The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Malawi

Sept. 19, 2018, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the proportion of married or in-union women of reproductive age who have their need for family planning satisified is 73.6 (latest available data for 2005-2015).
Sept. 19, 2018, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 8.6 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Israel, Libya, Malawi, Panama, Tunisia
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 5.5 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to the WHO 2017 statistical report, the adoescent birth rate (per 1000 women aged 15-19 years) was 143 based on data from 2005-2014.
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"Many girls, especially in rural areas, were unable to complete primary education due to poverty, lack of schools, and cultural factors; consequently, they were at a serious disadvantage in finding employment. The 2010 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) found that 11 percent of men and 19 percent of women had no formal education and that less than 14 percent of persons ages 15 to19 had completed primary school" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits child pornography and using a child for public entertainment of an immoral or harmful nature. The maximum penalty for engaging in child pornography is 14 years in prison, while those found guilty of procuring a child for public entertainment are liable to a fine of 100,000 MWK ($175) and imprisonment of seven years. The law was not effectively enforced" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities prosecuted officers accused of involvement in serious crimes such as robbery, murder, or rape" (5). "The government generally enforced the law effectively, and convicted rapists routinely received prison sentences" (15). "In a few traditional communities, girls as young as 10 were forced to have sexual relations with older men as part of such initiation rites" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Citizenship may be derived from birth within the country or abroad to at least one Malawian parent 'of African race'" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Marriage, Divorce, and Family Relations Act enacted in April explicitly introduced the concept of spousal rape, but the act does not prescribe specific penalties and only applies to legally separated spouses. Spousal rape may be prosecuted under the rape provisions of the penal code." (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: WAM-LAW-1

"...the government sporadically censored films that it deemed contained culturally sensitive or sexually explicit material" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: CWC-DATA-3

"The refugee population increased from approximately 18,500 in August 2014 to 23,000 in August due to the continued influx of refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, who constituted more than 50 percent of new asylum applicants. In July nearly 800 persons entered Malawi, fleeing from Mozambique due to skirmishes between opposition and government forces near border villages. Many subsequently returned to Mozambique, leaving approximately 330 persons in the country at year’s end...There were multiple reports of so-called “survival sex” by refugees to obtain income to supplement food rations and other necessities in the camp. Genderbased violence and other criminal activities were reported in the camp" (11).more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IW-PRACTICE-1

"Nonetheless, in a few isolated areas, widows were sometimes forced to have sex with male in-laws or a designee as part of a culturally mandated 'sexual cleansing' ritual following the death of the husband. In some cases widows were “inherited” by a brother-in-law or other male relative. The government and NGOs continued efforts to abolish such practices by raising awareness concerning the inherent dangers of such behavior, including the risk of HIV/AIDS transmission" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The penal code criminalizes rape with a maximum penalty of death" (15). "The law forbids engaging in sexual activity with children under age 16 and stipulates penalties of 14 to 21 years in prison. The law further prohibits 'indecent practice' in the presence of or with a child, with offenders liable to imprisonment of up to 14 years" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: SMES-DATA-2

"Households headed by women were predominately in the lowest quarter of income distribution" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

"There were no restrictions on the right to use contraceptives, but access was limited in rural areas. The Malawi National Statistical Office (NSO) estimated that 57.4 percent of married women of reproductive age used a modern method of contraception in 2014" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"The trafficking of children for sexual purposes was a problem, and child prostitution for survival at the behest of parents or without third-party involvement occurred. At local bars and rest houses, owners coerced girls as young as 12 to have sex with customers in exchange for room and board. For example a female bar owner arrested in September 2014 was found guilty in February of abduction and child trafficking" (19-20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"The law prohibits subjecting a child to any social or customary practice that is harmful to health or general development. Prohibited practices included child trafficking, forced labor, forced marriage or betrothal, and use of children as security for loans or other debts" (18)."Although the maximum penalties for child abduction and child trafficking under the Child Care, Protection and Justice Act are 10 years and life in prison respectively, the defendant was ordered to pay 160,000 MKW ($280) in fines" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Gender, Children, Social Welfare, and Disabilities conducted public education campaigns to combat domestic violence and rape" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C. According to press reports from 2011, some cases of FGM/C were prosecuted as unlawful wounding" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1

"'Kupimbira,' a practice that allows a poor family to receive a loan or livestock in exchange for daughters of any age, existed in some areas" (16). Although this is not necessarily a sale for marriage, it may include such transactions as well (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"There were multiple reports of so-called “survival sex” by refugees to obtain income to supplement food rations and other necessities in the camp" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"Other human rights problems included...occasional mob violence; societal violence against women; harmful traditional practices; trafficking in persons; discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons..." (1). 'According to the 2012 Gender Based Violence Baseline Survey, 40 percent of women had experienced sexual violence and 30 percent experienced other physical violence" (16). The use of the phrase "other physical violence" is not specific and we are unsure what exactly is included in this category (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"AIDS and adolescent pregnancy both were factors in these high rates" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education for children between the ages of six and 14 is compulsory" (18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"A 2014 UN Human Rights Committee report expressed concern over the existence of FGM/C in some regions of the country. A few small ethnic groups practiced FGM/C. In most cases FGM/C was performed on girls between 10 and 15 years old" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"Despite the law against discrimination based on gender or marital status, discrimination against women was pervasive, and women did not have opportunities equal to those available to men. Women had significantly lower levels of literacy, education, and formal and nontraditional employment opportunities. Few women participated in the limited formal labor market, and those that did represented only a very small portion of managerial and administrative staff" (26).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: GIC-LAW-1

"There were three women in the 20-member cabinet" (13).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The employment law prohibits discrimination against any employee or prospective employee on the grounds of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, nationality, ethnic or social origin, disability, property, birth, marital or other status, family responsibilities or HIV/AIDS and other communicable disease status, but the government in general did not effectively enforce the law" (26).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"Domestic violence, especially wife beating, was common, although women seldom discussed the problem openly, and victims rarely sought legal recourse" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MMR-DATA-1

"The NSO estimated the maternal mortality rate was 574 deaths per 100,000 live births, and a woman’s lifetime risk of maternal death was one in 34" (17).