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Latest items for Madagascar

May 7, 2018, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Sierra Leone's reform comes on the heels of two notable advances for gender equal nationality rights in 2017, including: the promulgation in January of Madagascar’s new nationality law, which guarantees women and men the equal right to confer nationality on children" (para 4).
May 7, 2018, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Sierra Leone’s reform comes on the heels of two notable advances for gender equal nationality rights in 2017, including: the promulgation in January of Madagascar’s new nationality law, which guarantees women and men the equal right to confer nationality on children" (para 3).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Committee commends the State party on its high-level delegation, which was headed by the Minister of Justice, Noeline Ramanantenasoa, and included representatives of the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Population, Social Protection and Promotion of Women, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Education and the Permanent Mission of Madagascar to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva" (page 1). "The Committee recommends that the State party: . . . Develop and implement capacity-building programmes for judges, prosecutors and lawyers on women’s human rights, including on the Convention" (page 3). The Committee is concerned about the coordination between the national development plan, the...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ATC-DATA-4

"In the light of the importance of the respect for and enjoyment of their human rights by all women and girls in the continuing reconciliation and institution-building processes and the return to constitutional order, the Committee recommends that the State party: . . . ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention, as already announced during the universal periodic review (see A/HRC/14/13, para. 72.4)" (page 2-3).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern that . . . discriminatory practices regarding land ownership and the administration of property and inheritance continue to limit women ’s access to economic resources and financial services (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 32); (b) That land tenure and rural development policies in the State party lack a gender perspective, and that, under Law No. 68 -012 (1968) relating to inheritance, co-heirs may agree that female heirs receive a lump sum instead of an equal share of inherited land . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Repeal discriminatory provisions in Law No. 68-012 (1968) and amend Law No. 2007-037 to eliminate all forms...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2008 of the State party’s combined second to fifth periodic reports (CEDAW/C/MDG/5) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: (a) Law to combat trafficking in persons, which criminalizes forced marriage, among other forms of exploitation, in 2014" (page 1). "The Committee is concerned: (a) That there is no legislation specifically criminalizing violence against women, in particular child and/or forced marriage and marital rape, and that there is no comprehensive policy framework to address such violence; . . . The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To adopt legislation to criminalize all acts of violence...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned: (a) That there is no legislation specifically criminalizing violence against women, in particular child and/or forced marriage and marital rape, and that there is no comprehensive policy framework to address such violence; (b) That gender-based violence against women in the domestic sphere is not considered by courts in child custody or visitation decisions, thus forcing women to continue to face their abusers, and risking further exposing their children to violence; (c) That domestic and sexual violence appear to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity; (d) That cases of violence against women continue to be underreported, owing to an apparent lack...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) National plan to combat human trafficking, in 2015; (b) Gender and elections strategy, covering the period 2015-2020, aimed at enhancing the representation and participation of women in decision-making" (page 2). "The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the detailed legal framework for workers employed in the formal sector, but notes with concern the discriminatory practices of employers against pregnant women, the high rate of unemployment among women and the strong vertical and horizontal segregation in the labour market, as well as the absence of implemented laws, including on equal pay, in this field, as evidenced by the persistence of wage gaps between women and men in both the public and private sectors. The Committee reiterates its concern about the high proportion of women in the informal sector, where they face persistent poverty and are not covered by social protection. The Committee is also concerned...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that medical fees and costs for treatment or medication continue to limit access to health care for most women. . . . The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 31) and calls upon the State party: (a) To reduce maternal mortality by improving access to basic prenatal and antenatal care and emergency obstetric care and by ensuring the presence of skilled birth attendants at birth, especially in rural areas, taking into consideration the technical guidance of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights on the application of a human rights -based approach to the implementation of policies and programmes to...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its high-level delegation, which was headed by the Minister of Justice, Noeline Ramanantenasoa, and included representatives of the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Population, Social Protection and Promotion of Women, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Education and the Permanent Mission of Madagascar to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva" (page 1). "The Committee remains concerned at the low representation of women in decision-making positions, in particular in the diplomatic service (ambassadors: 0 per cent) and in other international organizations, as well as at the community level (regional heads: 0 per cent; elected mayors: 5...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

The Committee is concerned about the coordination between the national development plan, the national policy for the advancement of women and the national action plan on gender development, as well as about the delays in updating the latter two and in adopting the national plan of action for the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women and peace and security. The Committee is also concerned about the lack of information on the role of the Ministry of Population, Social Protection and Promotion of Women in its capacity as the national machinery for the advancement of women to coordinate activities under the national development plan, including efforts to promote...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The Committee . . . reiterates its concern at the prevalence of sex tourism in the State party and the lack of information on efforts to prevent the exploitation of prostitution and to address its root causes as well as the lack of disaggregated statistical data on trafficking and exploitation of prostitution" (page 7).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the minimum legal age of marriage is 18 years of age. It remains concerned, however, by the pervasiveness of child and/or forced marriage, and that girls and women are deprived of their right to freely choose their spouse and to enter into marriage" (page 15).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the intention of the State party to lower the level of sanctions for abortion and to consider introducing further grounds under which abortion could be made legal. The Committee is, however, concerned about the high prevalence of abortion, the restrictive laws governing abortion and the ensuing high rate of health complications among women and girls. The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 31) and calls upon the State party: . . . (d) To legalize abortion, at least in cases in which pregnancy is harmful to the mother’s health and in instances of incest, rape and severe fetal impairment, and remove punitive measures for women...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s measures to provide early diagnosis and care to pregnant girls and women living with HIV. The Committee is, however, concerned about the absence of a general policy of equal access to preventive care and treatment for all women living with HIV and of a strategy to promote age appropriate education on reproductive and sexual health for young persons. It is also concerned at the persistence of stigma and discrimination against women living with HIV, including pregnant women, and the fact that men’s role as active transmitters of HIV is rarely addressed. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure equal access for men and...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The Committee notes with concern that the current legislation in the State party does not appear clear and that it may not adequately protect women against sexual harassment in the workplace. It also notes with concern the lack of statistical data on and the difficulties faced by women to prove sexual harassment in the workplace. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Amend and clarify its legislation to broadly define sexual harassment in the workplace, ease the burden of proof for victims and provide victims with effective redress, including compensation; (b) Widely disseminate information on the procedures for reporting cases of sexual harassment in the workplace; (c) Conduct regular...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: PW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: GP-DATA-2

