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Latest items for Lebanon

April 8, 2019, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1

“A total of 17 cases of [domestic violence] were recorded last year in Lebanon, a country of around four million inhabitants, including those ow women killed by their husbands but also that of a 15-year-old girl who committed suicide after a forced marriage” (para 6).
April 8, 2019, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1

“Tragic tales of domestic worker abuse in Lebanon are common, but a film showing an Ethiopian maid dragged along a street in Beirut just days before she was found hanged from her bed sheets has rattled lebanon’s conscience...Dechasa’s case is by no means isolated - Human Rights Watch says, on average, one domestic worker a week in Lebanon either kills herself or falls from a high building to her death” (para 1-16)
April 8, 2019, 9:53 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1

“One domestic worker on average commits suicide each month in Lebanon, according to a leading NGO that deals with domestic violence and human rights...women [domestic workers] can face 24 hours a day of physical, verbal, and even sexual abuse with few options of escaping” (para 1-6
April 8, 2019, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1

“The tragic case of a 16-year-old child bride who attempted suicide should prompt Lebanon’s parliament to finally pass a law ending child marriage in the country. Media and other reports say the girls jumped from the roof of her parents’ house in the border town of Arsal earlier this month after her husband divorced her and ‘returned her’ to her parents. Her condition was reported as critical. The girl was reportedly forced to marry her cousin at the age of 14. After the divorce, her parents allegedly forbade her from leaving the house and from continuing her education” (para 1-3).
April 4, 2019, 7:27 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Brazil, Burma/Myanmar, Chad, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Paraguay, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Ukraine, United States, Vanuatu
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-3

3.0
March 26, 2019, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

Lebanon's net responses to the Global Gender equality attitude by YouGov with an average score of 38. Higher scores show progressive attitudes to gender equality (para 6). "Saudi Arabia has considerably more wealth than many countries with similarly conservative outlooks, while relative to their low levels of GDP per person, China, Thailand and Lebanon are highly progressive" (para 10).
March 21, 2019, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Brazil, Brunei, Burma/Myanmar, Comoros, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Iran, Kuwait, Lebanon, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

4.0
Feb. 28, 2019, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Efforts to combat gender-based violence in Lebanon have grown considerably in the MeToo era. Anti-harassment campaigns circulated via social media addressed the pervasiveness of street harassment as women shared personal stories under the hashtag #MeshBasita (Not Ok) and #NotYourAshta" (para. 19).
Feb. 28, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"Marital rape is not criminalized under Lebanese law. This can explain why only 24% of the victims report the assault to the police" (para. 15). This can explain figures on this issue. (JSM - coder comment).
Feb. 28, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"A new initiative under the Gender Equality Program by ABAAD (NGO) was launched. It aimed at redirecting the cultural habit of victim-blaming by launching a social experiment called 'Shame on Who?'" (para. 20).
Feb. 28, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Many Lebanese women suffer from unwanted sexual advances at the workplace but for migrant domestic workers, rape outlines a different form of subjugation. It is one that is compounded by gender, racial, and economic stratifications" (para. 16). "verbal assault and rape which is often used to ‘discipline or punish’ the migrant worker" (para. 17).
Feb. 28, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"A survey (2017) found that 1 in 4 Lebanese women are victims of sexual harassment. Almost 50% of the assaults are perpetrated by family members or relatives" (para. 15).
Feb. 28, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Verbal assault and rape... is often used to ‘discipline or punish’ the migrant worker" (para. 17).
Feb. 28, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Marital rape is not criminalized under Lebanese law" (para. 15).
Feb. 26, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GP-DATA-4

"Al-Hassan’s confirmation (alongside three other female ministers) marks a hugely significant turnaround from the country’s previous government, where a reporter for The Guardian observed that even the Minister for Women was a man" (para. 2)
Feb. 26, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"Lebanon has appointed the Arab world’s first ever female interior minister in Raya Al-Hassan" (para. 1). "Al-Hassan’s confirmation (alongside three other female ministers) marks a hugely significant turnaround from the country’s previous government, where a reporter for The Guardian observed that even the Minister for Women was a man" (para. 2).
Feb. 8, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-DATA-1

