The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Lebanon

Feb. 8, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: EWCMS-PRACTICE-1, EWCMS-DATA-1

"The number of women in the Lebanese armed forces has increased steadily throughout the years to reach 3,000 in 2018, between the different military branches. This year, 1,640 females graduated from basic training specialized for female volunteers and 150 of them joined the Republican Guard Brigade. A gender policy has been set by the army to integrate more women and eventually place them in the front lines alongside their male counterparts" (para. 7).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-4

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CLCW-LAW-1, CLCC-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"In matters of child custody, inheritance, and divorce, personal status laws provide unequal treatment across the various confessional court systems but generally discriminate against women. For example, Sunni civil courts applied an inheritance law that provides a son twice the inheritance of a daughter. Religious law on child custody matters favors the father in most instances. Nationality law also discriminates against women, who may not confer citizenship to their spouses and children, although widows may confer citizenship to their minor children. By law women may own property, but they often ceded control of it to male relatives due to cultural reasons and family pressure" (Pg 29).more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"There were significant cultural barriers to women’s participation in politics. Prior to 2004, no woman held a cabinet position, and there have been only four female ministers since then. During the year one woman served in the cabinet. Only four of 128 members of parliament were women, and all were close relatives of previous male members. With a few notable exceptions, leadership of political parties effectively excluded women, limiting their opportunities for high office" (Pg 25).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for men and 17 for women. Family matters are governed by confessionally determined personal status law, and minimum ages acceptable for marriage differ accordingly. UNHCR reported early and forced marriage was common in the Syrian refugee community. According to a study conducted by the Heartland Alliance in 2014, the marriages were not official but usually endorsed by sheikhs in the refugee community, often encouraged with a bribe. These sheikhs were not linked to the country’s Sunni family courts, and the marriages had no legal standing" (Pg 30).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"In April 2014 parliament passed legislation for the Protection of Women and Family Members from Domestic Violence. The law criminalizes domestic violence, but it does not specifically provide protection for women. The law does not criminalize spousal rape but rather the use of threats or violence to claim a “marital right to intercourse,” and it does not criminalize the nonconsensual violation of physical integrity. The maximum sentence under this law is 25 years’ imprisonment if one of the spouses commits homicide" (Pg 27-28).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape. In April 2014 parliament passed legislation for the...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"A 2010 UN Population Fund assessment estimated there were high rates of domestic violence in the country. Despite a law that sets a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison for battery, some religious courts may legally require a battered wife to return to her home despite physical abuse. Foreign domestic workers, usually women, often were mistreated, abused, and in some cases raped or placed in slavery-like conditions (see section 7.c.). Some police, especially in rural areas, treated domestic violence as a social, rather than criminal, matter. The government provided legal assistance to domestic violence victims who could not afford it, and police response to complaints submitted by battered or...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The National Commission for Lebanese Women, headed by the president’s wife, is the highest governmental body addressing women’s issues. Due to the continuing presidential vacancy, this post remained vacant" (Pg 29).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

" Boys and girls had nearly equal rates of primary education, with women outnumbering men in secondary and tertiary education" (Pg 30).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"As of December 8, there were 6,502 prisoners and detainees, including pretrial detainees and remanded prisoners, in facilities built to hold 3,500 inmates. Roumieh Prison, with a designed capacity of 1,500, held approximately 3,210 persons. Authorities often held pretrial detainees together with convicted prisoners. Men and women were held separately in similar conditions, and ISF statistics indicated that 132 minors and 283 women were incarcerated" (Pg 5).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but authorities did not enforce the law effectively, and it remained a widespread problem. According to the UN Population Fund, the labor law does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment in the workplace; it merely gives a male or female employee the right to resign without prior notice from his or her position in the event that an indecent offense is committed towards the employee or a family member by the employer or his or her representative, without any legal consequences for the perpetrator. Legal consequences are cited in the penal code and the criminal procedure" (Pg 28).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1, ERBG-DATA-2

