The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for Moldova

Sept. 19, 2018, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the proportion of married or in-union women of reproductive age who have their need for family planning satisified is 60.4 (latest available data for 2005-2015).
Sept. 19, 2018, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2016 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 17 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: SUICIDE-DATA-1

According to the 2017 WHO statistical report, the suicide mortality rate is 14.8 (per 100,000).
Sept. 18, 2018, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Moldova, Mongolia
Variables: BR-DATA-1

According to the WHO 2017 statistical report, the adoescent birth rate (per 1000 women aged 15-19 years) was 26.7 based on data from 2005-2014.
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"However, in these circumstances, we find discrimination against women regarding the right to free choice of profession and employment, since in the countries of destination; migrants are employed to ENES works (avoided by the national workers, except the very poor). Migrant women are given the most vulnerable jobs. They get '3D jobs' - dirty, dangerous, degrading, in miserable, dangerous, degrading conditions. Many women migrant workers, particularly those in the domestic sector and leisure, are subject to various forms of abuse, such as non-observance of the terms of employment, sub-standard working and living conditions, restricted freedom of movement, physical, sexual or psychological abuse. Men enjoy better employment opportunities, from unskilled to...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ASR-PRACTICE-1

"In Technology Education curricula which are taught in primary schools, modules are not separate for boys and girls. In the secondary school technological education classes are split for girls and boys, but the modules are selected depending on material and technical basis, as well as on teachers’ skills. Enrollment in different modules is voluntary and there are no restrictions for girls or boys. In rural areas such modules as 'Metal Processing Technology', 'Electrotechnology' are requested at 95% by boys. In the IXth grade the module “Professional Areas” is studied, within which the occupational areas are identified and the option for the future occupation/profession is established according to students’ own interests...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DACH-LAW-1

"The legal-normative framework stipulates the equal access of women and men to social assistance, healthcare, education, employment, participation in the public and political life (see CCD, p.190-191)" (pg 7). "According to the national legislation, women and men have equal rights to land ownership, access to insurance programs, medical services, educational programs, creation and participation in agricultural cooperatives, development of entrepreneurial activities, etc. There are no legal restrictions and differences regarding rural and urban areas" (Pg 40-41).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"The Gender Focal Points (GFPs) from the specialized central public administration, NGOs active in the gender fields, experts, representatives of the academia have contributed to the preparation of the mentioned document. The NPEGE reflects the implementation of the international commitments assumed by the Republic of Moldova by ratifying several international and national instruments in the field of equal opportunities" (Pg 7). "Taking into account the recommendations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, the Ministry of Education has taken some measures to eliminate gender stereotypes from teaching materials and the educational process. Thus, during 2009-2010 a new National Curriculum was developed, more sensitive to gender compared with...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"A gender analysis of the civil servants of Moldova, we find that men accounted for 47.6%, and women - for 52.4% of the total number of persons employed in public administration (see Table 3). Although the situation seems to be favorable for women, they are under-represented in positions of public dignity (27.8%) and high level executive positions (33.3%), and public positions with special status (14.8%). Thus, women play a less important role in the decision making process. On the other hand, women constitute the largest share in management and execution public functions (Annex 19)" (Pg 22). According to the table 3: Civil Servants (2010), there is a larger percentage of...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ASR-LAW-2

"Sport education is a compulsory school subject for the national curricula at all stages of education, where girls and boys go to sport classes together. Sport norms for different activities (light athletics etc.) are differentiated based on international normative. But there are no sport contests, where the girls would not participate. Thus girls face no restrictions in accessing sport halls, stadiums etc" (Pg 26). "We note that in educational institutions, girls and boys benefit from equal access to cultural activities and programs of physical education, sports (taking into consideration the gender peculiarities in practicing physical exercise)" (Pg 37).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"In this respect, the UNWomen Programme “Women’s Economic Empowerment through Increasing Employability in the Republic of Moldova” is focused on improving the local services, creation of Joint Information and Services Bureau, capacity building of the relevant institutions in their provision, and improvement of the regulatory and legislative framework" (Pg 40). "According to the national legislation, women and men have equal rights to land ownership, access to insurance programs, medical services, educational programs, creation and participation in agricultural cooperatives, development of entrepreneurial activities, etc. There are no legal restrictions and differences regarding rural and urban areas" (Pg 40-41). "For the purpose of developing a new regulatory framework governing land relations, the...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The activity of these centers is focused on improving health indicators, particularly by reducing STI incidence, including of HIV/AIDS, reducing the number of unwanted pregnancies, use of drugs among adolescents etc.; increasing the level of youth satisfaction with services provided by the health system" (Pg 34).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: MMR-PRACTICE-1

