The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for Mongolia

July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: DV-PRACTICE-2

"Domestic violence remained a serious and widespread problem. In the first seven months of the year, the NGO National Center against Violence (NCAV) registered 660 reports of domestic violence, attributing an increase over the previous year to greater public awareness" (16). "Vigorous campaigning by NGOs and government entities was credited with bringing domestic violence into the public discourse and elevating government efforts to combat it. The NCAV also reported an increase in the number of police officers requesting information and a drop in complaints that police had refused to respond to domestic violence calls; The NCAV attributed these developments to growing government and public awareness of domestic violence problems. All...more
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The criminal code outlaws sexual intercourse through physical violence (or threat of violence) and provides for sentences of 15 to 25 years’ imprisonment or death, depending on the circumstances. (Note: Although the death penalty exists in the criminal code, it has been abolished in practice)" (16). "Violators of the statutory rape (defined as sexual intercourse with a person under 16 not involving physical violence or the threat of violence) law are subject to a penalty of up to three years in prison" (20).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: GP-DATA-3

"No separate government agency oversees women’s rights, but the National Committee on Gender Equality under the prime minister’s office coordinates policy and women’s interests among ministries, NGOs, and gender councils at the provincial and local levels. There was also a related division within the Ministry of Population Development and Social Protection. In parliament a Standing Committee on Social Policy, Education, and Science focused on gender matters" (19).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s activists said that because family businesses were usually registered under the husband’s name, ownership continued to be transferred automatically to the former husband in divorce cases" (19).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ATDW-LAW-1

"Divorced women secured alimony payments under the family law, which details rights and responsibilities regarding alimony and parenting. The former husband and wife evenly divide property and assets acquired during their marriage. In a majority of cases, the divorced wife retained custody of any children; divorced husbands often failed to pay child support and did so without penalty" (19).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: AOM-DATA-1

"...there were no reports of underage marriages" (20).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1

"Although against the law, the commercial sexual exploitation of children less than 18 years old was a problem" (20).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LBHO-DATA-1

"Eleven women were members of the 76-member parliament, up from three in the previous parliament" (12).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In November parliament adopted an amnesty law that freed certain prisoners who confessed to their crimes and paid monetary damages or deducted two years from the sentences of convicted individuals. The amnesty did not apply to individuals convicted of bribery, illegal spending of public funds, or first-degree felonies, such as kidnapping, terrorism, rape, murder, and treason" (6). "The criminal code outlaws sexual intercourse through physical violence (or threat of violence)" (16). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16" (20). "Although the provision in the criminal code criminalizing rape contains no language specifying who may be considered a victim, courts commonly interpreted the law as applying only to women; rape...more
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: AFE-LAW-1

"The law prohibits children under age 14 from working...The International Labor Organization also noted that the minimum age for employment is less than the minimum age for completing compulsory education and continued to urge the government to align the two limits" (26-27). The legal age for remaining in complusory education is above 14-years old (AA-CODER COMMENT).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: AOM-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age for marriage is 18 for all persons" (20).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs alleged that many rapes were not reported and stated that cultural norms, as well as stressful police and judicial procedures, tended to discourage reporting" (16).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: PRN-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs stated that online child pornography was not uncommon. There was no specialized agency responsible for child pornography or sex advertisements on the internet, and police did not routinely investigate either crime. Although police took steps to improve their capacity to investigate sexual exploitation of children via the internet, their technical expertise remained limited" (20).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2

"The law charges employers with taking steps to prevent sexual harassment in the workplace, including by establishing internal rules about sexual harassment and the redress of complaints, but provides no penalties. Although the law provides that victims of sexual harassment may file complaints with the NHRC, such complaints were rare" (18). "The law prohibits discrimination based on nationality, race, sex or marital status, social origin or status, wealth, religion, or ideology" (28).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: GP-DATA-1

"Two of the 19 cabinet ministers...were women" (12).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: DV-DATA-1

"The most significant human rights problems were corruption and widespread domestic violence...Domestic violence was pervasive, but the government lacked the capacity to address the problem effectively" (1).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"No law specifically prohibits spousal rape, which authorities do not commonly recognize or prosecute" (16).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: GP-DATA-6

"11 of the 21 Supreme Court justices and two of the nine Constitutional Court justices, were women" (12).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1

"The law prohibits women from working in occupations that require heavy labor or exposure to chemicals that could affect infant and maternal health, and the government effectively enforced these provisions" (18).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"A local NGO that supports teenage mothers reported that social stigma and poor knowledge of reproductive health impeded young women’s access to prenatal care. Additionally, although reproductive health information was widely available, it was rarely produced in a format accessible to persons with disabilities. According to the Mongolian National Federation of Wheelchair Users, it was virtually impossible for women in wheelchairs to go to the hospital for prenatal checks, both because of a lack of physical access and negative attitudes" (18). "Additionally, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV and AIDS reported that all women with HIV/AIDS must deliver children at the National Center for Communicable Diseases in Ulaanbaatar. The...more
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1

"The mandatory retirement age is 60 for both men and women" (18). "Discrimination in employment and occupation occurred with respect to sex, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity, and HIV-positive status" (28). "Pregnant women and nursing mothers are prohibited by law from working overtime" (30).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Women and women’s organizations were vocal in local and national politics and actively sought greater female representation in government policymaking" (12). "Vigorous campaigning by NGOs and government entities was credited with bringing domestic violence into the public discourse and elevating government efforts to combat it. The NCAV also reported an increase in the number of police officers requesting information and a drop in complaints that police had refused to respond to domestic violence calls; The NCAV attributed these developments to growing government and public awareness of domestic violence problems" (16-17).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3

"The NHRC found that men were more likely than women to be promoted or to be given professional development opportunities" (28).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: CONST-LAW-1

"The law states that no person shall be discriminated against on the basis of ethnic origin, language, race, age, sex, social origin, or status and that men and women shall be equal politically, economically, socially, culturally, and within the family" (16).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1

"Although against the law, the commercial sexual exploitation of children less than 18 years old was a problem. According to NGOs, there were instances in which teenage girls were kidnapped, coerced, or deceived and forced to work in prostitution. Sex tourism from South Korea and Japan reportedly remained a problem" (20).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: PRN-LAW-1

"The law prohibits the production, sale, or display of all pornography and carries a penalty of up to three months in prison" (20).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: ERBG-DATA-1

"The National Statistics Office reported in August that the average monthly salary for women was roughly 88 percent of that of men" (28).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"This increase was due in part to a 2011 law that mandates a 20-percent quota for female candidates proposed by each political party or coalition" (12). "The law sets mandatory quotas for the inclusion of women within the government and political parties" (18).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: DV-LAW-2

"[The law] also provides for sanctions against offenders, including expulsion from the home, prohibitions on the use of joint property, prohibitions on meeting victims and on access to minors, and compulsory training aimed at behavior modification...Alleged perpetrators of domestic violence were sometimes detained on administrative rather than criminal charges. Those detained under administrative charges were typically fined MNT 15,000 ($7.51) and released after a maximum detention of 72 hours. The determination of whether to charge alleged perpetrators with administrative or criminal offenses depended on the severity of physical injury inflicted on the victim" (17).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There are no legal impediments to the participation of women or minorities in government and politics" (12).