The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Malawi

April 4, 2019, 7:27 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Brazil, Burma/Myanmar, Chad, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Paraguay, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Ukraine, United States, Vanuatu
Variables: MURDER-SCALE-3

3.0
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits child pornography and using a child for public entertainment of an immoral or harmful nature. The maximum penalty for conviction of engaging in child pornography is 14 years in prison, while those found guilty of procuring a child for public entertainment are liable to a fine of 100,000 MWK ($133) and imprisonment of seven years" (para 101).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2

"The Gender Equality Act of 2013 prohibits certain harmful traditional practices, including 'widow cleansing' and 'widow inheritance.' Nonetheless, in some areas widows were sometimes forced to have sex with male in-laws or a designee as part of a culturally mandated 'sexual cleansing' ritual following the death of the husband. In some cases widows were 'inherited' by a brother-in-law or other male relative" (para 86). "Widows often were victims of discriminatory and illegal inheritance practices in which most of an estate was taken by the deceased husband’s family" (para 92).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The constitution and law prohibit arbitrary arrest and detention; however, the government did not always observe these prohibitions. The law provides for the right of any person to challenge the lawfulness of his/her arrest or detention in court but does not provide for compensation if found to have been unlawfully detained" (para 21). "The Gender Equality Act of 2013 prohibits certain harmful traditional practices, including 'widow cleansing' and 'widow inheritance'" (para 86). "By law women have the same legal status and rights as men and may not be discriminated against based on gender or marital status, including in the workplace" (para 92).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C. According to press reports from 2011, some cases of FGM/C were prosecuted as unlawful wounding" (para 84).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

"Nevertheless, women had significantly lower levels of literacy, education, and formal and nontraditional employment opportunities, as well as lower rates of access to resources for farming" (para 92). CC: Lower rates of access to resources for farming affects the ability to access capital, and also resources for farming can also be considered a form of capital as well.
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-LAW-3, LRCM-DATA-2

"Child abuse remained a serious problem. The press regularly reported cases of sexual abuse of children, including arrests for rape, incest, sodomy, and defilement" (para 96).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The government provided tuition-free primary education for all children. Education for children under age 18 is compulsory" (para 95).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Police continued to train officers on internal investigations, victims’ rights, sexual abuse, domestic violence, and trafficking in persons" (para 27).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"On September 14, during a march against gender-based violence, male police officers arrested protester Beatrice Mateyo and charged her with 'insulting the modesty of a woman' for carrying a placard deemed offensive. Released on bail, she was awaiting trial at year’s end" (para 55). "Gender- based violence and other criminal activities were also reported at Dzaleka [refugee camp]" (para 63). "Police regularly investigated cases of rape, sexual assault, and gender-based violence but did not normally intervene in domestic disputes" (para 83).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The trafficking of children for sexual purposes was a problem, and child prostitution for survival at the behest of parents or without third-party involvement occurred" (para 102).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Marriage, Divorce, and Family Relations Act enacted in 2015 explicitly introduces the concept of spousal rape, but the act does not prescribe specific penalties and applies only to legally separated spouses. Spousal rape may be prosecuted under the rape provisions of the penal code" (para 81).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"There were 32 women in the 193-seat National Assembly and 56 women among the 462 elected local councilors" (para 72).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ATC-DATA-6

"The Gender Equality Act of 2013 prohibits certain harmful traditional practices, including 'widow cleansing' and 'widow inheritance'" (para 86).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: NGOFW-DATA-1

"The government and NGOs continued efforts to abolish such practices by raising awareness concerning the inherent dangers of such behavior [widow inheritance and cleansing], including the risk of HIV/AIDS transmission" (para 86). "Civic education on early marriage was carried out mainly by NGOs" (para 99).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IW-PRACTICE-1

"The Gender Equality Act of 2013 prohibits certain harmful traditional practices, including 'widow cleansing' and 'widow inheritance.' Nonetheless, in some areas widows were sometimes forced to have sex with male in-laws or a designee as part of a culturally mandated 'sexual cleansing' ritual following the death of the husband. In some cases widows were 'inherited' by a brother-in-law or other male relative" (para 86). "Widows often were victims of discriminatory and illegal inheritance practices in which most of an estate was taken by the deceased husband’s family" (para 92). ""The law provides for a minimum level of child support, widows’ rights, and maternity leave; however, only women employed in the...more
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"There were no government restrictions on academic freedom during the year; however, the government sporadically censored films that it deemed contained culturally sensitive or sexually explicit material" (para 51). "The law prohibits child pornography and using a child for public entertainment of an immoral or harmful nature. The maximum penalty for conviction of engaging in child pornography is 14 years in prison, while those found guilty of procuring a child for public entertainment are liable to a fine of 100,000 MWK ($133) and imprisonment of seven years. The law was not effectively enforced" (para 101).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5