"In order to ensure quality care accessible to women in the country, assessment of the quality of obstetric and neonatal medical health service a new concept was approved and implemented - the concept of confidential audit of each case of maternal and perinatal death proximity and the confidential questionnaire of the analysis of cases of maternal death at the national level. Their large scale implementation will allow identifying real and precise cases of perinatal and maternal death, the level of the use of clinical protocols, decision making and proposals for improvement. As a result of these measures, the levels of maternal and child mortality decreased, as presented more concretely in...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-1

"The work with perpetrators is carried out by the staff of the Police Units responsible for the preventive record of family brawlers and organization of preventive measures with perpetrators. With the support of UNFPA the Concept Paper on Perpetrators Rehabilitation services was established. Currently they work on opening the Center for their rehabilitation and development of legal-normative framework in the field" (Pg 15). "Studies show that women and men of Moldova that there are insufficient reasons for husbands to beat their wives. However, 21% of women and 22% of men agreed that one of the reasons for beating the wives is neglecting of children11. The data confirm the persistence of...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: EMCMS-LAW-2

"It should be noted that under the Regulation on the fulfillment of military service in the Armed Forces, women soldiers who are on maternity leave are not released from military service (they are transferred under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defense) and upon returning from leave they are reassigned to positions in military units. However, some problems exist in this area. Thus, for women engaged in military service, the child care leave period is included in overall seniority and length of employment, but not included in the calendar age of military service. This provision restricts the possibility to benefit of a pension according to the above-mentioned Regulations" (Pg 11).more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CL-PRACTICE-1, CL-PRACTICE-2

"The social assistance system, both in its classical form, and in its current structure is based on a patriarchal society model, where women are paid neither for taking care of old persons, children and ill persons, nor for involvement in civic and community activities. This model, based on the idea that family income consists of both paid work and unpaid care, clearly limits the social, economic and political participation of women, who are mainly providers of unpaid care" (Pg 38-39).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ATC-DATA-5

"During 2009-2010 the representative of MLSPF and General Prosecutor's Office participated in the development of the draft Convention of the Council of Europe on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (CAHVIO). The adherence of the Republic of Moldova to CAHVIO will constitute a platform for adjusting the national legal and regulatory framework to the European standards" (Pg 15).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"In general, both international instruments and national legislation governing labor migration do not make specific references to gender, as they do not use explicitly such terms as 'wife or husband' instead of 'spouse', 'daughter or son' instead of children, 'man or woman' instead of a migrant. However, indirect factors such as gender stereotypes and gender differences are obvious. For example, while the regulations on the right to stay in the country admit migrants for certain occupations and there is gender segregation in these sectors, migrants admitted as seasonal farm or construction workers are mostly men, as women migrants usually prevail in the service sector. However, in these circumstances, we find...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The legal-normative framework stipulates the equal access of women and men to social assistance, healthcare, education, employment, participation in the public and political life (see CCD, p.190-191)" (pg 7). "Article 8 of the LC provides expressly that any direct or indirect form of discrimination of the employee on the basis of gender, age, race, skin color, ethnic origin, political convictions, social origin, place of residence, physical, intellectual or mental disability, HOV status, memberships of trade unions or participation in trade-union's activity, and also on other criteria which have not been connected to professional qualities of the worker shall be prohibited. Article 47 of the Code prohibits the unreasonable refusal of...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ASR-DATA-1

According to Table 5: Distribution of students by Specialities (2010), 1,990 women were specializing in science. This is 49.2% of the total number of science students. 25,034 women pursued Social and eonomic sciences and law, which was 63.1% of total students pursuing that field. Additionally, 6,231 women pursued the fields of engineering, processing technologies, architecture and construction. That only made up 28.3% of the total number of students who pursued those fields (Pg 25). "Women mostly apply for higher education institutions in the fields of: education (76.8%), health care (71.9%), social sciences, economics and law (63.1%), humanities and arts (71,7%)" (Pg 25). According to Table 8: Number of Doctors, there...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In the Republic of Moldova there are not any female political prisoners, there were not documented cases of discrimination against women for participation in political activity, in women's organizations" (Pg 23).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-DATA-2

