The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Malaysia

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Niger, North Korea, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zambia
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

2.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma/Myanmar, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

1.0more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The 2007 Anti-Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants (ATIPSOM) Act—amended in 2010 and 2015—criminalized labor trafficking and sex trafficking and prescribed punishments of three to 20 years’ imprisonment and a fine, which were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious offenses, such as rape" (315).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"NGOs relayed that authorities treated many of the victims identified during police or immigration raids like criminals. NGOs also believed this treatment contributed to the government’s insufficient identification of victims; the raidenvironment was not conducive to victims speaking candidly to law enforcement and due to the lack of basic indicators of trafficking, NGOs reported officials arrested and charged some victims for immigration violations instead of identifying them as trafficking victims" (316). "As in past years, many identified victims preferred to return immediately to their home countries. Although the law permitted victims to testify remotely, authorities generally expected victims to remain in-country pending trial proceedings (...) The government did not provide...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Malaysia, and to a lesser extent, traffickers exploit victims from Malaysia abroad (…) Traffickers recruit some young foreign women—mainly from Southeast Asia, although also recently from Nigeria—ostensibly for legal work in Malaysian restaurants, hotels, and beauty salons, but instead compel them into prostitution. Traffickers compel some women and girls into commercial sex through brokered marriages. Traffickers also compel men and children into commercial sex, although less frequently (...) Traffickers increasingly exploit Malaysian women and children in forced labor. Media report young male and female Malaysians pay recruitment fees for promised high-paying jobs, but traffickers transfer...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Malaysia does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included convicting slightly more traffickers, issuing a significant number of passes for victims’ freedom of movement from shelters, and establishing an additional shelter for adult female trafficking victims, although it had not yet served victims. The government reported some investigations into allegations of official complicity and authorized a Royal Commission of Inquiry into the camps and mass graves discovered in Wang Kelian in 2015. The government also continued to overhaul its foreign worker management system. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"In 2018, the government identified 1,305 potential victims and confirmed 97 victims, a significant decrease compared to 2,224 potential and 721 confirmed victims in 2017, and 3,411 potential and 1,558 confirmed victims in 2016. Of the 97 confirmed victims in 2018, 63 were women, approximately the same number of women victims confirmed in 2018; however, there was a marked decrease in the number of confirmed male and child victims in 2018 (34) compared with 2017 (659)" (316).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China, Comoros, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Georgia, Ghana, Indonesia, Israel, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Suriname, Trinidad/Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

3.0
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law outlaws pornography and states that a child is considered a victim of sexual abuse if he or she has taken part as a participant or an observer in any activity that is sexual in nature for the purposes of a photograph, recording, film, videotape, or performance" (p. 25).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"Rape, including marital rape, is a criminal offense, as are most forms of domestic violence" (p. 23)
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IRP-DATA-2

"Child prostitution existed and a local NGO estimated in 2015 that 5,000 children were involved in sex work in Kuala Lumpur and the surrounding areas" (p. 25).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including marital rape, is a criminal offense, as are most forms of domestic violence… Marital rape does not have a minimum penalty, but the maximum penalty is five years’ imprisonment" (p. 23). "Under the law the minimum age for consensual, noncommercial sex is 16 years for both boys and girls" (p. 25).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"A UN report noted participation in the labor market for women was 46.1 percent, compared with 78.7 percent for men" (p. 33).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"A conviction for trafficking in persons involving a child for the purposes of sexual exploitation carries a punishment of three to 20 years’ imprisonment and a fine" (p. 25).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Education is free, compulsory, and universal through primary school (six years)" (p. 25).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The minimum age of marriage is 18 years for men and 16 years for women. Muslim women younger than 16 years may marry with the approval of a sharia court" (p. 25).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits women from engaging in “underground working,” referring to occupations literally underground, such as in sewers, and restricts employers from requiring female employees to work in industrial or agricultural work between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. or to commence work for the day without having 11 consecutive hours of rest since the end of the last work period" (p. 33).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"A child born in the country obtains citizenship if one parent is a citizen or permanent resident at the time of birth and the parents are married" (p. 24).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is a common practice, but data is very limited. Ministry of Health guidelines allow the practice but only at government health-care facilities" (p. 23).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of coerced abortion, involuntary sterilization, or other coercive population control methods" (p. 23).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is punishable by a maximum 20 years’ imprisonment and caning. Marital rape does not have a minimum penalty, but the maximum penalty is five years’ imprisonment" (p. 23).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"According to the latest statistics from the Ministry of Home Affairs, approximately 16 percent of reported rape cases were taken to court, with a conviction rate of 2.7 percent of all reported cases" (p. 23).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Many government hospitals had crisis centers where victims of rape and domestic abuse could make reports without going to a police station" (p. 23).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination against citizens based on gender, and gives men and women equal property rights" (p. 24).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-3

"The law provides for six to 20 years’ imprisonment and caning for individuals convicted of incest" (p. 25).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-5

"Sharia also generally requires a husband’s consent for divorce, but a small but steadily increasing number of women were able to obtain divorces under sharia without their husband’s consent" (p. 24).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits a person in authority from using his or her position to intimidate a subordinate to have sexual relations. The law classifies some types of workplace sexual harassment as criminal offenses. A government voluntary code of conduct provides a detailed definition of sexual harassment intended to raise public awareness of the problem" (p. 23).
May 15, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Armenia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Central African Rep, China, Cote D'Ivoire, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mongolia, Niger, Pakistan, Qatar, Russia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Variables: GP-SCALE-1

3.0
May 8, 2019, 11:58 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4

Women are not able to work in the same industries as men in Malaysia (110).
May 8, 2019, 11:58 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-3

A woman can legally apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man. A woman in Malaysia can sign a contract without requiring the presence of her husband or male relatives (110).