The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Kuwait

May 1, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Iraq, Kuwait, Yemen
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-8

"In Egypt, around 40% of the population marry a cousin; the last survey in Jordan, admittedly way back in 1992, found that 32% were married to a first cousin; a further 17.3% were married to more distant relatives. Rates are thought to be even higher in tribal countries such as Iraq and the Gulf states of Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Kuwait" (para 3).
May 1, 2018, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain, Kuwait, Libya, Syria
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Many women reject the law [absolving rapists of punishment if they agree to marry their victim], which also exists in Bahrain, Kuwait, Libya and Syria" (para 11).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Following conclusion of the marriage contract, a woman has the right to a dower and accommodation, as well as the right to receive maintenance from her husband in accordance with his financial situation" (30).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IM-DATA-1

Table 3: Woman and child health indicators (2009-2013) shows that the infant mortality rate for infants under 1 year has gradually been decreasing. In 2013, it was 7.6 infant deaths per 1,000 births. The child mortality rate for children under 5 years has also been decreasing, and in 2013, it was 9.2 children deaths per 1,000 births (10).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In Kuwait, marital issues are regulated by the Personal Status Act. This gives a woman the right to choose a husband and conclude a marriage contract only with her consent. A woman’s choice of husband is established in law and a father may not compel his daughter to marry. It is explicitly stipulated in the Personal Status Act that the right of choice and consent are limited to the two contracting parties only (the husband and wife)" (30).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1

"To ensure that marriage to a foreign man or the change of her husband’s nationality in the course of the marriage does not result in automatic change of the wife’s nationality or render her stateless, the ministry wishes to clarify the following: 1) Under article 10 of Amiri Decree no. 15 (1959, amended), on Kuwaiti nationality, a Kuwaiti woman who marries a foreigner shall not lose her Kuwaiti nationality unless she acquires the nationality of her husband at her own request. 2) Under article 11 of the said act, if a Kuwaiti man loses his Kuwaiti nationality by electing to become a naturalized citizen of another State, it shall not...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

Table 3: Woman and child health indicators (2009-2013) shows that the maternal mortality rate is generally decreasing although there are some fluctuations from year to year. In 2013, it was 6.7 deaths per 1,000 births (10).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"Entry of women into the judiciary following the issue of a ministerial decree appointing 62 prosecutors of whom 22 are female" (9). "Complementing the measures taken to ensure equality in employment and assumption of public office, 22 women have been appointed to work in the judiciary as public prosecutors" (22). "The institutions of State have supported women’s participation in the judiciary and the Supreme Judicial Council issued Decision no. 14 (2013) of 20 May 2013, admitting 22 women applicants from a total of 62" (29).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"As regards the participation of Kuwaiti women in non-governmental associations and trade unions involved with public life, the Constitution and law in force guarantee Kuwaiti women the right to membership of relevant civil society organizations, in addition to the existence of special women’s committees in many organizations, and membership of boards of directors and involvement in the formulation of executive plans and programmes. Article 43 of the Constitution affirms the freedom to form associations and unions on a national basis, operating peacefully under the terms and conditions of the law" (15).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"In response to its international commitments, the State of Kuwait passed into law Act no. 91 (2013), on trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants. Article 1 defines the terms appearing in the act, including organized transnational crime, trafficking in persons, smuggling of migrants and the nature of illegal entry. Article 2 of the act provides for the death penalty as the maximum punishment for human trafficking. Article 3 of the act provides for a term of imprisonment of not more than 15 years and a fine of not less than KWD 10,000 and not more than KWD 20,000 for those who commit the crime of smuggling migrants. Article 4...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