"According to the available information, men and women in similar conditions receive equal pay for fulfillment of the same tasks. However, according to statistics, there is the gender wage gap, women's wages being the national average of 68% (2006) to 76% (2010) of salary men (Table 7). Despite their reduction, the difference remains significant. This discrepancy occurs because men traditionally occupy higher and better paid positions and prevail in the economic sectors where wages are higher, while women constitute the majority in the social sector, where wages are low (see CCD, p.89-92). At present the Government is revising the methodology for calculating wages" (Pg 29). According to Table 7: Ratio...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"For the purpose of mother and child protection, Article 71(3) prohibits life detention of women and minors" (Pg 7).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: IRP-LAW-1

"Prostitution is not legalized in the Republic of Moldova. Given the traditions of the Republic of Moldova, prostitution as a phenomenon is condemned at all levels of society, regardless of the reasons that fostered this phenomenon. The liability for prostitution is regulated by the Administrative Offences Code, approved by the Law no. 218-XVI of October 24, 2008 with subsequent amendments and addenda, which stipulates contravention liability for prostitution - a fine of 10 to 20 conventional units (Article 89). People using the services provided by prostitutes cannot be held liable according to the law of the Republic of Moldova. In this context, the experts recommend to apply in Moldova the...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: WAM-DATA-1

"It is acknowledged that media outlets play an important role in raising the gender awareness of the population. The analyses of gender equality coverage by Moldovan media show that, during the past years, newspapers published an increasing number of materials referring to gender, which is welcome. At the same time, biased, discriminatory and sexist materials can still be encountered. Studies show that among professionals in press articles, men constitute 61%, women 16%, while 23% are articles showing women and men in a balanced perspective. It is considered in Moldova that men “do politics”, while women “are brought into politics”; men appear to be more concerned about business, while women, even...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"At the same time, the Contravention Code (Article 90) stipulates liability for the production, sale, distribution or storage of pornography products by sanctions in form of a fine of 40 to 50 conventional units, applied to individuals or a fine of 100 to 150 conventional units for legal entities. The Criminal Code also stipulates combating of pimping (Article 220)16; combating of trafficking in children for commercial or noncommercial sexual exploitation, for prostitution or pornography industry (Article 206)17" (Pg 20).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"At the same time, according to studies performed by the national NGOs, poor rural women that do not have any profession are the main group of trafficked persons from Moldova14. Poverty, unemployment and the lack of convenient offers on labor market are the reasons forcing young people to leave abroad or to accept doubtful offers from traffickers. Domestic violence is another determinant factor of the THB (over 80 per cent of VTHB have been victims of domestic violence). The age range of the recruited women extends every year. While until recently people aged between 18 and 25 years were among victims, today the cases of trafficked children occur more and...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"increase the rate/share of women on the lists of candidates for Member of Parliament of the Republic: from 15.7% (1998) and 29% (2005) to 30.4% in July 2009 and 28.5% (2010); increase participation of women as independent candidates: 2005 -0; the elections of April 5, 2009 among the six independent candidates there were two women (33.3%); elections of November 28, 2010 among 20 independent candidates were five women (25%); increase the rate/share of female Members of Parliament on the lists: from 20.8% in 2005 and 25.7% in July 2009 to 18.8% in November 2010 and 20.8% in May 2011 (Pg 21). "According to Article 7 of the Law no. 5-XVI,...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The right to health care is provided in several countries’ legislative acts, deriving from the Constitution (1994), Healthcare Law no. 411-XIII of 28 March 1995 etc. During the reporting period was adopted the National Health Policy of the Republic of Moldova (2007- 2021) (GD no. 886 of August 6, 2007), a document that aligns Moldova to the European Community values. National Health Policy should be a priority in the efforts made by the Government and civil society continues strengthening public health and socio-economic recovery of the country situation. The document stipulates for all pregnant women regardless of ethnic origin, marital status and social, political and religious affiliation and babies for...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1

"We find that the crime indicators are decreasing (see CCD, p. 144). Concerning the actual state of convictions for human trafficking, it is noted that currently in Moldova 133 convicts serve a prison sentence for crimes under Article 165 (trafficking) and 206 (child trafficking) of the Criminal Code. Of the total number of such convicts, 117 persons were convicted under Article 165 (48 men and 69 women) and 16 persons under Article 206 (10 men and 6 women)" (Pg 17). "Since its launch in 2006 until 2010, 1,333 beneficiaries received assistance within the NRS, of which 243 were victims of human trafficking and 910 potential victims. In 2010 via the...more