The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Kosovo

Dec. 11, 2018, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: MURDER-DATA-3

According to the data chart, the female homicide rate in 2016 was 0.44 per 100,000 population.
Dec. 8, 2018, 10:18 p.m.
Countries: Belize, Benin, Brazil, Cambodia, China, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kosovo, Mauritania, Mexico, Namibia, Peru, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Turkey
Variables: LRW-SCALE-11

11.0
Dec. 8, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bhutan, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, China, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Madagascar, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, Oman, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: LRW-SCALE-4

1.0
Nov. 13, 2018, 1:46 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Colombia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: BR-SCALE-1

1.0
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits possession, production, and distribution of child pornography. Persons who produce, use, or involve a child in making or producing pornography may receive sentences of one to five years. Distribution, promotion, transmission, offer, or display of child pornography is punishable by six months to five years. Possession or procurement of child pornography is punishable by a fine or imprisonment of up to three years" (para 128)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children, manage their reproductive health, and have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence. The government generally respected reproductive rights, but poor, marginalized, and illiterate communities often had limited access to information" (para 119)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: AOM-DATA-2

"Child marriage was rare but continued to take place in certain communities, including Kosovo Roma, Kosovo Ashkali, Kosovo Egyptians, and Kosovo Gorani. According to a separate MICS that focused on these communities, 11.6 percent of children, mostly girls, married before the age of 15" (para 127)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The law stipulates that the partners in marriage and civil unions have equal rights to own and inherit property, but men commonly inherited family property and only 8 percent of women owned land...In rare cases Kosovo-Albanian widows, particularly in rural areas, risked losing custody of their children due to a custom requiring children and property to pass to the deceased father’s family while the widow returned to her birth family" (para 121)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"No specific law addressed sexual harassment" (para 118)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"Women constituted 48 percent of the public-sector workforce in 2014" (para 122)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: GIC-LAW-3

"The law provides for 20 days’ paid leave per year for employees and 12 months of partially paid maternity leave" (para 175)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IAW-LAW-1

"The law stipulates that the partners in marriage and civil unions have equal rights to own and inherit property, but men commonly inherited family property and only 8 percent of women owned land. According to law regulating inheritance and family matters, upon death the assets of the deceased are equally shared among the spouse and children, with second degree relatives only inheriting if all first degree relatives are deceased. In the event of a will, gender cannot be used as a condition to limit inheritance" (para 121)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The law allows persons to marry at age 16 " (para 127)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"By law rape is punishable by two to 15 years in prison and statutory rape (sexual intercourse with a child younger than 16) by five to 20 years" (para 107). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 16. Statutory rape is a criminal offense, which, depending on circumstances and the age of the victim, is punishable by five years to life in prison" (para 128)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law specifically prohibits discrimination based on sex, gender, age, marital status, language, mental or physical disability, sexual orientation, political affiliation or conviction, ethnic origin, nationality, religion or belief, race, social origin, property, birth, or any other characteristic" (para 106). "The law provides the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws" (para 120)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape but does not specifically address spousal rape. By law rape is punishable by two to 15 years in prison and statutory rape (sexual intercourse with a child younger than 16) by five to 20 years" (para 107). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 16. Statutory rape is a criminal offense, which, depending on circumstances and the age of the victim, is punishable by five years to life in prison" (para 128)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"A section of the Office of the Chief State Prosecutor helped to provide access to justice for victims of crime. The section provided free legal assistance for victims of all crimes, with a special focus on victims of domestic violence, trafficking in persons, child abuse, and rape" (para 53). "The Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare included a unit dedicated to family violence. The Kosovo Academy for Public Safety incorporated courses on human rights and work with victims of domestic violence, rape, and human trafficking into all of its basic training curricula for police cadets" (para 115)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Security concerns also limited the number of displaced Kosovo Serbs who sought to return" (para 76). "As of October UNHCR estimated that 16,893 persons remained displaced in Kosovo and throughout the region due to the 1998-99 war and riots in 2004. Significant numbers of Kosovo Roma, Kosovo Ashkali, and Kosovo Egyptians remained unregistered and uncounted by authorities, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center. Many of these persons resided in informal settlements lacking electricity and other basic services" (para 79)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"In rare cases Kosovo-Albanian widows, particularly in rural areas, risked losing custody of their children due to a custom requiring children and property to pass to the deceased father’s family while the widow returned to her birth family" (para 121)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits any discrimination, negative or preferential, based on race, color, sex, religion, age, family status, political opinion, national extraction or social origin, language, gender identity, disability, health status, pregnancy, genetic inheritance, or trade union membership that has the effect of nullifying or impairing equality of opportunity, treatment in employment, or occupation capacity building. The law specifically prohibits discrimination based on gender, or gender identity, and applies to access to employment, self-employment, and choice of occupation" (para 171)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: GEW-DATA-1