"'Kupimbira,' a practice that allows a poor family to receive a loan or livestock in exchange for daughters of any age, existed in some areas" (para 87).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"The most significant human rights issues included...lack of investigation and enforcement involving cases of violence against women, including rape" (para 3). "On September 14, during a march against gender-based violence, male police officers arrested protester Beatrice Mateyo and charged her with 'insulting the modesty of a woman' for carrying a placard deemed offensive. Released on bail, she was awaiting trial at year’s end" (para 55). "Data on the prevalence of rape or spousal rape, prosecutions, and convictions were unavailable; however, press reporting of rape and defilement arrests and convictions were an almost daily occurrence" (para 82).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Police continued to train officers on internal investigations, victims’ rights, sexual abuse, domestic violence, and trafficking in persons" (para 27). "On September 14, during a march against gender-based violence, male police officers arrested protester Beatrice Mateyo and charged her with 'insulting the modesty of a woman' for carrying a placard deemed offensive. Released on bail, she was awaiting trial at year’s end" (para 55). "Data on the prevalence of rape or spousal rape, prosecutions, and convictions were unavailable; however, press reporting of rape and defilement arrests and convictions were an almost daily occurrence" (para 82). "The Ministry of Gender, Children, Disability, and Social Welfare conducted public education campaigns to combat...more
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C. According to press reports from 2011, some cases of FGM/C were prosecuted as unlawful wounding" (para 84). "A 2014 UN Human Rights Committee report expressed concern regarding the existence of FGM/C in some regions of the country. A few small ethnic groups practiced FGM/C" (para 84).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"There were multiple reports of so-called survival sex by refugees to obtain income to supplement food rations and other necessities in the Dzaleka Camp. Gender- based violence and other criminal activities were also reported at Dzaleka" (para 63).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The law provides a maximum penalty of life imprisonment for conviction of domestic violence and recognizes that both men and women may be perpetrators as well as victims" (para 83).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: DMW-PRACTICE-2

"Despite certain legal prohibitions, many abusive practices, including the secret initiation of girls into the socially prescribed roles of womanhood, continued. Such initiations were often aimed at preparing girls for marriage with emphasis on training girls how to engage in sexual acts. In some traditional communities, girls as young as age 10 undergo 'kusasa fumbi,' a cleansing ritual consisting of forced sexual relations with an older man. According to one UN-sponsored study, more than 20 percent of girls in secondary school underwent a form of initiation that involved sexual relations with an older man" (para 88). "In July a five-part series by the French newspaper Le Monde reported that the...more
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: GP-DATA-6, ASR-DATA-1

"There were 10 female justices among the 34 Supreme Court of Appeal and High Court justices" (para 72).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"On September 14, during a march against gender-based violence, male police officers arrested protester Beatrice Mateyo and charged her with 'insulting the modesty of a woman' for carrying a placard deemed offensive. Released on bail, she was awaiting trial at year’s end" (para 55).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The penal code criminalizes rape of men or women with a maximum penalty of death" (para 81). "Child abuse remained a serious problem. The press regularly reported cases of sexual abuse of children, including arrests for rape, incest, sodomy, and defilement" (para 96). "The law forbids engaging in sexual activity with children under age 16 and stipulates penalties for conviction of 14 to 21 years in prison. The law further prohibits 'indecent practice' in the presence of or with a child, with offenders liable to imprisonment of up to 14 years" (para 100).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Cultural and traditional gender bias and lower levels of literacy, education, and economic empowerment prevented women from participating in the political process to the same extent as men" (para 72). "Families were responsible for paying book fees and purchasing uniforms. Students from poor families had access to a public book fund" (para 95). "Some traditional leaders annulled early marriages and returned the girls involved to school" (para 99).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"Although sexual harassment was believed to be widespread, there were no data on its prevalence or on the effectiveness of government enforcement of the law" (para 90). "Despite the law against discrimination based on gender or marital status, discrimination against women was pervasive, and women did not have opportunities equal to those available to men. Women had significantly lower levels of literacy, education, and formal and nontraditional employment opportunities. Few women participated in the limited formal labor market, and those that did represented only a very small portion of managerial and administrative staff" (para 134).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The government and NGOs continued efforts to abolish such practices by raising awareness concerning the inherent dangers of such behavior [widow inheritance and cleansing], including the risk of HIV/AIDS transmission" (para 86).