"The number of women in the Lebanese armed forces has increased steadily throughout the years to reach 3,000 in 2018, between the different military branches. This year, 1,640 females graduated from basic training specialized for female volunteers and 150 of them joined the Republican Guard Brigade. A gender policy has been set by the army to integrate more women and eventually place them in the front lines alongside their male counterparts" (para. 7).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-4

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In matters of child custody, inheritance, and divorce, personal status laws provide unequal treatment across the various confessional court systems but generally discriminate against women. For example, Sunni civil courts applied an inheritance law that provides a son twice the inheritance of a daughter. Religious law on child custody matters favors the father in most instances. Nationality law also discriminates against women, who may not confer citizenship to their spouses and children, although widows may confer citizenship to their minor children. By law women may own property, but they often ceded control of it to male relatives due to cultural reasons and family pressure" (Pg 29).more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"There were significant cultural barriers to women’s participation in politics. Prior to 2004, no woman held a cabinet position, and there have been only four female ministers since then. During the year one woman served in the cabinet. Only four of 128 members of parliament were women, and all were close relatives of previous male members. With a few notable exceptions, leadership of political parties effectively excluded women, limiting their opportunities for high office" (Pg 25).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for men and 17 for women. Family matters are governed by confessionally determined personal status law, and minimum ages acceptable for marriage differ accordingly. UNHCR reported early and forced marriage was common in the Syrian refugee community. According to a study conducted by the Heartland Alliance in 2014, the marriages were not official but usually endorsed by sheikhs in the refugee community, often encouraged with a bribe. These sheikhs were not linked to the country’s Sunni family courts, and the marriages had no legal standing" (Pg 30).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"In April 2014 parliament passed legislation for the Protection of Women and Family Members from Domestic Violence. The law criminalizes domestic violence, but it does not specifically provide protection for women. The law does not criminalize spousal rape but rather the use of threats or violence to claim a “marital right to intercourse,” and it does not criminalize the nonconsensual violation of physical integrity. The maximum sentence under this law is 25 years’ imprisonment if one of the spouses commits homicide" (Pg 27-28).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape. In April 2014 parliament passed legislation for the...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"A 2010 UN Population Fund assessment estimated there were high rates of domestic violence in the country. Despite a law that sets a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison for battery, some religious courts may legally require a battered wife to return to her home despite physical abuse. Foreign domestic workers, usually women, often were mistreated, abused, and in some cases raped or placed in slavery-like conditions (see section 7.c.). Some police, especially in rural areas, treated domestic violence as a social, rather than criminal, matter. The government provided legal assistance to domestic violence victims who could not afford it, and police response to complaints submitted by battered or...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The National Commission for Lebanese Women, headed by the president’s wife, is the highest governmental body addressing women’s issues. Due to the continuing presidential vacancy, this post remained vacant" (Pg 29).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

" Boys and girls had nearly equal rates of primary education, with women outnumbering men in secondary and tertiary education" (Pg 30).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"As of December 8, there were 6,502 prisoners and detainees, including pretrial detainees and remanded prisoners, in facilities built to hold 3,500 inmates. Roumieh Prison, with a designed capacity of 1,500, held approximately 3,210 persons. Authorities often held pretrial detainees together with convicted prisoners. Men and women were held separately in similar conditions, and ISF statistics indicated that 132 minors and 283 women were incarcerated" (Pg 5).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but authorities did not enforce the law effectively, and it remained a widespread problem. According to the UN Population Fund, the labor law does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment in the workplace; it merely gives a male or female employee the right to resign without prior notice from his or her position in the event that an indecent offense is committed towards the employee or a family member by the employer or his or her representative, without any legal consequences for the perpetrator. Legal consequences are cited in the penal code and the criminal procedure" (Pg 28).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2

"The law provides for equal pay for equal work for men and women, but in the private sector there was discrimination regarding the provision of benefits. Only 26 percent of women, compared with 76 percent of men, were in the formal labor force, and these women earned on average 61 percent of what men earned for comparable work (see section 7.d.)" (Pg 29).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27). "In matters of child custody, inheritance,...more