Table 1: Development of the key indicators of women's economic empowerment (2010-2014) shows that the percentage of female public sector employees has stayed relatively the same over the time period. In 2014, it was 45.7%. The percentage of female private sector employees has also remained stagnant, and in 2014 it was 50.7%. The percentage of women in subministerial leadership positions has risen substantially since 2010, and in 2014 it was 23% (8). "Tangible, qualitative progress in levels of involvement in economic activity and the job market, with 47 per cent of Kuwaiti women participating in the job market in 2014" (8-9). "Growing participation of Kuwaiti women in the job market,...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Constitution and the law guarantee freedom of movement and choice of domicile and residence equally to men and women. Kuwaiti laws place no restriction on a person’s movement due to that person’s sex, especially after the ruling of the Constitutional Court in appeal no 56 (2008) — which acknowledged a woman’s right to freedom of movement by annulling article 15 of Act no. 11 (1962), on passports, as amended by Act no. 105 (1994), which required the approval of the husband for a wife to be granted a separate passport — and the judicial provisions adopted which permit a woman to renew her official papers without her husband’s approval....more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"Kuwait has gone to great lengths to enable women to exercise their rights and perform their duties in a manner consistent with the Constitution, which guarantees their political, social and economic rights, providing not only for full equality of the sexes, without distinction, but also entrenching equality through articles 7, 29, 30, 35, 37, 40, 41, 43, 44, 45 and 80" (7). "Equality between men and women is given concrete form in the Kuwaiti Constitution by steering its discourse and formulating articles in such a way that the word “citizen” or “individual” includes both men and women, without discrimination. Article 29 of the Constitution guarantees the principle of equality" (7)....more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"That the legislature is anxious to criminalise the exploitation of prostitution is evident from articles 201, 202, 203 and 204 of the Kuwaiti Penal Code" (15). The word "anxious" implies that the legislature has not yet passed a measure to explicitly criminalize prosititution (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"The wish of the State of Kuwait to empower women to represent the Government at international level and in the work of international organizations stems from a belief in the outstanding capacities and capabilities displayed by Kuwaiti women when assuming the responsibilities of representing the Government in international quarters. This wish took concrete form in 2014 when the door was opened to Kuwaiti women to join the diplomatic corps (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) on the same terms and conditions as men. It is worth noting here that Kuwaiti women hold the position of ambassador of their country abroad and that women are almost as well represented as men among the...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

Table 4: Increase in the numbers of those entitled to social assistance (2010-2013) indicates that more widows and divorcees are entitled to social assistance from the government. In 2013, there were 1,858 widows and 11,942 divorcees entitled to social assistance (10). "Housing welfare: The Government has established a housing fund to support certain groups of women, including divorcées, widows, unmarried women and women married to non-Kuwaitis. The fund sets easy terms for women to obtain their housing welfare rights so that no Kuwaiti women shall be denied the right to housing welfare, regardless of family or social situation or age" (11). This demonstrates that the government is seeking to help...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-2, SRACE-LAW-1

"The opportunity to take part in games and sports is available to both sexes without discrimination and the subject of physical education is taught to male and female students alike. Competitions and tournaments provide opportunities to engage in sports as part of daily school activity or at national level" (21).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"The State of Kuwait has been anxious to respect the rights of women and the equality of men and women in all areas of life and nothing shows this more than Amiri Decree no. 15 (1959, amended), on Kuwaiti nationality, which does not discriminate between men and women, as the following articles clearly indicate: 1) Article 1 stipulates: Original Kuwaitis are those persons who were settled in Kuwait prior to 1920 and who maintained their normal residence there until the date of the publication of this law. Ancestral residence shall be deemed complementary to the period of residence of descendants. A person is deemed to have maintained his normal residence...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CUST-LAW-1

"A woman’s right to custody of her children is regulated by articles 189 to 199 of the code. Under article 189, the mother is granted custody, followed by her mother. If she is unable to take custody then the wife’s maternal aunt is granted custody, followed by the mother’s maternal aunt, the mother’s paternal aunt, the father’s grandmother, the father’s paternal aunt, the father’s maternal aunt and lastly a cousin, with the mother’s side taking precedence over the father’s side" (31).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2

