The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Moldova

Oct. 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Guyana, Iceland, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Laos, Latvia, Macedonia, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, South Sudan, Suriname, Switzerland, Tanzania, Trinidad/Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Variables: GP-SCALE-2

1.0
Oct. 18, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Comoros, East Timor, Egypt, Fiji, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Moldova, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen
Variables: ERBG-SCALE-1

2.0
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Articles 165 and 206 of the criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking. The law prescribed penalties of six to 12 years’ imprisonment for trafficking offenses involving an adult victim and 10 to 12 years’ imprisonment for those involving a child victim. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those for other serious crimes, such as rape. Article 168 of the criminal code also criminalized forced labor and imposed penalties of up to three years’ imprisonment, which was not sufficiently stringent" (337).
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3

"Authorities granted foreign victims a 30-day reflection period, during which they could receive assistance and protection from deportation; if foreign victims chose to cooperate with law enforcement, they received temporary residence. Victims who could not be repatriated due to safety concerns could receive shelter-in-country, although no such cases were reported in 2018. Victims often struggled to find pro bono legal representation and relied on legal assistance provided by NGOs and international organizations. The weak capacity of social workers in outlying regions led to inefficient and poor quality services offered to victims. These deficiencies contributed to the continued risk of re-victimization (...) Similarly, when authorities reclassified sex trafficking cases to pimping...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Moldova, and traffickers exploit victims from Moldova abroad. Traffickers exploit Moldovan victims in sex and labor trafficking within Moldova and in Russia, Germany, other countries in Europe, and the Middle East (...) Traffickers exploit women and children in sex trafficking in Moldova in brothels, saunas, and massage parlors. Increasingly, girls aged 13 to 15 are victims of sex trafficking. Child sex tourism remains a concern, including from the EU, Turkey, Australia, Israel, Thailand, and the United States; children are exploited in online child pornography, which experts note is used as a grooming method for sex...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"In addition, governments can design community-based approaches to enhance their law enforcement efforts. For example, across Moldova, teams of local officials and NGOs coordinate victim identification and assistance efforts resulting in an increased number of shelter referrals" (20). "The Government of Moldova does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Moldova remained on Tier 2. These efforts included identifying significantly more victims, establishing a case allocation system to route trafficking cases to judges with specialized training, holding some complicit officials accountable, and simplifying the process...more
Oct. 16, 2019, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"The government identified 364 trafficking victims in 2018, compared with 249 in 2017. Of these identified victims, 60 were children, an increase from 48 in 2017. Some law enforcement officials may have intentionally avoided taking action on victim identification and investigation of trafficking crimes" (337).
Sept. 20, 2019, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom
Variables: MULTIVAR-SCALE-1

2.0
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the production, distribution, broadcasting, import, export, sale, exchange, use, or possession of child pornography, and violators face one to three years’ imprisonment" (p. 30).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-1

"The law provides criminal penalties for sexual harassment ranging from a fine to a maximum of three years’ imprisonment. The law prohibits sexual advances that affect a person’s dignity or create an unpleasant, hostile, degrading, or humiliating environment in a workplace or educational institution" (p. 28).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The majority of victims reported extremely long delays in their cases due to lengthy evidencecollecting procedures and prosecutions, while the need for numerous interrogations and confrontations with their rapist added to the trauma experienced by victims" (p. 27).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 16" (p. 30)
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"A 2015 report by the Women’s Law Center and the Center for Investigation and Consultation “SocioPolis,” Men and Gender Equality in the Republic of Moldova, found that almost 20 percent of the country’s men had had sex with a woman without her consent. Almost 25 percent had had sex with a woman who was too drunk to consent, and 18 percent admitted to marital rape. Approximately 5 percent admitted to participation in a gang rape" (p. 27).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law does not provide criminal penalties for abuse resulting in 'nonsignificant bodily harm' (e.g., slapping, hair pulling, pushes) that does not leave marks or result in work being missed. Under the law, abuse involving 'nonsignificant' harm is punished administratively" (p. 28). " The law prohibits child neglect and specific forms of abuse, such as forced begging" (p. 30).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: FSCB-PRACTICE-1

"Women were often subject to forced abortions and contraception. Psychiatric institutions and social care homes registered isolated cases of forced abortions and of forced contraception" (p. 29).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"The Prosecutor General’s Office reported that 1,029 children were victims of various crimes in 2016, including 211 cases of sexual abuse and 75 cases of domestic violence" (p. 30).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"The NGO La Strada, for example, operated a hotline to report domestic violence, offered victims psychological and legal aid, and provided victims options for follow-up assistance" (p. 28).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CLCC-LAW-1

"Persons may acquire citizenship through birth in the country, from citizen parents, or after adoption by citizens. Registration of birth is free of charge for all citizens" (p. 29).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-LAW-1

"The law defines domestic violence as a criminal offense, provides for the punishment of perpetrators, defines mechanisms for obtaining restraining orders against abusive individuals, and extends protection to unmarried individuals and children of unmarried individuals" (p. 27).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The law also criminalizes spousal rape" (p. 26).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"NGOs reported that law enforcement agencies used mediation as means to dismiss rape cases, including forcing the victim to marry her rapist to ensure that he avoided prosecution" (p. 27).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"As of September, police initiated 1,583 criminal procedures in domestic violence cases. From March to December, the courts issued 799 protection orders. As of September, there were 3,859 family aggressors listed in the police register; 3,678 of the total were men; 181 were women" (p. 27). "According to the Ministry of Education, in the first half of the 2016-17 academic year authorities registered 5,642 cases of violence against children, including physical violence (2,866 cases), psychological violence (1,306 cases), neglect (1,278 cases), child labor exploitation (167 cases) and sexual abuse (25 cases).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape or forcible sexual assault and establishes penalties for violations ranging from three years to life in prison" (p. 26).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Child prostitution is punishable by three to seven years imprisonment. Child pornography is punishable by one to three years imprisonment and fines of 150,000 to 250,000 lei ($7,500 to $12,500)" (p. 30).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"Primary education was free and compulsory until the ninth grade" (p. 30).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"The maximum punishment for family violence offenses is 15 years’ imprisonment" (p. 27).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Sexual violence was the least recognized and reported form of violence. Police reportedly used poor investigative techniques and often mishandled rape cases, further discouraging victim cooperation" (p. 27).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 16 for women and 18 for men" (p. 30).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-DATA-1

"During the first three months of the reporting year, the General Police Inspectorate registered 58 cases of rape" (p. 26).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law provides that either gender must have a minimum of 40 percent of candidates on the party lists of candidates for parliamentary and local elections" (p. 22).