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Latest items for Mexico

March 7, 2018, 9:52 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

The Atenco case and the Cottonfields case: The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH) informed Mexico this year of its decision to send the 'Mariana Selvas Gomez and others' case to the Inter-American Human Rights Court so that the suitability of means of compensation could be considered under inter-American standards. The state of Mexico recognized in 2013 its responsibility and has made every effort possible to guarantee justice, penalize those responsible, adopt means of compensation and structural means to avoid the repetition of such acts. There are more than 30 people detained and awaiting penal prosecution. The Office of the Attorney General of the State of Mexico (PGJEM) according to ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The General Law for Equality Between Women and Men (LGIMH) had five reforms, outlining the obligation to assign state budgets for the equality policy, equality in employment and work conditions" (page 5). "The Federal Work Law (LFT) was reformed, incorporating concepts such as substantive equality, salary equality, decent work, prohibition of assault and labor and sexual harassment, non-discrimination, paternity and vocational training, among others. The current law protects equality, eliminates discrimination against women and guarantees the exercise of their rights and occupational liberties, as well as access to the same opportunities; it incorporates new prohibitions for the employers, such as requiring medical certificates of non-pregnancy, or coercing a pregnant worker ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: GP-DATA-5

". . . convened for Commissions for Gender Equality of Local Congresses, the members of the Mechanisms for the Advancement of Women (MAM) and representatives of Judicial Power of every state . . . As a result, between 2014 and 2016, 138 rules were reformed, added or repealed to guarantee the human rights of women in penal codes and 58 in civil and family codes. Regarding femicide, there is an analysis of the offense for the 32 federal entities, in compliance with PROIGUALDAD" (page 6). "Mexico is consolidating its normative legal framework to guarantee the rights of women and girls, and strengthening its coordination mechanisms: i) the National System for ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

". . . placing the CEDAW and other international instruments at the center of National Equality Policy, together with the Constitutional Reform in matters of human rights, the Planning Law and the Budget and Fiscal Responsibility Law, provides support for the National Development Plan 2013-2018, with a transverse structural axis of gender equality" (page 3). "In 2016, Article 2 of the Constitution was reformed regarding equality between women and men (appendix 3). The National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples (CDI), within the Programme of Indigenous Rights, promotes community initiatives and incentivizes the participation of women, which in 2014 was 46.1% and in 2015, 52.1%" (page 4). "The Federal ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LR-DATA-1

"The Educational Reform (2013) anticipates increasing attention to youth and adults without completed basic education, through the National Campaign of Literacy and Reduction of Educational Backwardness, operated by the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) in collaboration with state governments; in this way, there was a four times increase in the coverage of women being attended to at the beginning level (illiterate) in rural and urban zones, from 2012 to 2015, growing from 56,673 to 225,163 women in rural zones and 82,352 to 315,688 in urban zones" (page 20). "Between 2013 and 2016, the INEA saw more than 529,000 women and 189,000 men become literate, and more than 1.8 million ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"Within the SP, as affirmative action in the framework of reduction of maternal mortality, there exists the strategy 'Healthy Pregnancy;' for women who pertain to the first to seventh deciles, they are exempt from payment" (page 24). "From the Program for Specific Action for Maternal and Perinatal Health (PAE) 2013-2018, two objectives are highlighted: 1) propitiate universal access for mothers in pre-gestational, pregnancy, birth, puerperium and neonatal stages, to quality and respectful services; 2) contribute to reducing maternal and perinatal mortality, with a focus in interculturality, prioritizing groups of high marginalization and risk" (page 25). "2015 saw a reduction in maternal deaths: from 960 deaths and a maternal mortality ratio ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Protocols: There is a protocol for ministerial, expert and police investigation with a gendered perspective for sexual violence, and a protocol for ministerial, police and expert investigation with a gendered perspective for the crime of femicide. The following protocols contain measures specific for women: The protocol for investigating torture crimes, approved protocol for the search of disappeared persons and the investigation of the crime of forced disappearance, protocol for forensic treatment and identification, protocol for the search of disappeared or unlocated persons, approved protocol for the investigation of torture crimes, and acting protocol for the personnel of the PGR in cases which involve sexual orientation or gender identity. Furthermore, the ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: SAB-PRACTICE-1

"Between 2013 and 2015 the number of women who attend pregnancies increased, the number of prenatal consultations is on average 8.2, the attention to birth and maternal lactation is rising, and this last was accompanied by two strategies: Children's Friend Hospital Initiative and milk banks (IMSS operates 43 of these hospitals and one milk bank)" (page 25-26).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MABFC-DATA-1

"In 2015 the ENAPEA was initiated, whose goal is to reduce by 50% the teen fertility rate by 2030, and to eliminate pregnancy in girls younger than 15 years" (page 24).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"Regarding equality of salary, the national index of salary discrimination shows a reduction, going from 8.3% in 2010 to 5.2% in 2016, but the wage gap is considerable in certain occupations: for officials and managers, women earn 28.4% less, and in industrial work the difference is 31.8%" (page 27).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MURDER-LAW-1

