The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Laos

Sept. 19, 2018, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the proportion of married or in-union women of reproductive age who have their need for family planning satisified is 61.3 (latest available data for 2005-2015).
Sept. 19, 2018, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Italy, Laos
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 6.4 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m.
Countries: Canada, Laos
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 12.3 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Benin, Laos, Lesotho
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to the WHO 2017 statistical report, the adoescent birth rate (per 1000 women aged 15-19 years) was 94 based on data from 2005-2014.
Sept. 10, 2018, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"Some 5.9% of women were physically forced to have sexual intercourse at least once in their life, 5.6% submitted due fear of the consequences and 1.3% were forced to perform degrading or humiliating sexual acts” (37).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"Authorities do not treat child pornography differently from pornography in general, for which the penalty is three months to one year in prison and a fine of 50,000 to 200,000 kip ($6 to $25)" (22).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Access to information on contraception was generally available, although contraceptive commodities were not widely available in rural areas and were often too expensive. The United Nations Population Division estimated the modern contraceptive prevalence rate among women of reproductive age was 45 percent in 2014" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides equal rights for women as for men, but in some areas and at lower socioeconomic levels, traditional attitudes and gender-role stereotyping kept women and girls in subordinate positions and prevented them from equally accessing education, employment, and business opportunities" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"According to World Health Organization estimates, although the maternal mortality rate remained high, the country reduced maternal mortality by 75 percent. During the past 20 years, the maternal mortality ratio declined from 695 deaths per 100,000 live births to 197" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-DATA-1

"Cultural norms of some ethnic groups contributed to 35.4 percent of girls marrying before they reached 18 years and 9 percent marrying before attaining 15 years" (22).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The preferred and widely used policy for resolving disputes continues to be the “Harmonious Village Policy” or “No Case Village Policy,” which discouraged villages from referring cases to the formal justice system and provided incentives to village leaders who could resolve legal disputes within Village Mediation Units. Village Mediation Units are an outgrowth of traditional village mediation. TheMinistry of Justice established them as a semiformal mechanism for resolving disputes and providing compensation in civil and criminal cases. Although Village Mediation Units officially do not accept criminal cases, these units frequently handle minor criminal matters including domestic violence cases and other sensitive cases such as family law and divorce where disputants...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law grants exemption from penal liabilities in cases of physical violence without serious injury or physical damage" (19). This is very concerning, since it allows for judges to interprete the severity of the crime as they see fit, potentially lessening or downplaying the actual harm experienced by the victim, particularly if abuse was more mental/emotional than physical (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"Provincial, district, and village subunits of the government’s Commission for the Advancement of Women have a mandate to develop actions to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women" (21). While there is a mandate, the report does not indicate whether the government and the sub-units are actually making progress towards creating these action plans or not (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize sexual harassment, but indecent sexual behavior toward another person is illegal and punishable by six months to three years in prison" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for equal treatment under the law for all citizens without regard to ethnicity, gender, social status, education, or religious affiliation" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MARR-LAW-5

"The law allows citizens to marry foreigners only with prior government approval" (9).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Pregnancy and childbirth remained the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age. Key factors influencing this ratio included a lack of access to antenatal and obstetric care as well as high rates of adolescent pregnancy. According to UN data, skilled health personnel attended just 40 percent of births, and very few medical centers were equipped to deal with obstetric emergencies, especially in small, nomadic, and ethnic villages" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"School enrollment rates for girls were lower than for boys, although the gender disparity continued to decrease. Overall, 17 percent of school-age girls, compared to 11 percent of school-age boys, never attended school" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Children born of one citizen parent acquire citizenship if born in the country or, when born outside the country’s territory, if one parent has a permanent in-country address" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Penalties for trafficking in persons, including labor trafficking, range from 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment, along with fines ranging from 100 million to 500 million kip ($12,300 to $61,700), and confiscation of assets" (27).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sentences are significantly longer and may include capital punishment if the victim is younger than 18 years or is seriously injured or killed. Rape cases tried in court generally resulted in convictions with sentences ranging from three years’ imprisonment to execution" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"...there is no law against marital rape" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"According to UN data, skilled health personnel attended just 40 percent of births, and very few medical centers were equipped to deal with obstetric emergencies, especially in small, nomadic, and ethnic villages" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize sexual harassment, but indecent sexual behavior toward another person is illegal and punishable by six months to three years in prison" (20). "The law requires equal pay for equal work and prohibits discrimination in hiring based on a female employee’s marital status or pregnancy, and it protects against dismissal on these grounds. The law also prohibits the employment of pregnant women and new mothers in occupations deemed hazardous to women’s reproductive health. The law requires the transfer of women working in such jobs to less demanding positions, and they are entitled to maintain the same salary or wage" (28-29).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Rape cases tried in court generally resulted in convictions with sentences ranging from three years’ imprisonment to execution. Rape reportedly was rare, although observers believed underreporting was likely" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"Domestic violence is illegal, but there is no law against marital rape, and domestic violence often went unreported due to social stigma" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"Poverty continued to affect women disproportionately, especially in rural and ethnic minority communities. While rural women were responsible for more than half of total agricultural production, the additional burdens of housework and child rearing also fell primarily on women" (20-21). "Of the 49 official ethnic groups in the country, the Hmong are one of the largest and most prominent...Some Hmong believed their ethnic group could not coexist with ethnic Lao, a belief that fanned their separatist or irredentist political beliefs. Moreover, government leadership remained suspicious of the political objectives of some Hmong. The government continued to focus limited assistance projects in Hmong areas to address regional and ethnic disparities in...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"While 80 percent of the population lived in rural areas where the village chief and council handled most everyday matters, fewer than 3 percent of village chiefs were women" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2013 more than 90 percent of human trafficking victims were female and more than 60 percent were younger than 18 years" (19). "...during the year an international NGO working in Vientiane assisted 1,961 children and youth, many of them victims of domestic violence, sex tourism, and trafficking" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides equal rights for women as for men, but in some areas and at lower socioeconomic levels, traditional attitudes and gender-role stereotyping kept women and girls in subordinate positions and prevented them from equally accessing education, employment, and business opportunities" (20). "In an effort to increase elementary school attendance by ethnic minority children, the government continued to support the establishment of dormitories in rural areas countrywide" (21).