"The Committee commends the State party on its high-level delegation, which was headed by the Minister of Justice, Noeline Ramanantenasoa, and included representatives of the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Population, Social Protection and Promotion of Women, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Education and the Permanent Mission of Madagascar to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva" (page 1). "The Committee remains concerned at the low representation of women in decision-making positions, in particular in the diplomatic service (ambassadors: 0 per cent) and in other international organizations . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) . . . ensure...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the fact that the Constitution enshrines the principle of equality between women and men. It regrets, however, that the State party does not apply the definition of equality provided in article 1 of the Convention, even though its Constitution guarantees the integration of ratified international treaties into the legal order from the moment of their publication, as well as the superior authority of treaties to that of national laws. It is concerned about the persistence of discriminatory provisions in a number of laws, such as those on nationality, inheritance and marriage. The Committee is also concerned about the absence of a clear time frame for the adoption...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party intends to strengthen and increase the number of legal clinics. It notes with concern, however, the persistence of many barriers to women’s access to justice, especially in cases of divorce and gender - based violence, such as women’s legal illiteracy, the lack of awareness in the State party and in its relevant national legislation of women ’s rights, gender stereotyping, including among law enforcement personnel and traditional chiefs, the subjection of women to customary and traditional legal systems, corruption within the judiciary, the unavailability of courts in rural areas, legal fees and the cost of medical certificates, which are borne by the victims...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to increase the participation of girls and women in education. The Committee is concerned, however, that, from the primary level, the enrolment and completion rates of girls are lower than those of boys and that girls are often victims of sexual abuse and harassment on the way to and from or at school. It is also concerned about the high dropout rate among girls as a result of early pregnancy, extreme poverty and child labour (see CEDAW/C/MDG/CO/5, para. 26) and the practice of expelling pregnant girls from school and the refusal to reintegrate them after delivery. The Committee further notes with...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the State party intends to strengthen and increase the number of legal clinics. It notes with concern, however, the persistence of many barriers to women’s access to justice . . . Recalling its general recommendation No. 33 (2015) on women’s access to justice, the Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Strengthen and increase the number of legal aid clinics, enhance their availability and quality in all provinces and ensure appropriate resources for their operation and for the free provision of effective legal aid before all courts; (b) Enhance women’s awareness of their human rights and implement legal literacy programmes to empower women to claim their...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"The Committee welcomes the ratification by the State party of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families and of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, in May 2015 and June 2015, respectively" (page 2). "The Committee notes that the adherence of the State party to the nine major international human rights instruments would enhance the enjoyment by women of their human rights and fundamental freedoms in all aspects of life. The Committee therefore encourages the State party to consider ratifying the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, as well as the...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned at the low representation of women in decision-making positions, in particular in the diplomatic service (ambassadors: 0 per cent) and in other international organizations, as well as at the community level (regional heads: 0 per cent; elected mayors: 5 per cent; heads of fokontany assemblies: 2.6 per cent). It is particularly concerned that past efforts to introduce measures, including temporary special measures, to remedy the unequal participation of women in political and public life have not succeeded before the National Assembly. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Amend its electoral law by introducing statutory quotas, including sanctions for non-compliance, for increased representation of women...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee is concerned: (a) That there is no legislation specifically criminalizing violence against women, in particular child and/or forced marriage and marital rape, and that there is no comprehensive policy framework to address such violence; (b) That gender-based violence against women in the domestic sphere is not considered by courts in child custody or visitation decisions, thus forcing women to continue to face their abusers, and risking further exposing their children to violence; (c) That domestic and sexual violence appear to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity; (d) That cases of violence against women continue to be underreported, owing to an apparent lack...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To improve the provision of basic education for girls, especially in rural and remote areas, with special attention to the provision of adequate sanitary facilities and clean water, especially in schools catering to adolescent females" (page 9). "The Committee is concerned at the precarious working conditions of women domestic workers, including women migrant workers abroad, and their heightened risk of being exposed to abuse and trafficking for sexual and labour exploitation. The Committee is also concerned that women and girls migrating abroad are often victimized by fraudulent recruitment agencies and brokers and face barriers in filing complaints and gaining access to justice....more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the detailed legal framework for workers employed in the formal sector, but notes with concern the discriminatory practices of employers against pregnant women, the high rate of unemployment among women and the strong vertical and horizontal segregation in the labour market, as well as the absence of implemented laws, including on equal pay, in this field, as evidenced by the persistence of wage gaps between women and men in both the public and private sectors. The Committee reiterates its concern about the high proportion of women in the informal sector, where they face persistent poverty and are not covered by social protection. The Committee is also concerned...more