"The LGV has the National Victims' Assistance System (SNAV) and operates with the Federal Executive Commission for Victim Assistance (CEAV) to guarantee the rights of victims to assistance, aid, due diligence, etc., with special attention to eliminating violence towards women, forced disappearance, homicides and femicides; the System has State Executive Commissions" (page 5). "Between 2012 and 2016, the General Law for Women's Access to a Life Free from Violence (LGAMVLV) saw four modifications; outlined are: the reform to penalize femicide in accordance with the Federal Penal Code (CPF), the reduction of the term from 24 to 8 hours to issue protection orders, the modification of Article 47 which establishes that ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: BR-PRACTICE-1

"In 2016, the NOM-007-SSA2-2016 was published, with attention to women during pregnancy, birth, and puerperium, and of the newborn person., respecting the reproductive rights of all people to decide the number of children they desire to have, the moment in which to have them and the spacing between pregnancies, as well as to have information with which to specify their desires, and the right to obtain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health" (page 24).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DSFMF-LAW-1

"The federal penal code (CPF) considers: i) the crime of rape and its punishment, including statutory rape, marital rape, and rape of concubines. ii) it does not include injuries, nor "honor" killings, nor the crime of adultery; no federal entity classifies honor killings, and only Jalisco and Durango classify adultery" (page 6).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Regarding municipal presidencies, the local electoral process 2015-2016 shows that the percentage of female municipal presidents increased from 8.9% to 13.4%" (page 30).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"To confront the problem of violence in schools, in 2013 the National Inquiry of Exclusion, Intolerance and Violence in Public Schools of Intermediate Education was conducted, to measure and characterize school violence. . . . For women, 'they speak poorly of me' (30.3%) was the most frequent offence . . . 25.8% of women reported having experienced violence on 4 or more occasions" (page 22-23).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DLB-DATA-1

"There is no Responsible Paternity Act, but there have been implemented measures in its favor; the LFT incorporated paternity leave, and in 2016 the LGIMH was reformed for the equal division of family responsibilities, and all branches have the obligation to grant paternity leave. The same occurs with the federal judicial branch which includes maternal and paternal care leave, in favor of public servants. Coahuila and CDMX have 'Guidelines for Responsible Paternity and Maternity' to guarantee harmony and balanced coexistence of families and the 'Register of Alimony Debtors and Defaulters' (mostly men). The Civil Code of the State of Mexico indicates that in cases of divorce, when one of the ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CWC-DATA-2

"The Educational Reform (2013) anticipates increasing attention to youth and adults without completed basic education, through the National Campaign of Literacy and Reduction of Educational Backwardness, operated by the National Institute for Adult Education (INEA) in collaboration with state governments; in this way, there was a four times increase in the coverage of women being attended to at the beginning level (illiterate) in rural and urban zones, from 2012 to 2015, growing from 56,673 to 225,163 women in rural zones and 82,352 to 315,688 in urban zones" (page 20). "In 2015, the federal legislative branch added dispositions to the General Health and Social Security Laws, and the Institute of Security ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"From 2013 to 2015 were noted 601 trafficking crimes, of which 414 received convictions; in 2015, 429 preliminary investigations were begun for the crime, of which 114 federal and 315 state, 124 convictions were given, there were 248 people sentenced, and justice received by 439 victims . . . At the local level, 2013-2016, the judicial branch of the CDMX integrated 186 case files for trafficking and prostitution; 1019 presumed female victims and 110 presumed male victims were registered, with 605 accused, 502 were tried (29.3% women), 309 convicted and 78 absolved" (page 19).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ABO-LAW-1

"The CDMX in the framework of sexual and reproductive rights, within the program of Legal Interruption of Pregnancy (ILE) has performed 154071 interventions" (page 22). "In 2014, article 30 of the LGV harmonized the Regulations of the General Health Law Regarding Availability of Medical Attention Services, so that health personnel cannot place conditions on emergency contraception or interruption of pregnancy for women who are victims of sexual violence, with the presentation of a complaint. In 2016, the NOM 046-SSA2-2005 was modified; for domestic and sexual violence and violence against women who are considering voluntary abortion in case of sexual violence, in accordance with the LGV, it obligates health personnel to ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), for the Mexican state since 1981, consists of a road map for public policies to promote equality between women and men, and to end discrimination and violence against women and girls. The observations that the expert committee makes to Mexico permit the reorientation of policies and action, attending to areas of concern and the areas of highest priority for the National Gender Agenda" (page 3). "The LGV has the National Victims' Assistance System (SNAV) and operates with the Federal Executive Commission for Victim Assistance (CEAV) to guarantee the rights of victims to assistance, aid, due diligence, etc., ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"With the LGAMVLV and with the CBP, the Penal Code and Federal Civil Code were harmonized, which categorize domestic violence and establish punishments for discrimination and femicide. 14 states have a penal code equivalent to the federal one in this matter" (page 6). "Hidalgo, Jalisco, Querétaro and Michoacán have a protocol for prevention and attention to domestic and gender-based violence . . . Baja California, Jalisco, Quintana Roo and Sinaloa have a program for prevention and attention to domestic and gender based violence" (page 12). "The PNPSVD contemplates the training of police forces and public servants, regarding human rights and gender; programs are being developed for prevention and attention to ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The LDGNNA highlights the right to education for girls, boys and adolescents; this guarantee is the responsibility of the three branches of government which must guarantee: access and retention of pregnant girls and adolescents, affirmative action for enrollment, retention and re-enrollment, eliminate obstacles to access, provide educational opportunities, establish positive measures for girls and adolescents from vulnerable groups who live in regions of lagging education or deal with disadvantageous economic or social conditions" (page 19-20). "The National Scholarship Program (PNB) incorporates in its framework PEG, human rights and eradication of violence; offers scholarships to NNA and youth, especially in rural or distant areas, with high levels of marginalization and/or social ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, AW-PRACTICE-1