"Survivors of wartime sexual violence complained that EULEX prosecutors did not prosecute any cases. The Ministry of Justice led a working group, including EULEX and the Special Prosecutor’s Office, to prioritize cases. The Kosovo Judicial Council endorsed a decision to assign 10 judges to focus on cases of sexual violence. The law and budget earmarked financial support for some survivors of wartime sexual violence; however, a commission did not begin to select beneficiaries" (para 15). "Numerous officials participated in events dedicated to raising awareness and providing support for individuals who suffered sexual assault related to the conflict in the late 1990s, including through the President’s National Council on Survivors of...more
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Convictions for domestic violence carry prison terms of six months to five years. The law treats domestic violence as a civil matter unless the victim suffers bodily harm. Failure to comply with a civil court’s judgment relating to a domestic violence case is a criminal and prosecutable offense, although prosecutions for this offense were rare" (para 110)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"According to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the government did not take steps to address this imbalance, such as regulating private clinics, or helping to increase women’s social status" (para 123)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law treats domestic violence as a civil matter unless the victim suffers bodily harm. Failure to comply with a civil court’s judgment relating to a domestic violence case is a criminal and prosecutable offense, although prosecutions for this offense were rare" (para 110). "The rate of prosecution was low, due to societal factors as well as a backlog of cases in both civil and criminal courts...Sentences ranged from judicial reprimands to imprisonment" (para 111). "The law permits individuals who feel threatened to petition for restraining orders, but violation of restraining orders seldom led to criminal charges. Courts rarely gave recidivists enhanced sentences as required by law" (para 112). "On...more
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape but does not specifically address spousal rape" (para 107)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"A section of the Office of the Chief State Prosecutor helped to provide access to justice for victims of crime. The section provided free legal assistance for victims of all crimes, with a special focus on victims of domestic violence, trafficking in persons, child abuse, and rape" (para 53). "EULEX [the EU's Rule-of-Law Mission] noted that courts often applied penalties more lenient than the legal minimum in rape cases, particularly in cases involving minors. EULEX found that courts rarely took steps to protect victims and witnesses and did not close hearings to the public as the law requires" (para 108). "The Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare included a unit...more
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"The law stipulates that the partners in marriage and civil unions have equal rights to own and inherit property, but men commonly inherited family property and only 8 percent of women owned land" (para 121)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"According to women’s rights organizations, sexual harassment on the job was common, and victims did not report it due to fear of physical retaliation or dismissal" (para 118). "The BSPK also reported instances of employers discriminating against female candidates in employment interviews, and illegally firing women for being pregnant or requesting maternity leave" (para 172). "Women’s rights organizations reported that sexual abuse and harassment occurred on the job but went unreported due to fear of expulsion or retaliation" (para 179)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"Convictions for domestic violence carry prison terms of six months to five years" (para 110)
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The traditionally lower status of women within the family affected their treatment within the legal system" (para 120)