The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Laos

Feb. 5, 2019, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"27.5% of seats in the lower/single house of Laos (41 out of 149 total seats) are held by women"
Feb. 5, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"7.4% of ministerial positions in Laos (2 out of 27 total positions) are held by women"
Jan. 25, 2019, 10:16 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cape Verde, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Moldova, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, South Sudan, Sudan, Thailand, Ukraine, United States, Yemen
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-4

1.0
Jan. 25, 2019, 10:16 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Angola, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, D R Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Russia, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad/Tobago, Uganda, Ukraine, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-2

2.0
Jan. 25, 2019, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MURDER-DATA-4

According to calculations based on the WHO Homicide Estimates for 2015, the homicide rate for females aged 15-44 is 3.35 per 100,000 female population ages 15-44.
Jan. 16, 2019, 8:21 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to Countryeconomy.com, the total suicide rate for women in Laos in 2015 was 9.45 per 100,000 total female population (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"Increasing and enhancing women’s participation in the design and implementation of the local development plan with a view to mitigating social and environmental impacts as well as ensuring the needs of rural women are the priorities in the policies of the government of Lao PDR in improving the livelihood quality and in reducing poverty amongst different ethnic groups nationwide especially the rural women. This has demonstrated that the government of Lao PDR has paid attention in supporting gender equality, promoting women’s advancement and preventing domestic violence at the household, village and district levels with the campaign on creation of developed family, village and district associated with gender equality and free...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"Ministry of Health supports and monitors the implementation of mother’s, newborn’s and child’s integrated health care; provision of quality and effective services, mobilization of individuals, families and communities in promoting health and prevention of diseases such as HIV/AIDs, malaria and others; dissemination of gender mainstreaming into health care service for staff of health care facilities, focusing on improvement of women’s advancement strategy in the health sector, relating and integrating this task to health projects, sex-disaggregated statistics and promoting more women in decision making positions; issuing the Decree on Supports for Delivery and Treatment of Under-5 to address obstacles to access to health care for mothers and children; implementing free of...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-3

"The Poverty Reduction Fund, phase II from 2012-2015, worked in the remote rural mountainous areas of 10 provinces (Phongsaly, Luang Namtha, Oudomxay, Huaphan, Luang Prabang, Xieng Khouang, Savannakhet, Salavan, Se Kong and Attapeu), 42 poor districts, 278 cluster villages and 1,951 villages, amounting to US$ 65,700,000. The objective of the Poverty Reduction Fund is to provide the infrastructure for the poor people in these areas in order to facilitate their access to public services as well as to create favourable living conditions and gender equality for ethnic people. For example, in the selection of three priority sub-projects on rural infrastructure, two must be from the needs of women and one...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Both men and women have access to knowledge on modern contraception methods and are most familiar with traditional contraception methods. 50 per cent of married women in Lao PDR use contraception methods, the contraceptive pills being the most popular. In addition, 42 per cent of married women use modern family planning. On average 1 in 5 married women needs birth control, mostly for limiting the number of children or birth spacing" (Pg 32). "The implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action +20 is challenging. Women still face difficulties exiting poverty and accessing information on sexual and reproductive health for single women and youth. This is particularly challenging in...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The National Assembly Women’s Caucus was established by the National Assembly in 2010 is an organization of female members of the National Assembly under the supervision of the National Assembly Standing Committee. The NA Women’s Caucus focuses on mainstreaming gender equality into law making process, the exercising oversight over the implementation of the Constitution, laws and policies concerning gender equality, women’s advancement and mother and child issues in order to achieve the relevant MDGs, promote the development and protection of women and children" (Pg 7). "The NCAW, as the inter-ministerial mechanism mandated to assist and support the Government on the promotion of the advancement of women, acting as the national...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1