"The FEVIMTRA provides mechanisms for immediate protection in urgent cases, without process or waiting period, for the custody of women victims of gender-based violence and trafficking. In addition, in 2014, the implementation of protection measures and precautionary steps were incorporated into the CNPP, with obligation for their release and processing by the Public Ministers. These efforts are still insufficient, but in the work plan of the CNPJ the spread of protection measures is being increased" (page 17).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ATC-DATA-1

"The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), for the Mexican state since 1981, consists of a road map for public policies to promote equality between women and men, and to end discrimination and violence against women and girls. The observations that the expert committee makes to Mexico permit the reorientation of policies and action, attending to areas of concern and the areas of highest priority for the National Gender Agenda" (page 3).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Numerous public policies are being implemented to economically empower women, as well as ventures and productive projects for the entry of more women in the labor market. In 2016 the Program 'Women PYME' was launched, directed toward micro, small and medium formal businesses led by women, operated by INMUJERES, National Finance and the National Institute of Entrepreneurs, to offer commercial financing up to five million pesos, with preferential interest rates, elimination or reduction of guarantees for other credit products, in addition to access to tools for strengthening the business. There are institutional mechanisms for the financing of women's productive projects: the National Program for Financing Microenterprises and Rural Women; this ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MISA-PRACTICE-1

"The Health Secretary (SS), through the Program for Prevention and Attention to Domestic and Gender-Based Violence, carries out actions to limit health risks as a result of violence and promotes living without it, through the Integrated Model for Prevention and Attention to Domestic and Sexual Violence which provides medical and psychological aid. For moderate violence, the strategy for Reeducation of Victims and Aggressors of Violence Between Couples is applied; in 2015 the strategy covered the entire country, and helped more than 19,600 women in 1063 groups, and more than 14,000 men in 895 groups. For severe violence, the aid is personal and the services specialized; from 2012 to 2016, these ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: AFE-DATA-1

"Between 2013 and 2016, the INEA saw more than 529,000 women and 189,000 men become literate, and more than 1.8 million women and 1.3 million men finished their initial, primary or secondary schooling; in addition, 112666 elderly adults finished some level of basic education, 61.5% of the total. In the same way, of the indigenous population, 3608 women of 65 or more years of age finished basic education, 80.7% of the total. Regarding the literacy of elderly persons, 66.2% (88144) were women; of the total of indigenous elderly persons who became literate, 80.4% (6733) were women. Through the Special Certification Program that INEA operates, in the first semester of 2016, ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: GIC-LAW-1, GIC-LAW-3

"The Federal Work Law (LFT) was reformed, incorporating concepts such as substantive equality, salary equality, decent work, prohibition of assault and labor and sexual harassment, non-discrimination, paternity and vocational training, among others. The current law protects equality, eliminates discrimination against women and guarantees the exercise of their rights and occupational liberties, as well as access to the same opportunities; it incorporates new prohibitions for the employers, such as requiring medical certificates of non-pregnancy, or coercing a pregnant worker into resigning. It regulates maternity leave, permitting the transfer of up to four of the six weeks pre-birth to the postpartum period, as well as schedule modifications for lactating mothers. Not withstanding, ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: CL-DATA-1

"In 2014, 28.5 million women were registered in situations of poverty, 78.4% of the population speaking an indigenous language. PROSPERA has a 25% that are indigenous women in its register and 95% of the transfers are to women in families in poor economic condition. 5158 community soup kitchens have been installed in 21 federal entities and 453 in municipalities of the National Crusade against Hunger (CNcH)" (page 33).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The SCJN has issued nine acting protocols for justice providers, highlighting the protocol for judgment with a gendered perspective, and the acting protocol for justice providers in cases involving sexual orientation or gender identity. Additionally, it pushed forward the adoption of the Iberoamerican performance protocol to improve access to justice for persons and groups in vulnerable conditions; there is a protocol to attend to political violence against women (elaborated by SEGOB, Electoral Tribunal of Federal Judicial Power (TEPJF), National Electoral Institute (INE), PGR and INMUJERES) which permitted, between 2015 and 2016, the receipt of 141 complaints and the delivery of 8 sentences, and a guide for presenting a complaint of ...more