"The law provides for equal pay for equal work for men and women, but in the private sector there was discrimination regarding the provision of benefits. Only 26 percent of women, compared with 76 percent of men, were in the formal labor force, and these women earned on average 61 percent of what men earned for comparable work (see section 7.d.)" (Pg 29).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27). "In matters of child custody, inheritance,...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law provides for equality among all citizens and prohibits discrimination based on race, gender, disability, language, or social status. Although the government generally respected these provisions, they were not enforced, especially with regard to economic matters, and aspects of the law and traditional beliefs discriminated against women. The law does not protect against discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity" (Pg 27).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27). "The Women’s Affairs Division in the...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; manage their reproductive health; and have the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence. Some women in rural areas faced social pressure on their reproductive choices due to long-held conservative values" (Pg 28).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"Palestinian refugees residing in the country could not obtain citizenship and were not citizens of any other country. Palestinian refugee women married to Lebanese citizens were able to obtain citizenship and transmit citizenship to their children. Palestinian refugees, including children, had limited social and civil rights and no access to public health, education, or other social services. Children of Palestinian refugees faced discrimination in birth registration, and many had to leave school at an early age to earn an income" (Pg 22). "The legal age for marriage is 18 for men and 17 for women. Family matters are governed by confessionally determined personal status law, and minimum ages acceptable for...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

"NGOs that advocated for women’s rights, particularly those focused on combating domestic violence, organized protests and media campaigns that met with some interference by the security forces" (Pg 17).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"In contrast with 2014, there were no reports of honor killings" (Pg 28).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal age for marriage is 18 for men and 17 for women" (Pg 30).
Feb. 5, 2019, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"3.1% of seats in the lower/single house of Lebanon (4 out of 128 total seats) are held by women"
Feb. 5, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"3.6% of ministerial positions in Lebanon (1 out of 29 total positions) are held by women"
Jan. 25, 2019, 10:16 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, Cape Verde, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Moldova, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, South Sudan, Sudan, Thailand, Ukraine, United States, Yemen
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-4

1.0
Jan. 25, 2019, 10:16 p.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Burma/Myanmar, Chile, Costa Rica, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Paraguay, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Vanuatu
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-2

1.0
Jan. 25, 2019, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MURDER-DATA-4

According to calculations based on the WHO Homicide Estimates for 2015, the homicide rate for females aged 15-44 is 2.18 per 100,000 female population ages 15-44.
Jan. 23, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Jonalyn left her home in the Philippines and traveled to the Middle East to work as a domestic worker for a family in Lebanon. For nearly a year, Jonalyn suffered severe psychological and physical torture at the hands of her employers. She was imprisoned in solitary confinement for 10 days and was threatened constantly with death. She endured both physical and sexual abuse. Her employer poured chlorine-based detergent over Jonalyn’s body and open wounds, and subjected her to electric shocks using a stun-gun. Jonalyn eventually came into contact with the Caritas Lebanon Migrant Center (CLMC), an organisation that runs a safe house for migrant workers who have suffered abuse by...more
Jan. 23, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Jonalyn left her home in the Philippines and traveled to the Middle East to work as a domestic worker for a family in Lebanon. For nearly a year, Jonalyn suffered severe psychological and physical torture at the hands of her employers. She was imprisoned in solitary confinement for 10 days and was threatened constantly with death. She endured both physical and sexual abuse. Her employer poured chlorine-based detergent over Jonalyn’s body and open wounds, and subjected her to electric shocks using a stun-gun. Jonalyn eventually came into contact with the Caritas Lebanon Migrant Center (CLMC), an organisation that runs a safe house for migrant workers who have suffered abuse by...more
Jan. 17, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: GP-DATA-3, GP-DATA-4

"In a country where women occupy only three percent of the parliament seats, Lebanon’s first women’s affairs minister - a man - is supporting a campaign to attract more female politicians" (Para 1).
Jan. 17, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"In a country where women occupy only three percent of the parliament seats, Lebanon’s first women’s affairs minister - a man - is supporting a campaign to attract more female politicians" (Para 1). "Currently, only four women sit in the 128-seat parliament" (Para 4).