"In 2014, the Centre of HIV/AIDS/STI reported that between 1990 and 2014, there were 7,072 HIV infected people, 4,337 AIDS patients and 1,659 deaths caused by AIDS. Of those HIV infected patients, 49.8 per cent are female. 51 per cent of the patients that receive the antiretroviral drugs (ARV) do not continue for treatment. Returned migrant labourers (especially female), service women and migrant male labourers without accompanying family are most at risk. Males tend to receive more information about the risks than females, however, during the past ten years, the knowledge has gradually increased...There are about 5000 women living with HIV in Lao PDR. In 2011 the HIV prevalence was...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"The VII Five-year National Socio-Economic Development Plan (NSEDP) (2011-2015) emphasizes that:….The number of women parliamentarians to increase to more than 30 per cent" (Pg 12). "In 2012, the proportion of female members of the National Assembly VII Legislature was 33 out of the 132 total members or 25 per cent" (Pg 24). According to Table 7, Percentage of women in the National Assembly, the percentage of female representatives has gradually increased over time, but has had some declines as well, with 8.8% from 1975-1989 to 6.3% from 1989-1992 to 9.4% from 1992-1997 to 21.2% from 1997-2002 to 22.9% from 2002-2006 to 25.2% from 2006-2010 to 25% from 2011-2015 (Pg 46).more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The Amended Labour Law 2013 stipulates the various rights of labourers, such as receive days-off as defined by the government, take leave for personal matters (3 days) without pay deduction; create internal regulations within work unit; terminate employment; receive extra pay for working during weekends and public holidays; equal rights for women in any profession sectors such as manufacturing, business and services, participation in trainings and receive equal salaries or payment as their male peers. This law has also prescribed conditions on employment of youth labour under 18 years of age and protection from work accidents and ensuring labourers’ health" (Pg 28).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"It is forbidden to force or hinder another individual’s marriage" (Pg 37).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"The maternal mortality rate was reduced from 405 per 100.000 live births in 2005 to 220 in 2013" (Pg 31). "The maternal mortality rate was reduced from 405 per 100.000 births in 2005 to 220 per 100.000 live births" (Pg 31). "The maternal mortality rate was reduced from 405 per 100.000 births in 2005 to 220 in 2014" (Pg 40). According to Table 3, Reproductive Health, maternal mortality rate dropped from 405 persons per 100,000 in 2005 to 220 persons per 100,000 in 2013. (Pg 44).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: BR-DATA-1

"the situation of reproductive health varies greatly between rural and urban areas. On average, 1000 young women aged 15 - 19 have 94 children, but there is a significant difference between women from rural and urban areas: while 1000 women have 114 children in rural areas, 1000 women from urban areas only have 44 children. Moreover, the average birth space in urban areas is 46.3 months compared to 32.2 months in rural areas. The average age for the first birth of women aged 25-49 is 21.1 years old.24 Although there is progress addressing women’s health, Lao PDR still faces difficulties including access to health-care service for women in mountainous and...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-2