"The Constitution and the law guarantee freedom of movement and choice of domicile and residence equally to men and women. Kuwaiti laws place no restriction on a person’s movement due to that person’s sex, especially after the ruling of the Constitutional Court in appeal no 56 (2008) — which acknowledged a woman’s right to freedom of movement by annulling article 15 of Act no. 11 (1962), on passports, as amended by Act no. 105 (1994), which required the approval of the husband for a wife to be granted a separate passport — and the judicial provisions adopted which permit a woman to renew her official papers without her husband’s approval"...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"Seeking to empower and develop women in all areas, the State of Kuwait has included women — including women with special needs — in its development plans. An example is the medium-term development plan (2015/2016 — 2019/2020), in which the development of women is one of the core themes" (8). "At present, there is a female Minister of Social Affairs and Labour, who is also Minister of Development and Planning, in charge of the formulation of State development plans. Indeed, in recent years, Kuwaiti women have been given responsibility for the Ministry of Development and Planning, the body responsible for formulating the State’s development policy, with three women occupying this...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The granting of maternity leave on full pay, post-delivery leave and nursing leave and leave to look after a sick child are not held to be discrimination but, rather, a right accorded to women that is consistent with their human nature" (12). "As regards maternity leave, article 24 of the act stipulates: A pregnant working woman shall be entitled to paid maternity leave of 70 days, not to be calculated as part of her other leaves, provided that she gives birth within this period. At the end of the maternity leave, the employer may give the working woman, at her request, unpaid leave for a period not exceeding four months...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"On the contrary, the Labour Act discriminates positively in favour of women in the private sector, granting them additional rights consistent with their nature, including reduced working hours and exclusion from arduous labour" (7). Despite the positive framing of this law, it could in actuality discriminate against women. For example, women who are required to work less hours could be passed over for a man who could work more hours (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "The measures taken by the State to protect motherhood do not represent gender discrimination but are consistent with the nature of women. For example, the Employment Act forbids the employment of women late at night and in hazardous...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

The Table on page 4 has a list of all the treaties and conventions that Kuwait has acceded to, including Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (4).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: ATFPA-PRACTICE-1

"The Kuwaiti legislature guarantees women their rights in all areas and the country’s Constitution contains articles stating this, including: ...Article 9: The family is the corner-stone of society. It is founded on religion, morality and patriotism. The law shall preserve the integrity of the family, strengthen its ties and protect under its auspices motherhood and childhood" (8).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"In recent years, the Ministry of Education has amended the school curricula to bring it into line with modern developments and include such topics as women’s rights, stereotypes of women’s role in society and the importance of women’s rights issues. The subject of women has come to occupy a large place in the curriculum, including in Islamic education, Arabic language and social subjects, affirming that women have an important role to play in the life of the community and that they have the same rights as men in the Islamic religion and under Kuwaiti law. Women’s rights topics taught as part of the human rights curriculum at secondary level address...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"Women enjoy all the health services provided by the State, particularly primary care services, which are provided free of charge" (9). "Furthermore, sex education and reproductive health and rights are taught in the school curriculum at all levels, both implicitly and explicitly at the same time. These topics are covered as follows: (a) Sex education is taught through the following topics: 1) Sexual reproduction (definition, importance thereof); 2) Male and female reproductive systems; 3) Sexually transmitted diseases and immunity; 4) Sexual morality and ethics. (b) Reproductive health is taught through the following topics: 1) Fertility; 2) Pregnancy (embryonic membranes, placenta, umbilical cord); 3) Parturition; 4) Breastfeeding; 5) In vitro fertilization;...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"There is equality in the following aspects of the educational process: 1) All learners — male and female — are taught the same curricula, without discrimination, at all educational levels from kindergarten and general education to higher education. Furthermore, study plans are the same at intermediate level and part of secondary, although girls are taught a curriculum that includes special subjects, such as family and consumer sciences and home economics. 2) Because of a standardized system of assessment and measurement, which is part of educational policy, the examination system is the same at all levels, without any discrimination or differentiation. Term times, examination times and marking are the same. 3)...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"We should not overlook the protection affirmed by the Kuwaiti legislature under the Penal Code, no. 16 (1960, amended) to ensure the fight against trafficking in persons and protect the rights of those who fall victim to this crime while on Kuwaiti territory. The Penal Code is replete with stipulations and provisions specifically designed to provide an umbrella of protection for workers’ rights and freedoms. Of these provisions, we might draw attention to articles nos. 186, 187, 190, 191, 192, 193 and 194. Furthermore, article 49 of Act no. 31 (1970), amending the Kuwaiti Penal Code, no. 16 (1960), outlaws all forms of coercion or exploitation of person or the...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"To sum up, we note that article 185 of the Kuwaiti Penal Code forbids bringing anyone into or out of Kuwait with the intention of disposing of that person as a slave. It further forbids the purchase, offer for sale or give a human being to another as a slave" (15).