULEX noted that courts often applied more penalties lighter than the legal minimum in rape cases, particularly in cases where the victim was a minor" (p. 23).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"EULEX found that courts rarely took steps to protect victims and witnesses, nor did they close hearings to the public as required by law" (p. 23).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"A section of the Office of the Chief State Prosecutor helped to provide access to justice for victims of all crimes, with a special focus on victims of domestic violence, trafficking in persons, child abuse, and rape" (p. 23).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ISSA-DATA-2

"According to the Kosovo Agency for Statistics, in 2012, the date of the most recent census, the male-to-female gender ratio at birth was 110.7 to 100" (p. 25).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 24).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits possession, production, and distribution of child pornography. Persons who produce, use, or involve a child in making or producing pornography may receive a prison sentence of one to five years. Distribution, promotion, transmission, offer, or display of child pornography is punishable by six months’ to five years’ imprisonment. Possession or procurement of child pornography is punishable by a fine or imprisonment of up to three years" 8p. 26).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"According to the Kosovo Women’s Network, more than twothirds of women had been victims of domestic violence" (p. 23).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape but does not specifically address spousal rape" (p. 23).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"When victims pressed charges, police domestic violence units conducted investigations and transferred cases to prosecutors, though the rate of prosecution was low. Advocates and court observers asserted that prosecutors and judges favored family unification over victim protection, with protective orders sometimes allowing the perpetrator to remain in the family home while a case was pending" (p. 23).
June 24, 2019, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law allows persons to marry at age 16" (p. 25).
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, East Timor, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kosovo, Laos, Lesotho, Macedonia, Maldives, Mali, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Serbia, Singapore, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, South Sudan, Taiwan, Ukraine
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

2.0
May 14, 2019, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

According to the official website of the government Kosovo, 30.8% of seats in the lower/single house of Kosovo (37 out of 120 total seats) are held by women (CODER COMMENT - HGM).