"The Lao PDR made progress related to MDG2 (Achieve Universal Primary Education), reflected through the indicators such as net enrolment rate in primary education, survival rate to Grade 5 of primary education, gross enrolment rate in lower secondary education, gross enrolment rate in upper secondary education and index for gender equality between boys and girls at ages 3-5. With regard to pre-school and primary education, gender equality would be achieved by 2015. A big gap will still remain however on gender equality at higher education" (Pg 26-27).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"In 2011, the Women’s Caucus developed their Action Plan (2011-2015) and the Guidelines on gender mainstreaming in the NA’s VII Legislature (2011-2015). The Action Plan consists of 12 programs: Development program for National Coordination Mechanism between the NA Women’s Caucus, Lao Women’s Union (LWU) and the Lao National Commission for the Advancement of Women (Lao NCAW); Program to monitor the implementation of policy, Constitution, laws and CEDAW in the constituencies; Program to contribute to the making and improvement of laws related to the protection of rights and interests of women and children to promote the advancement of women; Program to promote representation of Lao women of all ethnic groups in...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Article 4 defines 2 types of rape: forced sex and rape. Forced sex within marriage means any act by a husband to have sexual intercourse with his wife by using force, coercion, threats when the wife does not want to have sex or is in situation when she is not ready to have sex. Rape means the use of force, use of a weapon to threaten, use of anaesthesia drug, use of alcohol or other methods that place women and children in situation that they cannot help themselves, to have sexual relations with women and children. Article 15 defines sexual violence as an act or attempt to act that results...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Condom use among service women was reduced from 94 per cent in 2009 to 92.5 per cent in 2011. There are about 5000 women living with HIV in Lao PDR. In 2011 the HIV prevalence was 0.3 per cent in the population aged 15-49 and 1 per cent among the service women group" (Pg 33).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The Government of Lao PDR emphasizes the importance of combating anti-trafficking and exploitation of women and children including for the purpose of child labour and prostitution of women and children" (Pg 21). "In 2014 the Secretariat of the Steering Committee on Human Trafficking has conducted a survey on labour migration and other high risk groups in 3 northern provinces namely: Houaphanh, Xiengkhouang and Luang Prabang and the survey has extended to other southern provinces" (Pg 22).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"CARE International in cooperation with the Sub-CAW of Vientiane Capital has conducted a study on the risks of abuse and exploitation of service women in Vientiane Capital. It analysed the living situation and the work of service women, accessed the risks of abuse and exploitation of service women and explored post-trauma assistance for service women. The study has used peer support groups to conduct fieldwork. Key findings demonstrate that service women in general are found in beer bars, pubs and entertainment locations. The study links strong correlations to poverty and migration of prospective service women from remote areas" (Pg 23-24).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1

"Ministry of Health supports and monitors the implementation of mother’s, newborn’s and child’s integrated health care; provision of quality and effective services, mobilization of individuals, families and communities in promoting health and prevention of diseases such as HIV/AIDs, malaria and others; dissemination of gender mainstreaming into health care service for staff of health care facilities, focusing on improvement of women’s advancement strategy in the health sector, relating and integrating this task to health projects, sex-disaggregated statistics and promoting more women in decision making positions; issuing the Decree on Supports for Delivery and Treatment of Under-5 to address obstacles to access to health care for mothers and children; implementing free of...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LR-DATA-1

"The literacy rate in the 25-49 age group is 69 per cent for women and 77 per cent for men. However, this rate varies greatly from region to region. For example, the rate corresponds to 55 per cent women / 70 per cent men in the southern region but 76 per cent women / 79 per cent men in the central region. It is worth noticing that literacy rates are higher among younger age groups and the index of equality between girls and boys in primary and secondary education levels is almost the same.16 In the year 2011-2012 the Lao Social Indicator Survey tested literacy rates by giving short and...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"The Law of the Lao PDR does not allow prostitution as a profession and sex trade is a criminal offense in the Lao PDR" (Pg 23).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-1

"Article 13 of this Decree defines that women with disabilities have equal rights and value as others in the society in their self-development as well as political, economic, cultural, social and family activities according to law and regulations. Article 21 defines inclusive education for disabled people" (Pg 36).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

"The Law of the Lao PDR does not allow prostitution as a profession and sex trade is a criminal offense in the Lao PDR. However, in practice, there are still individuals who covertly provide sexual service which according to an estimation the number of service women in the Lao PDR is 11,000 persons8 which is relatively close to the information that the National Aids Prevention Centre has gathered from various provinces participating in the prevention of AIDS program in 2014 which was supported by Global Fund under the supervision of the Ministry of Health as demonstrated in Table 6. Therefore, the measures adopted by the Government of the Lao PDR...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"The World Bank survey conducted in 2012 on Enterprises of all sizes in Lao PDR has found that 31.8 per cent of those enterprises have women in their executive committees, in small enterprises (with 1-19 employees) 44.3 per cent of them have female leaders, medium enterprises (20-99 employees) with 16.5 per cent female leaders and big enterprises (100 or more employees) there were 5.1 per cent" (Pg 25). "According to the survey on labour force and child labour in 2010 by the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare jointly conducted with the National Statistics Bureau, across the Lao PDR there were a total of 3,079,852 active labour force, of which...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"CARE International’s action plan targeted women of ethnic groups in remote areas, preparing them to handle effects of natural disasters as well as climate change" (Pg 20).